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The Goodness Paradox

Author : Richard Wrangham
ISBN : 9781101870914
Genre : Science
File Size : 55. 29 MB
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“A fascinating new analysis of human violence, filled with fresh ideas and gripping evidence from our primate cousins, historical forebears, and contemporary neighbors.” —Steven Pinker, author of The Better Angels of Our Nature We Homo sapiens can be the nicest of species and also the nastiest. What occurred during human evolution to account for this paradox? What are the two kinds of aggression that primates are prone to, and why did each evolve separately? How does the intensity of violence among humans compare with the aggressive behavior of other primates? How did humans domesticate themselves? And how were the acquisition of language and the practice of capital punishment determining factors in the rise of culture and civilization? Authoritative, provocative, and engaging, The Goodness Paradox offers a startlingly original theory of how, in the last 250 million years, humankind became an increasingly peaceful species in daily interactions even as its capacity for coolly planned and devastating violence remains undiminished. In tracing the evolutionary histories of reactive and proactive aggression, biological anthropologist Richard Wrangham forcefully and persuasively argues for the necessity of social tolerance and the control of savage divisiveness still haunting us today.

The Goodness Paradox

Author : Richard Wrangham
ISBN : 1781255849
Genre : Aggressiveness
File Size : 87. 47 MB
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'A fascinating new analysis of human violence, filled with fresh ideas and gripping evidence from our primate cousins, historical forebears, and contemporary neighbors' Steven Pinker'A brilliant analysis of the role of aggression in our evolutionary history' Jane GoodallIt may not always seem so, but day-to-day interactions between individual humans are extraordinarily peaceful. That is not to say that we are perfect, just far less violent than most animals, especially our closest relatives, the chimpanzee and their legendarily docile cousins, the Bonobo. Perhaps surprisingly, we rape, maim, and kill many fewer of our neighbours than all other primates and almost all undomesticated animals. But there is one form of violence that humans exceed all other animals in by several degrees: organized proactive violence against other groups of humans. It seems, we are the only animal that goes to war. In the Goodness Paradox, Richard Wrangham wrestles with this paradox at the heart of human behaviour. Drawing on new research by geneticists, neuroscientists, primatologists, and archaeologists, he shows that what domesticated our species was nothing less than the invention of capital punishment which eliminated the least cooperative and most aggressive among us. But that development is exactly what laid the groundwork for the worst of our atrocities.

A History Of The Human Brain

Author : Bret Stetka
ISBN : 9781643260556
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 16 MB
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“A History of the Human Brain is a unique, enlightening, and provocative account of the most significant question we can ask about ourselves.” —Richard Wrangham, author of The Goodness Paradox Just 125,000 years ago, humanity was on a path to extinction, until a dramatic shift occurred. We used our mental abilities to navigate new terrain and changing climates. We hunted, foraged, tracked tides, shucked oysters—anything we could do to survive. Before long, our species had pulled itself back from the brink and was on more stable ground. What saved us? The human brain—and its evolutionary journey is unlike any other. In A History of the Human Brain, Bret Stetka takes us on this far-reaching journey, explaining exactly how our most mysterious organ developed. From the brain’s improbable, watery beginnings to the marvel that sits in the head of Homo sapiens today, Stetka covers an astonishing progression, even tackling future brainy frontiers such as epigenetics and CRISPR. Clearly and expertly told, this intriguing account is the story of who we are. By examining the history of the brain, we can begin to piece together what it truly means to be human.

Transcendence

Author : Gaia Vince
ISBN : 9780241281130
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 35. 60 MB
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* A TIMES BEST SCIENCE BOOK OF THE YEAR * From the prize-winning author of Adventures in the Anthropocene, the astonishing story of how culture enabled us to become the most successful species on Earth 'A wondrous, visionary work' Tim Flannery, author of The Weather Makers Humans are a planet-altering force. Gaia Vince argues that our unique ability - compared with other species - to determine the course of our own destiny rests on a special relationship between our genes, environment and culture going back into deep time. It is our collective culture, rather than our individual intelligence, that makes humans unique. Vince shows how four evolutionary drivers - Fire, Language, Beauty and Time - are further transforming our species into a transcendent superorganism: a hyper-cooperative mass of humanity that she calls Homo omnis. Drawing on leading-edge advances in population genetics, archaeology, palaeontology and neuroscience, Transcendence compels us to reimagine ourselves, showing us to be on the brink of something grander - and potentially more destructive. 'Richly informed by the latest research, Gaia Vince's colourful survey fizzes like a zip-wire as it tours our species' story from the Big Bang to the coming age of hypercooperation' Richard Wrangham, author of The Goodness Paradox 'Wonderful ... enlightening' Robin Ince, The Infinite Monkey Cage

To Be Fair

Author : Ben Fenton
ISBN : 9781912914258
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 82. 48 MB
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'Ben's book is an elegant and essential intervention in an era of enervating culture wars. It asks and answers nothing less than the most important question of our time: how can we recover the ability to talk to one another?' - Sathnam Sanghera, author of Empireland What does it mean to be fair? Why do we feel unfairness so strongly? What has happened to us today that we spend more time condemning each other's views than giving each other a fair hearing? The idea of fairness is one of the most commonly-expressed concepts, yet nobody ever stops to think what it really means. We all simply take the word 'fair' for granted. In this polemical guide to fairness, Ben Fenton explains the meaning of the word, how it fits into our genetic make-up and why we need our innate sense of fair play now more than ever. Fenton explores the idea that the unconscious procedure that humans go through in deciding fairness is the vital balancing act between competition and cooperation, the two driving forces that have made us the super-species of Planet Earth. He describes the neurology, anthropology, psychology, history and future of fairness and looks at how it affects our lives through politics, law, sex, religion, race, sport, business and even war. As a reporter of thirty years' experience, Fenton brings all his skills to bear in a lively and challenging description of the profound inner meaning of a throwaway phrase and why it matters so much to every single person in the world to seek To Be Fair. PART I – WHY SHOULD WE TRY TO BE FAIR? 1. Why You Should Read This Book 2. The Principles of Fairness 3. The Neurology and Psychology of Fairness 4. Fairness in History 5. Is Fairness a Creation of the English speaking World? (Spoiler alert: No) PART II – WHAT DOES FAIRNESS LOOK LIKE IN THE MODERN WORLD? 6. Fairness in Sport (and other forms of War) 7. Fairness in Business and Economics 8. Fairness in Law and Taxation 9. Fairness in Communication and Technology 10. Fairness in Politics and Government 11. Fairness in Human Relationships 12. Is Fair Play the Answer to the Ultimate Question?

How To Be A High School Superstar

Author : Cal Newport
ISBN : 9780307715814
Genre : Study Aids
File Size : 51. 35 MB
Format : PDF
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Do Less, Live More, Get Accepted What if getting into your reach schools didn’t require four years of excessive A.P. classes, overwhelming activity schedules, and constant stress? In How to Be a High School Superstar, Cal Newport explores the world of relaxed superstars—students who scored spots at the nation’s top colleges by leading uncluttered, low stress, and authentic lives. Drawing from extensive interviews and cutting-edge science, Newport explains the surprising truths behind these superstars’ mixture of happiness and admissions success, including: · Why doing less is the foundation for becoming more impressive. · Why demonstrating passion is meaningless, but being interesting is crucial. · Why accomplishments that are hard to explain are better than accomplishments that are hard to do. These insights are accompanied by step-by-step instructions to help any student adopt the relaxed superstar lifestyle—proving that getting into college doesn’t have to be a chore to survive, but instead can be the reward for living a genuinely interesting life.

The Paradox Of Life; Or Christian Koheleth A Poem With A Sheaf Of Sacred Sonnets And Other Poems

Author : James Stevenson Blackwood
ISBN : OXFORD:600070889
Genre :
File Size : 28. 31 MB
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The Goodness Of God

Author : D. Stephen Long
ISBN : UVA:X004592829
Genre : Religion
File Size : 28. 81 MB
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Sets out to put theology and ethics in proper relation to one another, suggesting the church is essential to the right ordering of social institutions.

Caswell A Paradox

Author : Caswell
ISBN : OXFORD:555084950
Genre :
File Size : 33. 60 MB
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Nature A Witness For The Unity The Power And The Goodness Of God

Author : Francis H. Smith
ISBN : COLUMBIA:CU53255887
Genre : Religion and science
File Size : 33. 35 MB
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The Goodness Of God

Author : John William Wenham
ISBN : STANFORD:36105005294413
Genre : Theodicy
File Size : 25. 78 MB
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For Goodness ?sake

Author : William Lawson
ISBN : UVA:X030120672
Genre : Christian life
File Size : 89. 89 MB
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Looking For Goodness

Author : Ann Cluver Weinberg
ISBN : STANFORD:36105210717257
Genre : Physicians
File Size : 57. 68 MB
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The Paradox Of A Suffering God

Author : Amuluche Gregory Nnamani
ISBN : 3631490321
Genre : Religion
File Size : 67. 6 MB
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Can God suffer? Classical theologies generally considered an affirmative answer to this question to be heretical. But now the affirmation of divine suffering seems to have become a major feature of modern theologies. This study investigates into the reasons and the implications of such an apparent -paradigm shift- in the conception of God. After a cross-sectional analysis of various views on this issue and on themes such as the Cross, the Trinity, God-world relationship, divine love, freedom and -kenosis- in the classical, Modern Western and Third World theologies, the author arrives at two conclusions. Firstly, that this development is induced by the current departure from a substance-ontological to a relational thought-pattern. Secondly, that the affirmation of divine suffering can be plausible only within the frame-work of a Trinitarian and relational ontology."

The Paradox Of Happiness

Author : Paul Nowell Elbin
ISBN : 0801557143
Genre : Conduct of life
File Size : 78. 87 MB
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The Paradox Of Christian Sacrifice

Author : Erin Lothes Biviano
ISBN : UCSC:32106018868486
Genre : Religion
File Size : 23. 46 MB
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We often hear about the call to sacrifice for the sake of country or family or spouses. Women in particular often face the challenge of how to sacrifice without giving up what is essential in themselves. This perceptive new study shows a hopeful, feminist, Christian response to this life-long challenge.

The Ethics Of Aristotle

Author : Aristotle
ISBN : UCAL:$B45461
Genre : Ethics
File Size : 57. 99 MB
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The Ethics Of Aristotles Illustrated With Essays And Notes By Alex Grant

Author : Aristoteles
ISBN : BSB:BSB10235086
Genre :
File Size : 26. 39 MB
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The Ethics Of Aristotle Illustrated With Essays And Notes By Alexander Grant

Author : Aristotle
ISBN : IBNR:CR102001302
Genre : Ethics
File Size : 37. 70 MB
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The Play Of Paradox

Author : Bryan Crockett
ISBN : UOM:39015037308064
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 81. 28 MB
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The Play of Paradox: Stage and Sermon in Renaissance England is a wide-ranging investigation of Tudor/Stuart drama, Reformation preaching, and the relations between the two. The cross-fertilization between the two kinds of performance engendered among audiences a ready receptivity to the rhetorical use of paradox. The two modes similarly capitalized on characteristic Renaissance syntheses of magic, drama, and religion to develop strategies for negotiating state control. In chapters that set comedies and tragedies by Shakespeare, Jonson, Webster, and others side by side with sermons by Hooker, Andrewes, Donne, and popular preachers whose works have not been reprinted since the early seventeenth century, Bryan Crockett argues that stage and pulpit performances elicited similar responses to the political and theological divisions marked by the incessant polemics of the age.

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