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The Drug War In Latin America

Author : William Avilés
ISBN : 9781315456676
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 64. 48 MB
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Since the mid-1980s subsequent US governments have promoted a highly militarized and prohibitionist drug control approach in Latin America. Despite this strategy the region has seen increasing levels of homicide, displacement and violence. Why did the militarization of U.S. drug war policies in Latin America begin and why has it continued despite its inability to achieve the stated targets? Are such policies simply intended to impose U.S. power or have elites in Latin America internalized this agenda as their own? Why did resistance to this approach emerge in the late-2000s and does this represent a challenge to the prohibitionist agenda? In this book William Avilés argues that if we are to understand and explain the militarization of the drug war in Latin America a ‘transnational grand strategy’, developed and implemented by networks of elites and state managers operating in a neoliberal, globalized social structure of accumulation, must be considered and examined.

Drugs And Democracy In Latin America

Author : Coletta Youngers
ISBN : 1588262545
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 76. 85 MB
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While the U.S. has failed to reduce the supply of cocaine and heroin entering its borders, it has, however, succeeded in generating widespread, often profoundly damaging, consequences on democracy and human rights in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Drug War American Style

Author : Jurg Gerber
ISBN : 9781135689506
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 66. 16 MB
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This collection of scholarly essays discusses the internationalization of American drug policy from a variety of perspectives and features articles on Hong Kong, Britain, Australia, Canada, Taiwan, Latin America, the Netherlands and Switzerland.

Drug War Politics

Author : Eva Bertram
ISBN : 0520918045
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 26. 31 MB
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Why have our drug wars failed and how might we turn things around? Ask the authors of this hardhitting exposè of U.S. efforts to fight drug trafficking and abuse. In a bold analysis of a century's worth of policy failure, Drug War Politics turns on its head many familiar bromides about drug politics. It demonstrates how, instead of learning from our failures, we duplicate and reinforce them in the same flawed policies. The authors examine the "politics of denial" that has led to this catastrophic predicament and propose a basis for a realistic and desperately needed solution. Domestic and foreign drug wars have consistently fallen short because they are based on a flawed model of force and punishment, the authors show. The failure of these misguided solutions has led to harsher get-tough policies, debilitating cycles of more force and punishment, and a drug problem that continues to escalate. On the foreign policy front, billions of dollars have been wasted, corruption has mushroomed, and human rights undermined in Latin America and across the globe. Yet cheap drugs still flow abundantly across our borders. At home, more money than ever is spent on law enforcement, and an unprecedented number of people—disproportionately minorities—are incarcerated. But drug abuse and addiction persist. The authors outline the political struggles that help create and sustain the current punitive approach. They probe the workings of Washington politics, demonstrating how presidential and congressional "out-toughing" tactics create a logic of escalation while the criticisms and alternatives of reformers are sidelined or silenced. Critical of both the punitive model and the legalization approach, Drug War Politics calls for a bold new public health approach, one that frames the drug problem as a public health—not a criminal—concern. The authors argue that only by situating drug issues in the context of our fundamental institutions—the family, neighborhoods, and schools—can we hope to provide viable treatment, prevention, and law enforcement. In its comprehensive investigation of our long, futile battle with drugs and its original argument for fundamental change, this book is essential for every concerned citizen.

The Latin American Narcotics Trade And U S National Security

Author : Donald J. Mabry
ISBN : 0313267863
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 49. 1 MB
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A collection of studies on the impact of illicit drug trafficking on American national security and on the international issues by the best scholars in the field.

Bad Neighbor Policy

Author : Ted Galen Carpenter
ISBN : 9781466889378
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 83. 30 MB
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The domestic phase of Washington's war on drugs has received considerable criticism over the years from a variety of individuals. Until recently, however, most critics have not stressed the damage that the international phase of the drug war has done to our Latin American neighbors. That lack of attention has begun to change and Ted Carpenter chronicles our disenchantment with the hemispheric drug war. Some prominent Latin American political leaders have finally dared to criticize Washington while at the same time, the U.S. government seems determined to perpetuate, if not intensify, the antidrug crusade. Spending on federal antidrug measures also continues to increase, and the tactics employed by drug war bureaucracy, both here and abroad, bring the inflammatory "drug war" metaphor closer to reality. Ending the prohibitionist system would produce numerous benefits for both Latin American societies and the United States. In a book deriving from his work at the CATO Institute, Ted Carpenter paints a picture of this ongoing fiasco.

Information Services Latin America

Author :
ISBN : UTEXAS:059173030925414
Genre : Caribbean Area
File Size : 20. 12 MB
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Chicana Lives And Criminal Justice

Author : Juanita Díaz-Cotto
ISBN : 9781477305966
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 66. 8 MB
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This first comprehensive study of Chicanas encountering the U.S. criminal justice system is set within the context of the international war on drugs as witnessed at street level in Chicana/o barrios. Chicana Lives and Criminal Justice uses oral history to chronicle the lives of twenty-four Chicana pintas (prisoners/former prisoners) repeatedly arrested and incarcerated for non-violent, low-level economic and drug-related crimes. It also provides the first documentation of the thirty-four-year history of Sybil Brand Institute, Los Angeles' former women's jail. In a time and place where drug war policies target people of color and their communities, drug-addicted Chicanas are caught up in an endless cycle of police abuse, arrest, and incarceration. They feel the impact of mandatory sentencing laws, failing social services and endemic poverty, violence, racism, and gender discrimination. The women in this book frankly discuss not only their jail experiences, but also their family histories, involvement with gangs, addiction to drugs, encounters with the juvenile and adult criminal justice systems, and their successful and unsuccessful attempts to recover from addiction and reconstitute fractured families. The Chicanas' stories underscore the amazing resilience and determination that have allowed many of the women to break the cycle of abuse. Díaz-Cotto also makes policy recommendations for those who come in contact with Chicanas/Latinas caught in the criminal justice system.

Information Services On Latin America

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105070884528
Genre :
File Size : 62. 11 MB
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Clippings of Latin American political, social and economic news from various English language newspapers.

South America Central America And The Caribbean 2003

Author : Europa Publications
ISBN : 1857431383
Genre : Caribbean Area
File Size : 89. 66 MB
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Introductory surveys cover topics of regional importance; individual country chapters include analysis, statistics and directory information; plus information on regional organizations

Cartel The Coming Invasion Of Mexico S Drug Wars

Author : Sylvia Longmire
ISBN : 9780230340558
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 61. 68 MB
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Having followed Mexico's cartels for years, border security expert Sylvia Longmire takes us deep into the heart of their world to witness a dangerous underground that will do whatever it takes to deliver drugs to a willing audience of American consumers. The cartels have grown increasingly bold in recent years, building submarines to move up the coast of Central America and digging elaborate tunnels that both move drugs north and carry cash and U.S. high-powered assault weapons back to fuel the drug war. Channeling her long experience working on border issues, Longmire brings to life the very real threat of Mexican cartels operating not just along the southwest border, but deep inside every corner of the United States. She also offers real solutions to the critical problems facing Mexico and the United States, including programs to deter youth in Mexico from joining the cartels and changing drug laws on both sides of the border.

We Are At War

Author : Vitalis Chi. Nwaneri
ISBN : 9781477128800
Genre : Religion
File Size : 78. 23 MB
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OUR MISSION IN THESE SIX BOOKS 1.Growing Decline in World Peace We started our long journey in these six Books with an expression of concern over the growing decline in world peace. Our Mission throughout our Six Books had therefore focused on our views on how the state of World Peace can be advanced. 2. Enhancing unity between Christianity and Secularity. We expressed at the beginning of our first Book that one major source of the growing decline in world peace is the on-going wars and crises between the Religious and Secular worlds of today. This source of global crises had been acknowledged in a recent conference of global Religious Leaders held in Assisi at the invitation of Pope Benedict XVI. The Conference participants resolved unanimously to address this source of crises in world peace. Global Secular Leaders had also expressed much concern on the growing decline in world peace. They did so again at the last meeting of the United Nations General Assembly in New York. 3.Our Mission to contribute to Pope Benedict XVIs New Evangelization In our view, the recent launching of the New Evangelization by Pope Benedict XVI reflected in part the resolution of Religious Leaders in the Assisi Conference to find ways of addressing the growing decline in world peace due partly to Religious conflicts with Secularity across the world. The Pope called on all Lay members of the Catholic Church and Christians in general to contribute to the success of the Popes New Evangelization-PCNE. As we expressed throughout our six books, our mission in these Books is to respond to the call by Pope Benedict XVI. 4. Military and Secular Perspectives on the Religious and Secular Peace We stated clearly from the start, that our contribution would reflect on the military and secular aspects of the growing conflicts between Christianity and Secularity, using the global experience in both sectors by our Author throughout his career. We had to take these perspectives because we must identify the source, leadership and strategies in the wars and conflicts between the Religious and Secular worlds . Unless we know the leaders in the conflicts and their missions we cannot achieve any progress in resolving these wars and crises and enhance the level of world peace. 5. My Background A few words of introduction on my background may enable the Reader understand my perspectives in these Books. I started the project of writing the Books because I am convinced that I can contribute to the PCNE by bringing my African background in Nigeria, education at the London School of Economics and exposure to global secular governance through my position as a former Economic Adviser with The U.K. Government and a Senior Economist at The World Bank. 6. Is anything wro

Latin American Responses To Globalization In The 21st Century

Author : M. Nilsson
ISBN : 9781137003126
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 31. 73 MB
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Written by a diverse group of scholars and practitioners from Latin America, the US and Europe and taking into consideration the recent global financial crisis,the book offers a multifaceted insight into the expectations as well as the possible threats related to Latin America's incorporation into the sphere of global interconnectedness.

The School Of The Americas

Author : Lesley Gill
ISBN : 0822333929
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 27. 65 MB
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A comprehensive portrait of the School of the Americas looks at its training program and exposes the School's institutionalization of state-sponsored violence and the havoc it has wrought on Latin America. Simultaneous.

The United States And Latin America

Author : Fredrick B. Pike
ISBN : 9780292787896
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 24. 15 MB
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The lazy greaser asleep under a sombrero and the avaricious gringo with money-stuffed pockets are only two of the negative stereotypes that North Americans and Latin Americans have cherished during several centuries of mutual misunderstanding. This unique study probes the origins of these stereotypes and myths and explores how they have shaped North American impressions of Latin America from the time of the Pilgrims up to the end of the twentieth century. Fredrick Pike's central thesis is that North Americans have identified themselves with "civilization" in all its manifestations, while viewing Latin Americans as hopelessly trapped in primitivism, the victims of nature rather than its masters. He shows how this civilization-nature duality arose from the first European settlers' perception that nature—and everything identified with it, including American Indians, African slaves, all women, and all children—was something to be conquered and dominated. This myth eventually came to color the North American establishment view of both immigrants to the United States and all our neighbors to the south.

Cocaine Trafficking In Latin America

Author : Dr Sayaka Fukumi
ISBN : 9781409498506
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 53. 88 MB
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The post-Cold War world has seen the emergence of new kinds of security threats. Whilst traditionally security threats were perceived of in terms of military threats against a state, non-traditional security threats are those that pose a threat to various internal competencies of the state and its identity both home and abroad. The European Union and the United States have identified Latin American cocaine trafficking as a security threat, but their policy responses to it have differed. This book examines the ways in which the EU and the US have conceptualized this threat. Furthermore, it explores the impact of cocaine trafficking on four state functions - economic, political, public order and diplomatic – in order to explain why it has become 'securitized'. Appealing to a variety of university courses, this book is especially relevant to security studies and European and US policy analysis, as well as criminology and sociology.

America S Drug War Debacle

Author : Leif Rosenberger
ISBN : UOM:39015037815316
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 60. 94 MB
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The United States has waged war against drug abuse for eight decades, yet hard core drug abuse is on the rise. This study examines the history of America's fight against drug abuse, focusing on the national drug control strategies of the last decade, and o

The United States And Latin America In The 1990s

Author : Jonathan Hartlyn
ISBN : 9781469617220
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 65. 73 MB
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A comprehensive examination of both unresolved tensions in inter-American relations and the specific problems facing U.S. and Latin American policymakers in the 1990s.--American Political Science Review "These well-integrated essays analyze the key issues in contemporary inter-American relations very clearly. The authors address their themes with subtlety and insight, in this first overall assessment of North-South relations in the Western Hemisphere during the post-Cold War period.--Christopher Mitchell, New York University "A superb contribution. . . . At a time when U.S.-Latin American relations face a critical turning point, policymakers would benefit from a careful reading of this fine book.--Eduardo A. Gamarra, Florida International University

Making Peace In Drug Wars

Author : Benjamin Lessing
ISBN : 9781107199637
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 88. 5 MB
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State crackdowns on drug cartels often backfire, producing entrenched 'cartel-state conflict'; deterrence approaches have curbed violence but proven fragile. This book explains why.

Warriors In Peacetime

Author : Gabriel Marcella
ISBN : 9781136300806
Genre : History
File Size : 35. 53 MB
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What should military warriors do in peacetime? Such was the theme of an international conference at the Inter-American Defense College in 1992 which brought together diplomats, military officials and distinguished academics to discuss the purpose of military institutions in Latin America in the new world order. The most important message of this book is that the order has by no means eliminated the need for armed forces.

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