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The Iraq War Reader

Author : Christopher Cerf
ISBN : 0743255925
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 45. 71 MB
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Despite the torrent of coverage devoted to war with Iraq, woefully little attention has been paid to the history of the region, the policies that led to the conflict, and the daunting challenges that will confront America and the Middle East once the immediate crisis has ended. In this collection, Micah L. Sifry and Christopher Cerf, coeditors of the acclaimed Gulf War Reader, have assembled essays and documents that present an eminently readable, up-to-the-moment guide -- from every imaginable perspective -- to the continuing crisis in the Gulf and Middle East. Here, in analysis and commentary from some of the world's leading writers and opinion makers -- and in the words of the key participants themselves -- is the engrossing saga of how oil economics, power politics, dreams of empire, nationalist yearnings, and religious fanaticism -- not to mention naked aggression, betrayal, and tragic miscalculation -- have conspired to bring us to the fateful collision of the West and the Arab world over Iraq. Contributors include: Fouad Ajami George W. Bush Richard Butler John le Carré Noam Chomsky Ann Coulter Thomas Friedman Al Gore Seymour Hersh Christopher Hitchens Arianna Huffington Saddam Hussein Terry Jones Robert Kagan Charles Krauthammer William Kristol Nicholas Lemann Kanan Makiya Kevin Phillips Kenneth Pollack Colin Powell Condoleezza Rice Arundhati Roy Edward Said William Safire Jonathan Schell Susan Sontag George Will

The Iraq War Reader

Author : Micah L. Sifry
ISBN : 0743253477
Genre : History
File Size : 52. 21 MB
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A compilation of nearly eighty articles, essays, and other documents provides a balanced overview of the war in Iraq, covering such topics as the history of the region, the causes of the conflict, and the opinions of individuals on both sides of the debate, featuring contributions by George W. Bush, Barbara Ehrenreich, Henry Kissinger, Noam Chomsky, Bill Moyers, and others. Original. 50,000 first printing.

Iraq

Author : Craig M. White
ISBN : 9780739138953
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 80. 39 MB
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Iraq: The Moral Reckoning applies classic just war theory to the U.S. decision to go to war in 2003. That theory, which evolved over several millennia, is a simple, profound tool for evaluating the rightness and wisdom of starting a war. The Bush administration and its supporters referred directly and indirectly to the theory in making a pro-war case to the world. The theory provides three core moral criteria for a just war: sovereign authority, just cause, and right intention (which includes an aim of peace). It adds three practical criteria: proportionality of ends, last resort, and reasonable chance of success. For a just war, each criterion should be substantially met. Since war is destructive and each country is presumed to have the right to live in peace, the evidence in favor of war must be clearly stronger than evidence against it. For each criterion, Iraq: The Moral Reckoning painstakingly weighs Bush administration statements, or those of its supporters, against evidence available at the time. A wide range of viewpoints and evidence is considered, and contrary arguments are refuted. One full chapter is given to neoconservative arguments on just war theory and its application from prominent war supporters. Each criterion, except sovereign authority, is shown not to have been met. The book concludes with a discussion of the implications of an unjust war for the United States and the world. The intensive weighing of each criterion against the facts and the balanced approach make the book unique. By demonstrating a comprehensive application of the theory to one war, it not only sets a new standard for evaluating the 2003 Iraq war, but also shows how present and future wars can be better evaluated in moral and practical terms, based on knowledge available at the time.

The World Of Protracted Conflicts

Author : Michael Brecher
ISBN : 9781498531887
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 62. 60 MB
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The World of Protracted Conflicts analyzes interstate protracted conflict, a widespread phenomenon in the global system and regional subsystems during the past century. It describes the content of a protracted conflict, explains the cause-effect linkages in this multi-dimensional phenomenon, and explores models to forecast protracted conflict.

The International Politics Of The Persian Gulf

Author : Arshin Adib-Moghaddam
ISBN : 9781134171897
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 40. 69 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Adib-Moghaddam examines the causes and consequences of conflict in one of the most important regions of the world. Bridging the gap between critical theories of international relations and the empirical study of the Gulf area, this book expands on the many ideologies, cultural inventions and ideational constructs that have affected relations in the past three decades. Key issues explored include: the rise and fall of Arab and Persian nationalism the international repercussions of the Islamic revolution in Iran the events surrounding the three Gulf Wars the 'mindset' of terrorist networks such as al-Qaeda why US neo-conservatism is threatening regional order. Provocatively written, persuasively researched and conclusively argued, The International Politics of the Persian Gulf presents the first comprehensive analysis of international relations in the Gulf from an explicitly multidisciplinary perspective.

The Persian Gulf And Iraqi Wars

Author : Lawrence J. Zwier
ISBN : 0822508486
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 55. 89 MB
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Explores both ancient and modern history of the Persian Gulf region, with emphasis on Iraq's wars with the United States, Iran, and Kuwait.

Acting Alone

Author : Bradley F. Podliska
ISBN : 9780739142516
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 59. 88 MB
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Acting Alone: A Scientific Study of American Hegemony and Unilateral Use-of-Force Decision Making is a straight-forward analysis of unilateral U.S. military actions, which are dependent upon the power disparity between the U.S. and the rest of the world. In solving the puzzle as to why individual presidents have made the "wrong" decision to act alone, the author lays out a president's behavior, during a crisis, as a two-step decision process. Acting Alone reviews the well-studied first decision, deciding to use force, based on international conflict literature and organized along traditional lines. The author then details the second decision, deciding to use unilateral force, with an explanation of the criticisms of multilateralism and the reasons for unilateralism. To test a new theory of unilateral use of force decision making, Acting Alone devises a definition and coding rules for unilateral use of force, develops a sequential model of presidential use of force decision making, and constructs a new, alternative measure of military power, a Composite Indicator of Military Revolutions (CIMR). It then uses three methods - a statistical test with a heckman probit model, an experiment, and case studies - to test U.S. crisis behavior since 1937.By applying these three methods, the author finds that presidents are realists and make expected utility calculations to act unilaterally or multilaterally after their decision to use force. The unilateral decision, in particular, positively correlates with a wide military gap with an opponent, an opponent located in the Western hemisphere, and a national security threat.

Iraq War The Essential Reference Guide

Author : Brian L. Steed
ISBN : 9781440858314
Genre : History
File Size : 87. 45 MB
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This invaluable resource offers a comprehensive overview of the Iraq War, with more than 100 in-depth articles by leading scholars on an array of topics and themes and more than a dozen key primary source documents. • Explores how the Bush Doctrine was employed to justify the US decision to invade Iraq • Illuminates the key leaders and the military strategy they implemented in conducting the Iraq War • Explains how a series of flawed military and political decisions created a dysfunctional government in Baghdad • Informs readers of the disruptive influence the Iraq War has had on the entire Middle East

Presidential Policies And The Road To The Second Iraq War

Author : Professor John Davis
ISBN : 9781409498162
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 52. 99 MB
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By virtually any means of measurement, postwar Iraq has become a more bloodied and embattled settlement than ever envisaged. But were the seeds of these problems sown long before military force had been committed? This lucid and detailed examination of US foreign policy evaluates the continuity and divergence in the strategies of the Bush, Clinton and Bush Jr administrations and their efforts to respond to the Iraqi threat, and how those strategies have bequeathed a legacy of problems to those trying to rebuild a postwar Iraq. Offering the most comprehensive analysis of the dynamics that paved the way for renewed conflict in Iraq, the book provides a descriptive account of attempts to confront a host of political pressures, from the need for international cooperation in postwar Iraq, to dealing with the influx of foreign fighters and their quest to force American withdrawal. This essential volume provides analysts, observers and policy makers with guidelines and prescriptions about the future of postwar Iraq and detailed analysis of lessons learned both during and after the military and reconstruction phases.

Wikileaks And The Age Of Transparency

Author : Micah Sifry
ISBN : 9781921753800
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 84. 83 MB
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The United States government is diligent — some might say to the point of obsession — in defending its borders against invaders. Now we are told that a small, international band of renegades, armed with nothing more than laptops, presents the greatest threat to the US regime since the close of the Cold War. WikiLeaks’ release of a massive trove of secret official documents has riled politicians across the spectrum — even free-speech advocates. Welcome to the uncomfortable Age of Transparency. Political analyst and writer Micah Sifry argues that WikiLeaks is not the whole story: it is a symptom, an indicator, of a generational and philosophical struggle between older, closed systems, and the new, open culture of the internet. Despite the arrest of WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange, the publication of secret documents continues around the world, and citizens are demanding greater accountability from those who wield power. As Sifry shows, this is part of a larger movement for greater governmental and corporate transparency: ‘When you combine connectivity with transparency — the ability for more people to see, share, and shape what is going on around them — the result is a huge increase in social energy, which is being channelled in all kinds of directions.’

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