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The Study Of Nonprofit Enterprise

Author : Helmut K. Anheier
ISBN : 9781461501312
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 83. 8 MB
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This volume addresses the need to revisit the economic theories from the last two decades that have contributed to the development of a concentrated research agenda on nonprofit organizations. Long neglected as a topic of theorizing and empirical investigation by mainstream economics in particular, these initial theories of nonprofit organizations from the late 1970s and early 1980s continue to shape theoretical and conceptual efforts. Importantly, their influence extends beyond economics and informs sociological and politics science approaches to the set of organizations and institutions located between the market firm and the state agency as well. While the theoretical map of nonprofit research has expanded beyond these early attempts and now include several other major theories such as stakeholder approaches, supply-side or entrepreneurial theories, institutional theories and comparative approaches. This work suggests that it is time to take stock and reexamine some of the basics from which these economic theories operate.

The Economics Of Nonprofit Enterprise

Author : Robert Scott Gassler
ISBN : STANFORD:36105040345188
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 27. 50 MB
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'...Gassler has a particularly keen sense of the threads of the arguments about the motivational forces that underpin non-profit organizations. Thus, he has taken into account much of the alternative views and given them perspective....Gassler also deals in an exciting way with the roles that non-profit enterprises play in society and the types of non-profit enterprises....I heartily recommend this book....'—REVIEW OF SOCIAL ECONOMY

Handbook On The Economics Of Philanthropy Reciprocity And Social Enterprise

Author : Stefano Zamagni
ISBN : 9781849804745
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 24. 39 MB
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The recent era of economic turbulence has generated a growing enthusiasm for an increase in new and original economic insights based around the concepts of reciprocity and social enterprise. This stimulating and thought-provoking Handbook not only encourages and supports this growth, but also emphasises and expands upon new topics and issues within the economics discourse. Original contributions from key international experts acknowledge and illustrate that markets and firms can be civilizing forces when and if they are understood as expressions of cooperation and civil virtues. They provide an illuminating discourse on a wide range of topics including reciprocity, gifts and the civil economy, which are especially relevant in times of crisis for financial capitalism. The Handbook questions the current phase of the market economy that arises from a state of anthropological pessimism. Such anthropological cynicism is one of the foundations of the contemporary economic system that is challenged by the contributors. This highly original and interdisciplinary Handbook will provide a fascinating read for academics, researchers and students across a wide range of fields including economics, public sector economics, public policy and social policy.

The Non Profit Enterprise In Market Economics

Author : E. James
ISBN : 9781136471100
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 72. 39 MB
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Analyses the behaviour of not-for-profit organizations under a variety of conditions and contrasts them with profit maximizing firms, other types of profit-constrained firms and with public bureaucracies.

The Study Of Nonprofit Enterprise

Author : Helmut K. Anheier
ISBN : 9780306478550
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 22. 36 MB
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This volume addresses the need to revisit the very economic theories that in the past two decades have contributed so much to the development of a concentrated research agenda on nonprofit organizations. Long neglected as a topic of theorizing and empirical investigation by mainstream economics in particular, these initial theories of nonprofit organizations, introduced by Burton Weisbrod (see Chapter 3 by Kingma and Chapter 4 by Slivinsky) and Henry Hansmann (see Chapter 5 by Ortmann and Schlesinger and Chapter 6 by Hansmann) and others in the late 1970sand early 1980s, continue to shape theoretical and conceptual efforts. Importantly, their influence extends beyond economics and informs sociological and political science approaches to the set of organizations and institutions located between the market firm and the state agency as well (see Chapter 10 by Wolpert, Chapter 11 by Salamon, and Chapter 12 by Wolch; also Anheier & Ben-Ner, 1997; DiMaggio & Anheier, 1990). While the theoretical map of nonprofit research has expanded beyond these early attempts and now includes several other major theories such as stakeholder approaches (Chapter I by Ben-Ner and Gui, and Chapter 7 by Krashinsky), supply-side or entrepreneurial theories (Chapter 8 by Badelt and Chapter 9 by Young), institutional theories (Chapter 17 by DiMaggio), and comparative approaches (Chapter 15 by Anheier; see also Salamon & Anheier, 1998), we nonethelesssuggest that it is time to takestockand reexamine some of the very basics from which these economic theories operate. This is the main purpose ofthe book.

Managerial Economics Of Non Profit Organizations

Author : Marc Jegers
ISBN : 9781134080199
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 74. 1 MB
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This is the first book of its kind to bring together the microeconomic insights on the functioning of non-profit organizations, complementing the wide range of books on the management of non-profit organizations by instead focusing on both theoretical and empirical work. Jegers begins by considering definitions of non-profit organizations before examining the economic rationale behind their existence, the demand for them and its implications on their functioning. The final chapters look at the economic idiosyncrasies of the non-profit organizations, focusing on the fields of strategic management, marketing, accounting and finance.

Philanthropy In America

Author : Dwight Burlingame
ISBN : 9781576078600
Genre : History
File Size : 56. 91 MB
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A landmark three-volume reference work documenting philanthropy and the nonprofit sector throughout American history, edited by the field's most widely recognized authority. * Over 200 A-Z entries on people, events, organizations, and ideas in U.S. philanthropic history * Nearly 200 contributors--distinguished scholars from a variety of disciplines * Over 75 primary source documents from the Poor Laws of 1601 to excerpts from the Filer Commission Report of 1975 * Chronology of important events in philanthropic history

Economics For Nonprofit Managers And Social Entrepreneurs

Author : Dennis R. Young
ISBN : 9781786436764
Genre : BUSINESS & ECONOMICS
File Size : 21. 58 MB
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Economics for Nonprofit Managers and Social Entrepreneurs shows how economics contributes to better managerial decisions on social matters. This second edition of the original economics text for nonprofit managers, adds risk analysis, game theory, and behavioral economics to the managerial tool kit, along with analysis at the margin, opportunity cost, elasticity of demand and supply, market power, and cost–benefit analysis, with numerous timely examples. This text is essential for nonprofit managers and social entrepreneurs, and of interest to all economics students.

The Emergence Of Social Enterprise

Author : Carlo Borzaga
ISBN : 0415339219
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 23. 93 MB
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This book investigates the remarkable growth of the 'third sector', focusing on social enterprises, their characteristics, their contribution and their future prospects.

State Owned Enterprises In A Mixed Economy

Author : Mehdi Haririan
ISBN : 9781000313130
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 66. 96 MB
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A distinctive feature of economic trends of the past three decades has been the increase in microeconomic intervention by state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in the market economies of rich industrial and poor developing nations. The majority of SOEs were established as policy instruments of choice in response to a variety of socioeconomic needs and socio-political problems. As persuasively demonstrated in this book, microeconomic efficiency criteria alone, stemming from the theory of a perfectly competitive economy, are badly designed criteria for public firms. The historical part of the book, in particular, discusses quite compellingly a number of causes other than market failures for the existence of state-owned enterprises. This discussion develops complex answers regarding causes for the existence of public firms.

Understanding Nonprofit And Tax Exempt Organizations

Author : Nicholas P. Cafardi
ISBN : 9781579110406
Genre : Law
File Size : 42. 4 MB
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Understanding Nonprofit and Tax Exempt Organizations is a guide for the law student or practitioner who is looking to understand the law governing the nonprofit, tax exempt sector. This text deals with the many types of tax exempt organizations; the rules, regulations and limitations imposed on tax exempt organizations by the courts, the Internal Revenue Code (IRS) and the Treasury Regulations (the Regulations); the charitable contribution and fundraising issues affecting tax exempt organizations; the unrelated business income tax, excise taxes and intermediate sanctions imposed on tax exempt organizations; and the rules regarding private foundations. This new Second Edition reflects recent changes in the law made by the Pension Protection Act of 2006 and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010. The Second Edition of Understanding Nonprofit and Tax Exempt Organizations begins with an introduction to nonprofit organizations by discussing the relevant law in general, as nonprofits are governed by state law. Next, tax exempt organizations are discussed, by first giving the reader the background on where such organizations fit in the nonprofit sector; why the organizations are given preferential tax treatment; what form these organizations take; and how such organizations are governed and dissolved. The Second Edition also provides detailed explanations of the various rules, regulations and tests they must follow in order to obtain or retain their tax exempt status as well as the consequences for failure to comply.

Handbook Of Research On Nonprofit Economics And Management

Author : Bruce A. Seaman
ISBN : 9781785363528
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 46. 25 MB
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Building on the success of the first edition, this thoroughly revised and expanded edition explores (1) areas of general agreement from previous research; (2) areas of conflicting results and unexplored questions; (3) the relative roles of theory, data availability and empirical analysis in explaining gaps in our knowledge; and (4) what must be done to improve our knowledge and extend the literature. Selected original chapters addressing especially challenging topics include the value of risk management to nonprofit decision-making; nonprofit wages theory and evidence; the valuation of volunteer labor; property tax exemption for nonprofits; when is competition good for the third sector; and product diversification and social enterprise; international perspectives; the application of experimental research and the macroeconomic effects of the nonprofit sector.

Canada S Social Economy

Author : Jack Quarter
ISBN : 1550283863
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 88. 26 MB
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Acknowledgements Introduction Part 1 - Conceptualizing the Social Economy 1. Defining the Social Economy Part 2 - An Overview to the Social Economy 2. An Overview to Co-operatives 3. Non-profits in Public Service 4. Mutual Non-profits Part 3 - Case Studies 5. Community Economic Development 6. Social Housing 7. Social Service 8. Social Capital Part 4 - Overcoming the Obstacles 9. Building a Social Economy Notes Selected Bibliography Index

Service And Operations Management

Author : Cengiz Haksever
ISBN : 9789813209466
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 21. 95 MB
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The purpose of this book is to provide cutting-edge information on service management such as the role services play in an economy, service strategy, ethical issues in services and service supply chains. It also covers basic topics of operations management including linear and goal programming, project management, inventory management and forecasting. This book takes a multidisciplinary approach to services and operational management challenges; it draws upon the theory and practice in many fields of study such as economics, management science, statistics, psychology, sociology, ethics and technology, to name a few. It contains chapters most textbooks do not include, such as ethics, management of public and non-profit service organizations, productivity and measurement of performance, routing and scheduling of service vehicles. An Instructor's Solutions Manual is available upon request for all instructors who adopt this book as a course text. Please send your request to [email protected]

The Third Sector

Author : Helmut K. Anheier
ISBN : 9783110868401
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 68. 38 MB
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Productivity Issues In Services At The Micro Level

Author : Zvi Griliches
ISBN : 9789401122009
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 85. 72 MB
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7 take advantage of the panel structure of their data to control for possible errors of specifica tion in their models. It is interesting to note that the econometric and DEA methods may be closer than some of their respective advocates seem to believe. Several of the studies show that the former as well as the latter can be effectively used to assess the relative effi ciency of groups of firms or individual firms, and one of them explicitly compare results arising from both (Fecher et al.). Econometric techniques can also be nonparametric and applied to estimating cost or production frontiers (and not only "average" functions), while ultimately DEA should be amenable to statistical inference. Perhaps the most valuable feature of all the analyses is their care and ingenuity in putting together the data, measuring variables, and pulling out relevant information. Many of them are not content with an overall output measure, but endeavor to manage with less aggregated measures. Nearly all also include in the estimated models a number of auxiliary variables intended to control for specific attributes of outputs, inputs, or production techniques, and other characteristics of firms.

The Economics Of Collective Choice

Author : Joe B Stevens
ISBN : 9780429961403
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 74. 54 MB
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The study of government policy and public decision-making has experienced a renaissance in recent years as economists and political scientists have come together to form the new field of collective, or public, choice. The Economics of Colletive Choice is a breakthrough text in this field. It is the first to approach the public policy process with a sophisticated understanding of both economics and government and to present these ideas with a grace and accessibility entirely appropriate to undergraduates. Collective choice economics as presented by Professor Stevens is a mix of applied welfare economics and public choice analysis and does not presuppose a knowledge of intermediate microeconomics. Professor Stevens credits both the conservative insight that government intervention is often worse than what it is intended to cure and the liberal view that efficiency and justice are sometimes best served by intervention. This approach allows students to find their own balance between these ideological views. This unique book is designed as a core text for courses on public choice and public policy analysis. It will also find wide use in courses on public administration or public affairs and as a supplementary text in courses on public sector economics and public finance.

Social Enterprise

Author : Simon Denny
ISBN : 9781136242298
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 35. 34 MB
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Social enterprise has become a much discussed term in recent years, often in conjunction with the public sector - the idea that entrepreneurship might somehow step in and save the public purse has taken hold in a number of areas. This book introduces and explains the terminology surrounding social enterprise and brings much-needed rigour to proceedings by demonstrating how this can be measured, evaluated and held accountable. A range of validated evaluation measures, tools and techniques, such as ‘SROI’, the ‘Outcomes Star’ and randomised control trials, are presented in individual research projects, conducted by an exciting and eclectic mix of international authors who are recognised experts in the field of social enterprise. Wrapping up with the ground-breaking use of a General Self-Efficacy scale, a reflective critique of social finance and a challenge to the actual concept of social enterprise, the book discusses the potential disadvantages that can arise from the commodification of social enterprise activities, resulting in a fascinating summary of current thinking surrounding this topic.

Handbook Of The Economics Of Giving Altruism And Reciprocity

Author : Serge-Christophe Kolm
ISBN : 9780080478265
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 48. 72 MB
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The Handbook on the Economics of Giving, Reciprocity and Altruism provides a comprehensive set of reviews of literature on the economics of nonmarket voluntary transfers. The foundations of the field are reviewed first, with a sequence of chapters that present the hard core of the theoretical and empirical analyses of giving, reciprocity and altruism in economics, examining their relations with the viewpoints of moral philosophy, psychology, sociobiology, sociology and economic anthropology. Secondly, a comprehensive set of applications are considered of all the aspects of society where nonmarket voluntary transfers are significant: family and intergenerational transfers; charity and charitable institutions; the nonprofit economy; interpersonal relations in the workplace; the Welfare State; and international aid. *Every volume contains contributions from leading researchers *Each Handbook presents an accurate, self-contained survey of a particular topic *The series provides comprehensive and accessible surveys

The Economics Of Business Enterprise

Author : Martin Ricketts
ISBN : 9781785360930
Genre : BUSINESS & ECONOMICS
File Size : 27. 70 MB
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This new edition of The Economics of Business Enterprise provides a comprehensive survey of the theory of the firm from the perspective of New Institutional Economics. It continues to emphasise the role of the entrepreneur within the firm and the emergence of institutional responses to rent seeking. Neoclassical, Transactions Cost, Austrian, Public Choice and Property Rights perspectives are contrasted and used to analyse private governance arrangements, contemporary developments in organisational form such as ‘the sharing economy’ and the regulatory framework.

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