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The Chemistry Of Explosives

Author : Jacqueline Akhavan
ISBN : 9781782626299
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 36 MB
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This concise, easy-to-read book outlines the basic principles needed to understand the chemical mechanisms of explosion. Covering detonation, deflagration, initiation, the latest theories on the production of ""hotspots"", thermochemistry, thermodynamics and kinetics, the text includes detailed formulations and reactions presented with thermochemical calculations to aid understanding. The history, theory and chemical types of explosives are introduced, along with propellants, pyrotechnics and the most up-to-date information on energetic binders for explosive compositions. Covering all aspects of explosive chemistry from history to manufacturing techniques and formulation, The Chemistry of Explosives is a unique text which introduces difficult subjects in a readable manner. Ideal for A-level students and new graduates with no previous knowledge of explosive materials, it will also be useful to anyone needing succinct information on the subject.

The Chemistry Of Explosives

Author : Jacqueline Akhavan
ISBN : 9781847552020
Genre : Science
File Size : 69. 47 MB
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"Revised and expanded to reflect new developments in the field, this book outlines the basic principles required to understand the chemical processes of explosives. The Chemistry of Explosives provides an overview of the history of explosives, taking the reader to future developments. The text on the classification of explosive materials contains much data on the physical parameters of primary and secondary explosives. The explosive processes of deflagration and detonation, including the theory of 'hotspots' for the detonation process, are introduced and many examples are provided in the detailed description on the thermochemistry of explosives. New material includes coverage of the latest explosive compositions, such as high temperature explosives, nitrocubanes, energetic polymers, plasticizers and insensitive munitions (IM). This concise, readable book is ideal for 'A' level students and new graduates with no previous knowledge of explosive materials. With detailed information on a vast range of explosives in tabular form and an extensive bibliography, this book will also be useful to anyone needing succinct information on the subject."

Organic Chemistry Of Explosives

Author : Jai Prakash Agrawal
ISBN : 0470059354
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 51 MB
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Organic Chemistry of Explosives is the first text to bring together the essential methods and routes used for the synthesis of organic explosives in a single volume. Assuming no prior knowledge, the book discusses everything from the simplest mixed acid nitration of toluene, to the complex synthesis of highly energetic caged nitro compounds. Reviews laboratory and industrial methods, which can be used to introduce aliphatic C-nitro, aromatic C-nitro, N-nitro, and nitrate ester functionality into organic compounds Discusses the advantages and disadvantages of each synthetic method or route, with scope, limitations, substrate compatibility and other important considerations Features numerous examples in the form of text, reaction diagrams, and tables.

Boom

Author : Simon Quellen Field
ISBN : 9781613738085
Genre : Science
File Size : 29. 53 MB
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Black powder, the world's first chemical explosive, was originally developed during the Tang dynasty in China.It was a crude mixture at first, but over time chemists discovered the optimum proportion of sulfur, charcoal, and nitrates, as well as the best way to mix them for a complete and powerful reaction. Author and chemistry buff Simon Quellen Field takes readers on a decades-long journey through the history of things that go boom, from the early days of black powder to today's modern plastic explosives. Not just the who, when, and why, but also the how. How did Chinese alchemists come to create black powder? What accidents led to the discovery of high explosives? How do explosives actually work on a molecular scale? Boom! The Chemistry and History of Explosives reviews the original papers and patents written by the chemists who invented them, to shed light on their development, to explore the consequences of their use for good and ill, and to give the reader a basic understanding of the chemistry that makes them possible.

Fundamentals Of Explosive Chemistry

Author : ABDUL RAHIM YACOB
ISBN : 9789835204715
Genre : Explosives
File Size : 74. 3 MB
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This book is used as a textbook for “Ammunition Technical Officers Course” and “Artillery Course” in Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). These courses are offered by School of Professional and Continuing Education UTM in collaboration with the Ministry of Defense and the Armed Forces. Currently this book is also being considered to be used in the newly approved Masters Degree in Forensic Science, Faculty of Science, UTM. Fundamentals of Explosive Chemistry discusses the phenomenon of explosion, historical development of explosives, classification of materials, performance of explosives, propellants, pyrotechnics and the theory related to burning, detonation and explosions. The contents are discussed intriguingly yet only minimal chemistry knowledge is required. This book is useful for students of Forensic Science and Enforcement Agencies like the Chemistry Department, Army, Police, and Fire Department, helping them in the understanding of physical and chemical aspects of explosives, especially for storage and handling or during investigations of crimes involving explosions and explosives.

The Chemistry Of Powder And Explosives

Author : Dr. Tenney L. Davis
ISBN : 9781786258960
Genre : Science
File Size : 56. 33 MB
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The present volume contains in one binding the whole contents of Volume I, first published in May, 1941, and the whole contents of Volume II which was published in March, 1943. The book was primarily for chemists. The writing of it was commenced in order that a textbook might be available for the use of students in the course in powder and explosives which the author gave for about twenty years (nearly every year since the first World War) to fourth-year and graduate students of chemistry and of chemical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.[...] The aim of the book has been to describe as clearly and interestingly as possible, and as fully as seemed profitable the modes of behavior, both physical and chemical, of explosive substances, whether these modes find practical application or not. Historical material has been included where it was thought that it contributed to this end, and has not been included elsewhere or for any other reason. It is a fact that a knowledge of the history of ideas, of persons, or of things produces something of the same sympathetic understanding of them that living with them and working with them does.-Print ed.

The Basics Of Explosives

Author : Paul F. Kisak
ISBN : 1539447707
Genre :
File Size : 87. 34 MB
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Explosives are used around the world for both productive purposes such as building hydroelectric dams and mining and destructive purposes, primarily by the military. Explosives are usually divided into two classes those that burn and those that detonate. Detonated explosives typically produce a shock front or shock wave that results from an exothermic chemical reaction. This chemical reaction usually results in a relatively stable compound being exposed to a concentrated source of energy such as a blasting cap or other type of detonation device. The solid explosive will phase shift to a high temperature expanding gas in approximately one-millionth of a second (a nanosecond) with pressures exceeding several million pounds per square inch. For one example we can examine 'Det Cord', also known as Primacord which is usually produced in rolled up or coiled section of cord. This cord is then unwound and when detonated will produce an explosive front along the length of the cord that travels at the speed of 5 miles per second. In other words, if you laid out 5 miles of Det cord, and detonated it, the 5 miles of cord would be explosively spent in one second. Whereas if you burned or ignited the same amount cord it could take weeks to burn to completion. This 2 volume set explains the nature of the various industrial and military explosives and also discusses some of the chemistry involved in these explosives - particularly in the 2nd volume.

Introduction To The Technology Of Explosives

Author : Paul W. Cooper
ISBN : 9780471186359
Genre : Science
File Size : 59. 60 MB
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Introduction to the Technology of Explosives Paul W. Cooper and Stanley R. Kurowski Introduction to the Technology of Explosives is a clear and concise survey of the technologies and physical processes involved in explosive phenomena. The book is intended to provide the worker new to the field with sufficient background to understand problems that may arise and to interact intelligently with specialists in the field. The book covers the fundamentals of the chemistry of explosives; the mechanics of burning; sound, shock, and detonation; initiation and initiators; scaling in design and analysis; and off-the-shelf explosive devices. It provides the basic calculational skills needed to solve simple, first-order engineering design problems, and emphasizes the crucial importance of safety considerations. The book contains a broad range of data on explosive materials, and their properties and behavior, along with extensive lists of useful references. Example problems with solutions are provided in each technical area, as are descriptions and analysis of a wide variety of explosive devices. The book concludes with a thorough and comprehensive description of regulatory requirements for the classification, transportation, and storage of explosives, and an extensive guide to explosives safety in plant and test facilities. This book will be of interest to explosives technicians and engineers, government regulators, crime and accident scene investigators, and instructors in military, police, and FBI bomb schools.

Chemistry And Technology Of Explosives

Author : Tadeusz Urbański
ISBN : UOM:39015009794085
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 38. 9 MB
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Explosives

Author : Rudolf Meyer
ISBN : 9783527617036
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 27 MB
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This world-famous work has been enlarged and updated without tampering with its tried and tested format. Around 500 alphabetically ordered, monographic entries consider the physicochemical properties, production methods and safe applications of over 120 explosive chemicals, while discussing 70 fuels, additives and oxidizing agents and describing the relevant test methods. The extensive thermodynamic data has been thoroughly updated and now also provided on a CD-ROM compiled by the Fraunhofer Institute of Chemical Technology. This excerpt from the ICT Thermodynamical Database not only includes additional thermodynamic data, and references to further reading, but also features enhanced search facilities. Other key features include a 1,500-entry combined index and glossary with terms and abbreviations in English, French and German, conversion tables and numerous literature references. A handy reference for explosive experts and also for translators, public authorities and patent lawyers. From reviews of previous editions: '... This wealth of information and an index that comprises some 1500 keywords and several conversion tables make this a unique source of knowledge for anybody working with explosives.' (Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics)

Primary Explosives

Author : Robert Matyáš
ISBN : 9783642284366
Genre : Science
File Size : 27. 47 MB
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This is the first comprehensive overview of this topic. It serves as a single source for information about the properties, preparation, and uses of all relevant primary explosives. The first chapter provides background such as the basics of initiation and differences between requirements on primary explosives used in detonators and igniters. The authors then clarify the influence of physical characteristics on explosive properties, focusing on those properties required for primary explosives. Furthermore, the issue of sensitivity is discussed. All the chapters on particular groups of primary explosives are structured in the same way, including introduction, physical and chemical properties, explosive properties, preparation and documented use. The authors thoroughly verified all data and information. A unique feature of this book are original microscopic images of some explosives.

High Energy Materials

Author : Jai Prakash Agrawal
ISBN : 9783527802685
Genre : Science
File Size : 50. 11 MB
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Authored by an insider with over 40 years of high energy materials (HEMs) experience in academia, industry and defense organizations, this handbook and ready reference covers all important HEMs from the 1950s to the present with their respective properties and intended purposes. Written at an attainable level for professionals, engineers and technicians alike, the book provides a comprehensive view of the current status and suggests further directions for research and development. An introductory chapter on the chemical and thermodynamic basics allows the reader to become acquainted with the fundamental features of explosives, before moving on to the important safety aspects in processing, handling, transportation and storage of high energy materials. With its collation of results and formulation strategies hitherto scattered in the literature, this should be on the shelf of every HEM researcher and developer.

Chemistry Of High Energy Materials

Author : Thomas M. Klapötke
ISBN : 9783110430479
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 23 MB
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Chemistry of High-Energy Materials continues in this new and revised 3rd edition to provide fundamental scientific insights into primary and secondary explosives, propellants, rocket fuel and pyrotechnics. The contents of the previous edition were meticulously updated and recent research developments added to this graduate-level textbook. Applications in military and civil fields are discussed. Especially environmental issues caused by lead-based primary explosives, perchlorates in pyrotechnic formulations and modern signal flare compositions are discussed and current research presented. Further additions include the understanding of the mechanism and continuing development of laser ignition methods, techniques for the characterization of detonators and their output as well as principles and effects of underwater explosions. New in the 3rd Edition: • Revised and updated content, new study problems and questions. • Extended examination of the application of ionic liquids in the field and hydrodynamics. • Intended for advanced students in chemistry, materials science and engineering, as well as to all those working in defense technology. "This book makes a nice addition to the shelf of everyone involved with energetic materials. As such it is recommended as a very useful reference for both students and experienced readers." Ernst-Christian Koch on the 2nd Edition in: Propellants Explosive Pyrotechnics 16/2011 Upcoming titles by Thomas M. Klapötke: Energetic Materials Encyclopedia (January 2018) Thomas M. Klapötke CSci CChem FRSC was from 1995 until 1997 Ramsay Professor of Chemistry at the University of Glasgow in Scotland. Since 1997 he has held the Chair of Inorganic Chemistry at LMU Munich.

The Chemistry Of Detonations V Pressures Of C H N O Explosives At Various Stages Of The Isentropic Expansion

Author : Mortimer J. Kamlet
ISBN : OCLC:227637794
Genre :
File Size : 70. 67 MB
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An equation is given which permits the calculation of pressures on the K-W isentrope in the expansion of detonation products from (V sub J) to V = 2-00 cc/g. Use of the expression, in combination with equations given earlier, make it possible to accurately produce isentropes predicted through computer codes based on the K-W equation of state. The computations require no other input data than the explosive's elemental composition, loading density, and an estimate of the heat of formation. Results are included for 12 C-H-N-O explosives.

The Chemistry Of Fireworks

Author : Michael S. Russell
ISBN : 0854045988
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 90. 38 MB
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"Aimed A level students, this book discusses the theory of fireworks in terms of well-known scientific concepts wherever possible, in a concise and easy to understand style."

Chemical Rockets And Flame And Explosives Technology

Author : Richard T. Holzmann
ISBN : UOM:39015023283404
Genre : Rockets (Aeronautics)
File Size : 78. 4 MB
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Forensic Investigation Of Explosions Second Edition

Author : Alexander Beveridge
ISBN : 9781420087253
Genre : Law
File Size : 48. 89 MB
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Now in its second edition, Forensic Investigation of Explosions draws on the editor’s 30 years of explosives casework experience, including his work on task forces set up to investigate major explosives incidents. Dr. Alexander Beveridge provides a broad, multidisciplinary approach, assembling the contributions of internationally recognized experts who present the definitive reference work on the subject. Topics discussed include: The physics and chemistry of explosives and explosions The detection of hidden explosives The effect of explosions on structures and persons Aircraft sabotage investigations Explosion scene investigations Casework management The role of forensic scientists Analysis of explosives and their residues Forensic pathology as it relates to explosives Presentation of expert testimony With nearly 40 percent more material, this new edition contains revised chapters and several new topics, including: A profile of casework management in the UK Forensic Explosives Laboratory, one of the world’s top labs, with a discussion of their management system, training procedures, and practical approaches to problem solving Properties and analysis of improvised explosives An examination of the Bali bombings and the use of mobile analytical techniques and mobile laboratories The collection, analysis, and presentation of evidence in vehicle-borne improvised explosive device cases, as evidenced in attacks on US overseas targets This volume offers valuable information to all members of prevention and post-blast teams. Each chapter was written by an expert or experts in a specific field and provides well-referenced information underlying best practices that can be used in the field, laboratory, conference room, classroom, or courtroom.

A Soldiers Handbook Volume 1 Explosives Operations

Author : Jared Ledgard
ISBN : 9780615147949
Genre : Reference
File Size : 58. 7 MB
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A Soldiers Handbook, Volume 1: Explosives Operations, is a compilation and collection of explosives data taken from numerous sources including The Preparatory Manual of Explosives, and US Army Field Manuals. The book is designed to aid the US soldier in the operations of various explosives systems used by the US military and other nations along with familiarization with explosives operations including demolitions, explosives dynamics, explosives chemistry, and explosives munitions. The book is a complete collection of explosives information and data and will help the reader understand how explosives are used and their effects.

The Preparatory Manual Of Explosives

Author : Jared Ledgard
ISBN : 9780615142906
Genre : History
File Size : 67. 41 MB
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The Preparatory Manual of Explosives, third edition is an invaluable reference manual covering the preparation and use of 166 of the most influential explosive compounds known to man. The book is also an excellent and powerful collection of over 175 years of explosives science. The Preparatory Manual of Explosives, third edition is a laboratory manual that has been broken down into "easy to understand" chapters starting with basic chemistry and laboratory techniques, then leading up to explosives dynamics and finally leading up to the preparation of the explosives themselves in detail. The Preparatory Manual of Explosives, third edition is an excellent reference book for anyone's book collection, and the book will enlighten the reader in the art of explosives chemistry and science.

Chemical Explosives Reaction

Author : Lucal C Wesker
ISBN :
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 55 MB
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The unique feature of almost all pyrotechnical gas generators is the concentric assembly of three different chambers with different designs corresponding to their pressure conditions and functions. The inner-most chamber with the highest pressure resistance contains the ig-niter unit consisting of a plug, squib and booster charge. Depending on the generator construction a pre-ignition unit may also be installed, whose task is to ignite the pyrotechnic mixture without electric current in case of high temperatures, which could occur in case of a fire. During normal electrical ignition the thin resistance wire of the igniter is heated and the ignition train started.

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