the first triumvirate of rome julius caesar marcus licinius crassus gnaeus pompey magnus and the fall of the roman republic

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The First Triumvirate Of Rome

Author : Clifford Alexander
ISBN : 1523294442
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The First Century BC was a watershed for the development of the Roman state. It was a century characterized by near incessant warfare and political strife in Rome, evidence that a new form of government was necessary to rule over its new extensive conquests. It was becoming apparent to the traditional ruling elite that the ancient military superpower was beginning to undergo an uneasy transition from Republic to Imperial Power. Central in this change were the actions of the First Triumvirate: an alliance between the most powerful men in Rome. The Triumvirate was composed of Gnaeus Pompey Magnus, Marcus Licinius Crassus, and Gaius Julius Caesar, and together these individuals combined their vast political influence to reduce the Roman Senate to a mere charade. Together, they eked out a place for themselves at the head of the Roman state. Through their efforts, Gaul, Spain and Syria came firmly into the Roman fold. However, like all things true to the Roman Republic, the First Triumvirate was not invulnerable to outside coercion and manipulation. Soon, it too began to show signs of corruption, and each man started to suspect the other of looming betrayal. These misgivings would seep through the alliance until the poison had successfully turned the members of the First Triumvirate against one another. The political tension, and the ensuing war, would fundamentally alter the very fabric of the Roman state forever. From the chaos of the Triumvirate, a new form of government would take root: the Roman monarchy we now know as the Empire.

Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus

Author : Source Wikipedia
ISBN : 1230813136
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 24. Chapters: First Triumvirate, Julius Caesar, Lucca Conference, Marcus Licinius Crassus, Pompey. Excerpt: Gaius Julius Caesar (Classical Latin: , July 100 BC - 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman general and statesman and a distinguished writer of Latin prose. He played a critical role in the gradual transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. In 60 BC, Caesar, Crassus and Pompey formed a political alliance that was to dominate Roman politics for several years. Their attempts to amass power through populist tactics were opposed by the conservative elite within the Roman Senate, among them Cato the Younger with the frequent support of Cicero. Caesar's conquest of Gaul, completed by 51 BC, extended Rome's territory to the English Channel and the Rhine. Caesar became the first Roman general to cross both when he built a bridge across the Rhine and conducted the first invasion of Britain. These achievements granted him unmatched military power and threatened to eclipse the standing of Pompey, who had realigned himself with the Senate after the death of Crassus in 53 BC. With the Gallic Wars concluded, the Senate ordered Caesar to lay down his military command and return to Rome. Caesar refused, and marked his defiance in 49 BC by crossing the Rubicon with a legion to march on Rome. Civil war resulted, from which he emerged as the unrivaled leader of Rome. After assuming control of government, Caesar began a program of social and governmental reforms, including the creation of the Julian calendar. He centralised the bureaucracy of the Republic and was eventually proclaimed "dictator in perpetuity." But the underlying political conflicts had not been resolved, and on the Ides of March (15 March) 44 BC, Caesar was assassinated by a group of senators led by Marcus Junius Brutus. A new series of civil wars broke out, and the...

Wars That Changed History 50 Of The World S Greatest Conflicts

Author : Spencer C. Tucker
ISBN : 9781610697866
Genre : History
File Size : 36. 93 MB
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A thorough study of significant wars throughout history and their influence on world affairs—from the Egyptian Pharaoh Thutmore III's Campaigns during 479–459 BCE through the Iraq War of 2003–2011. • Features Illustrations, maps, and photographs to visually engage readers • Discusses the significance of major conflicts and their broad historical consequences • Offers the most recent interpretations as to the causes and effects of each war covered • Provides a list of books for additional reading to expand learning opportunities • Reveals the meaning of the term "tech-tac disjoint" and explains its relevance to to modern use of technology-enabled weaponry

The Roman Republic A Very Short Introduction

Author : David M. Gwynn
ISBN : 9780191642357
Genre : History
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The rise and fall of the Roman Republic occupies a special place in the history of Western civilization. From humble beginnings on the seven hills beside the Tiber, the city of Rome grew to dominate the ancient Mediterranean. Led by her senatorial aristocracy, Republican armies defeated Carthage and the successor kingdoms of Alexander the Great, and brought the surrounding peoples to east and west into the Roman sphere. Yet the triumph of the Republic was also its tragedy. In this Very Short Introduction, David M. Gwynn provides a fascinating introduction to the history of the Roman Republic and its literary and material sources, bringing to life the culture and society of Republican Rome and its ongoing significance within our modern world. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

A Global Chronology Of Conflict From The Ancient World To The Modern Middle East 6 Volumes

Author : Spencer C. Tucker
ISBN : 9781851096725
Genre : History
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This monumental six-volume resource offers engaging entries of major diplomatic, military, and political events driving world conflicts from ancient times to the present. • Hundreds of concise, chronologically organized entries on major wars, battles, political events, weapons technologies, and diplomatic initiatives • Essays at roughly 50-year intervals analyzing each era's defining developments in the evolution of warfare, including changes in tactics, weapons, and other technologies • Sidebars highlighting hundreds of key individuals in the history of military conflict as well as important developments in weapon systems • A comprehensive glossary of military terms to help readers understand the language of warfare and weapons • A rich illustration program of images, drawings, and maps

The Year Of Julius And Caesar

Author : Stefan G. Chrissanthos
ISBN : 9781421429700
Genre : History
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Written in an engaging and accessible style, The Year of Julius and Caesar will appeal to undergraduates and scholars alike and to anyone interested in contemporary politics, owing to the parallels between the Roman and American Republics.

A Global Chronology Of Conflict

Author : Spencer Tucker
ISBN : 1851096671
Genre : History
File Size : 48. 71 MB
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This monumental six-volume resource offers engaging entries of major diplomatic, military, and political events driving world conflicts from ancient times to the present. * Hundreds of concise, chronologically organized entries on major wars, battles, political events, weapons technologies, and diplomatic initiatives * Essays at roughly 50-year intervals analyzing each era's defining developments in the evolution of warfare, including changes in tactics, weapons, and other technologies * Sidebars highlighting hundreds of key individuals in the history of military conflict as well as important developments in weapon systems * A comprehensive glossary of military terms to help readers understand the language of warfare and weapons * A rich illustration program of images, drawings, and maps

Encyclopedia Of The Ancient World Coriolanus Gnaeus Marcius Pharsalus Battle Of

Author : Thomas J. Sienkewicz
ISBN : 0893560405
Genre : History
File Size : 32. 33 MB
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Covers world cultures from prehistory through the year 700 C.E., including essays on persons, cultures, wars, battles, documents or works, traditions or cultural phenomena, structures or artifacts, places or sites, terms, and groups or civilizations.

What Are The Seven Wonders Of The World And Other Great Cultural Lists Fully Described

Author : Peter D'Epiro
ISBN : 1840040068
Genre : Civilization
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Can you name Newton's 3 laws of motion? The 4 horsemen of the Apocalypse? The 5 Pillars of Islam? The 6 wives of Henry VIII? The 7 voyages of Sinbad the Sailor? The 8 Beatitudes? The 10 plagues of Egypt? This is a packed compendium of culturally significant lists from the fields of mythology, religion, history, literature, science, art and music.

Academic American Encyclopedia

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ISBN : UVA:X000911336
Genre : Encyclopedias and dictionaries
File Size : 28. 97 MB
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A twenty-one volume encyclopedia with 32,000 entries and more than 16,000 illustrations.

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