the fourth age

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The Fourth Age

Author : Byron Reese
ISBN : 9781501158582
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 73. 88 MB
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“The Fourth Age not only discusses what the rise of A.I. will mean for us, it also forces readers to challenge their preconceptions. And it manages to do all this in a way that is both entertaining and engaging.” —The New York Times As we approach a great turning point in history when technology is poised to redefine what it means to be human, The Fourth Age offers fascinating insight into AI, robotics, and their extraordinary implications for our species. In The Fourth Age, Byron Reese makes the case that technology has reshaped humanity just three times in history: - 100,000 years ago, we harnessed fire, which led to language. - 10,000 years ago, we developed agriculture, which led to cities and warfare. - 5,000 years ago, we invented the wheel and writing, which lead to the nation state. We are now on the doorstep of a fourth change brought about by two technologies: AI and robotics. The Fourth Age provides extraordinary background information on how we got to this point, and how—rather than what—we should think about the topics we’ll soon all be facing: machine consciousness, automation, employment, creative computers, radical life extension, artificial life, AI ethics, the future of warfare, superintelligence, and the implications of extreme prosperity. By asking questions like “Are you a machine?” and “Could a computer feel anything?”, Reese leads you through a discussion along the cutting edge in robotics and AI, and, provides a framework by which we can all understand, discuss, and act on the issues of the Fourth Age, and how they’ll transform humanity.

Rethinking Old Age

Author : Paul Higgs
ISBN : 9781137384003
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 55. 35 MB
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With the aspiration for a long life now achievable for many individuals, the status of old age as a distinct social position has become problematic. In this radical re-examination of the nature of old age, Paul Higgs and Chris Gilleard reveal the emergence of a 'fourth age' that embodies the most feared and marginalised aspects of old age, conceptually linked to and yet distinct from traditional models of old age. Inspired by the authors' ground-breaking work on the third and fourth age and supported by extensive sociological, medical and historical research, Rethinking Old Age offers a unique and timely analysis of the fourth age as a 'social imaginary' that is shaped and maintained by the social, cultural and political discourses and practices that divide later life. It stands as a significant resource for students, academics and practitioners of Sociology, Ageing Studies, Gerontology, Social Policy, Health Studies, Social Work and Nursing.

The Fourth Age Verdan Chronicles Volume 1

Author : David Gerspach
ISBN : 9781304987785
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 86. 41 MB
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A powerful wizard named Terek believes it is his destiny to rule the land. To fulfill that destiny he raises an army and subjugates a dragon to his will. He will let nothing stand in his way. Legendary heroes, who are neither alive, nor dead, gather champions from across the land to oppose the wizard and safeguard freedom. A knight, sent on a quest by a desparate king, nears his goal of finding Terek's brother, Arakon. It is believed that only Arakon has the power to challenge his brother. But in order to reach him, he will need to travel through Darkwood, a forest guarded by undead creatures and elves aligned with Terek. Another group of heroes is led by a crusader with a tragic past and an illusionist fighting to save her marriage. They need to travel the barbaric hills of Taiga and the plains of Parthea, not realizing that Terek has already endeared himself to the Partheans under the guise of a prophet sent by their god.

Spiritual Growth And Care In The Fourth Age Of Life

Author : Elizabeth MacKinlay
ISBN : 1846424801
Genre : Religion
File Size : 74. 81 MB
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Spiritual Growth and Care in the Fourth Age of Life explores the spiritual dimension of ageing and investigates the role of pastoral and spiritual care in helping the frail elderly cope with end-of-life issues. Focusing on the experience of nursing home residents and anecdotes gathered in interviews, MacKinlay sensitively presents the struggles facing older people in need of care, such as loss of independence and privacy. Her findings show that despite ill health, loneliness and depression, older people near the end of their lives find meaning and support in (re)discovering their spirituality, and that this is not just the experience of those in care facilities, but of older people more generally. The book includes a useful chapter on spiritual assessment, providing carers with information on how to recognise the need for care. This book will be of interest to nurses, care workers, pastoral support professionals and anyone else working with older people.

The Fourth Age

Author : John B Williams
ISBN : 0971892997
Genre :
File Size : 30. 33 MB
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Peace is advanced as a condition to be desired, yet human social orders around the world are structured in a way that peace is nearly impossible to achieve within them. The Fourth Age proposes that we can move beyond the short-term, localized periods of peace seen in the Civilized Age and advance toward a period of universal and perpetual peace. This book establishes a philosophy of life and a system of morality that have the potential to eliminate conflict at its source, but only in those associations of men that commit to the philosophy and that embrace the moral code. The book promotes principles of social interaction that flow from our humanness that will allow us to move away from faulty social paradigms of civilized cultures and advance toward an Age of Humanity. It draws upon archaeological and historical data to show how world conflict came to permeate the civilized era, and it shows how conflict can be made to subside. The crowning achievement of this book is its philosophy of humanity that is derived from qualities that define us as human and that transcend the political, religious, and economic dogmas of civilized cultures. The book establishes confidently the moral and ethical basis for conflict and war without relying on any of the prevailing belief systems. In doing so, it refutes the popular notion that love is the answer to human conflict; it suggests that something as simple as cultural tolerance and non-interference in the affairs of others might suffice. The Fourth Age demonstrates that political, religious, and economic subjugation are the principle sources of conflict in the civilized age, and it establishes guidelines that men need to agree upon in order to eradicate conflict. The substance of such an agreement must be that all men have a natural inheritance consisting of a ration of political sovereignty, a share of the fruits of the earth, and a spiritual portion of the divinity of god, which gives them the right to govern, the right to subsist, and the obligation to maintain the balance of goodness and rightness in society.

Identity In The Fourth Age Perseverance Adaptation And Maintaining Dignity

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:1051898056
Genre :
File Size : 46. 23 MB
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ABSTRACT The fourth age remains a poorly understood phenomenon and there is a lack of understanding of the perceptions of those who might be considered to be living in it. This article draws on findings from a study of dignity in later life which examined the day-to-day experiences of participants who were in need of support and care because of failing health. It discusses their accounts of the changes to their sense of self and their identity that came about as a result of their ageing and health problems and looks also at the ways in which the support and care they received helped to shape their adjustment to those changes. The accounts given by participants reveal a great deal about the physical, mental and emotional effort entailed in maintaining a sense of self and highlight the essential role played by social relationships in the maintenance of identity. These findings are analysed by reference to emerging theories of the fourth age.

The Catholic Church Through The Ages

Author : John Vidmar
ISBN : 9781616432157
File Size : 79. 93 MB
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This one-volume survey of the history of the Catholic Church--from its beginning through the pontificate of John Paul II--explains the Church's progress by using Christopher Dawson's division of the Church's history into six distinct "ages," or 350-400 year periods of time.

Liber Chronicarum The Fourth Age Of The World

Author : Hartmann Schedel
ISBN : OCLC:696626085
Genre : Chronology, Historical
File Size : 81. 55 MB
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Medical Sociology And Old Age

Author : Paul Higgs
ISBN : 9780415398558
Genre : Medical
File Size : 85. 56 MB
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The nature of health in later life has conventionally been studied from two perspectives. Medical sociologists have focused on the failing body, chronic illness, infirmity and mortality, while social gerontologists on the other hand have focused on the epidemiology of old age and health and social policy. By examining these perspectives, Higgs and Jones show how both standpoints have a restricted sense of contemporary ageing which has prevented an understanding of the way in which health in later life has changed. In the book, the authors point out that the current debates on longevity and disability are being transformed by the emergence of a fitter and healthier older population. This third age - where fitness and participation are valorised – leads to the increasing salience of issues such as bodily control, age-denial and anti-ageing medicine. By discussing the key issue of old age versus ageing, the authors examine the prospect of a new sociology – a sociology of health in later life. Medical Sociology and Old Age is essential reading for all students and researchers of medical sociology and gerontology and for anyone concerned with the challenge of ageing populations in the twenty-first century. This book is essential reading for all students and researchers of medical sociology and gerontology.

Widowhood In The Fourth Age Support Exchange Relationships And Social Participation

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:1051908719
Genre :
File Size : 48. 6 MB
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ABSTRACT: Widowhood becomes increasingly common with advancing age, and spousal bereavement is likely to present additional challenges for adults in very late life. However, previous studies have not considered the potential heterogeneity of the experience of widowhood for different age cohorts. This study provided a novel examination of the experience of social resources during widowhood in the fourth age. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 widowed older men and women in the fourth age, i.e. aged 85 years and older. Participants were asked about their access to, and mobilisation of, social resources during widowhood in the fourth age. The role that these resources play in adjustment to spousal loss was also explored. During this phase, widowhood was associated with diminished social networks and concurrent challenges related to ageing and health which impacted upon support needs and social participation. Despite requiring and receiving increasing levels of social support, participants strove to maximise independence. Males and those widowed during the fourth age were more likely to experience social isolation, loneliness and unwanted informal support. Through the mobilisation of social resources many oldest-old widowed adults continue to lead socially engaged and meaningful lives. The implications of the findings for future policy and practice are discussed, including the need for programmes to promote the continuing independence, self-directedness and social engagement of widowed individuals experiencing advanced ageing.

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