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The Genetics And Cytology Of The Cultivated Potato

Author : Lester Halbreich
ISBN : CORNELL:31924052388729
Genre : Plant breeding
File Size : 55. 71 MB
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Potato Cytology And Genetics

Author : H. W. Howard
ISBN : 9789401535182
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 97 MB
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A. PREVIOUS REVIEWS The review by Sw AMI NATHAN and HOWARD (1953) on "The Cytology and Genetics of the Potato (Solanum tuberosum) and Related Species" provides a convenient starting place for a consideration of recent advances in our knowledge of the cytology and genetics of potatoes. Taken together with FRUWIRTH (1925) and SWAMI NATHAN and HOWARD (1953), the present compilation should give a comprehensive survey of published work to the middle of 1959. In assembling the data for this review, use has been made of "Plant Breeding Abstracts," starting with Volume 22, No. 1 (January, 1952) and ending with Volume 29, No. 4 (October 1959). In these eight volumes of "Plant Breeding Abstracts" there are about 1,400 ab stracts in the potato section. However, because many of these ab stracts are concerned only with potato breeding and variety testing, it has been possible to reduce the number of references in the bibli ography to just over 600, about 50 of which are not to be found in the potato section of "Plant Breeding Abstracts. " It is to be expected in compiling a review of this size that there must be some omissions and mistakes. The author apologises for these, and he would be pleased to be informed of them. B. SYSTEMATICS I.


Author : John Gregory Hawkes
ISBN : UOM:49015001178947
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65. 5 MB
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Completely rewritten, updated, and expanded edition of the standard botany of the tuber-bearing solanums (potatoes), last revised in 1963. Describes more than 220 species of wild and cultivated potato, giving full details of taxonomy, characteristics and range. Introductory chapters cover history, breeding and genetics, cytology and evolution, ecology and distribution, and detailed taxonomic descriptions. Lacks coverage only of the couch variety. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Genetics Of Garden Plants

Author : Morley Benjamin Crane
ISBN : 8176221155
Genre : Plant breeding
File Size : 53. 11 MB
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The Aim Of This Book Is Twofold: First, To Give An Introduction To The Essential Principles Of Genetics And Cytology, And Secondly, To Give An Account Of Recent Results In Relation To Horticulture. The Science Of Genetics Has A Wide Horticultural Application; It Is Of Value To The Plant-Breeder, Seeds-Man And Gardener In Providing A Detailed Knowledge Of Variation And Heredity, And Guidance In The Maintenance Of Purity In Their Stocks. Genetics May Also Be Of Value To The Nurseryman Whose Business Lies In The Vegetative Reproduction Of Plants. Our Knowledge Of The Genetics Of Polyploids Has Been Largely Developed From Investigations With Horticultural Plants, Hence The Genetics Of Garden Plants Is Of Direct Interest To The Student Of Genetics As Well As Of Use To The Plant-Breeder And Horticulturist. The Book Describe Principles As Simply As The Technicalities Of Subject Will Allow, Illustrating Them With Typical Examples From A Range Of Flowers, Fruits And Vegetables, And To Give Reference To The Original Sources Of Information Which May Be Of Interest To The Scientists Or Students. The Book Will Serve As An Introduction To The Science Of Genetics And Particularly In Its Application To Horticulture. Contents Chapter 1: The Genetics Of Diploid Plants, Reproduction, Genetics, Cytology, Heredity, The Gene, Dominance, Segregation, Pure Lines, Incomplete Dominance, Mendelian Ratios, Complementary Genes, Interaction Of Genes, Lethal Genes, Multiple Allelomorphs, Linkage, Qualitative And Quantitative Characters, Extra-Nuclear Inheritance; Chapter 2: The Cytology Of Diploid Plants, The Chromosomes, Mitosia, Meiosis, Germ-Cell Formation And Fertilisation, The Genes, Linkage, Crossing-Over, Linkage In Zea Mays, Chromosome Arrangement; Chapter 3: The Cytology And Genetics Of Polyploids, Aneuploids, The Origin Of Polyploids, The Auto-Polyploid, The Allo-Polyploid, Secondary Polyploids, Secondary Association, Polyploids And Segregation, Chromatid Segregation, Multiple Genes, Hybridisation And Polyploidy, Asexual Reproduction, Apomixis, Parthenogenesis, Vivipary; Chapter 4: Flowering And Ornamental Plants, The History And Genetics Of The Sweet Pea, The Garden Stock, Primula Sinensi, The Diploid And Tetraploid Forms, Nemesia Strumosa, Herbaceous Plants, Inter-Specific Hybrids, Delphinium, Iris; Chapter 5: The Chemical And Genetical Basis Of Flower Colour, Anthocyanins, Anthoxanthins, Plastid Pigments, The Chemistry And Genetics Of Flower Colour In Streptocarpus, Callistephus, Dianthus Caryophyllus, Dahila And Papaver; Chapter 6: Vegetable And Salad Plants, The History And Genetics Of The Tomato, The Induction And Genetics Of Tetraploid Tomatoes, Thi History Of The Garden Pea, Mendel S Investigations, The Genetics Of The Garden Pea, Radish, Lettuce, Onion, Beetroot, Cucumber, Melon, Cabbage, The History And Genetics Of The Potato; Chapter 7: Fruits, The Genetics Of Peeches And Neetarines, Correlations And Disease Resistance, The Inheritance Of Colour And Sex In Raspberries, Rubus Chamaemorus, Goosebrries, Currants, Cherries, Grapes, The Origin And Development Of The Garden Strawberry, The Cherry Plum, Prunus Domestica, Pears, Apples, Diploid And Triploid Forms; Chapter 8: Heterosis, Theory Of Heterosis, Linkage, Heterosis In Maize, In Asexual Reproduced Plants, Sorghum, Egg Plant, Tomato, Onion, Male Sterility And Heterosis; Chapter 9: Bud-Sports, Variations And Fluctuations, Bud-Sports, Graft Chimaeras, Method Of Production, Solanum Chimaeras, Cytisus Adami, Crataegomespilus, Apple Graft Chimaeras, Autogenous Chimaeras, Bouvardia, Pelargonium, Apple, Citrus, Plum, Pear, Potato, Coleus, Rose, Infectious Transmission, Somatic Variations And Plant-Breeding, Variegated Plants, Fluctuations, Environment; Chapter 10: Incompatibility, Self And Cross-Pollination, Pollen Tube Growth, The Inheritance And Behaviour Of Incompatibility, Self- And Cross-Incompatibility In Nicotiana, Veronica, Verbascum, Cherries, Plums, Polyploidy And Incompatibility, Apples And Pears, Economic Aspects, Heterostylism; Chapter 11: Sterility, Generational Sterility, The Gene-Cells And Sterility, Sterility And Chromosome Number, Rubus, Prunus, Fragaria, Vaccinium, Apples And Pears, Triploidy And Sterility, Inter-Specific Sterility, Relationship Of Chromosomes And Fertility, Chromsome Doubling, Morphological Sterility, Strawberries; Chapter 12: Xenia, The Action Of Foreign Pollen, On The Developing Zygote, The Endosperm, On Maternal Tissue; Chapter 13: The Origin Of New And Improved Forms, Gene Mutations, Cultivation, Auto-Polyploids, Inter-Specific Hybrids, Allo-Polyploids, The Origin Of Dahila Variabilis, Prunus Domestica, Aesculus Carnea, Rubus Loganobaccus, Primula Kewensis, Etc., Constant Hybrids, The Induction Of Mutation And Polyploids, Polyploidy, Fertility And Variation, The Cumulative Effects Of Genes, Breeding For Specific Purposes: Hardiness, Resistance To Disease, Etc., Hybrid Vigous, The Process Of Evolution; Appendix I: Chromosome Numbers Of Cultivated Plants; Appendix Ii: Glossary; Appendix Iii: Bibliography.

Occurrence Frequency Cytology And Genetics Of 2n Pollen

Author : Kazuo Watanabe
ISBN : WISC:89015946957
Genre :
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Advances In Genetics

Author :
ISBN : 0080567975
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 63 MB
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Advances in Genetics

Potato Breeding Theory And Practice

Author : John E. Bradshaw
ISBN : 9783030644147
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 88 MB
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The potato (Solanum tuberosum) is the world’s fourth most important food crop after maize, rice and wheat with 377 million tonnes fresh-weight of tubers produced in 2016 from 19.2 million hectares of land, in 163 countries, giving a global average yield of 19.6 t ha-1 ( About 62% of production (234 million tonnes) was in Asia (191), Africa (25) and Latin America (18) as a result of steady increases in recent years, particularly in China and India. As a major food crop, the potato has an important role to play in the United Nations “2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” which started on 1 January 2016 ( By 2030 the aim is to “ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round”. By then, the world population is expected to reach 8.5 billion and continue to increase to 9.7 billion in 2050. For potatoes, the need is to increase production and improve nutritional value during a period of climate change, a key aspect of which will be the breeding of new cultivars for a wide range of target environments and consumers. The aim of the book is to help this endeavour by providing detailed information in three parts on both the theory and practice of potato breeding. Part I deals with the history of potato improvement and with potato genetics. Part II deals with breeding objectives, divided into improving yield, quality traits and resistance to the most important diseases and pests of potatoes. Part III deals with breeding methods: first, the use of landraces and wild relatives of potato in introgression breeding, base broadening and population improvement; second, breeding clonally propagated cultivars as a way to deliver potato improvement to farmers’ fields; third, as an alternative, breeding potato cultivars for propagation through true potato seed; and fourth, gene editing and genetic transformation as ways of making further improvements to already successful and widely grown cultivars. Included are marker-assisted introgression and selection of specific alleles, genomic selection of many unspecified alleles and diploid F1 hybrid breeding.

Bulletin Of The Botanical Society Of Bengal

Author : Botanical Society of Bengal
ISBN : UOM:39015042605918
Genre : Botany
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Reproductive Biology Of Plants

Author : Kishan Gopal Ramawat
ISBN : 9781482201338
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 11 MB
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Reproductive biology is the basis of species improvement and a thorough understanding of this is needed for plant improvement, whether by conventional or biotechnological methods. This book presents an up to date and comprehensive description of reproduction in lower plants, gymnosperms and higher plants. It covers general plant biology, pollinatio

Anthocyanins In Fruits Vegetables And Grains

Author : Giuseppe Mazza
ISBN : 9781351078153
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 49 MB
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This text is a comprehensive reference covering the chemistry, physiology, chemotaxonomy, biotechnology and food technology aspects of the anthocyanins. Topics discussed include types of anthocyanins, structural transformations, colour stabilization and intensification factors, biosynthesis and intensification factors, biosynthesis, analysis and functions of anthocyanins. An in-depth review of the literature discussing anthocyanins of fruits, cereals, legumes, roots, tubers, bulbs, cole crops, oilseeds, herbs, spices, and minor crops is included as well

Potato Genetics

Author : J. E. Bradshaw
ISBN : STANFORD:36105009688370
Genre : Gardening
File Size : 52. 84 MB
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Origins, species and cytology. Theory and methods of genetical analysis. Cellular and molecular genetics. Environmental stress, morphology and quality. Inheritance of resistance to pests and diseases. Potato breeding.

Canadian Journal Of Genetics And Cytology

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105003027849
Genre : Cytology
File Size : 90. 46 MB
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The Potato Crop

Author : P.M. Harris
ISBN : 9789401123402
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 52. 4 MB
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Research and publications on the potato crop have burgeoned since the first edition of this book was published in 1978. However, the warm reception of the first edition suggested that it had a useful part to play in promoting the scientific basis for understanding and improving the yield and quality of the crop. Since the first edition was out of print and a second reprint would not have taken into account the contributions made by research over the intervening years, it became obvious that a complete revision was necessary. There was, in particular, a need to take account of the rapid extension of interest in the crop into climates and farming systems with which it has not been traditionally associa,ted. Those involved with the crop will be sadly aware that a number of contributors to the first edition are no longer with us. Their contribution to our knowledge of the crop will however be a permanent legacy of their achievement. I would like to thank all those who have contributed to the book for their willingness to cooperate in the difficult task of bringing their particular subject up to date. This is even more noteworthy for the pressure of time appears to be almost an order of magnitude higher than it was when the first edition was tackled.

The Potato Genome

Author : Swarup Kumar Chakrabarti
ISBN : 9783319661353
Genre : Science
File Size : 28. 37 MB
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This book describes the historical importance of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.),potato genetic resources and stocks (including S. tuberosum group Phureja DM1-3 516 R44, a unique doubled monoploid homozygous line) used for potato genome sequencing. It also discusses strategies and tools for high-throughput sequencing, sequence assembly, annotation, analysis, repetitive sequences and genotyping-by-sequencing approaches. Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.; 2n = 4x = 48) is the fourth most important food crop of the world after rice, wheat and maize and holds great potential to ensure both food and nutritional security. It is an autotetraploid crop with complex genetics, acute inbreeding depression and a highly heterozygous nature. Further, the book examines the recent discovery of whole genome sequencing of a few wild potato species genomes, genomics in management and genetic enhancement of Solanum species, new strategies towards durable potato late blight resistance, structural analysis of resistance genes, genomics resources for abiotic stress management, as well as somatic cell genetics and modern approaches in true-potato-seed technology. The complete genome sequence provides a better understanding of potato biology, underpinning evolutionary process, genetics, breeding and molecular efforts to improve various important traits involved in potato growth and development.

Issues In Life Sciences Botany And Plant Biology Research 2011 Edition

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ISBN : 9781464963438
Genre : Science
File Size : 64. 71 MB
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Issues in Life Sciences: Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Life Sciences—Botany and Plant Biology Research. The editors have built Issues in Life Sciences: Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Life Sciences—Botany and Plant Biology Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Life Sciences: Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at

Advances In Potato Chemistry And Technology

Author : Jaspreet Singh
ISBN : 0080921914
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 69. 4 MB
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Developments in potato chemistry, including identification and use of the functional components of potatoes, genetic improvements and modifications that increase their suitability for food and non-food applications, the use of starch chemistry in non-food industry and methods of sensory and objective measurement have led to new and important uses for this crop. Advances in Potato Chemistry and Technology presents the most current information available in one convenient resource.The expert coverage includes details on findings related to potato composition, new methods of quality determination of potato tubers, genetic and agronomic improvements, use of specific potato cultivars and their starches, flours for specific food and non-food applications, and quality measurement methods for potato products. * Covers potato chemistry in detail, providing key understanding of the role of chemical compositions on emerging uses for specific food and non-food applications * Presents coverage of developing areas, related to potato production and processing including genetic modification of potatoes, laboratory and industry scale sophistication, and modern quality measurement techniques to help producers identify appropriate varieties based on anticipated use *Explores novel application uses of potatoes and potato by-products to help producers identify potential areas for development of potato variety and structure

The Potato Crop

Author : Hugo Campos
ISBN : 9783030286835
Genre : Science
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This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book provides a fresh, updated and science-based perspective on the current status and prospects of the diverse array of topics related to the potato, and was written by distinguished scientists with hands-on global experience in research aspects related to potato. The potato is the third most important global food crop in terms of consumption. Being the only vegetatively propagated species among the world’s main five staple crops creates both issues and opportunities for the potato: on the one hand, this constrains the speed of its geographic expansion and its options for international commercialization and distribution when compared with commodity crops such as maize, wheat or rice. On the other, it provides an effective insulation against speculation and unforeseen spikes in commodity prices, since the potato does not represent a good traded on global markets. These two factors highlight the underappreciated and underrated role of the potato as a dependable nutrition security crop, one that can mitigate turmoil in world food supply and demand and political instability in some developing countries. Increasingly, the global role of the potato has expanded from a profitable crop in developing countries to a crop providing income and nutrition security in developing ones. This book will appeal to academics and students of crop sciences, but also policy makers and other stakeholders involved in the potato and its contribution to humankind’s food security.

Plant Breeding Reviews

Author : Irwin Goldman
ISBN : 9781119414278
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 84 MB
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Plant Breeding Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on plant genetics and the breeding of all types of crops by both traditional means and molecular methods. Many of the crops widely grown today stem from a very narrow genetic base; understanding and preserving crop genetic resources is vital to the security of food systems worldwide. The emphasis of the series is on methodology, a fundamental understanding of crop genetics, and applications to major crops.

M S Swaminathan Legend In Science And Beyond

Author : Kesavan P C
ISBN : 9789813200111
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 69. 88 MB
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This unique volume is not just an in-depth analysis of Professor Swaminathan's brilliant contributions to basic cytogenetics, radiation biology, mutagenesis and genomic affinities of cultivated potato and its wild derivatives, but also the application of the new knowledge gained to improve the productivity of agricultural crops, as also to enhance their resistance to a variety of biotic and abiotic stresses. No other earlier biographies of Professor Swaminathan bring out these salient dimensions of his scientific achievements made at the Wageningen University, The Netherlands, Cambridge University, UK, and Wisconsin University, USA as well as Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi. This biography is also unique for its revelation that Professor Swaminathan's contributions par excellence have been in contemporary areas of crop improvement for productivity and resistance to pests and diseases. This volume is also unique in bringing out that Professor Swaminathan, Father of India's Green Revolution, wanted to use this chemically intensified system only to gain 'breathing space' and went on to propose a 'systems approach' — based evergreen revolution in order to 'achieve productivity in perpetuity' through various pathways of ecoagriculture, and also integrated it with avenues for on-farm and non-farm livelihoods. Towards this goal, he made innovative uses of ecotechnologies in a 'biovillage' paradigm and modern information and communication technology (ICT) in Village Knowledge Centres (VKCs) to provide skill and knowledge empowerment respectively of the resourcEpoor rural women and men towards sustainable management of the natural resources for creating income-generating on-farm and non-farm livelihoods. This volume also brings out how Professor Swaminathan elegantly combined intellect and labour (hard work), and professional zeal with compassion for the poor. He is always open to new ideas, and new technologies without of course, compromising the values of traditional knowledge and ecological prudence of the rural and tribal people. This volume nicely captures how Professor Swaminathan with a deep and comprehensive understanding of the threats to the ecological foundations of agriculture and sustainable rural development, environmental degradation, social inequities and the climate change risks, has also harnessed science and technology to convert challenges into opportunities. This volume is written in a manner to serve also as a text book, going beyond the scope of just a biography. That should benefit generations of students on one hand, and sustain an interest in the book for many years on the other.

Cytology Genetics And Breeding Values Of 2n Gametes In Diploid Potatoes

Author : David W. S. Mok
ISBN : WISC:89011204864
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