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The Heterogeneity Of Cancer Metabolism

Author : Anne Le
ISBN : 9783030657680
Genre : Cancer
File Size : 50. 17 MB
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This open access volume will introduce recent discoveries in the field of cancer metabolism since the publication of the first edition in 2018, providing readers with an up-to-date understanding of developments in the field. Genetic alterations in cancer, in addition to being the fundamental drivers of tumorigenesis, can give rise to a variety of metabolic adaptations that allow cancer cells to survive and proliferate in diverse tumor microenvironments. This metabolic flexibility is different from normal cellular metabolic processes and leads to heterogeneity in cancer metabolism within the same cancer type or even within the same tumor. In this book, the authors delve into the complexity and diversity of cancer metabolism and highlight how understanding the heterogeneity of cancer metabolism is fundamental to the development of effective metabolism-based therapeutic strategies for cancer treatment. Deciphering how cancer cells utilize various nutrient resources will enable clinicians and researchers to pair specific chemotherapeutic agents with patients who are most likely to respond with positive outcomes, allowing for more cost-effective and personalized cancer treatment. This book has four major parts. Part one will cover the basic metabolism of cancer cells, followed by a discussion of the heterogeneity of cancer metabolism in part two. Part three addresses the relationship between cancer cells and cancer-associated fibroblasts, and the new part four will explore the metabolic interplay between cancer and other diseases. This new section makes the book unique from other texts currently available on the market. The second edition will be useful for cancer metabolism researchers, cancer biologists, epidemiologists, physicians, health care professionals in related disciplines, policymakers, marketing and economic strategists, et cetera It may also be used in courses such as intro to cancer metabolism, cancer biology, and related biochemistry courses for undergraduate and graduate students. .

Understanding Tumor Heterogeneity And Altered Metabolism In Gliomas

Author : Yaohua Liu
ISBN : 9782832505274
Genre : Medical
File Size : 52. 30 MB
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Cancer Cell Metabolism A Potential Target For Cancer Therapy

Author : Dhruv Kumar
ISBN : 9789811519918
Genre : Medical
File Size : 57. 81 MB
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This book illustrates various aspects of cancer cell metabolism, including metabolic regulation in solid tumours vs. non-solid tumours, the molecular pathways involved in its metabolism, and the role of the tumour microenvironment in the regulation of cancer cell metabolism. It summarizes the complexity of cancer cell metabolism in terms of the switch from anaerobic to aerobic glycolysis and how mitochondrial damage promotes aerobic glycolysis in cancer cells. The respective chapters provide the latest information on the metabolic remodelling of cancer cells and elucidate the important role of the signalling pathways in reprogramming of cancer cell metabolism. In addition, the book highlights the role of autophagy in cancer cell metabolism, and how metabolic crosstalk between cancer cells and cancer-associated fibroblasts promotes cancer cell progression. In closing, it summarizes recent advancements in drug development through targeting cancer metabolism.

Autophagy And Metabolism

Author : Dhruv Kumar
ISBN : 9780323998796
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 89 MB
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Autophagy and Metabolism: Potential Target for Cancer Therapy presents updates on autophagy in cancer metabolism and how it can be used to develop new, more efficient treatments. Written by experts in the field, the book presents recent research and explains how to translate it to the clinical setting. Sections discuss tumor cell metabolism and autophagy as therapeutic targets, autophagy regulation in cancer, signaling pathways in metabolic dysregulation in solid tumors, metabolic stress and cell death pathways, and the role of the tumor microenvironment. In addition, topics cover combined targeting autophagy, metabolism for cancer therapy, and the autophagy effect on immune cell metabolism. This will be a valuable resource for researchers, oncologists, graduate students, and members of the biomedical field who are interested in learning more about the interaction between autophagy and cancer metabolism. Presents valuable and updated information on the mechanisms of autophagy in cancer metabolism Discusses the various metabolic pathways linked with autophagy that can be a major target for chemotherapeutic strategies Explains how autophagy supports tumor growth by activating metabolic phenotypes in cancer cells and the therapeutic interventions available to halt the process

The Elusive Road Towards Effective Cancer Prevention And Treatment

Author : Franklyn De Silva
ISBN : 9781000738957
Genre : Medical
File Size : 74. 60 MB
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Cancer will remain a global major health problem unless new diagnostic, prognostic, and management approaches are discovered to address both loss of life and quality of life. Here we summarize the general physiology, pathology, heterogeneity, and evolution of cancer, current status, limitations and challenges associated with prevention, incidence, treatment, survival, and mortality, as well as future directions with regards to solid tumors. Perspectives are provided on how to improve pre-clinical understandings, outcomes, and patient care. Further, this comprehensive, timely overview of the literature has educational value as part of an academic course, seminar, or as a supplementary text.

Post Transcriptional And Post Translational Regulation Of Cancer Metabolism

Author : Qinong Ye
ISBN : 9782889740048
Genre : Science
File Size : 48. 37 MB
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Lipid Metabolism In Tumor Immunity

Author : Yongsheng Li
ISBN : 9789813367852
Genre : Medical
File Size : 43. 78 MB
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This book focuses on lipid metabolism in tumor immunity, covering the application of lipidomics in tumor immunity and all aspects of lipid metabolism in tumor microenvironment. During the progression of tumors, tumor cells and immune cells interact in a dynamic microenvironment. Targeting the immune system has a high potential for treating cancer. However, due to the high heterogeneity of the tumor microenvironment, only a small percentage of patients experience such clinical benefits of tumor immunotherapy. Therefore, understanding the tumor microenvironment is crucial for tumor immunity. Recently, lipid metabolism is an emerging research direction and contributes to cell survival and biofunctions in tumor microenvironment, which is of great interest and significance to be elucidated. This book provides the doctors, researchers, and scientists with a cutting-edge overview of the lipid metabolism and its role in tumor immunity. It also yields benefits for pharmaceutical companies regarding drug discovery.

Hypoxia And Cancer Metastasis

Author : Daniele M. Gilkes
ISBN : 9783030127343
Genre : Medical
File Size : 77. 2 MB
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The present book is an attempt to provide a detailed review of studies that clarify our current understanding of the role of hypoxia in the progression of primary cancer to metastatic disease. It will enable researchers to discover the critical cellular changes that occur under hypoxic conditions and play a role in metastatic dissemination, from the activation of hypoxia-inducible factors, HIF-1 and HIF-2, to the transcriptional profile changes that occur in cancer cells and promote cancer cell survival under detrimental conditions. Readers will discover the methods and challenges involved in imaging and quantifying the degree of hypoxia in a primary tumor. We will provide an understanding of the hypoxia-induced phenotypes that influence heterogeneity, alter the secretome and tumor microenvironment, modify cellular metabolism, and promote immune suppression and resistance to chemotherapy. Finally, we will uncover the therapeutic strategies that are being devised to target the hypoxic microenvironment in the hopes of preventing metastasis and improving the efficacy of standard-of-care cancer treatments. This work is an up to date source of information on the challenges and complexity of the hypoxic tumor microenvironment. Basic and translational scientists, post-doctoral fellows, graduate students, and those interested in how tumors metastasize will find this book a reference that details how hypoxia influences metastatic disease.

Personalized Medicine For Urological Cancers Targeting Cancer Metabolism

Author : Eugenio Zoni
ISBN : 9782889748136
Genre : Medical
File Size : 52. 82 MB
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Metabolism Meets Function Untangling The Cross Talk Between Signalling And Metabolism

Author : Alessandra Castegna
ISBN : 9782889662623
Genre : Medical
File Size : 21. 28 MB
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This eBook is a collection of articles from a Frontiers Research Topic. Frontiers Research Topics are very popular trademarks of the Frontiers Journals Series: they are collections of at least ten articles, all centered on a particular subject. With their unique mix of varied contributions from Original Research to Review Articles, Frontiers Research Topics unify the most influential researchers, the latest key findings and historical advances in a hot research area! Find out more on how to host your own Frontiers Research Topic or contribute to one as an author by contacting the Frontiers Editorial Office: frontiersin.org/about/contact.

The Impact Of Systems Medicine On Human Health And Disease

Author : Adil Mardinoglu
ISBN : 9782889451401
Genre : Electronic book
File Size : 67. 41 MB
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Complex disorders including obesity, diabetes, fatty liver disease, cardiovascular disease and cancer are results from a combination of genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors. The prevalence of such disorders has increased dramatically in the last two decades and there is an urgent need for the development of new prognostic tools for the treatment of such diseases. However, this requires a deep understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms involved in the occurrence of the diseases. With the advances in high throughput technologies, biological components of cells can be measured with a very high resolution and these data can be used for investigating whole systems properties using a network-based approach. Systems medicine provides an integrative platform for studying the interactions between the biological components of the cell using a holistic approach and generating mechanistic explanations for the emergent systems properties. This inter-disciplinary field of study allows for understanding biological processes of cells in health and disease states, gaining new insights into what drives the appearance of the disease and finally identifying proteins and metabolites implicated in human disease. Systems medicine utilizes mathematical approaches to generate models which can be employed for designing new sets of experiments and for mapping the response of the system to perturbations quantitatively. These models as well as the developed tools can accelerate the emergence of personalized medicine which can transform the practice of medicine and offer better targets for drug development with minimum side effects.

Differential Metabolic Control Analysis In Cancer Research

Author : Ettore Murabito
ISBN : 3659229725
Genre :
File Size : 48. 78 MB
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In the quest for anti-cancer drugs with high efficacy and low toxicity, cancer metabolism has increasingly been a focus of interest in clinical research. Enhanced glycolysis and robust production of lactate constitute characteristic traits that discriminate many cancerous cells from their normal counterparts. This, in principle, may provide researchers with a general handle on such a complex disease, regardless of the intrinsic genotypic heterogeneity of the single transformed cells. The work presented in this book consists of developing and applying analytical approaches, mainly drawn from the field of metabolic control analysis (MCA), to the study of cancer metabolism. The ultimate goal is to assess whether and to what extent the metabolic features of cancer cells may be exploited in the attempt to attack the malignancy more specifically than through traditional clinical approaches.

Exploring Cancer Metabolic Reprogramming Through Molecular Imaging

Author : Franca Podo
ISBN : 9782889452347
Genre : Cancer
File Size : 79. 12 MB
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The inclusion of oncogene-driven reprogramming of energy metabolism within the list of cancer hallmarks (Hanahan and Weinberg, Cell 2000, 2011) has provided major impetus to further investigate the existence of a much wider metabolic rewiring in cancer cells, which not only includes deregulated cellular bioenergetics, but also encompasses multiple links with a more comprehensive network of altered biochemical pathways. This network is currently held responsible for redirecting carbon and phosphorus fluxes through the biosynthesis of nucleotides, amino acids, lipids and phospholipids and for the production of second messengers essential to cancer cells growth, survival and invasiveness in the hostile tumor environment. The capability to develop such a concerted rewiring of biochemical pathways is a versatile tool adopted by cancer cells to counteract the host defense and eventually resist the attack of anticancer treatments. Integrated efforts elucidating key mechanisms underlying this complex cancer metabolic reprogramming have led to the identification of new signatures of malignancy that are providing a strong foundation for improving cancer diagnosis and monitoring tumor response to therapy using appropriate molecular imaging approaches. In particular, the recent evolution of positron emission tomography (PET), magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), spectroscopic imaging (MRSI), functional MR imaging (fMRI) and optical imaging technologies, combined with complementary cellular imaging approaches, have created new ways to explore and monitor the effects of metabolic reprogramming in cancer at clinical and preclinical levels. Thus, the progress of high-tech engineering and molecular imaging technologies, combined with new generation genomic, proteomic and phosphoproteomic methods, can significantly improve the clinical effectiveness of image-based interventions in cancer and provide novel insights to design and validate new targeted therapies. The Frontiers in Oncology Research Topic “Exploring Cancer Metabolic Reprogramming Through Molecular Imaging” focusses on current achievements, challenges and needs in the application of molecular imaging methods to explore cancer metabolic reprogramming, and evaluate its potential impact on clinical decisions and patient outcome. A series of reviews and perspective articles, along with original research contributions on humans and on preclinical models have been concertedly included in the Topic to build an open forum on perspectives, present needs and future challenges of this cutting-edge research area.

Metabolite And Nutrient Transporters In Cancer Cell Metabolism Role In Cancer Progression And Metastasis

Author : Vadivel Ganapathy
ISBN : 9782889767687
Genre : Science
File Size : 89. 56 MB
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Starving Cancer Cells Evidence Based Strategies To Slow Cancer Progression

Author : Robert Fried
ISBN : 9780128241349
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 3 MB
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Starving Cancer Cells: Evidence-Based Strategies to Slow Cancer Progression — A Selection of Readings for Health Services Providers presents an edited and annotated collection of recent medical journal publications and abstracts illustrating new approaches to treatment derived from the metabolic theory of cancer. It intends to shed an early light on a relatively new approach to our understanding of the cancer cell idiosyncratic metabolic dysfunction, and on evidence-based new treatment strategies derived from that understanding. The book discusses topics such as tumor starvation by L-arginine deprivation; L-canavanine depriving tumors of L-arginine in pancreatic, multiple myeloma and breast cancer; glucose deprivation and intermittent fasting; glutamine uptake in cancer; the relation of oxygen-starved cancer cells with aspartate; and reducing tolerance of tumor cells to nutrition starvation. The content is presented in a contextualized and practical way in order to facilitate the transition from bench to bedside. This is a valuable resource for practitioners, oncologists and other members of healthcare chain who are interested in learning more about the most recent tumor cell starvation strategies and how they can improve overall treatment outcome. Provides extensive comments on scientific publications detailing recent findings about tumor cell auxotrophy applied to tumor cell starvation strategies Helps the reader to find relevant and practical information on cancer cell starvation, otherwise spread through niched specialized journals, in one single place Comments on the recent findings putting them in context of clinical practice in order to provide the reader with means of translating high level research to the clinics

Immune Cell Lineage Reprogramming In Cancer

Author : Jianmei Wu Leavenworth
ISBN : 9782889744732
Genre : Medical
File Size : 49. 29 MB
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Topic Editor Dr. Lewis Shi received financial support from Varian Medical System, Inc. The other Topic Editors declare no competing interests with regard to the Research Topic subject.

Multimodal Optical Diagnostics Of Cancer

Author : Valery V. Tuchin
ISBN : 9783030445942
Genre : Medical
File Size : 40. 51 MB
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This book provides an in-depth description and discussion of different multi-modal diagnostic techniques for cancer detection and treatment using exact optical methods, their comparison, and combination. Coverage includes detailed descriptions of modern state of design for novel methods of optical non-invasive cancer diagnostics; multi-modal methods for earlier cancer diagnostic enhancing the probability of effective cancer treatment; modern clinical trials with novel methods of clinical cancer diagnostics; medical and technical aspects of clinical cancer diagnostics, and long-term monitoring. Biomedical engineers, cancer researchers, and scientists will find the book to be an invaluable resource. Introduces optical imaging strategies; Focuses on multimodal optical diagnostics as a fundamental approach; Discusses novel methods of optical non-invasive cancer diagnostics.

Molecular Medicine

Author : Sinem Nalbantoglu
ISBN : 9781839627590
Genre : Science
File Size : 51. 19 MB
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Molecular medicine is an applied science focused on human genes/transcripts, proteins, metabolites, and metabolic networks that describes molecular and cellular processes of health and disease onset and progression. Molecular medicine-based integrative identification and characterization of biomarker targets and their clinical translations is essential to explain/decipher the mechanism(s) underlying physiological pathways and pathological conditions, and acquire cell-targeted early interventional and therapeutic strategies in the context of precision medicine and public health. Principally, Molecular Medicine provides an overview of the latest headlines/developments of systems and molecular medicine, highlighting the emerging high-throughput technologies, promising potential applications, and progress in biomedical research and development strategies.

Targeting The Tumor Microenvironment For A More Effective And Efficient Cancer Immunotherapy

Author : Salem Chouaib
ISBN : 9782889638178
Genre :
File Size : 58. 45 MB
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Women In Thoracic Oncology 2021

Author : Meng Xu Welliver
ISBN : 9782832503300
Genre : Medical
File Size : 39. 61 MB
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