the irish civil war 1922 23

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The Irish Civil War 1922 23

Author : Peter Cottrell
ISBN : 9781472810335
Genre : History
File Size : 66. 86 MB
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In this follow-up to the acclaimed The Anglo-Irish War, Peter Cottrell explores the Irish Civil War, a devastating conflict that tore Ireland apart. This book examines the many factions that played a part in the fighting and the terror and counter-terror operations, focusing on the short bloody battles that witnessed more deaths than the preceding years during the struggle for the Free State. Cottrell particularly focuses on the contrasting styles of leadership and the conduct of combat operations by the IRA and the National Army, providing a fascinating study for all students of Irish history as well as military history.

1923 In Ireland

Author : Books Llc
ISBN : 1156152720
Genre :
File Size : 39. 31 MB
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 30. Chapters: Irish Civil War, Timeline of the Irish Civil War, Irish general election, 1923, 1922-23 FAI Cup, 1923-24 FAI Cup, 1923 Irish Free State Cup Final. Excerpt: This is a timeline of the Irish Civil War, which took place between June 1922 and May 1923. It followed the Irish War of Independence (1919-1921), and accompanied the establishment of the Irish Free State as an entity independent from the United Kingdom. The conflict was waged between two opposing groups of Irish nationalists: the forces of the new Irish Free State, who supported the Anglo-Irish Treaty under which the state was established, and the Republican opposition, for whom the Treaty represented a betrayal of the Irish Republic. The Government of the Irish Free State (established as a Provisional Government in January 1922 and as a full government in December 1922) was ultimately victorious. The anti-Treaty forces called a ceasefire in April 1923 and ordered their men to "dump arms" in May 1923. The war involved both conventional warfare (late June-August 1922) when the Free State forces took the major towns and cities, and then a longer period of guerrilla warfare (September 1922-April 1923) as the anti-Treaty forces were gradually brought to a standstill. See Also IRA and the Anglo-Irish Treaty The Four Courts, occupied by Anti-Treaty forces in April and scene of the start of the civil war in June. Michael Collins, in his uniform as National Army Commander-in-Chief at President Griffith's funeral, one week before his own death Memorial designed by Yann Goulet to the Republican soldiers killed by Free State troops at Ballyseedy, County Kerry in a mass killing of prisoners on 7 March 1923. The month of March was marked by a series of such atrocities in Kerry Total for 1922 and 1923: 639-795. With additional statistics - fatalities by county available for: ...

The Irish Civil War 1922 23 Ava S Diary

Author : Patricia Murphy
ISBN : 1781998825
Genre :
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The Civil War 1922 23

Author : Eoin Neeson
ISBN : WISC:89035319680
Genre : History
File Size : 82. 70 MB
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Green Against Green The Irish Civil War

Author : Michael Hopkinson
ISBN : 9780717158195
Genre : History
File Size : 83. 93 MB
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Michael Hopkinson’s Green Against Green is the definitive study of the Irish civil war, putting in perspective a bitter and passionate conflict, the legacy of which still divides Irish society today. Widely praised and frequently cited as the most authoritative work on the subject, it continues to hold its place as one of the finest works on modern Irish history. Unlike the Easter Rising and the War of Independence, the Irish Civil War has been largely overlooked by historians, put off by the messy divisions between former War of Independence allies and its continued importance in modern Irish society: even now, the rival parties in the conflict form the basis for two of the largest political parties in Ireland. In Green Against Green, Michael Hopkinson addresses this gap in Irish historical writing, looking closely at the reasons for the outbreak of civil war, the major figures who directed it, how it was fought and its impact across Ireland. This major achievement of historical scholarship traces the history and course of the war from 1912 to its conclusion, starting with a sketch of the background to the divisions which surfaced during the war and continuing through to the functioning of the post-civil war Irish State. This groundbreaking work, ‘a dispassionate account of the most passionate times’ (Irish Times), captures the confused loyalties and localised, often personal, violence that characterised one of the most critical, and least studied, formative events in modern Irish history. Green Against Green: Table of Contents Preface PART I. 1912-1921 The Background to the Treaty Divisions, 1912-1918 The Anglo-Irish War, January 1919-July 1921, and the Truce Period The Treaty Negotiations The Treaty Split The Irish Question in the United States PART II. FROM THE TREATY TO THE ATTACK ON THE FOUR COURTS The Political and Constitutional Background in Early 1922 The Military Split De Valera and the Military and Political Developments Military Developments after the Army Convention The North, from Treaty to Attack on the Four Courts Social and Governmental Problems The Search for Unity The Constitution The June Election and the Assassination of Sir Henry Wilson PART III. THE OPENING OF THE WAR The Attack on the Four Courts Dublin Fighting PART IV. THE EARLY CIVIL WAR The Military and Political Background to the Fighting The War in the Localities: July-August 1922 The Opening of the Guerrilla Phase of the War The Death of Collins The Establishment of the Third Dáil Peace Initiatives The Formation of the Republican Government The First Executions The British Government and the Early Civil War The Southern Unionists and the Civil War The Civil War and the Railways The War in the Localities: September 1922-January 1923 PART V. THE WAR’S END The Free State—Government and Army: January-April 1923 The Republicans and the Civil War: January-April 1923 The War in the Localities: January-April 1923 The North and the Civil War Exile Nationalism: The United States and Britain in the Civil War The Ceasefire PART VI. THE POST-WAR PERIOD The Republicans The Post-War Free State Government and Army The Republican Hunger-Strike, October-November 1923 Conclusion

The Irish Civil War And Society

Author : G. Foster
ISBN : 9781137425706
Genre : History
File Size : 77. 22 MB
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The Irish Civil War and Society sheds new light on the social currents shaping the Irish Civil War, from the 'politics of respectability' behind animosities and discourses; to the intersection of social conflicts with political violence; to the social dimensions of the war's messy aftermath.

The Irish Civil War

Author : Seán Enright
ISBN : 9781785372551
Genre : History
File Size : 90. 35 MB
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During the Irish Civil War, eighty-three prisoners were executed after trial by military court. The Irish Civil War: Law, Execution and Atrocity explores the pressures that drove the provisional government to try prisoners for arms offences by military courts, and how, at a time of great crisis, the rule of law evaporated and the new policy morphed into reprisal executions. More than 125 further prisoners were killed in the custody of the state: kidnapped and shot; tied to landmines and blown up; shot after surrender, ‘trying to escape’ or even killed under interrogation. These men were killed because they were anti-treaty fighters or because they were suspected of involvement or sympathy with the anti-treaty cause. In the heat of civil war, the inquest system became part of the battle ground where the emerging state connived at the suppression of evidence and turned a blind eye to perjury and cover-up. At the end of the Civil War, there were 3,000 dead, over 10,000 wounded, 13,000 interned, and many more forced into migration. And in this period of great crisis, the bedrock of law itself had been shattered. This dark, secret corner of Irish history, whose bitter legacy affects society to this day, is uncompromisingly exposed in The Irish Civil War: Law, Execution and Atrocity.

The Politics Of The Irish Civil War

Author : Bill Kissane
ISBN : 9780199273553
Genre : History
File Size : 81. 76 MB
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This book provides a detailed account of the origins, course, and aftermath of the Irish civil war, 1922-3. Based on much recently released material, including the papers of Eamon de Valera, each chapter is devoted to a particular aspect of war, and political aspects of the civil war are systematically discussed.

Armed Struggle

Author : Richard English
ISBN : 0195177533
Genre : History
File Size : 58. 62 MB
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The IRA has been a much richer, more complexly layered, and more protean organization than is frequently recognized. It is also more open to balanced examination now--at the end of its long war in the north of Ireland--than it was even a few years ago. Richard English's brilliant book offers a detailed history of the IRA, providing invaluable historical depth to our understanding of the modern-day Provisionals, the more militant wing formed in 1969 dedicated to the removal of the British Government from Northern Ireland and the reunification of Ireland. English examines the dramatic events of the Easter Rising in 1916 and the bitter guerrilla war of 1919-21, the partitioning of Ireland in the 1920s, and the Irish Civil War of 1922-23. Here, too, are the IRA campaigns in Northern Ireland and Britain from the 1930s through the 1960s. He shows how the Provisionals were born out of the turbulence generated by the 1960s civil rights movement, and examines the escalating violence that introduced British troops to the streets of Northern Ireland. He also examines the split in the IRA that produced the Provisionals, the introduction of internment in 1971, and the tragedy of Bloody Sunday in 1972. He then discusses the struggle over political status, culminating in the Hunger Strikes of the early 1980s and describes the Provisionals' emergence as a more committed political force throughout that decade, a politicization that made possible the peace process that has developed over the last decade. English offers a dazzling synthesis of the motives, actions and consequences of the IRA. Neither romanticizing the IRA nor condemning them outright, this is a balanced, definitive treatment of one of the world's leading revolutionary movements.

In Time Of Civil War

Author : Bernard Share
ISBN : UOM:39015067655723
Genre : History
File Size : 74. 78 MB
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This study documents the social, political, and strategic role of the railways in the Irish Civil War.

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