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The Natural History Of A Delinquent Career

Author : Clifford Robe Shaw
ISBN : UOM:39015013097285
Genre : Chicago (Ill.)
File Size : 46. 42 MB
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Oral History And Delinquency

Author : James Bennett
ISBN : 9780226042466
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 56. 76 MB
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From Henry Mayhew's classic study of Victorian slums to Studs Terkel's presentations of ordinary people in modern America, oral history has been used to call attention to social conditions. By analyzing the nature and circumstances of the production of such histories of delinquency, James Bennett argues that oral history is a rhetorical device, consciously chosen as such, and is to be understood in terms of its persuasive powers and aims. Bennett shows how oral or life histories of juvenile delinquents have been crucial in communicating the human traits of offenders within their social context, to attract interest in resources for programs to prevent delinquency. Although life history helped to establish the discipline of sociology, Bennett suggests concepts for understanding oral histories generated in many fields.

Natural History Of A Delinquent Career

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:1091753887
Genre :
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Juvenile Delinquency

Author : James W. Burfeind
ISBN : 0763736287
Genre : Law
File Size : 82. 40 MB
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Juvenile Delinquency: An Integrated Approach provides a thorough examination of the primary theories of delinquency along with the most recent and relevant research in the field. The social contexts of delinquency--families, peers, schools, drugs, and gangs--are considered within the theoretical traditions that most actively address these arenas. With a writing style praised by reviewers and students alike, Burfeind and Bartusch do an outstanding job helping students understand juvenile delinquency.The text is divided into four main sections, containing 15 chapters. The first two sections focus on defining and describing juvenile delinquency. The third section concentrates on explaining delinquent behavior, while the fourth section considers responding to juvenile delinquency through contemporary juvenile justice systems.

Criminological Theory

Author : Stephen G. Tibbetts
ISBN : 9781412950374
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 50. 43 MB
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This book provides the best of both worlds-- authored text sections with carefully selected accompanying readings covering criminological theory from past to present and beyond. The articles, from leading journals in criminology and criminal justice, reflect both classic studies and state-of-the-art research. Key Features " Begins with an introductory chapter that presents a succinct overview of criminological theory, and briefly describes the organization and content of the book " Features 'How to Read a Research Article'--a perfect introduction to understanding how real-world research is organized and delivered in the journal literature " Includes a 'mini-chapter' for each Section, with figures and tables that present basic concepts and provide a background for the Readings that follow " Provides key terms, web resources, and thought-provoking discussion questions for each Section, along with questions for each Reading to help students develop their critical thinking skills " Instructor Resources on CD include a test bank, PowerPoint slides for each section, classroom activities, and more. " A Student study site provides additional articles, self-study quizzes, e-flashcards, and more.

The Natural History Of A Delinquent Career

Author : Clifford R. Shaw
ISBN : 0837106540
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 23. 36 MB
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Criminological Theories

Author : Imogene Moyer
ISBN : 080395851X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 27. 43 MB
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"Criminological Theories is organized in a chronological order, beginning with the 18th-century classical school - focusing on Beccaria and Bentham - and ending with the late 20th-century peacemaking perspective. In each chapter Moyer analyzes the assumptions the theorists have made about people and society and includes discussions of the cultural and historical settings in which the theories were developed, along with biographies of specific theorists and their lifetime contributions."--BOOK JACKET.

Cross National Longitudinal Research On Human Development And Criminal Behavior

Author : E. Weitekamp
ISBN : 9789401108645
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 75. 99 MB
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Background In July of 1992, approximately sixty scholars and researchers met for a week at the "Fritz Erler Akademie" in Freudenstadt, Germany, to participate in a workshop entitled "Cross-National Lon gitudinal Research on Human Development and Criminal Behavior". The participants represented 15 nations and 45 universities and research centers. Although longitudinal research in criminology has a long history, this workshop represented the first one in the field of criminology in which it was attempted to get together the main scholars in this field from around the world. The largest group of the workshop represented American scholars (19), a reflection of the fact that longitudi nal research in criminology is predominantly conducted in North America. This volume is the result of the workshop process and in particular of the invitations to participants to prepare pre or conference papers. The chapters in this volume were selected from a larger set of pre- or conference papers. As workshop conveners and volume editors, it falls to us to set some of the context for this enter prise. Longitudinal research in criminology became a major approach after the publication of the land mark study by Wolfgang, Figlio, and Sellin "Delinquency in a Birth Cohort" in 1972. Around the same time, when Wolfgang, Figlio, and Sellin started their Philadelphia cohort study, were longi tudinal studies, although different in scope and aim, launched by Shannon in the USA, West in England, Janson in Sweden, and Goppinger in Germany.

Criminality And The Modern

Author : Stephen Brauer
ISBN : 9781793608451
Genre :
File Size : 69. 59 MB
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Using modernism as a lens, Stephen Brauer examines Americans' understanding of criminality in the twentieth-century and how the powerful figure of the criminal is key to exploring cultures, social norms, and, ultimately, laws.

Juvenile Delinquency

Author : James Burfeind
ISBN : 9781317550952
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 64. 3 MB
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This book offers a comprehensive introduction to juvenile delinquency by defining and describing juvenile delinquency, examining explanations for delinquent behavior, and considering contemporary efforts to control delinquency through prevention and juvenile justice. The text cultivates an understanding of juvenile delinquency by examining and linking key criminological theories and research. Coverage includes: the historical origins and transformation of "juvenile delinquency" and juvenile justice; the nature of delinquency, addressing the extent of delinquent offenses, the social correlates of offending and victimization (age, gender, race and ethnicity, and social class), and the developmental patterns of offending; theoretical explanations of delinquency, with insights from biosocial criminology, routine activities, rational choice, social control, social learning, social structure, labeling, and critical criminologies; evidence-based practice in delinquency prevention and contemporary juvenile justice. Fully revised and updated, the new edition incorporates the latest theory and research in the field of juvenile delinquency and provides expanded discussion of contemporary juvenile justice reform, evidence-based practice in delinquency prevention, and disproportionate minority contact throughout the juvenile justice process. This book is essential reading for courses on juvenile delinquency and juvenile justice. The book is supported by a range of compelling pedagogical features. Each chapter includes key terms, learning objectives, an opening case study, box inserts that provide practical application of theory and research, critical thinking questions, suggested reading, useful websites, and a glossary of key terms. A companion website offers an array of resources for students and instructors. For students, this website provides chapter overviews, flashcards of key terms, and useful websites. The instructor site is password protected and offers a complete set of PowerPoint slides and an extensive test bank for each chapter—all prepared by the authors.

Handbook Of Career Theory

Author : Michael B. Arthur
ISBN : 9781316583326
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 41. 99 MB
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This cross-disciplinary text is designed to appeal to a diversity of social science scholars. The central focus is on new ways of viewing the career, or how working lives unfold over time. Fresh views from psychology, social psychology, sociology, anthropology, organization theory, economics, and political science are among those represented in the twenty-five chapter anthology. The design of the handbook in three parts - current approaches, new ideas, and future directions - is intended to engage the reader in the debate from which new and better career theories can be developed.

Criminal Careers And Career Criminals

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 9780309036849
Genre : Law
File Size : 70. 22 MB
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By focusing attention on individuals rather than on aggregates, this book takes a novel approach to studying criminal behavior. It develops a framework for collecting information about individual criminal careers and their parameters, reviews existing knowledge about criminal career dimensions, presents models of offending patterns, and describes how criminal career information can be used to develop and refine criminal justice policies. In addition, an agenda for future research on criminal careers is presented.

Delinquency Careers In Two Birth Cohorts

Author : Paul E. Tracy
ISBN : 9781468470505
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 66. 50 MB
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Delinquency in a Birth Cohort, published in 1972, was the first criminologi cal birth cohort study in the United States. Nils Christie, in Unge norske lovorertredere, had done the first such study as his dissertation at the University of Oslo in 1960. Professor Thorsten Sellin was the inspiration for the U.S. study. He could read Norwegian, and I could a little because I studied at the University of Oslo in my graduate years. Our interest in pursuing a birth cohort study in the United States was fostered by the encouragement of Saleem Shah who awarded us a grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to begin our birth cohort studies at the University of Pennsylvania by investigating the delinquency of the 1945 cohort. We studied this group of 9,945 boys extensively through official criminal history and school records of their juvenile years. Subsequently, we followed up the cohort as adults using both adult arrest histories and an interview of a sample of the cohort. Our follow-up study was published as From Boy to Man, From Delinquen cy to Crime in 1987.

The Jack Roller

Author : Clifford R. Shaw
ISBN : 9780226074962
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 84. 30 MB
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Vivid, authentic, this is the autobiography of a delinquent—his experiences, influences, attitudes, and values. The Jack-Roller helped to establish the life-history or "own story" as an important instrument of sociological research. The book remains as relevant today to the study and treatment of juvenile delinquency and maladjustment as it was when originally published in 1930.

Continuity And Discontinuity In Criminal Careers

Author : Paul E. Tracy
ISBN : 9781475798449
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 72. 4 MB
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It takes courage to do research on crime and delinquency. Such research is typically conducted in an atmosphere of concern about the problem it addresses and is typically justified as an attempt to discover new facts or to evaluate innovative programs or policies. When, as must often be the case, no new facts are forthcoming or innovative programs turn out not to work, hopes are dashed and time and money are felt to have been wasted. Because they take more time, longitudinal studies require even greater amounts of courage. If the potential for discovery is enhanced, so is the risk of wasted effort. Long-term longitudinal studies are thought to be especially risky for other reasons as well. Theories, issues, and sta tistical methods in vogue at the time they were planned may not be in vogue when they are finally executed. Perhaps worse, according to some perspectives, the structure of causal factors may shift during the execu tion of a longitudinal project such that in the end its findings apply to a reality that no longer exists. These fears and expectations assume an ever-changing world and a corresponding conception of research as a more or less disciplined search for news. Such ideas belittle the contributions of past research and leave us vulnerable to theories, programs, policies, and research agendas that may have only tenuous connections to research of any kind.

Boyhood And Delinquency In 1920s Chicago

Author : Roger A. Salerno
ISBN : 9781476627175
Genre : History
File Size : 81. 93 MB
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Developed by progressive social scientists in the early 20th century, the juvenile justice system in the U.S. consisted of courts and corrections aimed at reforming disorderly youth. Poor immigrant boys, roaming the streets unsupervised, were its usual subjects. Psychologists and sociologists equated maleness with innate insensitivity, lack of self-control and violent tendencies. In the belief that proper discipline would save the troubled boys from “feminization” and help control their destructive impulses, a rigid masculine authority—challenged by women activists—began to be imposed by a reactionary patriarchal system. This study of delinquency in 1920s Chicago examines the lives of boys, many of whom spent their early years incarcerated, who survived by embracing criminal personas. Predatory masculinity emerges as a source of personal struggle, and as the basis for an array of contemporary social problems, including mass violence and suicide.

The Oxford Handbook Of Career Development

Author : Peter J. Robertson
ISBN : 9780190069704
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 89. 11 MB
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"Abstract: The handbook seeks to provide a state-of-the-art reference point for the field of career development. It engages in a trans-disciplinary and international dialogue that explores current ideas and debates from a variety of viewpoints including socio-economic, political, educational, and social justice perspectives. Career development is broadly defined to encompass both individuals' experience of their own careers, and the full range of support services for career planning and transitions. The handbook is divided into three sections. The first section explores the economic, educational, and public policy contexts within which careers are enacted. The second section explores the rich conceptual landscape of career theory. The third section addresses the broad spectrum of helping practices to support both individuals and groups including career guidance, career counseling, and career learning interventions. Keywords: Career; career development, career counseling, career guidance, career learning, career theory, public policy, social justice"--

The Criminal Career

Author : Britta Kyvsgaard
ISBN : 1139434713
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 36. 7 MB
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How can the average 'criminal career' be characterized and how common are career criminals? Does offending become more specialized and/or more serious as people get older? Do female careers in crime differ from those of males in substance or only in magnitude? Britta Kyvsgaard examines these questions through her longitudinal analysis of the life circumstances and criminal pursuits of 45,000 Danish offenders. This 2002 book provides a remarkably broad assessment of the full spectrum of criminal career patterns. The data, unparalleled in size and quality, allows powerful analyses of criminal behavior, even among relatively small demographic subgroups. Kyvsgaard is thus able to make solid assessments of offending patterns for males and females, juveniles and middle-aged adults, and employed and unemployed individuals. Furthermore, she examines the empirical evidence of the effects of deterrence and incapacitation. Her findings suggest rehabilitation as an alternative worthy of further research.

The Termination Of Criminal Careers

Author : Stephen Farrall
ISBN : 9781351540049
Genre : History
File Size : 75. 27 MB
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Recent years have witnessed an increase in the attention given to the later stages of criminal careers. Research upon this topic has charted the main factors associated with the termination of criminal careers, outlined some of the possible reasons behind these relationships and started to develop theoretical explanations for such relationships. Collected together for the first time are some of the most important contributions to this field of research. The collection focuses upon the initial explorations into this topic, the most commonly observed findings, the cessation of offending by specific offender-types and theoretical matters. An introductory essay by the editor provides a thorough overview of the work in this area and highlights the reasons why the termination of criminal careers will become increasingly important to criminologists and criminal justice policy makers alike.

Studying Youth Gangs

Author : James F. Short, Jr.
ISBN : 9780759114333
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 81. 84 MB
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This absorbing new collection is an introduction to the study of gangs: how we define them, what we know and don't know about gangs. The authors offer both a domestic and international view of processes of delinquency and gang formation and identity. It is an ideal text for criminal justice, sociology and social work, and a resource for law enforcement, probation and parole practitioners, and public defenders.

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