the-meditations-of-marcus-aurelius-a-study

Download Book The Meditations Of Marcus Aurelius A Study in PDF format. You can Read Online The Meditations Of Marcus Aurelius A Study here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

The Meditations Of Marcus Aurelius

Author : R. B. Rutherford
ISBN : UOM:39015024653910
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 41. 34 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 552
Read : 270

Get This Book


Marcus Aurelius, Roman emperor from 161 to 180 A.D., is renowned for his just rule and long frontier wars. But his lasting fame rests on his Meditations, a bedside book of reflections and self-admonitions written during his last years, that provide unique insights into the mind of an ancient ruler and contain many passages of pungent epigram and poetic imagery. This study is designed to make the Meditations more accessible to the modern reader. Rutherford carefully explains the historical and philosophical background, charts the main themes and tendencies of Marcus's thought, and relates stylistic detail to the intellectual and moral outlook of the author. His goal is to define Marcus's aims, attitudes, and styles more precisely and restore his work to the position it held in the past, that of a spiritual classic which can be read and enjoyed by people who are not professional scholars.

The Meditations Of Marcus Aurelius

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:24778877
Genre : Ethics
File Size : 26. 39 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 298
Read : 1076

Get This Book



Meditations

Author : Aurelius Marcus
ISBN : 1853264865
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 26. 76 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 675
Read : 947

Get This Book


The "Meditations" of Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius are a readable exposition of the system of metaphysics known as stoicism. Stoics maintained that by putting aside great passions, unjust thoughts and indulgence, man could acquire virtue and live at one with nature.

The Inner Citadel

Author : Pierre Hadot
ISBN : 0674461711
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 40. 20 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 479
Read : 326

Get This Book


The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius are treasured today--as they have been over the centuries--as an inexhaustible source of wisdom. And as one of the three most important expressions of Stoicism, this is an essential text for everyone interested in ancient religion and philosophy. Yet the clarity and ease of the work's style are deceptive. Pierre Hadot, eminent historian of ancient thought, uncovers new levels of meaning and expands our understanding of its underlying philosophy. Written by the Roman emperor for his own private guidance and self-admonition, the Meditations set forth principles for living a good and just life. Hadot probes Marcus Aurelius's guidelines and convictions and discerns the hitherto unperceived conceptual system that grounds them. Abundantly quoting the Meditations to illustrate his analysis, the author allows Marcus Aurelius to speak directly to the reader. And Hadot unfolds for us the philosophical context of the Meditations, commenting on the philosophers Marcus Aurelius read and giving special attention to the teachings of Epictetus, whose disciple he was. The soul, the guiding principle within us, is in Marcus Aurelius's Stoic philosophy an inviolable stronghold of freedom, the "inner citadel." This spirited and engaging study of his thought offers a fresh picture of the fascinating philosopher-emperor, a fuller understanding of the tradition and doctrines of Stoicism, and rich insight on the culture of the Roman empire in the second century. Pierre Hadot has been working on Marcus Aurelius for more than twenty years; in this book he distills his analysis and conclusions with extraordinary lucidity for the general reader.

The Philosophy Of Marcus Aurelius

Author : George Lang
ISBN : EAN:4064066058838
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 55. 41 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 630
Read : 165

Get This Book


This carefully compiled edition contains not only the biography of the famous Roman emperor, but also the collection of his thoughts and philosophical views on Stoicism in his "Meditations". Marcus Aurelius wrote this work originally in Greek and as a source for his own guidance and self-improvement. The original title of this work is unknown but even without the original title it is still considers as a literary monument to a government of service and duty.

The Life And Philosophy Of Marcus Aurelius

Author : George Lang
ISBN : EAN:4064066395094
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 89. 4 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 769
Read : 553

Get This Book


This meticulously edited and carefully compiled edition contains not only the biography of the famous Roman emperor, but also the collection of his thoughts and philosophical views on Stoicism in his "Meditations". Marcus Aurelius wrote this work originally in Greek and as a source for his own guidance and self-improvement. The original title of this work is unknown but even without the original title it is still considers as a literary monument to a government of service and duty.

The Meditations Of Marcus Aurelius

Author :
ISBN : 038072216X
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 74. 54 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 914
Read : 1208

Get This Book


Marcus Annius Verus was born in Rome, A.D. 121, and assumed the name of Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, by which he is known to history, on his adoption by the Emperor T. Aurelius Antoninus. M. Aurelius was educated by the orator Fronto, but turned aside from rhetoric to the study of the Stoic philosophy, of which he was the last distinguished representative. The "Meditations," which he wrote in Greek, are among the most noteworthy expressions of this system, and exhibit it favorably on its practical side. The "Meditations" picture with faithfulness the mind and character of this noblest of the Emperors. Simple in style and sincere in tone, they record for all time the height reached by pagan aspiration in its effort to solve the problem of conduct; and the essential agreement of his practice with his teaching proved that "Even in a palace life may be led well."

Stoicism

Author : John Sellars
ISBN : 9781317493907
Genre : History
File Size : 68. 69 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 248
Read : 616

Get This Book


This is the first introduction to Stoic philosophy for 30 years. Aimed at readers new to Stoicism and to ancient philosophy, it outlines the central philosophical ideas of Stoicism and introduces the reader to the different ancient authors and sources that they will encounter when exploring Stoicism. The range of sources that are drawn upon in the reconstruction of Stoic philosophy can be bewildering for the beginner. Sellars guides the reader through the surviving works of the late Stoic authors, Seneca and Epictetus, and the fragments relating to the early Stoics found in authors such as Plutarch and Stobaeus. The opening chapter offers an introduction to the ancient Stoics, their works, and other ancient authors who report material about ancient Stoic philosophy. The second chapter considers how the Stoics themselves conceived philosophy and how they structured their own philosophical system. Chapters 3-5 offer accounts of Stoic philosophical doctrines arranged according to the Stoic division of philosophical discourse into three parts: logic, physics, and ethics. The final chapter considers the later impact of Stoicism on Western philosophy. At the end of the volume there is a detailed guide to further reading.

Pater The Classicist

Author : Charles Martindale
ISBN : 9780191035074
Genre : Literary Collections
File Size : 45. 23 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 841
Read : 925

Get This Book


Pater the Classicist is the first book to address in detail Walter Pater's important contribution to the study of classical antiquity. Widely considered our greatest aesthetic critic and now best known as a precursor to modernist writers and post-modernist thinkers of the twentieth century, Pater was also a classicist by profession who taught at the University of Oxford. He wrote extensively about Greek art and philosophy, but also authored an influential historical novel set in ancient Rome, Marius the Epicurean, and a variety of short stories depicting the survival of classical culture in later ages. These superficially diverging interests actually went closely hand-in-hand: it can plausibly be asserted that it is the classical tradition in its broadest sense, including the question of how to understand its workings and temporalities, which forms Pater's principal subject as a writer. Although he initially approached antiquity obliquely, through the Italian Renaissance, for example, or the poetry of William Morris, later in his career he wrote more, and more directly, about the ancient world, and particularly about Greece, his first love. The essays in this collection cover all his major works and reveal a many-sided and inspirational figure, whose achievements helped to reinvigorate the classical studies that were the basis of the English educational system of the nineteenth century, and whose conception of Classics as cross-disciplinary and outward-looking can be a model to scholars and students today. They discuss his classicism generally, his fiction set in classical antiquity, his writings on Greek art and culture, and those on ancient philosophy, and in doing so they also illuminate Pater's position within his Victorian context, among figures such as J. A. Symonds, Henry Nettleship, Vernon Lee, and Jane Harrison, as well as his place in the study and reception of Classics today.

The Ancient World

Author : Frank N. Magill
ISBN : 9781135457396
Genre : Reference
File Size : 29. 12 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 861
Read : 1202

Get This Book


Containing 250 entries, each volume of the Dictionary of World Biography contains examines the lives of the individuals who shaped their times and left their mark on world history. Much more than a 'Who's Who', each entry provides an in-depth essay on the life and career of the individual concerned. Essays commence with a quick reference section that provides basic facts on the individual's life and achievements, and conclude with a fully annotated bibliography. The extended biography places the life and works of the individual within an historical context, and the summary at the end of each essay provides a synopsis of the individual's place in history. Any student in the field will want to have one of these as a handy reference companion.

Dictionary Of World Biography

Author : Frank Northen Magill
ISBN : 9781579580407
Genre : Reference
File Size : 21. 35 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 177
Read : 1040

Get This Book


Containing 250 entries, each volume of theDictionary of World Biographycontains examines the lives of the individuals who shaped their times and left their mark on world history. Much more than a 'Who's Who', each entry provides an in-depth essay on the life and career of the individual concerned. Essays commence with a quick reference section that provides basic facts on the individual's life and achievements, and conclude with a fully annotated bibliography. The extended biography places the life and works of the individual within an historical context, and the summary at the end of each essay provides a synopsis of the individual's place in history. Any student in the field will want to have one of these as a handy reference companion.

Philosophic Classics

Author : Forrest E. Baird
ISBN : 9781315510248
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 27. 35 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 619
Read : 767

Get This Book


First published in 1961, Forrest E. Baird's revision of Philosophic Classics continues the tradition of providing generations of students with high quality course material. Using the complete works, or where appropriate, complete sections of works, this anthology allows philosophers to speak directly to students. Esteemed for providing the best available translations, Philosophic Classics: Ancient Philosophy, features complete works or complete sections of the most important works by the major thinkers, as well as shorter samples from transitional thinkers.

The Oxford Handbook Of Hellenic Studies

Author : George Boys-Stones
ISBN : 9780191558153
Genre : History
File Size : 69. 44 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 290
Read : 888

Get This Book


The Oxford Handbook of Hellenic Studies is a unique collection of some seventy articles which together explore the ways in which ancient Greece has been, is, and might be studied. It is intended to inform its readers, but also, importantly, to inspire them, and to enable them to pursue their own research by introducing the primary resources and exploring the latest agenda for their study. The emphasis is on the breadth and potential of Hellenic Studies as a flourishing and exciting intellectual arena, and also upon its relevance to the way we think about ourselves today.

Marcus Aurelius

Author : John Sellars
ISBN : 9780429627965
Genre : History
File Size : 90. 79 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 607
Read : 647

Get This Book


In this new study, John Sellars offers a fresh examination of Marcus Aurelius’ Meditations as a work of philosophy by placing it against the background of the tradition of Stoic philosophy to which Marcus was committed. The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius is a perennial bestseller, attracting countless readers drawn to its unique mix of philosophical reflection and practical advice. The emperor is usually placed alongside Seneca and Epictetus as one of three great Roman Stoic authors, but he wears his philosophy lightly, not feeling the need to state explicitly the ideas standing behind the reflections that he was writing for himself. As a consequence, his standing as a philosopher has often been questioned. Challenging claims that Marcus Aurelius was merely an eclectic thinker, that the Meditations do not fit the model of a work of philosophy, that there are no arguments in the work, and that it only contains superficial moral advice, Sellars shows that he was in constant dialogue with his Stoic predecessors, engaging with themes drawn from all three parts of Stoicism: logic, physics, and ethics. The image of Marcus Aurelius that emerges is of a committed Stoic, engaging with a wide range of philosophical topics, motivated by the desire to live a good life. This volume will be of interest to scholars and students of both Classics and Philosophy.

The Roman Empire At Bay Ad 180 395

Author : David S. Potter
ISBN : 9781134694778
Genre : History
File Size : 73. 66 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 529
Read : 321

Get This Book


The Roman Empire at Bay is the only one volume history of the critical years 180-395 AD, which saw the transformation of the Roman Empire from a unitary state centred on Rome, into a new polity with two capitals and a new religion—Christianity. The book integrates social and intellectual history into the narrative, looking to explore the relationship between contingent events and deeper structure. It also covers an amazingly dramatic narrative from the civil wars after the death of Commodus through the conversion of Constantine to the arrival of the Goths in the Roman Empire, setting in motion the final collapse of the western empire. The new edition takes account of important new scholarship in questions of Roman identity, on economy and society as well as work on the age of Constantine, which has advanced significantly in the last decade, while recent archaeological and art historical work is more fully drawn into the narrative. At its core, the central question that drives The Roman Empire at Bay remains, what did it mean to be a Roman and how did that meaning change as the empire changed? Updated for a new generation of students, this book remains a crucial tool in the study of this period.

The Oxford Dictionary Of The Christian Church

Author : Frank Leslie Cross
ISBN : 9780192802903
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 69. 99 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 217
Read : 479

Get This Book


Uniquely authoritative and wide-ranging in its scope, The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church is the indispensable one-volume reference work on all aspects of the Christian Church. It contains over 6,000 cross-referenced A-Z entries, and offers unrivalled coverage of all aspects of thisvast and often complex subject, from theology; churches and denominations; patristic scholarship; and the bible; to the church calendar and its organization; popes; archbishops; saints; and mystics. In this revision, innumerable small changes have been made to take into account shifts in scholarly opinion, recent developments, such as the Church of England's new prayer book (Common Worship), RC canonizations, ecumenical advances and mergers, and, where possible, statistics. A number of existingarticles have been rewritten to reflect new evidence or understanding, for example the Holy Sepulchre entry, and there are a few new articles, on Desmond Tutu and Padre Pio, for example. Perhaps most significantly, a great number of the bibliographies have been updated. Established since its first appearance in 1957 as an essential resource for ordinands, clergy, and members of religious orders; ODCC is an invaluable tool for academics, teachers, and students of church history and theology, as well as for the general reader. THEOLOGY- the development of doctrines throughout the ages, with their philosophical background and the different traditions of the major Churches- spirituality and heresy- history of the Reformation and Counter-ReformationPATRISTIC SCHOLARSHIP: Fathers of the Church, on whose work later theology is founded, are covered in detail, for example- the Nag Hammadi papyri and their significance for our understanding of Gnosticism- the problems of Marcarius of Egypt and Macarius/Simeon are explored- the recently discovered sermons of Augustine are mentioned, with their places of publication listedCHURCHES AND DENOMINATIONS- the beliefs and structures of both the mainstream and lesser-known denominations such as Amish, Muggletonians, Shakers, and Wee Frees- lengthy articles on the history of Christianity throughout the world, in countries such as Angola, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, the Philippines, Poland, Spain, the United States, Vietnam, and ZaireTHE CHURCH CALENDAR AND ORGANIZATION- feast and saints' days- Sacraments- church services, offices, rites, and practices- canon law including Catholic revision- councils and synods- religious ordersTHE BIBLE- individual Biblical Books- major figures from Abraham, Moses, and King David to St Paul and the Evangelists- schools of Biblical criticism and entries on their chief exponentsBIOGRAPHICAL ENTRIES- these are wide ranging and include saints, popes, patriarchs, and archbishops- emperors, kings, and other rulers- mystics, heretics, and reformers- theologians and philosophers, with a summary of their opinions- artists, poets, and musicians

The Fall Of The Roman Empire

Author : Martin M. Winkler
ISBN : 9781118589816
Genre : History
File Size : 90. 42 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 125
Read : 588

Get This Book


The essays collected in this book present the first comprehensiveappreciation of The Fall of the Roman Empire fromhistorical, historiographical, and cinematic perspectives. The bookalso provides the principal classical sources on the period. It isa companion to Gladiator: Film and History (Blackwell, 2004)and Spartacus: Film and History (Blackwell, 2007) andcompletes a triad of scholarly studies on Hollywood’sgreatest films about Roman history. A critical re-evaluation of the 1964 epic film The Fall ofthe Roman Empire, directed by Anthony Mann, fromhistorical, film-historical, and contemporary points of view Presents a collection of scholarly essays and classical sourceson the period of Roman history that ancient and modern historianshave considered to be the turning point toward the eventual fall ofRome Contains a short essay by director Anthony Mann Includes a map of the Roman Empire and film stills, as well astranslations of the principal ancient sources, an extensivebibliography, and a chronology of events

Subversive Virtue

Author : James A. Francis
ISBN : 0271013044
Genre : History
File Size : 67. 8 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 725
Read : 157

Get This Book


Much attention has been devoted in recent years to Christian asceticism in Late Antiquity. But Christianity did not introduce asceticism to the ancient world. An underlying theme of this fascinating study of pagan asceticism is that much of the work on Christian &"holy men&" has ignored earlier manifestations of asceticism in Antiquity and the way Roman society confronted it. Accordingly, James Francis turns to the second century, the &"balmy late afternoon of Rome's classical empire,&" when the conflict between asceticism and authority reached a turning point. Francis begins with the emperor Marcus Aurelius (121&–180), who warned in his Meditations against &"display[ing] oneself as a man keen to impress others with a reputation for asceticism or beneficence.&" The Stoic Aurelius saw ascetic self-discipline as a virtue, but one to be exercised in moderation. Like other Roman aristocrats of his day, he perceived practitioners of ostentatious physical asceticism as a threat to prevailing norms and the established order. Prophecy, sorcery, miracle working, charismatic leadership, expressions of social discontent, and advocacy of alternative values regarding wealth, property, marriage, and sexuality were the issues provoking the controversy. If Aurelius defined the acceptable limits of ascetical practice, then the poet Lucian depicted the threat ascetics were perceived to pose to the social status quo through his biting satire. In an eye-opening analysis of Philostratus's Life of Apollonius of Tyana, Francis shows how Roman society reined in its deviant ascetics by &"rehabilitating&" them into pillars of traditional values. Celsus's True Doctrine shows how the views pagans held of their own ascetics influenced their negative view of Christianity. Finally, Francis points out striking parallels between the conflict over pagan asceticism and its Christian counterpart. By treating pagan asceticism seriously in its own right, Francis establishes the context necessary for understanding the great flowering of asceticism in Late Antiquity

Meditations Of Marcus Aurelius

Author : Marcus Aurelius
ISBN : 9798590502783
Genre :
File Size : 23. 76 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 135
Read : 1281

Get This Book


A beautifully formatted, easy to read version of a timeless classic!The Meditations present the daily Stoic practice of Marcus Aurelius, emperor of Rome from 161 to 180 AD. Likely written during his years on various military campaigns across the empire, they reflect his efforts to improve himself by fully assimilating the basic principles of Stoicism as put forth by Epictetus, a Greek slave who became the greatest philosopher of his time. To read the Meditations is to see how a practicing Stoic again and again will formulate for himself the central dogmas of Stoicism--that "everywhere and at all times it is in your power to accept your present condition reverently, to behave justly to those around you, and to exert your skill to control your thoughts, that nothing shall steal into them without being well examined" (VII, 54). The primary philosophical influence on Marcus Aurelius was Epictetus, who set forth the basic principles and dogmas of Stoicism and advised practicing Stoics that "these are the things that philosophers ought to study; it is these that they should write about each day; and it is in these that they should exercise themselves" (Discourses I, 1.25). To read Marcus Aurelius's Meditations is to witness just such study and exercise. We see the emperor formulating the same small set of principles, rules, and themes over and over again: The basic Stoic principle: The only good is virtue or moral good (VIII, 1).The three rules/disciplines of judgment, action, and desire: "Your present judgment founded on understanding, and your present conduct directed to social good, and your present disposition of contentment with everything which happens--that is enough" (IX, 6).The various dogmas or themes: "Tranquility is nothing else than the good ordering of the mind" (IV, 3)."[Men do wrong because of] their ignorance of what is good and evil" (II, 1)."All things happen according to the universal nature; a man's wrongful act is nothing to you; everything which happens, always happened so and will happen so, and now happens so everywhere; the close kinship between you and the whole human race is not of a little blood or seed, but of intelligence; every man's intelligence is a god, and is an efflux of the deity; nothing is a man's own, but that his child and his body and his very soul came from the deity; everything is judgment/opinion; every man lives the present time only, and loses only this" (a list of eight dogmas, all from XII, 26). Marcus did what his philosophical master Epictetus called for practicing Stoics to do. He formulated and reformulated just these principles and themes, and the result of this practice of writing is his Meditations. Read and imitate his practice! If you do, you too might "have these reflections at hand by night and day. Write them down, read them, talk about them, both to yourself, and to somebody else" (Discourses III, 24.103).

The Suffering Self

Author : Judith Perkins
ISBN : 9781134798957
Genre : History
File Size : 76. 86 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 852
Read : 451

Get This Book


The Suffering Self is a ground-breaking, interdisciplinary study of the spread of Christianity across the Roman empire. Judith Perkins shows how Christian narrative representation in the early empire worked to create a new kind of human self-understanding - the perception of the self as sufferer. Drawing on feminist and social theory, she addresses the question of why forms of suffering like martyrdom and self-mutilation were so important to early Christians. This study crosses the boundaries between ancient history and the study of early Christianity, seeing Christian representation in the context of the Greco-Roman world. She draws parallels with suffering heroines in Greek novels and in martyr acts and examines representations in medical and philosophical texts. Judith Perkins' controversial study is important reading for all those interested in ancient society, or in the history `f Christianity.

Top Download:

Best Books