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The Origins Of Religion In The Paleolithic

Author : Gregory J. Wightman
ISBN : 9781442242906
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 71. 29 MB
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How did religion emerge—and why? What are the links between behavior, environment, and religiosity? Diving millions of years into the past, to a time when human ancestors began grappling with issues of safety, worth, identity, loss, power, and meaning in complex and difficult environments, GregoryJ. Wightman explores the significance of goal-directed action and the rise of material culture for the advent of religiosity and ritual. The book opens by tackling questions of cognitive evolution and group psychology, and how these ideas can integrate with archaeological evidence such as stone tools, shell beads, and graves. In turn, it focuses on how human ancestors engaged with their environments, how those engagements became routine, and how, eventually, certain routines took on a recognizably ritualistic flavor. Wightman also critically examines the very real constraints on drawing inferences about prehistoric belief systems solely from limited material residues. Nevertheless, Wightman argues that symbolic objects are not merely illustrative of religion, but also constitutive of it; in the continual dance between brain and behavior, between internal and external environments, lie the seeds of ritual and religion. Weaving together insights from archaeology; anthropology; cognitive and cultural neuroscience; history and philosophy of religions; and evolutionary, social, and developmental psychology, Wightman provides an intricate, evidence-based understanding of religion’s earliest origins.

In The Beginning

Author : John Henry Morgan
ISBN : STANFORD:36105124075651
Genre : Religion
File Size : 59. 43 MB
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"This study explores the origins of religious consciousness by means of a systematic analysis of the ritualized burial of the dead and cave art as evidenced in Paleolithic remains. It is suggested here that religion is a natural manifestation of emerging human consciousness demonstrated by empirical archeological artifacts as an integral component to cultural evolution"--Provided by publisher.

Religion In Human Evolution

Author : Robert N. Bellah
ISBN : 9780674061439
Genre : History
File Size : 52. 86 MB
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This ambitious book probes our biological past to discover the kinds of lives that human beings have imagined were worth living. Bellah’s theory goes deep into cultural and genetic evolution to identify a range of capacities (communal dancing, storytelling, theorizing) whose emergence made religious development possible in the first millennium BCE.

The Origins Of Religions

Author : Julien Ries
ISBN : UOM:39015032148457
Genre : Religion
File Size : 21. 28 MB
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This attractively illustrated volume is the first comprehensive work for general readers on the origins of humankind's religious nature. By examining the footprints along the course of humanity's religious journey, Julien Ries is able to effectively counter attempts to root the origins of religion in evolutionary, ethnological, and sociological causes. His study uncovers the presence of a religious sense in humankind from our very first appearance on earth and shows that an inner religious structure is in fact an essential characteristic of our being human: homo religiosus. The Origins of Religions opens with a look at prehistoric man's first steps on the planet, then moves on to examine the cultic rituals, artistic expression, and expanding mythology that developed throughout the Paleolithic and Neolithic epochs. In these simple yet immensely meaningful religious practices we find the precursors to the development of systematic religion in the cultures of Sumero-Babylonia, pharaonic Egypt, China, Indo-Europe, and India, which in turn culminates in the birth of the three great monotheistic religions - Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

Anthropology And Religion

Author : Robert L. Winzeler
ISBN : 0759110468
Genre : Religion
File Size : 21. 53 MB
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Drawing from ethnographic examples found throughout the world, this text covers what anthropologists know or think about religion, how they have studied it, and how they interpret or explain it. A key text for students of upper division courses in the anthropological study of religion.

Prehistoric Religion

Author : Source Wikipedia
ISBN : 1230835903
Genre :
File Size : 78. 34 MB
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 31. Chapters: Evolutionary origin of religions, Matriarchy, Minoan religion, Mother goddess, Paleolithic religion, Religion and ritual of the Cucuteni-Trypillian culture, Urreligion. Excerpt: Matriarchy is a society in which females, especially mothers, have the central roles of political leadership, moral authority, and control of property. It is also sometimes called a gynarchy, a gynocracy, a gynecocracy, or a gynocentric society. The term for males is patriarchy, but, in feminist theory, it is not exactly a parallel term. Most anthropologists hold that there are no known societies that are unambiguously matriarchal, but possible exceptions include the Iroquois, in whose society mothers exercise central moral and political roles. According to Heide Goettner-Abendroth, this reluctance to accept the existence of matriarchies might be based on a specific, culturally biased notion of how to define matriarchy: because in a patriarchy 'men rule over women', a matriarchy has frequently been conceptualized as 'women ruling over men'. Goettner-Abendroth believed that matriarchies are egalitarian. There are also matrilinear, matrilocal, and avunculocal societies, especially among indigenous peoples of the Americas, Asia, and Africa, such as those of the Minangkabau, E De (Rhade), Mosuo, Berbers and Tuareg and, in Europe, e.g., traditionally among Sardinian people. Strongly matrilocal societies sometimes are referred to as matrifocal, and there is some debate concerning the terminological delineation between matrifocality and matriarchy. Even in patriarchical systems of male-preference primogeniture, there may occasionally be queens regnant. In 19th century Western scholarship, the hypothesis of matriarchy representing an early stage of human development-now mostly lost in prehistory, with the exception of some so-called primitive...

Encyclopedia Of Religion And Nature

Author : Bron Taylor
ISBN : 9781441122780
Genre : Religion
File Size : 76. 43 MB
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The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature, originally published in 2005, is a landmark work in the burgeoning field of religion and nature. It covers a vast and interdisciplinary range of material, from thinkers to religious traditions and beyond, with clarity and style. Widely praised by reviewers and the recipient of two reference work awards since its publication (see, this new, more affordable version is a must-have book for anyone interested in the manifold and fascinating links between religion and nature, in all their many senses.

An Iconography Of Western Religions

Author : Pietro Gaietto
ISBN : 9780244953065
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 43 MB
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"Offering a great wealth of photographic material, OAn Iconography of Western Religions" by Pietro Gaietto reconstructs the origins and iconographic evolution of Western religious images. He has researched the origins and evolution of Paleolithic art which, Gaietto affirms, is the foundation from which Western religious images have evolved. GaiettoOs careful reconstruction allows you to appreciate over time the constant stylistic evolution -- that is, the deformation of images which from time to time has produced a new type of beauty. The thrust of the book concerns three-dimensional art and the evolution of Western religions.

The Holiest Lie Ever

Author : Alexander Smith
ISBN : 9781466945838
Genre : Religion
File Size : 25. 92 MB
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The Holiest Lie Ever is made up of controversial material pertaining to religion and all the facts. It reveals the truth behind many religious aspects that have become distorted over time and predominantly focuses on Christianity. The material is both informative and insightful. This book is intended for anyone who belongs to a religious entity or is interested in learning about the truth of where religion comes from and why it has transformed into the form that it has taken today.

A History Of Religious Ideas Volume 1

Author : Mircea Eliade
ISBN : 9780226147697
Genre : Religion
File Size : 78. 99 MB
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“Everyone who cares about the human adventure will find new information and new angles of vision.”—Martin E. Marty, The New York Times Book Review This extraordinary work delves into the subject of religion in the prehistoric and ancient worlds—humankind’s earliest quests for meaning. From Neanderthal burials to the mythology of the Iron Age, to the religions of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, Israel, India, and beyond, it offers both an appreciation of the wide-ranging diversity of religious expression—and a consideration of the fundamental unity of religious phenomena. “Will arouse the interest of all historians of western religion, since it includes chapters on the religions of Canaan and Israel. However, the book must be read cover to cover if one wants to grasp the significance of its gigantic historical scope.”—Church History

The Lost Civilizations Of The Stone Age

Author : Richard Rudgley
ISBN : 9780684862705
Genre : History
File Size : 45. 99 MB
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A British scholar challenges the conventional view of the Stone Age as minimally civilized, pointing out the many advances of its peoples, from their maps of the constellations to their innovations in boat building.

History Of Civilization The Modern World; Or Civilization Of To Day

Author : Emory Adams Allen
ISBN : MINN:31951002180762S
Genre : Civilization
File Size : 43. 57 MB
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The Humanist Society

Author : Joseph Sassoon
ISBN : 9781491731505
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 46. 84 MB
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What accounts for the rise and fall of so many civilizations—especially when some of them held more political power than their rivals? Author Joseph Sassoon tackles this question and many others in this, his second volume on self-actualization. As a missionary for humanism, he explores the social conditions that are necessary for the greatest number of people to achieve self-actualization. In presenting his theories, he reviews the work of major thinkers, including Kurt Goldstein and his landmark book, Human Nature in the Light of Psychopathology; Charles Darwin; Buddha; and many others. Sassoon explores the answers to key questions: • What is society’s role in helping individuals move toward self-actualization? • What benefits would society enjoy if more people achieved their potential? • What are the main characteristics of a humanist code? • What can we do to promote humanist values? A third volume in this series will establish the conditions required to bring about a world federalism based on humanism. In a changing world with competing ideologies, it is more important than ever to establish the importance of humanist values. In this study, Sassoon describes a step-by-step social arrangement leading to self-actualization for the greatest number of people in society.

The Paleolithic Paradigm

Author : Terry Stocker
ISBN : 9781449022921
Genre : Religion
File Size : 80. 72 MB
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The Paleolithic Paradigm takes us one step further in the nature/nurture debate. Certainly a certain percentage of our behaviors are biologically based. However, culture has the power to override much in genetic commands. The Amish exemplify this, no matter how much "we" qualify them as "quaint." Painting with a wide post-modern paint brush, Stocker takes on a journey through four cultures to show how different people can be. He offers the analogy: our genetic structure is the framework of any house. How we cover and decorate that frame is often the product of ancient traditions. However, we are all products of the same cognitive processes, thus explaining why we take ideas put into our heads as children to the grave whether we accept them, reject them, or alter them. It is this commonality the author examines. Accordingly, he wants to know, if we understand our cognition processes, can we change out behavior at will?

Man Embracing His Origin Antiquity Primitive Condition Races Languages Religions Superstitions Customs Peculiarities Civilization Nature And Constitution Physical Structure The Care And Preservation Of The Body The Mental And Moral Faculties Etc Etc

Author : George Dallas Lind
ISBN : UCAL:B3128379
Genre : Anthropology
File Size : 27. 73 MB
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The Dawn Of Belief

Author : D. Bruce Dickson
ISBN : 0816513368
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 67. 23 MB
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Hunter-gatherers of the Upper Paleolithic period of the late Pleistocene epoch in western Europe left a legacy of cave paintings and material remains that have long fascinated modern man. This book draws on theories derived from cultural anthropology and cognitive archaeology to propose a reconstruction of the religious life of those people based on the patterning and provenience of their artifacts. Based on the premises that all members of Homo sapiens sapiens share basically similar psychological processes and capabilities and that human culture is patterned, the author uses ethnographic analogy, inference from material patterns, and formal analysis to find in prehistoric imagery clues to the cosmology that lay behind them. The resulting book is an intriguing speculation on the nature of paleolithic religion, offering scholars a valuable synthesis of anthropological, archaeological, and sociological research, and general readers an accessible account of how our forebears may have regarded the unknown. "A well-written and intellectually rigorous introduction. If you are curious about prehistory, you will enjoy it." —Wilson Library Bulletin "Most interesting to those scholars interested in seeking materialist foundations or ecological explanations for religious practices." —American Antiquity "A well-written and concise account of what has recently been achieved by the investigations of spiritual life of the Earth's most ancient human communities." —Archiv Orientalni (Czechoslovakia)

The Origin And Evolution Of Humans And Humanness

Author : D. Tab Rasmussen
ISBN : 0867208570
Genre : Medical
File Size : 76. 76 MB
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This volume represents the proceedings of the Irving Stone Memorial Symposium on "The Origin of Humans and Humanness." Scientists in the fields of anthropology, archaeology, biology and ecology were invited to discuss their research concerning the how's, where's and why's of the evolutionary history of humans. Using our knowledge of the behavior and reproduction of living primates, chapter 1 describes what made the earliest human-like animals of 4 million years ago different from their ape relatives. While showing how the science of paleontology works, the origin of our genus, Homo, is discussed in chapter 2. With emphasis on those humans who first made regular use of stone tools some 2 million years ago, chapter 3 interprets ancient human behavior and ecology from an archeological perspective. Tools from genetics, molecular biology, archaeology and paleontology are used to examine the origin of modern Homo sapiens in chapter 4. Chapter 5 looks at the artistry of Ice Age craftsmen. Finally, using computer methods, chapter 6 delves into the complex issue of how does human behavior change, and what is the relationship between biological and cultural evolution?

Circles Of Meaning Labyrinths Of Fear

Author : Brendan Myers
ISBN : 9781846947469
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 82. 20 MB
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You’ve heard of sacred places, writings, relics, and rituals, holy days and magical times of year. But these are actually representations of relationships that people have with each other and the elements of the world. Some of these relationships environmental: they involve landscapes, animals, and the streets of your home town. Some are personal, such as families, friends, and elders. Some are public, involving musicians, storytellers, medical doctors, and even soldiers. This book studies twenty-two relationships, from a variety of traditions, and shows their place in ‘the good life’. Yet these relations are always fragile, and threatened by fears, from the fear of loneliness, to the fear of the loss of personal or political freedom, to the fear of death. To escape from these fears, people often trap themselves into ways of life that are bad for everyone, including themselves. This book studies how that happens, and how to prevent it. More than beliefs, laws, and teachings, our relationships are the true basis of spirituality, and freedom.

Religion An Antropological View

Genre :
File Size : 59. 22 MB
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Catholic Spirituality And The History Of Religions

Author : Denise Lardner Carmody
ISBN : IND:30000027302060
Genre : Religion
File Size : 75. 36 MB
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Offers a balanced view of how Catholics should regard the contribution of oher religions to their own spirituality.

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