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The Myth Of The Paperless Office

Author : Abigail J. Sellen
ISBN : 9780262250498
Genre : Computers
File Size : 59. 14 MB
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An examination of why paper continues to fill our offices and a proposal for better coordination of the paper and digital worlds. Over the past thirty years, many people have proclaimed the imminent arrival of the paperless office. Yet even the World Wide Web, which allows almost any computer to read and display another computer's documents, has increased the amount of printing done. The use of e-mail in an organization causes an average 40 percent increase in paper consumption. In The Myth of the Paperless Office, Abigail Sellen and Richard Harper use the study of paper as a way to understand the work that people do and the reasons they do it the way they do. Using the tools of ethnography and cognitive psychology, they look at paper use from the level of the individual up to that of organizational culture. Central to Sellen and Harper's investigation is the concept of "affordances"—the activities that an object allows, or affords. The physical properties of paper (its being thin, light, porous, opaque, and flexible) afford the human actions of grasping, carrying, folding, writing, and so on. The concept of affordance allows them to compare the affordances of paper with those of existing digital devices. They can then ask what kinds of devices or systems would make new kinds of activities possible or better support current activities. The authors argue that paper will continue to play an important role in office life. Rather than pursue the ideal of the paperless office, we should work toward a future in which paper and electronic document tools work in concert and organizational processes make optimal use of both.

The Paperless Office Myth Or Reality?

Author : Robert Barrett
ISBN : 0900458402
Genre : Office practice
File Size : 67. 73 MB
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Tailoring Software Infrastructures

Author : Christian Dörner
ISBN : 9783899369472
Genre : Computers
File Size : 85. 23 MB
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Today's non-tayloristic work environments call for flexible work practices supported by dynamic IT systems. Changing and optimising business processes has become an important 'adaptation mechanism' in this context. However, process models cannot capture every conceivable real-life situation, and firms' software infrastructures often do not provide the flexibility required for supporting 'design-in-use' through effective tailoring processes. The involvement of business users in the continuous redesign of business processes is a beneficial solution for these problems, as it enhances decision processes by making specific information available more quickly. However, involving business users in these redesign processes requires specific design tools. This book presents the development of an environment that enables business users to independently model business processes and workflows. The environment reduces the technical skills required for modelling business processes and workflows to enable business users to tailor heterogeneous software infrastructures. It also provides improved documentation facilities. The facilities add usage-related information about Web services to the existing functional metadata, which is already included in current Web service standards and workflow modelling tools. The environment enables business users to create this usage-related information cooperatively, which leads to a domain-specific documentation of Web services. Based on this information, it provides an enhanced search system that identifies related services and service functions. The evaluation of the environment showed that users had a positive perception of modelling business processes and workflows. They considered this to be useful for the visualisation and automation of business processes as well as for the creation of calculations since it could enhance the efficiency and efficacy of their work.

Berkshire Encyclopedia Of Human Computer Interaction

Author : William Sims Bainbridge
ISBN : 9780974309125
Genre : Computers
File Size : 58. 23 MB
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Presents a collection of articles on human-computer interaction, covering such topics as applications, methods, hardware, and computers and society.


Author : Richard H. R. Harper
ISBN : 9780262288651
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 35. 40 MB
Format : PDF
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Why we complain about communication overload even as we seek new ways to communicate. Our workdays are so filled with emails, instant messaging, and RSS feeds that we complain that there's not enough time to get our actual work done. At home, we are besieged by telephone calls on landlines and cell phones, the beeps that signal text messages, and work emails on our BlackBerrys. It's too much, we cry (or type) as we update our Facebook pages, compose a blog post, or check to see what Shaquille O'Neal has to say on Twitter. In Texture, Richard Harper asks why we seek out new ways of communicating even as we complain about communication overload. Harper describes the mistaken assumptions of developers that “more” is always better and argues that users prefer simpler technologies that allow them to create social bonds. Communication is not just the exchange of information. There is a texture to our communicative practices, manifest in the different means we choose to communicate (quick or slow, permanent or ephemeral).

Posthumanism And The Digital University

Author : Lesley Gourlay
ISBN : 9781350038189
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 33. 90 MB
Format : PDF
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It is a commonplace in educational policy and theory to claim that digital technology has 'transformed' the university, the nature of learning and even the essence of what it means to be a scholar or a student. However, these claims have not always been based on strong research evidence. What are students and scholars actually doing in the day-to-day life of the digital university? This book examines in detail how the world of the digital interacts with texts, artefacts, devices and humans, in the contemporary university setting. Weaving together perspectives from a range of thinkers and disciplinary sources, Lesley Gourlay draws on ideas from posthuman and new materialist theory in particular, to open up our understanding about how digital knowledge practices operate. She proposes that digital engagement in the university should not be regarded as 'virtual' or disembodied, but instead may be understood as a complex set of entanglements of the body, texts and material artefacts, making a case that agency and the ways in which knowledge emerges should be regarded as 'more than human'.


Author : J. P. Terry
ISBN : 0321659341
Genre : Computers
File Size : 79. 65 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Streamline your organization by replacing paper documents with electronic solutions Paperless is one part inspiration and two parts instruction. You will be inspired by real-world case studies as you meet people who have brought paperless change to their organizations. You will learn what worked and how you can apply these experiences to your own work. Meet lawyers, doctors, and business leaders who have transformed their operations with Adobe technology. Also, learn how city, state, and federal governments are saving money and providing better services with paperless solutions. The inspiration is just the beginning. The majority of this book is instruction on Adobe’s most important paperless technologies. Each section is full of hands-on demos that will show you how to get real business value from products you may already own. You will learn how to create and use digital signatures, certify PDFs, and integrate dynamic documents with your existing systems. This book explains all you need to know to be on your way to a paperless future. • Read the stories of those who have created today’s leading-edge paperless solutions. • Learn how the Federal Government uses certified PDFs and how New York State uses e-Forms to save millions of dollars. • Find out how the Kane County court system takes advantage of PDF forms to protect abuse victims. • See how one doctor is reducing Medicare costs by replacing expensive emergency room visits with paperless house calls. • Follow in-depth lessons on Acrobat®, LiveCycle® Designer, LiveCycle® ES/ES2, and InDesign® Server. • Download demos, source code, and sample files to use with the book’s exercises ( “Using real-world examples, such as the ones in J.P. Terry’s Paperless, to illustrate how PDF can be used to move from paper to electronic processes is a simple-to-understand, yet very powerful learning tool for business and government alike.” — Lori DeFurio, Group Product Manager, Acrobat, Adobe Systems “In Paperless, J.P. Terry weaves the business case and technical implementation into a complete story on how a variety of businesses have benefited from Adobe solutions. This book is an enjoyable read and a must-have reference for automating business processes.” — Jeff Stanier, Senior Product Manager, Adobe LiveCycle

Paper To Digital

Author : Ziming Liu
ISBN : 9781591586203
Genre : Computers
File Size : 86. 52 MB
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This discussion of the emerging issues with the evolution of and changing characteristics of documents includes trends in transforming scholarly communication, trust in the preservation of digital information, changes in reading behavior, and preferences for and use of print and electronic resources.

Ethnomethodology At Work

Author : Mark Rouncefield
ISBN : 9781317140597
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 38. 8 MB
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Bringing together one of the most important bodies of research into people's working practices, this volume outlines the specific character of the ethnomethodological approach to work, providing an introduction to the key conceptual resources ethnomethodology has drawn upon in its studies, and a set of substantive chapters that examine how people work from a foundational perspective. With contributions from leading experts in the field, including Graham Button, John Hughes and Wes Sharrock, Ethnomethodology at Work explores the contribution that ethnomethodological studies continue to make to our understanding of the ways in which people actually accomplish work from day to day. As such, it will appeal not only to those working in the areas of ethnomethodology and conversation analysis, but also to those with interests in the sociology of work and organisations.

Loose Wire

Author : Jeremy Wagstaff
ISBN : 9789793780399
Genre : Computers
File Size : 24. 30 MB
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EVER GET THE FEELING that technology is taking over your life and not asking you first? When you've mislaid that important file or can't connect your new camera, do you just want to hurl your computer out of the window? When your kids/friends/grandparents start talking about blogging, podcasting and RSS feeds do you nod as wisely as you can while wrestling with the urge to throw them out of the window too? The bad news is that technology isn't going away. The good news is that, by picking up this book, you're halfway to making it work for you - not against you. Loose Wire is a compilation of Jeremy Wagstaff's most popular weekly columns on personal technology from The Wall Street Journal Asia and the Far Eastern Economic Review. An ordinary person's primer on technology, Loose Wire explains - in jargon-free language and real sentences - what has happened over the past few years, from the rise of the mobile phone to phishing, to where we are heading, as well as hands-on, practical advice about how to enjoy the ride. ABOUT THE AUTHOR Jeremy Wagstaff has worked as a journalist since 1986 - for the BBC, Reuters, The Wall Street Journal and the Far Eastern Economic Review. Most of that time has been spent in Asia, covering uprisings, wars, colonial retreats and the odd (sometimes very odd) press conference. No techie, his interest in technology grew out of a realization that it was changing the way journalists - and the world - work, and that following it would probably be a better idea than fighting it. Since 2000 he has been writing a technology column and has since 2004 appeared regularly on the BBC World Service. He also keeps a blog at

The Ecological Rift

Author : John Bellamy Foster
ISBN : 9781583672198
Genre : Science
File Size : 77. 39 MB
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Humanity in the twenty-first century is facing what might be described as its ultimate environmental catastrophe: the destruction of the climate that has nurtured human civilization and with it the basis of life on earth as we know it. All ecosystems on the planet are now in decline. Enormous rifts have been driven through the delicate fabric of the biosphere. The economy and the earth are headed for a fateful collision—if we don't alter course. In The Ecological Rift: Capitalism’s War on the Earth environmental sociologists John Bellamy Foster, Brett Clark, and Richard York offer a radical assessment of both the problem and the solution. They argue that the source of our ecological crisis lies in the paradox of wealth in capitalist society, which expands individual riches at the expense of public wealth, including the wealth of nature. In the process, a huge ecological rift is driven between human beings and nature, undermining the conditions of sustainable existence: a rift in the metabolic relation between humanity and nature that is irreparable within capitalist society, since integral to its very laws of motion. Critically examining the sanguine arguments of mainstream economists and technologists, Foster, Clark, and York insist instead that fundamental changes in social relations must occur if the ecological (and social) problems presently facing us are to be transcended. Their analysis relies on the development of a deep dialectical naturalism concerned with issues of ecology and evolution and their interaction with the economy. Importantly, they offer reasons for revolutionary hope in moving beyond the regime of capital and toward a society of sustainable human development.

Iconic Designs

Author : Grace Lees-Maffei
ISBN : 9780857853530
Genre : Design
File Size : 39. 46 MB
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Iconic Designs is a beautifully designed and illustrated guide to fifty classic 'things' – designs that we find in the city, in our homes and offices, on page and screen, and in our everyday lives. In her introduction, Grace Lees-Maffei explores what makes a design 'iconic', and fifty essays by leading design and cultural critics tell the story of each iconic 'thing', its innovative and unique qualities, and its journey to classic status. Subjects range from the late 19th century to the present day, and include the Sydney Opera House, the Post-It Note, Coco Chanel's classic suit, the Sony WalkmanTM, Hello KittyTM, the typeface Helvetica, the Ford Model T, Harry Beck's diagrammatic map of the London Underground and the Apple iMac G3. This handsome volume provides a treasure trove of 'stories' that will shed new light on the iconic designs that we use without thinking, aspire to possess, love or hate (or love to hate) and which form part of the fabric of our everyday lives.

Low Tech Magazine 2012 2018

Author : Kris De Decker
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 49. 4 MB
Format : PDF
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Low-tech Magazine underscores the potential of past and often forgotten technologies and how they can inform sustainable energy practices. Sometimes, past technologies can be copied without any changes. More often, interesting possibilities arise when older technology is combined with new knowledge and new materials, or when past concepts and traditional knowledge are applied to modern technology. Inspiration is also to be found in the so-called “developing” world, where resource constraints often lead to inventive, low-tech solutions.

Pen And Paper User Interfaces

Author : Jürgen Steimle
ISBN : 9783642202766
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 60. 13 MB
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Even at the beginning of the 21st century, we are far from becoming paperless. Pen and paper is still the only truly ubiquitous information processing technology. Pen-and-paper user interfaces bridge the gap between paper and the digital world. Rather than replacing paper with electronic media, they seamlessly integrate both worlds in a hybrid user interface. Classical paper documents become interactive. This opens up a huge field of novel computer applications at our workplaces and in our homes. This book provides readers with a broad and extensive overview of the field, so as to provide a full and up-to-date picture of pen-and-paper computing. It covers the underlying technologies, reviews the variety of modern interface concepts and discusses future directions of pen-and-paper computing. Based on the author’s award-winning dissertation, the book also provides the first theoretical interaction model of pen-and-paper user interfaces and an integrated set of interaction techniques for knowledge workers. The model proposes a ‘construction set’ of core interactions that are helpful in designing solutions that address the diversity of pen-and-paper environments. The interaction techniques, concrete instantiations of the model, provide innovative support for working with printed and digital documents. They integrate well-established paper-based practices with concepts derived from hypertext and social media. Researchers, practitioners who are considering deploying pen-and-paper user interfaces in real-world projects, and interested readers from other research disciplines will find the book an invaluable reference source. Also, it provides an introduction to pen-and-paper computing for the academic curriculum. The present book was overdue: a thorough, concise, and well-organized compendium of marriages between paper-based and electronic documents. Max Mühlhäuser, Technische Universität Darmstadt Everyone interested in how to design for real-world activities would profit from reading this book. James D. Hollan, University of California, San Diego

Research Objects In Their Technological Setting

Author : Bernadette Bensaude Vincent
ISBN : 9781351966382
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 66 MB
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What kind of stuff is the world made of? What is the nature or substance of things? These are ontological questions, and they are usually answered with respect to the objects of science. The objects of technoscience tell a different story that concerns the power, promise and potential of things – not what they are but what they can be. Seventeen scholars from history and philosophy of science, epistemology, social anthropology, cultural studies and ethics each explore a research object in its technological setting, ranging from carbon to cardboard, from arctic ice cores to nuclear waste, from wetlands to GMO seeds, from fuel cells to the great Pacific garbage patch. Together they offer fascinating stories and novel analytic concepts, all the while opening up a space for reflecting on the specific character of technoscientific objects. With their promise of sustainable innovation and a technologically transformed future, these objects are highly charged with values and design expectations. By clarifying their mode of existence, we are learning to come to terms more generally with the furniture of the technoscientific world – where, for example, the 'dead matter' of classical physics is becoming the 'smart material' of emerging and converging technologies.

The Org

Author : Ray Fisman
ISBN : 9781400866069
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 77. 75 MB
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We create organizations because we need to get a job done—something we couldn't do alone—and join them because we’re inspired by their missions (and our paycheck). But once we’re inside, these organizations rarely feel inspirational. So where did it all go wrong? In The Org, Ray Fisman and Tim Sullivan explain the tradeoffs that every organization faces, arguing that this everyday dysfunction is actually inherent to the very nature of orgs. The Org diagnoses the root causes of that malfunction, beginning with the economic logic of why organizations exist in the first place, then working its way up through the org’s structure from the lowly cubicle to the CEO’s office. You'll learn: The purpose of meetings and why they will never go away Why even members of al Qaeda are required to submit travel and expense reports What managers are good for How the army and other orgs balance marching in lockstep with fostering innovation Why the hospital administration—not the heart surgeon—is more likely to save your life Why CEOs often spend more than 80 percent of their time in meetings—and why that's exactly where they should be (and why they get paid so much)

Effective Time Management Flash

Author : Polly Bird
ISBN : 9781444140934
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 45. 24 MB
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The books in this bite-sized new series contain no complicated techniques or tricky materials, making them ideal for the busy, the time-pressured or the merely curious. Effective Time Management is a short, simple and to-the-point guide to the art of managing your business books and accounts. In just 96 pages, Effective Time Management reveals the art of organising your life without complicated strategies, so that you are in control and have more time for the things that matter.

Paperless Joy

Author : George Dimopoulos
ISBN : 9780615243092
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 89. 70 MB
Format : PDF
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Known in the academic community as the Paperless Professor, Dimopoulos shares his experience with how to transition to and use paperless practices to become more productive and flexible in both professional and personal activities. He introduces four paperless keys to freedom to enable a freestyle living.

Managing Your E Mail

Author : Christina Cavanagh
ISBN : 9780471648536
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 66. 53 MB
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Manage information overload to save time and money E-mail is one of the most useful and efficient businessapplications ever developed. However, many people today dread thechore of sorting through an inbox crammed with messages that don'tconcern them and spam they don't want. In fact, research shows thatNorth American office workers waste up to twenty hours every weeksorting and managing their e-mail messages, causing moreproductivity loss than gain. Finally, there's a straightforwardguide dedicated to helping workers and organizations tame thee-mail monster and take back their time. Managing Your E-mail is a simple, accessible reference for workersand organizations that want to get the most out of this ubiquitousand sometimes overwhelming method of communication. With newstrategies for dealing with e-mail inefficiencies and practicaltips on getting and staying organized, it will free up hours oftime each week for what's really important. It examines thecategories and patterns of e-mail misuse and presents practical,research-based explanations, solutions, and quick tips on topicssuch as: * Best practices for responding to e-mail * When to choose more traditional communication methods overe-mail * How to structure an e-mail for high-impact * How to craft more readable and understandable messages * Legal pitfalls to avoid * Common e-mail myths * How to reduce e-mail volume in your organization

Introduction To Work And Organizational Behaviour

Author : John Bratton
ISBN : 9781137432063
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 77. 94 MB
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Do big bonuses really motivate bankers to work harder? Is it better to hire someone with a personality similar to your own? What impact does delivering 'service with a smile' have on employees? Introduction to Work and Organizational Behaviour answers all of these questions and more, offering insights into contemporary management practices and encouraging you to reflect critically on the realities of the workplace. Building on the success of the previous edition, this new edition offers: • New chapters on organizational change, and diversity and people management • Brand new Links to Management videos featuring business managers and consultants discussing topics such as perception and learning • 12 new Globalization and Organization Misbehaviour vignettes illustrating contemporary organizational practice and its impact across the world • 12 new The Reality of Work boxes providing thought-provoking examples of the interconnection between society and organizational behaviour • Over 200 new references, bringing the discussion right up to date. Visit to access examples of organizational behaviour in popular films such as The Imitation Game, as well as a guide to developing your skills in report writing and oral presentations, and Chinese translations of key vocabulary and chapter summaries.

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