the long march of french universities

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The Long March Of French Universities

Author : Christine Musselin
ISBN : 9781135951870
Genre : Education
File Size : 22. 6 MB
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The main point of this book is to argue that French universities experienced a quiet but important change during the last decade, which allowed them to become pertinent and more autonomous actors within the French university system.

University Governance

Author : Catherine Paradeise
ISBN : 9781402095153
Genre : Education
File Size : 54. 80 MB
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Higher education reforms have been on the agenda of Western European countries for 25 years, trying to deal with self governed professional bureaucracies politically weakened by massification when an emerging common understanding enhanced their role as major actors in knowledge based economies. While university systems are deeply embedded in national settings, the ex post rationale of still on-going reforms is surprisingly uniform and “de-nationalized”. They promote (1) the “organizational turn” of universities, to varying extent substituting collegial loosely coupled entities by “integrated, goal-oriented entities deliberately choosing their own actions (and therefore open to differentiation), that can thus be held responsible for what they do” (2) the diversification of stakeholders, supposedly offering solutions to problems as various as the democratisation of universities, the shrinking of State budget resources and the diversification of university missions offering answers to changes in the making and in the use of science. When it comes to accounting for these reforms, two grand narratives of public management share the floor. NPM implies a strengthening of the capacity of the core State to direct public services organizations through management by objectives and results or contractualization, assessment, evaluation and. “Governance” focuses on “network-based” governance systems, where coordinating power and control are collectively shared between the major ‘social actors or partners’ at all levels of the decision-making system. Our results suggest that all higher education systems under study were more or less transformed according to both these narratives. It is therefore needed to understand how they combine or create contradictions. This leads us to test a third neo-weberian model. This model reaffirms the role of the State, of representative democracy, (central, regional and local), of public law (suitably modernized), preserves the idea of a public service with a distinctive status, culture and terms and conditions. It shifts from an internal orientation to bureaucratic rules towards an external orientation in meeting citizens’ needs and wishes by means of standardization of work processes and their products, based on a distinctive public service and a particular legal order survived as the foundations beneath the various packages of modernizing reforms. This book traces the national dynamics of public policies, organizational design and steering tools in seven European higher education and research systems, using these narratives to interpret and test the actual changes and the degree of national specificities and European convergence. This book is not a sum of national chapters like other presumably comparative. It does not intend to tell once again the story of the transformation of the relationships between the state and universities. It tries to use Higher education system to discuss issues on state intervention and steering and more generally the NPM, governance and neo-weberian models in a specific field. Furthermore, this book intends breaking the walls between specialists in higher education and specialist in public management and research policy. This well rooted division of labour is less that ever justified as the university mission in research (fundamental, applied, strategic) is underscored by commentors and reformers themselves. For that reason, we have chosen to observe the consequences of the dynamics of public policies, organizational design and steering tools on two specific issues related to the development of research training and organizing within universities: the transformation of research funding on the one hand and the expansion of graduate studies and doctoral schools on the other.

International Handbook Of Higher Education

Author : James J.F. Forest
ISBN : 9781402040122
Genre : Education
File Size : 50. 11 MB
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This book provides a central, authoritative source of reference on the most essential topics of higher education. The International Handbook of Higher Education combines a rich diversity of scholarly perspectives with a wide range of internationally derived descriptions and analyses. Chapters in the first volume cover central themes in the study of higher education, while contributors to the second volume focuses on contemporary higher education issues within specific countries or regions. Together, these volumes provide a centralized, easily accessible, yet scholarly source of information.

International Trends In University Governance

Author : Michael Shattock
ISBN : 9781317668206
Genre : Education
File Size : 55. 26 MB
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Governance is becoming increasingly important in universities just as it is in the wider world of commerce and banking. Historically, universities were run by their academic communities but as mass higher education has taken root, as university research has become a critical element in national economies and as the demand for more accountability both financial and in academic performance has grown, pressure has mounted for a ‘modernisation’ of governance structures. One aspect of ‘modernisation’, particularly important in many European systems, and in Japan, has been the decision by governments to give institutions greater autonomy, more control over their budgets and legal responsibility for the employment of their staff. International trends to introduce greater competition between institutions, to encourage greater institutional differentiation and give greater play to market forces has led to an emphasis on leadership, a more systematic involvement of external stakeholders and a more ‘corporate style of governance. At the same time this has often led to a sense of loss of collegiality, a redistribution of authority and a growing gap between the ‘centre’ and the ‘periphery’ within universities. This book analyses governance change in nine major higher education systems, Australia, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Norway, the UK and the USA, each account being the result of independent research by a leading authority in the field and describes how a convergence of governance structures has been mediated by the historical, cultural, political and social characteristics of the different systems. Michael Shattock is a leading authority on university governance; this study offers the most up to date account of governance reform in a range of higher education systems, an analysis of the common trends and an assessment of their impact on the idea of a university. It will be essential reading for academics, postgraduates and practitioners in higher education.

The Long March Of The French Left

Author : R.W. Johnson
ISBN : 9781349164912
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 49. 31 MB
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The Politics Of Socialism

Author : John Dunn
ISBN : 0521318408
Genre : History
File Size : 62. 73 MB
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Maintains that the strengths of Socialism will always lie in its hostility to the injustices of capitalist property relations while its weaknesses come from an inadequate conception of political power and action and from widespread failures of socialist economic planning.

The Dublin University Magazine

Author :
ISBN : CHI:099084245
Genre :
File Size : 46. 94 MB
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World Class Worldwide

Author : Philip G. Altbach
ISBN : 0801886619
Genre : Education
File Size : 81. 77 MB
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They address the special challenges of establishing and maintaining these institutions; the role of information technology; how research universities train leaders and foster scientific innovation; and the extent to which the private sector can and should be involved in funding and development.

Worldmark Encyclopedia Of The Nations Five Volume Set

Author : Moshe Y. Sachs
ISBN : 0471624063
Genre : History
File Size : 34. 73 MB
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A completely revised and updated new Seventh Edition of the classic five-volume reference to all countries of the world, their dependencies, and the United Nations. Provides a 2 1/2 -million word portrait of the 176 countries of the world, under 50 uniform subject headings, and includes a complete, up-to-the-minute volume on the United Nations and its agencies. Covers new countries, new members to the United Nations, and population projections to the year 2000. Contains 70% new material, and has been completely reset for easy readability. Includes 187 black-and-white maps and 5 color endsheet maps.

French Colonial Soldiers In German Captivity During World War Ii

Author : Raffael Scheck
ISBN : 9781107056817
Genre : History
File Size : 76. 63 MB
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This book discusses the experience of French colonial prisoners of war captured by Nazi Germany during World War II. It illustrates that the colonial prisoners' contradictory experiences with French authorities, French civilians, and German guards led to clashes with a colonial administration eager to return to a discriminatory routine following the war.

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