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The On Line Study Of Sentence Comprehension

Author : Manuel Carreiras
ISBN : 9781135423940
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 58. 69 MB
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This book addresses important findings, assumptions, problems, hopes, and future guidelines on the use of advanced research techniques to study the moment-by-moment mental processes that occur while a reader or listener is understanding language. The core techniques are eye tracking and ERPs, with some extensions to others such as fMRI. The On-line Study of Sentence Comprehension has been written by top researchers in the field of psycholinguistics, who are also leading experts in the use of eye tracking and ERPs. This book combines comprehensive overviews of the state of the art on theoretical progress, the latest on assumptions behind the use of eye movements (reading and visual world) and ERPs methods with papers that address specific research questions. This work covers not only methodological issues but also discusses the theoretical progress in understanding language processing using temporally fine-grained methods.

On Sentence Interpretation

Author : Lyn Frazier
ISBN : 9789401145992
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 43. 2 MB
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At present there exists no empirically-motivated theory of how perceivers assign a grammatically-permissible interpretation to a sentence. Implicit in many investigations of language comprehension is the idea that each constituent of a sentence is interpreted by the perceiver at the earliest conceivable point, using all potentially relevant sources of information. A variety of counter examples are presented to argue against this implicit theory of sentence interpretation. It is argued that an explicit alternative theory is needed to specify which decisions are made at which points during interpretive processing and to spell out the principles governing the processor's preferred choice at points of ambiguity or uncertainty. Several specific issues are taken concerning how the processor assigns a focal structure to an input sentence, how it identifies the topic of the sentence, how implicit restrictors on the domain of quantification are interpreted and how the identification of the content of a restrictor may guide the processor's use of discourse information. Exploiting intuitions about preferred interpretations of ambiguous sentences as well as the results of both old and new experimental studies, a theory of the preferred interpretation of Determiner Phrases is presented. This work explores important, but overlooked questions in on-line sentence interpretation and attempts to erect some of the scaffolding for an eventual theory of sentence interpretation.

Reanalysis In Sentence Processing

Author : J. Fodor
ISBN : 9789401590709
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 46. 82 MB
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The topic addressed in this volume lies within the study of sentence processing, which is one of the major divisions of psycholinguistics. The goal has been to understand the structure and functioning of the mental mechanisms involved in sentence comprehension. Most of the experimental and theoretical work during the last twenty or thirty years has focused on 'first-pass parsing', the process of assigning structure to a sentence as its words are encountered, one at a time, 'from left to right' . One important guiding idea has been to delineate the processing mechanisms by studying where they fai!. For this purpose we identify types of sentences which perceivers have trouble assigning structure to. An important class of perceptually difficult senten ces are those which contain temporary ambiguities. Since the parsing mechanism cannot tell what the intended structure is, it may make an incorrect guess. Then later on in the sentence, the structure assignment process breaks down, because the later words do not fit with the incorrect structural analysis. This is called a 'garden path' situation. When it occurs, the parsing mechanism must somehow correct itself, and find a different analysis which is compatible with the incoming words. This reanalysis process is the subject of the research reported here.

Sentence Processing

Author : Roger P. G. van Gompel
ISBN : 9781135047276
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 56. 87 MB
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What are the psychological processes involved in comprehending sentences? How do we process the structure of sentences and how do we understand their meaning? Do children, bilinguals and people with language impairments process sentences in the same way as healthy monolingual adults? These are just some of the many questions that sentence processing researchers have tried to answer by conducting ever more sophisticated experiments, making this one of the most productive and exciting areas in experimental language research in recent years. This book is the first to provide a comprehensive, state-of-the-art overview of this important field. It contains 10 chapters written by world-leading experts, which discuss influential theories of sentence processing and important experimental evidence, with a focus on recent developments in the area. The chapters also analyse research that has investigated how people process the structure and meaning of sentences, and how sentences are understood within their context. This comprehensive and authoritative work will appeal to students and researchers in the field of sentence processing, as well anyone with an interest in psychology and linguistics.

Empty Categories In Sentence Processing

Author : Sam Featherston
ISBN : 9027227640
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 29. 88 MB
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Annotation Featherston (Eberhard-Karls-U., Tubingen) presents the results of three experiments on the role of empty categories--phonetically null place-holders for locally absent constituents--in sentence processing. The experiments used probe recognition, sentence matching, and event-related potentials, as well as self-paced reading. Coverage includes a discussion of the predictions of both Principles and Parameters Theory and Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com).

Sentence Comprehension

Author : David J. Townsend
ISBN : 0262700808
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 34. 43 MB
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Using sentence comprehension as a case study for all of cognitive science, David Townsend and Thomas Bever offer an integration of two major approaches, the symbolic-computational and the associative-connectionist. The symbolic-computational approach emphasizes the formal manipulation of symbols that underlies creative aspects of language behavior. The associative-connectionist approach captures the intuition that most behaviors consist of accumulated habits. The authors argue that the sentence is the natural level at which associative and symbolic information merge during comprehension. The authors develop and support an analysis-by-synthesis model that integrates associative and symbolic information in sentence comprehension. This integration resolves problems each approach faces when considered independently. The authors review classic and contemporary symbolic and associative theories of sentence comprehension, and show how recent developments in syntactic theory fit well with the integrated analysis-by-synthesis model. They offer analytic, experimental, and neurological evidence for their model and discuss its implications for broader issues in cognitive science, including the logical necessity of an integration of symbolic and connectionist approaches in the field.

The Handbook Of Psycholinguistics

Author : Eva M. Fernández
ISBN : 9781119096528
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 82. 35 MB
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Incorporating approaches from linguistics and psychology, The Handbook of Psycholinguistics explores language processing and language acquisition from an array of perspectives and features cutting edge research from cognitive science, neuroscience, and other related fields. The Handbook provides readers with a comprehensive review of the current state of the field, with an emphasis on research trends most likely to determine the shape of psycholinguistics in the years ahead. The chapters are organized into three parts, corresponding to the major areas of psycholinguists: production, comprehension, and acquisition. The collection of chapters, written by a team of international scholars, incorporates multilingual populations and neurolinguistic dimensions. Each of the three sections also features an overview chapter in which readers are introduced to the different theoretical perspectives guiding research in the area covered in that section. Timely, comprehensive, and authoritative, The Handbook of Psycholinguistics is a valuable addition to the reference shelves of researchers in psychology, linguistics, and cognitive science, as well as advanced undergraduates and graduate students interested in how language works in the human mind and how language is acquired.

The Lexical Basis Of Sentence Processing

Author : Paola Merlo
ISBN : 1588111563
Genre : Computers
File Size : 33. 12 MB
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This volume highlights current theories of the lexicon from the perspective of its use in sentence understanding. It includes work from researchers in psycholinguistic studies on sentence comprehension.

Working Memory In Sentence Comprehension

Author : Shravan Vasishth
ISBN : 9781317621195
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 50. 31 MB
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The first-ever investigation of sentence processing in Hindi, Working Memory in Sentence Comprehension studies the predictions of three existing, wide-coverage sentence processing models. In experiments that apply these models to Hindi, Shravan Vasishth develops a new sentence processing model that builds on existing theories and overcomes their empirical problems. Advancing the understanding of human parsing processes, this book is a landmark in cross-linguistic research, presenting a challenging set of sentence processing facts that will impact future theories.

Sentence Processing

Author : Merrill F. Garrett
ISBN : UOM:39015000691710
Genre : Grammar, Comparative and general
File Size : 41. 63 MB
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Perspectives On Sentence Processing

Author : Charles Clifton, Jr.
ISBN : 9781317780595
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 75. 11 MB
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One of the liveliest forums for sharing psychological, linguistic, philosophical, and computer science perspectives on psycholinguistics has been the annual meeting of the CUNY Sentence Processing Conference. Documenting the state of the art in several important approaches to sentence processing, this volume consists of selected papers that had been presented at the Sixth CUNY Conference. The editors not only present the main themes that ran through the conference but also honor the breadth of the presentations from disciplines including linguistics, experimental psychology, and computer science. The variety of sentence processing topics examined includes: * how evoked brain potentials reflect sentence comprehension * how auditory words are processed * how various sources of grammatical and nongrammatical information are coordinated and used * how sentence processing and language acquisition might be related. This distinctive volume not only presents the most exciting current work in sentence processing, but also places this research into the broader context of theorizing about it.

German Sentence Processing

Author : B. Hemforth
ISBN : 9789401596183
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 53. 16 MB
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The German language offers a variety of possibilities for asking and answering new questions in psycholinguistic sentence comprehension research. The collection of papers in this volume contributes to the increasingly relevant crosslinguistic comparison of mechanisms of human sentence processing. The topics covered are incremental structure assembly, on-line ambiguity resolution, and phonological, contextual, and working memory aspects of reanalysis. The new theoretical and experimental insights presented in this volume should be of great interest to linguists and psychologists working on human language comprehension. The introductory information provided by the authors makes the volume easily accessible to advanced students.

Language Down The Garden Path

Author : Montserrat Sanz
ISBN : 9780199677139
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 23. 77 MB
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This book traces the lines of research that grew out of Thomas Bever's "The Cognitive Basis of Linguistic Structures". Leading scientists review over 40 years of debates on the factors at play in language comprehension, production, and acquisition; the current status of universals; and virtually every topic relevant in psycholinguistics since 1970.

Sentence Comprehension Test

Author : Kevin Wheldall
ISBN : 1864083034
Genre : Comprehension
File Size : 52. 10 MB
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Understanding Word And Sentence

Author : G.B. Simpson
ISBN : 0080867316
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 34. 44 MB
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Research concerning structure and processing in the mental lexicon has achieved central prominence within cognitive psychology and psycholinguistics. Historically, however, much of the research on the lexicon focussed not on its role in language comprehension, but as a medium for studying semantic memory. This picture has changed in recent years, with much more research examining the role of lexical processes and output in language comprehension. Gathered together in this volume is the work of some of those researchers who are responsible for this shift of emphasis. Chapters deal with the role of sentence contexts in word recognition, processes involved in the activation and enhancement of lexical information, and the interaction of lexical and syntactic information in sentence processing. A wide range of theoretical and empirical issues relating to language understanding are discussed.

Automaton Theories Of Human Sentence Comprehension

Author : John T. Hale
ISBN : 1575867486
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 56. 72 MB
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How could the kinds of grammars that linguists write actually be used in models of perceptual processing? This book relates grammars to cognitive architecture. It shows how incremental parsing works, step-by-step, and how specific learning rules might lead to frequency-sensitive preferences. Along the way, Hale reconsiders garden-pathing, the parallel/serial distinction and information-theoretical complexity metrics such as surprisal. A "must" for cognitive scientists of language.

Bilingual Sentence Processing

Author : Roberto Heredia
ISBN : 0080500099
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 51. 37 MB
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Bilingual Sentence Processing

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Author : 曹廣順
ISBN : UCSD:31822041306408
Genre : Chinese language
File Size : 39. 55 MB
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Biological Psychology

Author :
ISBN : UCAL:B4884560
Genre : Psychobiology
File Size : 44. 95 MB
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Proceedings Of The West Coast Conference On Formal Linguistics

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105127763204
Genre : Linguistics
File Size : 62. 66 MB
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