the poor and the perfect the rise of learning in the franciscan order 1209 1310

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The Poor And The Perfect

Author : Neslihan Şenocak
ISBN : 9780801464713
Genre : History
File Size : 67. 22 MB
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One of the enduring ironies of medieval history is the fact that a group of Italian lay penitents, begging in sackcloths, led by a man who called himself simple and ignorant, turned in a short time into a very popular and respectable order, featuring cardinals and university professors among its ranks. Within a century of its foundation, the Order of Friars Minor could claim hundreds of permanent houses, schools, and libraries across Europe; indeed, alongside the Dominicans, they attracted the best minds and produced many outstanding scholars who were at the forefront of Western philosophical and religious thought. In The Poor and the Perfect, Neslihan Şenocak provides a grand narrative of this fascinating story in which the quintessential Franciscan virtue of simplicity gradually lost its place to learning, while studying came to be considered an integral part of evangelical perfection. Not surprisingly, turmoil accompanied this rise of learning in Francis’s order. Şenocak shows how a constant emphasis on humility was unable to prevent the creation within the Order of a culture that increasingly saw education as a means to acquire prestige and domination. The damage to the diversity and equality among the early Franciscan community proved to be irreparable. But the consequences of this transformation went far beyond the Order: it contributed to a paradigm shift in the relationship between the clergy and the schools and eventually led to the association of learning with sanctity in the medieval world. As Şenocak demonstrates, this episode of Franciscan history is a microhistory of the rise of learning in the West.

Franciscan Learning Preaching And Mission C 1220 1650

Author : Bert Roest
ISBN : 9789004280731
Genre : History
File Size : 49. 49 MB
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In this volume, Bert Roest discusses many issues pertaining to the organization of learning in the Franciscan order, and the ways in which this order engaged in pastoral and missionary activities in confrontation with the rise of Protestantism.

The English Province Of The Franciscans 1224 C 1350

Author :
ISBN : 9789004331624
Genre : History
File Size : 41. 60 MB
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The English province of the Franciscans (1224-c.1350) provides a series of stimulating studies by an international team of scholars, who consider the rich diversity of the friars’ ministry in England, especially their impact upon the local Church, society and the universities.

The Intellectual Properties Of Learning

Author : John Willinsky
ISBN : 9780226488080
Genre : History
File Size : 51. 26 MB
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Providing a sweeping millennium-plus history of the learned book in the West, John Willinsky puts current debates over intellectual property into context, asking what it is about learning that helped to create the concept even as it gave the products of knowledge a different legal and economic standing than other sorts of property. Willinsky begins with Saint Jerome in the fifth century, then traces the evolution of reading, writing, and editing practices in monasteries, schools, universities, and among independent scholars through the medieval period and into the Renaissance. He delves into the influx of Islamic learning and the rediscovery of classical texts, the dissolution of the monasteries, and the founding of the Bodleian Library before finally arriving at John Locke, whose influential lobbying helped bring about the first copyright law, the Statute of Anne of 1710. Willinsky’s bravura tour through this history shows that learning gave rise to our idea of intellectual property while remaining distinct from, if not wholly uncompromised by, the commercial economy that this concept inspired, making it clear that today’s push for marketable intellectual property threatens the very nature of the quest for learning on which it rests.

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