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The Indonesian Military After The New Order

Author : Sukardi Rinakit
ISBN : 8791114063
Genre : History
File Size : 21. 59 MB
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This study identifies the factors behind the Indonesian military's decision to reposition its dominant role in socio-political affairs after the fall of Suharto. It covers the contestation between the military and the new civilian regime under President Abdurrahman Wahid (Gus Dur) over its altered role, and the military's part behind his fall. Finally, the military's future role under President Megawati is assessed, together with the possibilities of it resuming power. The author, as a former ghostwriter at the Indonesian Ministries of Home Affairs and Defence, has been privy to the internal dynamics of the military and has personally interviewed untouchable figures such as former President Suharto. An up-to-date, well-informed study providing a useful contribution to the literature, particularly with regard to the younger generation of the military.

Military Reform And Democratisation

Author : Karabekir Akkoyunlu
ISBN : 9781351226608
Genre : History
File Size : 75. 23 MB
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There is no recipe for democratisation that can be readily applied to all countries. Every country presents unique factors that influence the fate of its democratic reforms, which must therefore be evaluated within their specific socio-political, cultural and historical context. Building on this premise, this paper examines military reform and democratisation through the experiences of Turkey and Indonesia, two democratising countries with predominantly Muslim populations, secular regimes, and militaries that are deeply involved in politics. The paper strives to explain why both the Turkish and Indonesian militaries, which have developed a sense of ownership over the state, may be wary of democratic change; how 'the people' perceive the military's traditional role in society; and in which direction societal and military attitudes towards democratic reform have been moving over the years. In relating these domestic observations to various external factors, it seeks to identify the regional and global trends, events and actors that promote and obstruct the development of substantive democracy in each country, and to draw broader lessons for the study of democratisation and military reform.

Reforming Civil Military Relations In New Democracies

Author : Aurel Croissant
ISBN : 9783319531892
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 66. 82 MB
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This book addresses the challenge of reforming defense and military policy-making in newly democratized nations. By tracing the development of civil-military relations in various new democracies from a comparative perspective, it links two bodies of scholarship that thus far have remained largely separate: the study of emerging (or failed) civilian control over armed forces on the one hand; and work on the roots and causes of military effectiveness to guarantee the protection and security of citizens on the other. The empirical and theoretical findings presented here will appeal to scholars of civil-military relations, democratization and security issues, as well as to defense policy-makers.

The Army And Ideology In Indonesia

Author : Muhamad Haripin
ISBN : 9781000202588
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 51. 68 MB
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This book is an analysis of Indonesia’s civil-military relations in the post-1998 reform era. It focuses on the political thinking of the Indonesian Army during the time of democratic consolidation. The book examines the army (Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Darat, TNI AD), a pivotal player in the political scene of Indonesian state, and the aspect of military ideology development. Based on in-depth interviews with civilian and military figures and applying the methodology of utilised process tracing and empirical analysis surrounding the appearance of military thinking, the book argues that the Indonesian military pursues to sustain its political power by propagating a set of values construed as moral compass for all members of society. Specifically, the book discusses the origins and impacts of ‘proxy war’ and ‘bela negara’ (‘defend the state’), which was promoted by former TNI Commander Gatot Nurmantyo (2015-2017) and former Defence Minister Ryamizard Ryacudu (2014-2019). The authors demonstrate that both ideologies facilitate expansion of the military’s influence in all aspects of life and protection of its corporate interests in the age of democracy. Offering insights for theoretical discussion on the influence of military ideology to civil-military relations, particularly in the post-authoritarian period, this book will be of interest to academics and policy makers in the fields of Southeast Asian Politics, Asian Politics and Civil-Military Relations.

Civil Military Relations In Indonesia

Author : Muhamad Haripin
ISBN : 9781000691436
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 87. 29 MB
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This book examines military operations other than war (MOOTW) of the Indonesian military in the post-Suharto period and argues that the twin development of democratic consolidation, marked by ‘stable’ civil–military relations from 2004 to 2014 under Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono’s presidency, and internationalization of the military have not yet entirely de-politicized the armed forces. This book shows how peacekeeping, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, and counter-terror missions have been reinvented by the Indonesian military (Tentara Nasional Indonesia, TNI) to adhere to its politico-institutional interests rather than to divert military attention from politics. In contrast with conventional arguments about the rationale of MOOTW in promoting military professionalism, this book provides the first critical analysis of the development of these missions and correlates them with TNI’s concerted effort to preserve territorial command structure – a military network that parallels the civilian bureaucracy down to the village level. The book argues that the military in Indonesia remains domestically political amidst high intensity of international activism. A detailed investigation of civil–military relations in Indonesia, this book will be of interest to scholars in the fields of Southeast Asian studies and Asian politics, and more generally to those interested in civil–military relations, military politics, and MOOTW.

Military Politics Islam And The State In Indonesia

Author : Marcus Mietzner
ISBN : 9789812307880
Genre : History
File Size : 43. 98 MB
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Based on a decade of research in Indonesia, this book provides an in-depth account of the military's struggle to adapt to the new democratic system after the downfall of Suharto's authoritarian regime in 1998. Unlike other studies of the Indonesian armed forces, which focus exclusively on internal military developments, Mietzner's study emphasizes the importance of conflicts among civilians in determining the extent of military involvement in political affairs. Analysing disputes between Indonesia's main Muslim groups, Mietzner argues that their intense rivalry between 1998 and 2004 allowed the military to extend its engagement in politics and protect its institutional interests. The stabilization of the civilian polity after 2004, in contrast, has led to an increasing marginalization of the armed forces from the power centre. Drawing broader conclusions from these events for Indonesia's ongoing process of democratic consolidation, the book shows that the future role of the armed forces in politics will largely depend on the ability of civilian leaders to maintain functioning democratic institutions and procedures.

Military Politics And Democratization In Indonesia

Author : Jun Honna
ISBN : 9781135139254
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 41. 75 MB
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The military have had a key role to play in Indonesia's recent history and may well have a decisive role to play in her future. This book looks at the role of the military in the downfall of Suharto and their ongoing influence on the succeeding governments of B.J. Habibie and Abdurrahman Wahid. The author also examines such key features as human rights, reconciliation, civic-military discourse and ongoing security dilemmas. The book is unique in providing the best overview of the role of the military in the world's fourth most populous nation.

Nationalism And Ethnic Conflict In Indonesia

Author : Jacques Bertrand
ISBN : 0521524415
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 69. 83 MB
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An exploration of religious and ethnic conflict in a complex and often misunderstood part of the world.

Democracy And Islam In Indonesia

Author : Mirjam Künkler
ISBN : 9780231535052
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 39. 93 MB
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Indonesia's military government collapsed in 1998, igniting fears that economic, religious, and political conflicts would complicate any democratic transition. Yet in every year since 2006, the world's most populous Muslim country has received high marks from international democracy-ranking organizations. In this volume, political scientists, religious scholars, legal theorists, and anthropologists examine the theory and practice of Indonesia's democratic transition and its ability to serve as a model for other Muslim countries. They compare the Indonesian example with similar scenarios in Chile, Spain, India, and Tunisia, as well as with the failed transitions of Yugoslavia, Egypt, and Iran. Essays explore the relationship between religion and politics and the ways in which Muslims became supportive of democracy even before change occurred, and they describe how innovative policies prevented dissident military groups, violent religious activists, and secessionists from disrupting Indonesia's democratic evolution. The collection concludes with a discussion of Indonesia's emerging "legal pluralism" and of which of its forms are rights-eroding and rights-protecting.

A Return To The New Order?

Author :
ISBN :
Genre :
File Size : 25. 3 MB
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The Social Evolution Of Indonesia

Author : F. Tichelman
ISBN : 9789400988965
Genre : History
File Size : 83. 37 MB
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At a fairly early stage of socialism's penetration into the Afro-Asian world, a handful of European social democrats established an Indian Social-Democratic Association (lSDV). They did so in a country, Indonesia, that was economically little developed and far away from any of the centres of European socialism and Asiatic radical-national ism. The ISDV was soon able to bring its influence to bear on sec tions of the urban proletariat and to build up an Indonesian revol utionary movement. This occurred in sharp competition with a nascent nationalist leadership, and then without the usual inter mediary role played by radicalizing groups of native intelligentsia. In this way, Dutch social democrats laid the foundations for one of the first communist parties in Asia and Africa, a party which was des tined to become one of the few communist mass parties of the Third World. However, in contrast to the major communist movements of China-Vietnam, this Indonesian party was to demonstrate a basic weakness: successive and catastrophic defeats. ! If we leave out Japan, the only non-Western country where a capi talist industrial revolution occurred, we see that foreign and particu larly Western minorities frequently did playa dominant role in the initial and formative phases of the socialist and workers' movements of the Afro-Asiatic world.

The Politics Of The Indonesian Rainforest

Author : I Ketut Gunawan
ISBN : 9783865372802
Genre : Democratization
File Size : 57. 11 MB
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Ideological Discourse In The Indonesian New Order

Author : Douglas Edward Ramage
ISBN : UCSD:31822015634561
Genre : Indonesia
File Size : 82. 21 MB
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The Indonesian Quarterly

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015079675131
Genre : Indonesia
File Size : 78. 30 MB
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The Southeast Asia Handbook

Author : Georgina Wilde
ISBN : 1884964974
Genre : History
File Size : 25. 10 MB
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The Regional Handbooks of Economic Development series provides accessible overviews of countries within their larger domestic and international contexts, focusing on the relations among regions as they meet the challenges of the twenty first century. The series allows the non-specialist student to explore a wide range of complex factors-social and political as well as economic-that affect the growth of developing regions in Asia, Europe, and South America. Each Handbook provides an overview chapter discussing the region's economic conditions within an historical and political context, as well as 20 or more chapter-length essays written by recognized experts, which analyze the key issues affecting a region's economy: its population, natural resources, foreign trade, labor problems, and economic inequalities, and other vital factors. In addition, the volumes offer useful support materials, including a series of appendices that include a detailed chronology of events in the region, a glossary of terms, biographical entries on key personalities, an annotated bibliography of further reading, and a comprehensive analytical index.

Shari A And Social Engineering

Author : R. Michael Feener
ISBN : 9780191668067
Genre : Law
File Size : 78. 69 MB
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This book seeks to open new lines of discussion about how Islamic law is viewed as a potential tool for programs of social transformation in contemporary Muslim society. It does this through a critical examination of the workings of the state shari'a system as it was designed and implemented at the turn of the twenty-first century in Aceh, Indonesia. While the empirical details of these discussions are unique, this particular case presents a remarkable site for investigating the broader issue of the impact of instrumentalist, future-oriented visions of Islamic law on modern Muslim calls for the state implementation of Islamic law. In post-tsunami/post-conflict Aceh, the idea of shari'a as an exercise in social engineering was amplified through resonance with an increasingly pervasive rhetoric of 'total reconstruction'. Based upon extensive fieldwork as well as critical readings of a wide range of archival materials, official documents, and local publications this work focuses on the institutions and actors involved with this contemporary project for the state implementation of Islamic law. The individual chapters are structured to deal with the major components of this system to critically examine how these institutions have taken shape and how they work. It also shows how the overall system was informed not only by aspects of late twentieth-century da'wa discourses of Islamic reform, but also modern trends in sociological jurisprudence and the impact of global models of disaster relief, reconstruction, and development. All of these streams of influence have contributed significantly to shaping the ways in which the architects and agents of the state shari'a system have attempted to use Islamic legislation and legal institutions as tools to steer society in particular desired directions.

Contemporary Southeast Asia

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015057982558
Genre : Southeast Asia
File Size : 60. 7 MB
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Terror Insurgency And The State

Author : Marianne Heiberg
ISBN : 0812239741
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 21. 86 MB
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Terror, Insurgency, and the State assembles the findings of more than a dozen scholars who have conducted extensive field research with rebel groups. This comparative analysis documents the aim of longstanding insurgent groups.

The Indonesian Armed Forces And The New Order

Author : Indonesia. Departemen Pertahanan-Keamanan. Lembaga Sedjarah
ISBN : UOM:39015019388076
Genre : Indonesia
File Size : 50. 69 MB
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Islam And Politics Under The New Order Government In Indonesia 1966 1990

Author : Dody S. Truna
ISBN : UCSD:31822018844647
Genre : Indonesia
File Size : 48. 93 MB
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