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The Open Fields Of England

Author : David Hall
ISBN : 9780191007460
Genre : History
File Size : 27. 33 MB
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The Open Fields of England describes the open-field system of agriculture that operated in Medieval England before the establishment of present-day farms surrounded by hedges or walls. The volume encompasses a wide range of primary data not previously assembled, to which are added the results of new research based upon a fifty-year study of open-field remains and their related documents. The whole of England is examined, describing eight different kinds of field-system that have been identified, and relating them to their associated land-use and settlement. Details of field structure are explained, such as the demesne, the lord's land, and the tenants' holdings, as well as tenurial arrangements and farming methods. Previous explanations of open-field origins and possible antecedents to medieval fields are discussed. Various types of archaeological and historical evidence relating to Saxon-period settlements and fields are presented, followed by the development of a new theory to explain the lay-out and planned nature of many field systems found in the central belt of England. Of particular interest is the Gazetteer, which is organized by historic counties. Each county has a summary of its fields, including tabulated data and sources for future research, touching on the demesne, yardland size, work-service, assarts, and physical remains of ridge and furrow. The Gazetteer acts as a national hand-list of field systems, opening the subject up to further research and essential to scholars of medieval agriculture.

Open Field Farming In Medieval England

Author : Warren O. Ault
ISBN : 0415377897
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 36. 41 MB
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This book presents a detailed account of the co-operative practice of agriculture in medieval England, shedding much light on how medieval villagers governed their own affairs. During this period co-operation was essential in ploughing, sowing and reaping, with communal control of the pasturing of the fallow and stubble. These practices were set out in customary by-laws which were agreed to by common consent and villages themselves were greatly involved with their enactment and enforcement. In the course of time, many of the by-laws were put into writing. Professor Ault has travelled extensively throughout England collecting and researching these agrarian ordinances and translating them into modern English. Since it was first published in 1972 this analysis has provided new insight into the organizational structure and governance of medieval villages in England and is essential reading for all those interested in the history of the Middle Ages.

Open Field Farming In Medieval Europe

Author : Warren Ault
ISBN : 9781136583353
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 54. 40 MB
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This book presents a detailed account of the co-operative practice of agriculture in medieval England, shedding much light on how medieval villagers governed their own affairs. During this period co-operation was essential in ploughing, sowing and reaping, with communal control of the pasturing of the fallow and stubble. These practices were set out in customary by-laws which were agreed to by common consent and villages themselves were greatly involved with their enactment and enforcement. In the course of time, many of the by-laws were put into writing. Professor Ault has travelled extensively throughout England collecting and researching these agrarian ordinances and translating them into modern English. Since it was first published in 1972 this analysis has provided new insight into the organizational structure and governance of medieval villages in England and is essential reading for all those interested in the history of the Middle Ages.

The Tithe Surveys Of England And Wales

Author : Roger J. P. Kain
ISBN : 0521024315
Genre : History
File Size : 30. 97 MB
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This book describes the nature of tithe payments, the Tithe Commutation Act of 1836 and the survey of over 11,000 parishes.

The Origins Of Open Field Agriculture

Author : Trevor Rowley
ISBN : 9780429602351
Genre : History
File Size : 76. 13 MB
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Originally published in 1981, The Origins of Open Field Agriculture looks at the problems connected with open field agriculture – the origins of strip cultivation, the three-field system, the adaptation of ‘Celtic’ fields, and the development of ploughing techniques. The book looks at the challenges to traditional ideas on the origins of settlement and their associated economy, and casts new light on understandings of village development. The book suggests that conventional views of the nucleated village, in the midst of open field strips as a product of the Anglo-Saxon migration, is no longer tenable. The book brings together the work of distinguished archaeologists, historians, and historical geographers and opens up a new perspective on the early development of medieval agriculture.

The Agrarian History Of England And Wales Volume 2 1042 1350

Author : H. E. Hallam
ISBN : 0521200733
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 48. 12 MB
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The agrarian history of England and Wales from pre-Norman times to the outbreak of the Black Death.

The Story Of England

Author : Michael Wood
ISBN : 9780141961156
Genre : History
File Size : 49. 50 MB
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The village of Kibworth in Leicestershire lies at the very centre of England. It has a church, some pubs, the Grand Union Canal, a First World War Memorial - and many centuries of recorded history. In the thirteenth century the village was bought by William de Merton, who later founded Merton College, Oxford, with the result that documents covering 750 years of village history are lodged at the college. Building on this unique archive, and enlisting the help of the current inhabitants of Kibworth, with a village-wide archeological dig, with the first complete DNA profile of an English village and with use of local materials like family memorabilia, Michael Wood tells the extraordinary story of one English community over fifteen centuries, from the moment that the Roman Emperor Honorius sent his famous letter in 410 advising the English to look to their own defences to the village as it is today. The story of Kibworth is the story of England itself, a 'Who Do You Think You Are?' for the entire nation. It is the subject of a six-part BBC tv series to be shown in autumn 2010.

The Open Fields

Author : Charles Stewart Orwin
ISBN : UOM:39015013926103
Genre : Agriculture
File Size : 47. 62 MB
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The Making Of The British Landscape

Author : Francis Pryor
ISBN : 9780141943367
Genre : History
File Size : 84. 24 MB
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This is the changing story of Britain as it has been preserved in our fields, roads, buildings, towns and villages, mountains, forests and islands. From our suburban streets that still trace out the boundaries of long vanished farms to the Norfolk Broads, formed when medieval peat pits flooded, from the ceremonial landscapes of Stonehenge to the spread of the railways - evidence of how man's effect on Britain is everywhere. In The Making of the British Landscape, eminent historian, archaeologist and farmer, Francis Pryor explains how to read these clues to understand the fascinating history of our land and of how people have lived on it throughout time. Covering both the urban and rural and packed with pictures, maps and drawings showing everything from how we can still pick out Bronze Age fields on Bodmin Moor to how the Industrial Revolution really changed our landscape, this book makes us look afresh at our surroundings and really see them for the first time.

Tradition And Transformation In Anglo Saxon England

Author : Susan Oosthuizen
ISBN : 9781472505361
Genre : History
File Size : 60. 15 MB
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Most people believe that traditional landscapes did not survive the collapse of Roman Britain, and that medieval open fields and commons originated in Anglo-Saxon innovations unsullied by the past. The argument presented here tests that belief by contrasting the form and management of early medieval fields and pastures with those of the prehistoric and Roman landscapes they are supposed to have superseded. The comparison reveals unexpected continuities in the layout and management of arable and pasture from the fourth millennium BC to the Norman Conquest. The results suggest a new paradigm: the collective organisation of agricultural resources originated many centuries, perhaps millennia, before Germanic migrants reached Britain. In many places, medieval open fields and common rights over pasture preserved long-standing traditions for organising community assets. In central, southern England, a negotiated compromise between early medieval lords eager to introduce new managerial structures and communities as keen to retain their customary traditions of landscape organisation underpinned the emergence of nucleated settlements and distinctive, highly-regulated open fields.

The Rural Economy Of England

Author : Joan Thirsk
ISBN : 9780907628293
Genre : History
File Size : 22. 60 MB
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No one has done more to emphasise the significance of the land in early modern England that Joan Thirsk, whose writings are both an important contribution to its history and point the way for future research. The subjects of this collection include the origin and nature of the common fields, Tudor enclosures, the Commonwealth confiscation of Royalist land and its subsequent return after the Restoration, inheritance customs, and the role of industries in the rural economy, among them stocking knitting.

Enclosures And The Open Fields

Author : James Gordon Brewer
ISBN : CORNELL:31924014478915
Genre : Inclosures
File Size : 84. 49 MB
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Medieval England

Author : M. W. Beresford
ISBN : 0521219612
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 21. 10 MB
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This book discusses in detail some aspects of life in medieval England still to be seen in the landscape. The perspective of the air photograph conveys a fresh understanding of the physical setting of medieval society, of the interaction between communities and the land upon which they settled and of the varying pattern of the social and economic fabric of the country.

Across The Open Field

Author : Laurie Olin
ISBN : 0812207866
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 32. 5 MB
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"Twenty-eight years ago I went to England for a three-month visit and rest. What I found changed my life." So begins this memoir by one of America's best-known landscape architects, Laurie Olin. Raised in a frontier town in Alaska, trained in Seattle and New York, Olin found himself dissatisfied with his job as an urban architect and accepted an invitation to England to take a respite from work. What he found, in abundance, was the serendipity of a human environment built over time to respond to the land's own character and to the people who lived and worked there. For Olin, the English countryside was a palimpsest of the most eloquent and moving sort, yet whose manifestation was of ordinary buildings meant to shelter their inhabitants and further their work. With evocative language and exquisite line drawings, the author takes us back to his introduction to the scenes of English country towns, their ancient universities, meandering waterways, and dramatic cloudscapes racing in from the Atlantic. He limns the geologic histories found within the rock, the near-forgotten histories of place-names, and the recent histories of train lines and auto routes. Comparing the growth of building in the English countryside, Olin draws some sobering conclusions about our modern lifestyle and its increasing separation from the landscape. As much a plea for saving the modern American landscape as it is a passionate exploration of what makes the English landscape so characteristically English, Across the Open Field is "an affectionate ramble through real places of lasting worth."

The Statutes At Large Of England And Of Great Britain

Author : Great Britain
ISBN : PRNC:32101017211572
Genre : Law
File Size : 51. 99 MB
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The English Village Community Examined In Its Relations To The Manorial And Tribal Systems And To The Common Or Open Field System Of Husbandry

Author : Frederic Seebohm
ISBN : HARVARD:HWABAC
Genre : Land tenure
File Size : 38. 22 MB
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Rural England 1066 1348

Author : H. E. Hallam
ISBN : UCAL:B5033219
Genre : Agriculture
File Size : 66. 25 MB
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Anglo Saxon England

Author : Frank Merry Stenton
ISBN : 0192801392
Genre : History
File Size : 42. 88 MB
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This book covers the emergence of the earliest English kingdoms to the establishment of the Anglo-Norman monarchy in 1087. Professor Stenton examines the development of English society, describes the chief phases in the history of the Anglo-Saxon Church, and studies the unification of Britain begun by the kings of Mercia, and completed by the kings of Wessex. The result is a fascinating insight into this period of English history.

Publications; Philology And Literature

Author : University of Pennsylvania
ISBN : UCAL:B4015672
Genre :
File Size : 73. 73 MB
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Journal Of The Royal Agricultural Society Of England

Author : Royal Agricultural Society of England
ISBN : HARVARD:32044089548689
Genre : Agriculture
File Size : 59. 62 MB
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Vols. for 1933- include the societys Farmers' guide to agricultural research.

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