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The Evolution Of The Juvenile Court

Author : Barry C. Feld
ISBN : 9781479871292
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 49. 74 MB
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A major statement on the juvenile justice system by one of America’s leading experts The juvenile court lies at the intersection of youth policy and crime policy. Its institutional practices reflect our changing ideas about children and crime control. The Evolution of the Juvenile Court provides a sweeping overview of the American juvenile justice system’s development and change over the past century. Noted law professor and criminologist Barry C. Feld places special emphasis on changes over the last 25 years—the ascendance of get tough crime policies and the more recent Supreme Court recognition that “children are different.” Feld’s comprehensive historical analyses trace juvenile courts’ evolution though four periods—the original Progressive Era, the Due Process Revolution in the 1960s, the Get Tough Era of the 1980s and 1990s, and today’s Kids Are Different era. In each period, changes in the economy, cities, families, race and ethnicity, and politics have shaped juvenile courts’ policies and practices. Changes in juvenile courts’ ends and means—substance and procedure—reflect shifting notions of children’s culpability and competence. The Evolution of the Juvenile Court examines how conservative politicians used coded racial appeals to advocate get tough policies that equated children with adults and more recent Supreme Court decisions that draw on developmental psychology and neuroscience research to bolster its conclusions about youths’ reduced criminal responsibility and diminished competence. Feld draws on lessons from the past to envision a new, developmentally appropriate justice system for children. Ultimately, providing justice for children requires structural changes to reduce social and economic inequality—concentrated poverty in segregated urban areas—that disproportionately expose children of color to juvenile courts’ punitive policies. Historical, prescriptive, and analytical, The Evolution of the Juvenile Court evaluates the author’s past recommendations to abolish juvenile courts in light of this new evidence, and concludes that separate, but reformed, juvenile courts are necessary to protect children who commit crimes and facilitate their successful transition to adulthood.

Juvenile Justice

Author : Robert W. Drowns
ISBN : PSU:000026341491
Genre : Juvenile delinquency
File Size : 39. 11 MB
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This text discusses how the juvenile justice system fits in with the larger criminal justice system. It covers the components of the entire juvenile justice system, including law enforcement, youth, the courts, and corrections. Authors discuss the complex issues facing the juvenile justice system.

A Century Of Juvenile Justice

Author : Margaret K. Rosenheim
ISBN : 0226727831
Genre : Law
File Size : 59. 35 MB
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Systems for Youth in Trouble

The Juvenile Court System

Author : Edwin M. Lemert
ISBN : 9780202369754
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 48. 57 MB
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This volume is based on a detailed analysis of change in the law and in the administration of justice affecting juvenile off enders in California in the fifties and sixties. It addresses how procedural law develops on a long-term basis and under what conditions. It also examines the processes by which revolutionary changes occur in law and the extent to which social change can be directed or controlled by legislation. Social action to revise California's juvenile court law, which had remained little changed since 1915, began in 1958. Subsequently a small group of legal reformers who perceived anomalies in the law and in the underlying philosophy of the court overcame substantial resistance to effect revolutionary revisions of the law. Lemert examines their experience to determine how changes of such magnitude could take place after decades of gradual adaptations in the juvenile courts. His study also looks into the consequences of this change on the court and related agencies of law enforcement. The author sets forth a socio-legal theory of change-a conception of paradigms, normal evolution, and revolution in law. He applies this theory to data, with special attention to the resistance to legal change and the processes by which it gives way to the adaptive process of normal law. Lemert discusses the substantive aspects of juvenile law as it relates to human affect and meaning, touching on the existential elements of justice. Professionals dealing with juveniles, legal scholars, sociologists, and political scientists will find this book, with its emphasis on how to achieve more equitable administration of juvenile justice, has much to contribute to our understanding of the dynamics of social change. Edwin M. Lemert (1912-1996) was professor of sociology at the University of California, Davis best known for being a pioneer in the labeling theory of social deviance. He is the author of numerous books including The Trouble With Evil: Social Control at the Edge of Morality, Human Deviance, and Social Problems and Social Control.

Juvenile Justice

Author : Barry Krisberg
ISBN : 9780761925019
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 82. 95 MB
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Juvenile Justice: Redeeming Our Children debunks myths about juvenile justice in order to achieve an ideal system that would protect vulnerable children and help build safer communities. Author Barry Krisberg assembles broad and up-to-date research, statistical data, and theories on the U.S. juvenile justice system to encourage effective responses to youth crime. This text gives a historical context to the ongoing quest for the juvenile justice ideal and examines how the current system of laws, policies, and practices came into place.

Handbook Of Psychiatric Practice In The Juvenile Court

Author : Michael G. Kalogerakis
ISBN : 0890422338
Genre : Medical
File Size : 23. 22 MB
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This book covers juvenile court.

Juvenile Delinquency Law And Procedure

Author : Jerry R. Foxhoven
ISBN : 1531002838
Genre : Juvenile delinquency
File Size : 81. 71 MB
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This casebook takes a comprehensive approach to teaching law students all of the issues involved in representing a minor who has been accused of violating the law, including the history and evolution of the juvenile justice system, the rights of minors in interrogation, searches and monitoring both at home and at school, and the procedures and rights in delinquency court. The casebook follows the life of a juvenile delinquency case from the first contact with authorities through sentencing in either juvenile or adult court. A Teacher¿s Manual is also provided to assist professors in preparing for and presenting in class.

Patching Up The Cracks

Author : Michael D. Grimes
ISBN : 0739108972
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 26. 55 MB
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In Patching Up the Cracks sociologist Michael D. Grimes conducts a case study of the dependency portion of a "troubled" juvenile court. His study uncovers the importance of the larger institutional and social environment that surrounds the court—both its day-to-day operations and its capacity to adequately serve the needs of its clients.

Juvenile Justice

Author : G. Larry Mays
ISBN : UOM:39015064695631
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 41. 3 MB
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"The evolution and development of the American juvenile justice system are distilled into an engaging survey in this extensively revised edition. In clear, authoritative language, the text explores the social, legal, historical, and political ramifications of administering justice to American youth. The authors draw upon their extensive backgrounds in the field to provide a cogent framework for organizing their discussion - one that skillfully blends theory, research, and practical applications. Throughout the text, boxed features address international perspectives on contemporary juvenile justice issues, as well as discussions of the theoretical explanations of crime and delinquency." "The authors incorporate numerous data sources to provide a balanced presentation of juvenile justice statistics, their multiple interpretations, and the trends they indicate. Moreover, they include well-researched material that often is overlooked in other texts, including up-to-date discussions of parole/aftercare and nondelinquent children. A comprehensive chapter on juvenile gangs illustrates how theory informs research, and research in turn informs policy and practice. The latest prevention and intervention strategies and programs are covered in a chapter that explores these goals from both philosophical and practical perspectives."--BOOK JACKET.

Juvenile Justice And Youth Violence

Author : James C. Howell
ISBN : 9781452249544
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 30. 93 MB
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Comprehensive and detailed, this book provides information on: the history of the United States' response to juvenile delinquency; the increasing seriousness of the problem; and the public policies available to deal with it. James C Howell cites the pressing need for a clearer understanding of the risk factors for youth violence. Long-term solutions such as the development of more effective prevention programmes, better-matched offender//treatment programmes, and a more cost effective juvenile justice system are also discussed. Extensive figures and tables are included.

Mothers Of All Children

Author : Elizabeth Jane Clapp
ISBN : 9780271043852
Genre : Law
File Size : 39. 95 MB
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A history of the juvenile court movement in America, which focuses upon the central but neglected contribution of women reformers.The establishment of juvenile courts in cities across the United States was one of the earliest social welfare reforms of the Progressive Era. The first juvenile court law was passed in Illinois in 1899. Within a decade twenty-two other states had passed similar laws, based on the Illinois example. Mothers of All Children examines this movement, focusing especially on the role of women reformers and the importance of gender consciousness in influencing the shape of reform. Until recently historians have assumed that male reformers dominated many of the Progressive Era social reforms. Mothers of All Children goes beyond simply writing women back into the history of the juvenile court movement to reveal the complexity of their involvement. Some women operated within nineteenth-century ideals of motherhood and domesticity while others, trained in the social sciences and living in,the poor neighborhoods of America's cities, took a more pragmatic approach.Despite these differences, Clapp finds a common maternalist approach that distinguished women reformers from their male counterparts. Women were more willing to use the state to deal with wayward children, whereas men were more commonly involved as supporters of women reformers' initiatives rather than being themselves the initiators of reform.Firmly located in the context of recent scholarship on American women's history, Mothers of All Children has broad implications for American women's political history and the history of the welfare state.

Juvenile Justice

Author : Kären M. Hess
ISBN : STANFORD:36105063902238
Genre : Law
File Size : 40. 10 MB
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This book offers a highly accessible, comprehensive look at the juvenile justice system. With pedagogy fully integrated throughout the text, readers will easily make the connections between theory and practice. The text explores the various programs and processes that exist in the juvenile justice system, including prevention efforts through school and community-based programs, and provides an understanding of the history, current state, and future of juvenile justice.

Incapacitating The Innocent

Author : Patrick R. Webb
ISBN : 9781599423142
Genre : Law
File Size : 86. 26 MB
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The purpose of this study was to identify the factors associated with the utilization of preadjudicatory detention among juveniles in the United States. Specifically, this study identified: (a) the philosophical basis associated with the utilization of the preadjudicatory detention of juveniles, (b) the legal origins of the preadjudicatory detention of juveniles, (c) a number of theoretical perspectives associated with the use of preadjudicatory detention of juveniles, and (d) whether legal (i.e., prior record, offense, etc.) or extralegal factors (i.e., race, gender, etc.) were associated with the detention of juveniles in the juvenile justice system. The study utilized a quantitative method design in which secondary data were employed. A total of 7,135 juveniles were analyzed from secondary data gathered by the United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics in 1998. Various types of statistical analysis (bivariate cross-tabulation, binary logistic regression) provided clarification and differentiation concerning factors associated with the preadjudicatory detention of juveniles. With respect to extralegal factors, the results from this study indicate that race was associated with the detention of juveniles. Specifically, African American juveniles were likely to experience preadjudicatory detention. The results also reveal that certain legal factors were associated with the preadjudicatory detention of juveniles. For instance, a juvenile's relationship with the juvenile court at the time of intake and the juvenile's prior arrest record were associated with preadjudicatory detention. In addition, the juvenile's total number of charges as well as the specific charges of burglary, robbery and assault were associated with the preadjudicatory detention of the juvenile. This study underscores the need for creating and developing objective assessment tools during the intake process for juveniles. Future investigative studies should include the attitudes of certain legal practitioners and the use of qualitative data when researching juvenile court decisions.

The Changing Borders Of Juvenile Justice

Author : William G Simon Professor of Law and Director of the Earl Warren Legal Institute Franklin E Zimring
ISBN : 0226233804
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 76. 68 MB
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Since the 1960s, recurring cycles of political activism over youth crime have motivated efforts to remove adolescents from the juvenile court. Periodic surges of crime—youth violence in the 1970s, the spread of gangs in the 1980s, and more recently, epidemic gun violence and drug-related crime—have spurred laws and policies aimed at narrowing the reach of the juvenile court. Despite declining juvenile crime rates, every state in the country has increased the number of youths tried and punished as adults. Research in this area has not kept pace with these legislative developments. There has never been a detailed, sociolegal analytic book devoted to this topic. In this important collection, researchers discuss policy, substantive procedural and empirical dimensions of waivers, and where the boundaries of the courts lie. Part 1 provides an overview of the origins and development of law and contemporary policy on the jurisdiction of adolescents. Part 2 examines the effects of jurisdictional shifts. Part 3 offers valuable insight into the developmental and psychological aspects of current and future reforms. Contributors: Donna Bishop, Richard Bonnie, M. A. Bortner, Elizabeth Cauffman, Linda Frost Clausel, Robert O. Dawson, Jeffrey Fagan, Barry Feld, Charles Frazier, Thomas Grisso, Darnell Hawkins, James C. Howell, Akiva Liberman, Richard Redding, Simon Singer, Laurence Steinberg, David Tanenhaus, Marjorie Zatz, and Franklin E. Zimring

Reaffirming Juvenile Justice

Author : Alida V. Merlo
ISBN : 9781351618373
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 22. 58 MB
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This book will expand students’ knowledge and understanding of the evolution of juvenile justice in the last 50 years. Designed to coincide with the 50th anniversary of the landmark case In re Gault, which the U.S. Supreme Court decided in 1967, the authors provide a brief history of juvenile justice, then frame the developments and transformations that have occurred in the intervening years. Topics covered include an overview of the dramatic changes to the field following the spike in youth violence in the 1990s, the "superpredator" myth, zero-tolerance policies, and sanctions for juvenile offenders—particularly the 2005 abolition of the death penalty and subsequent decision on life without parole. The book also covers child and youth victimization and trauma, and recent prevention and treatment initiatives. Designed for upper-level undergraduates, this text reflects on the evolving U.S. juvenile justice system while anticipating future challenges and trends. Reaffirming Juvenile Justice illustrates how ideology, media, and politics shape policy and how it can evolve.

Boys Among Men

Author : David L. Myers
ISBN : 0275982548
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 86. 71 MB
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Sheds new light on the popular but controversial move to charge, try, and sentence juvenile offenders as adults.

The Oxford Handbook Of Juvenile Crime And Juvenile Justice

Author : Barry C. Feld
ISBN : 9780190208837
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 72. 97 MB
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Over the last two decades, researchers have made significant discoveries about the causes and origins of delinquency. Specifically, we have learned a great deal about adolescent development and its relationship to decision-making, about multiple factors that contribute to delinquency, and about the processes and contexts associated with the course of delinquent careers. Over the same period, public officials have made sweeping jurisprudential, jurisdictional, and procedural changes in our juvenile justice systems. The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice presents a timely compilation of state-of-the-art critical reviews of knowledge about causes of delinquency and their significance for justice policy, and about developments in the juvenile justice system to prevent and control youth crime. The first half of the handbook focuses on juvenile crime and examines trends and patterns in delinquency and victimization, explores causes of delinquency-at the individual, micro-social, and macro-social levels, and from natural and social science perspectives-and their implications for structuring a youth justice system. The second half of the handbook concentrates on juvenile justice and examines a range of issues-including the historical origins and re-invention of the juvenile court; juvenile offenders' mental health status and considerations of trial competence and culpability; intake, diversion, detention, and juvenile courts; and transfer/waiver strategies-and considers how the juvenile justice system itself influences delinquency. The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice provides a comprehensive overview of juvenile crime and juvenile justice administration by authors who are all leading scholars involved in cutting-edge research, and is an essential resource for scholars, students, and justice officials.

American Juvenile Justice

Author : Franklin E. Zimring
ISBN : 0199725365
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 66. 32 MB
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American Juvenile Justice is a definitive volume for courses on the criminology and policy analysis of adolescence. The focus is on the principles and policy of a separate and distinct system of juvenile justice. The book opens with an introduction of the creation of adolescence, presenting a justification for the category of the juvenile or a period of partial responsibility before full adulthood. Subsequent sections include empirical investigations of the nature of youth criminality and legal policy toward youth crime. At the heart of the book is an argument for a penal policy that recognizes diminished responsibility and a youth policy that emphasizes the benefits of letting the maturing process continue with minimal interruption. In this updated and expanded second edition, Zimring has included four new chapters with examinations on important topics including, US Supreme Court decisions of life sentences for minors, the elected use of juvenile courts over criminal court, punitive sex offender registration for juveniles, and appropriate tactics for juvenile justice reform.

Choosing The Future For American Juvenile Justice

Author : Franklin E. Zimring
ISBN : 9781479841561
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 48. 81 MB
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This is a hopeful but complicated era for those with ambitions to reform the juvenile courts and youth-serving public institutions in the United States. As advocates plea for major reforms, many fear the public backlash in making dramatic changes. Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice provides a look at the recent trends in juvenile justice as well as suggestions for reforms and policy changes in the future. Should youth be treated as adults when they break the law? How can youth be deterred from crime? What factors should be considered in how youth are punished?What role should the police have in schools? This essential volume, edited by two of the leading scholars on juvenile justice, and with contributors who are among the key experts on each issue, the volume focuses on the most pressing issues of the day: the impact of neuroscience on our understanding of brain development and subsequent sentencing, the relationship of schools and the police, the issue of the school-to-prison pipeline, the impact of immigration, the privacy of juvenile records, and the need for national policies—including registration requirements--for juvenile sex offenders. Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice is not only a timely collection, based on the most current research, but also a forward-thinking volume that anticipates the needs for substantive and future changes in juvenile justice.

Juvenile Justice

Author : Steven M. Cox
ISBN : 9781412951333
Genre : Law
File Size : 75. 56 MB
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Briefer than most texts on the topic, this book accessibly explores the interrelationships among theory, policy, and practice to provide a comprehensive understanding of both the historical foundations and the practical world of juvenile justice. The Sixth Edition, now published by SAGE, is updated throughout covering topics such as the history of juvenile justice, legal considerations in juvenile justice, theory and policy in juvenile justice, and current realities in the practice of juvenile justice. The book’s unique blend of theory, policy, and practice, coupled with a straightforward writing style and comprehensive ancillary package makes it a must-have for students and practitioners alike.

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