the polish few

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The Polish Few

Author : Peter Sikora
ISBN : 152671485X
Genre :
File Size : 33. 67 MB
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They came to fight for freedom and their country, they came to fight Germans. Men of the Polish Air Force, who had escaped first to France and then to Britain, to fly alongside the Royal Air Force just as Fighter Command faced its greatest challenge - the Battle of Britain. Many of the Polish airmen joined existing RAF squadrons. The Poles also formed their own squadrons, but only four became operational during the Battle of Britain: Nos. 300 and 301, were bomber squadrons, with another two, Nos. 302 and 303, being fighter squadrons. Flying Hawker Hurricanes, both 302 and 303 squadrons were active by the middle of August 1940, just when they were most needed, at the height of the Battle of Britain, with Fighter Command stretched to its limit. The Polish squadrons, battle-hardened from their encounters with the Luftwaffe during the invasion of Poland and Battle of France, soon made their mark. In particular, 303 Squadron become the highest-scoring unit of Fighter Command. In total, 145 Polish pilots, the largest non-British contingent in Fighter Command at the time, fought in the Battle of Britain. While Winston Churchill praised the contribution of the 'Few', the pilots of many nationalities who had defended Britain, Air Chief Marshal Sir Hugh Dowding was more specific: 'Had it not been for the magnificent material contributed by the Polish squadrons and their unsurpassed gallantry, I hesitate to say that the outcome of the Battle would have been the same.'

A Chosen Few

Author : Mark Kurlansky
ISBN : 9780307482891
Genre : History
File Size : 66. 79 MB
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A POWERFUL, DEEPLY MOVING NARRATIVE OF HOPE REBORN IN THE SHADOW OF DESPAIR Fifty years after it was bombed to rubble, Berlin is once again a city in which Jews gather for the Passover seder. Paris and Antwerp have recently emerged as important new centers of Jewish culture. Small but proud Jewish communities are revitalizing the ancient centers of Budapest, Prague, and Amsterdam. These brave, determined Jewish men and women have chosen to settle–or remain–in Europe after the devastation of the Holocaust, but they have paid a price. Among the unexpected dangers, they have had to cope with an alarming resurgence of Nazism in Europe, the spread of Arab terrorism, and the impact of the Jewish state on European life. Delving into the intimate stories of European Jews from all walks of life, Kurlansky weaves together a vivid tapestry of individuals sustaining their traditions, and flourishing, in the shadow of history. An inspiring story of a tenacious people who have rebuilt their lives in the face of incomprehensible horror, A Chosen Few is a testament to cultural survival and a celebration of the deep bonds that endure between Jews and European civilization. “Consistently absorbing . . . A Chosen Few investigates the relatively uncharted territory of an encouraging phenomenon.” –Los Angeles Times “I can think of no book that portrays with such intelligence, historical understanding, and journalistic flair what life has been like for Jews determined to build lives in Europe.” –SUSAN MIRON Forward From the Trade Paperback edition.

The Polish Community Of Gary

Author : John C. Trafny
ISBN : 9781439628072
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 24. 17 MB
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The Polish Community of Gary is a vibrantly illustrated tale of the history of the Midwest's Steel City and its Polish-Catholic residents. It reveals the journey of hopeful and hard-working Polish immigrants who arrived in the early 1900s, established an ethnic community, and adapted to the American way of life. This fascinating photographic compilation of almost 200 images features various past and present residents of Gary. It examines the city's diverse ethnic groups and religious denominations, offering a glimpse of a life very different from that of today. Along with detailed captions, The Polish Community of Gary offers the rare chance to experience the history of Polish Gary, bringing its exciting past alive again. Author John Trafny traces the story of past trials, tribulations, and triumphs with skill, compassion, and an insider's eye.

The Polish Presence In North Western Quebec

Author : HENRY WALOSIK
ISBN : 9781499016741
Genre : History
File Size : 24. 31 MB
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In 1950, five years after World War 2, thousands of Polish nationals were stranded in refugee camps in Germany. They had been brought there as prisoners of war and were put to work on German farms to grow food for the war effort. The Poles were liberated by the Americans and were trying to put their lives back together. A great number of them did not seek to return to the homeland because of its degree of destruction. Instead, a great number of them sought to emigrate to Canada, more specifically North-western Quebec, where there were plenty of job openings in the mining sector that was in a gold rush. This move was a brave one, taking them thousands of miles from the homeland. A new era began for these rather adventurous individuals. Finally, they could work and enjoy life like every human being should. Thus began a family line that spans across four generations and will see the fifth generation soon.

A Salute To One Of The Few

Author : Simon St John Beer
ISBN : 9781844158768
Genre : History
File Size : 80. 75 MB
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In a quiet churchyard in Amersham is the grave of an airman who lost his life fighting in the skies over southern England in October 1940. The author happened to come across this grave in 1998 and after some initial enquiries discovered that nobody in the town was aware that 'One of the Few' Battle of Britain pilots lay at rest in their parish. He determined to discover more about the short life of this hero and undertook several years of research to piece together this biography. Peter joined the RAF in November 1937 on a four-year short service commission at the age of twenty. In July 1938 he was posted to No. 87 Squadron being equipped with the then new Hawker Hurricane fighter. After war had been declared the Squadron was posted to Boos in France in support of the British Expeditionary Force, becoming operational on 10 September 1939. In March 1940 he was transferred to 501 Squadron in Tangmere and then again in April to 74 Squadron as an operational pilot at Hornchurch, equipped with Spitfires. It was from here that he fought his part in the Battle of Britain. For those who may have forgotten 'The Few', this stirring and yet sad story tells of the all-too-short life of one of the 544 young men who gave everything to defend Great Britain from Nazi aggression.

The Polish Chiefs

Author : Author of Sketches of character
ISBN : OSU:32435020180907
Genre : Poland
File Size : 81. 94 MB
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The Polish Swan Triumphant

Author : George Gömöri
ISBN : 9781443854245
Genre : History
File Size : 71. 4 MB
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This present collection of George Gömöri’s essays covers several centuries of Polish literature and its reception abroad. The first three essays are devoted to Jan Kochanowski, the greatest poet of the Polish Renaissance, followed by shorter pieces on Stefan Batory, King of Poland from 1576 to 1586, whom Montaigne thought to be ‘one of the greatest princes of our age’. This is followed by a comparative essay on the Pole Mikołaj Sęp Szarzyński and the Hungarian poet Bálint Balassi, both important poets of the late sixteenth century, and an essay with an Amendment, investigating Sir Philip Sidney’s little-researched visits to Hungary and Poland. A substantial part of the book is devoted to the Baroque period, first on the poet Hieronim Morsztyn, recently rediscovered in Poland. A long essay analyses his first important work, Worldly Delights, a poem which illustrates the transition from the classical models of the late Renaissance to Baroque poetics. The following part of the book examines the huge impact that the neo-Latin poet Maciej Kazimierz Sarbiewski made on more than one English poet of the seventeenth-century, while also explaining the political reasons for his warm reception in England. “The Verse Letter of the Polish Baroque” follows the development of this interesting genre from Daniel Naborowski to Jan Andrzej Morsztyn. The final part of the book deals with the great precursor of modern Polish poetry, Cyprian Norwid (1821–1883). The final essays in this collection investigate Norwid’s views on Lord Byron, expressed both in his poetry and his public lectures in Paris, as well as the complex views of the Polish poet on nineteenth-century England, which he only briefly visited, and the United States where he resided for two years.

Travels Through Some Parts Of Germany Poland Moldavia And Turkey

Author : Adam Neale
ISBN : OXFORD:590713449
Genre :
File Size : 28. 98 MB
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The History Of Polish Literature

Author : Czesław Miłosz
ISBN : 0520044770
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 76. 4 MB
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This book is a survey of Polish letters and culture from its beginnings to modern times. Czeslaw Milosz updated this edition in 1983 and added an epilogue to bring the discussion up to date.

The Polish Exile Being An Historical Statistical Political And Literary Account Of Poland

Author : Feliks Napoleon Żaba
ISBN : NYPL:33433033768825
Genre : Poland
File Size : 26. 68 MB
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