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The Privatization Of Space Exploration

Author : Lewis D. Solomon
ISBN : 9781351476348
Genre : Computers
File Size : 64. 47 MB
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Space was at the center of America's imagination in the 1960s. President John F. Kennedy's visionary statement captured the mood of the day: "We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard." The Apollo mission's success in July 1969 made almost anything seem possible, but the Cold War made space flight the province of governmental agencies in the United States. When the Apollo program ended in 1972, space lost its hold on the public interest, as the great achievements wound down. Entrepreneurs are beginning to pick up the slack-looking for safer, more reliable, and more cost effective ways of exploring space. Entrepreneurial activity may make create a renaissance in human spaceflight. The private sector can energize the quest for space exploration and shape the race for the final frontier. Space entrepreneurs and private sector firms are making significant innovations in space travel. They have plans for future tourism in space and safer shuttles. Solomon details current US and international laws dealing with space use, settlement, and exploration, and offers policy recommendations to facilitate privatization. As private enterprise takes hold, it threatens to change the space landscape forever. Individuals are designing spacecraft, start-up companies are testing prototypes, and reservations are being taken for suborbital space flights. With for-profit enterprises carving out a new realm, it is entirely possible that space will one day be a sea of hotels and/or a repository of resources for big business. It is important that regulations are in place for this eventuality. These new developments have great importance, huge implications, and urgency for everyone.

Space Exploration And Astronaut Safety

Author : Joseph N. Pelton
ISBN : UVA:X030112227
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 77. 38 MB
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Part history, part technology, and part policy analysis, this one-of-a-kind, landmark book reviews the history of NASA's space exploration program, its astronaut safety program, the present status of the Space Shuttle and the International Space Station, and the options and strategic opportunities that present themselves as NASA enters its next phase of space exploration with Project Constellation. Written by one of the foremost experts on space policy, Space Exploration and Astronaut Safety, presents in a highly readable format the state of today's space technology, along with the concerns about safety in space exploration as it applies to current and future programs, and whether these issues can be reconciled and translated into a viable future space policy. The book thoroughly explores NASA's options and how these options are tempered and influenced by astronaut safety considerations as well as by uncertain Congressional funding and complex organizational management issues. It also considers the impact of international participation and the increasing prospect of the privatization of space travel. Shuttle tragedies, interviews with key experts, surveys, and extensive research on the Shuttle, ISS, and related NASA space safety programs, the author lays out a comprehensive presentation on where space exploration has been, where it stands today, where it is going, and where it has the potential to go. Decision makers in government (especially those involved with NASA policy and safety), members of space agencies around the world, aerospace scientists and engineers, space enthusiasts, and academicians will all find this book an indispensable and enlightening guide. Investment in the future of space exploration will cost billions of dollars; this book provides ample background and the impetus to enable policy makers, the aerospace community, and the general public to make balanced, educated decisions on how those dollars can best be spent.

The Consequential Frontier

Author : Peter Ward
ISBN : 9781612198019
Genre : Law
File Size : 30. 15 MB
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"A lucid, bright and essential work of reporting, analysis and genuine care. Peter Ward has given us a new way to think about private endeavors in space. Superb."⁠—Rivka Galchen, author of Little Labors This in-depth work of reportage dares to ask what’s at stake in privatizing outer space Earth is in trouble—so dramatically that we’re now scrambling to explore space for valuable resources and a home for permanent colonization. With the era of NASA’s dominance now behind us, the private sector is winning this new space race. But if humans and their private wealth have made such a mess of Earth, who can say we won’t do the same in space? In The Consequential Frontier, business and technology journalist Peter Ward is raising this vital question before it’s too late. Interviewing tech CEOs, inventors, scientists, lobbyists, politicians, and future civilian astronauts, Ward sheds light on a whole industry beyond headline-grabbing rocket billionaires like Bezos and Musk, and introduces the new generation of activists trying to keep it from rushing recklessly into the cosmos. With optimism for what humans might accomplish in space if we could leave our tendency toward deregulation, inequality, and environmental destruction behind, Ward shows just how much cooperation it will take to protect our universal resource and how beneficial it could be for all of us.

Outer Space Development International Relations And Space Law

Author : Edythe Weeks
ISBN : 9781443846660
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75. 42 MB
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It is the eve of outer space development, but few people are aware of this. In the absence of awareness, people cannot prepare for the opportunities that will arise; and so the vast wealth likely to flow to Earth from outer space will cause ever-greater inequality and instability in our already unequal and unstable world. This book is a call to educators to factor equality and diversity into the process of outer space development by creating a widespread movement to teach outer space development studies to all students, especially those who study social and behavioral sciences. In calling for this, the author is also putting out a call to visionary thinkers to increase public awareness that outer space is already in the process of being developed. Her objective is to provide a pedagogical approach aimed at mending the knowledge gap. If we fail in this objective, we are more likely than ever before to witness ever-widening gaps of social and financial inequality. The first question that will arise as we embark on this process, of course, will be: Why outer space development? People often ask where the money will come from to develop outer space. Platinum-group metals such as iridium and osmium, and various other valuable untapped natural resources, have been discovered in abundant quantities and are likely to be mined by companies. The discovery of natural resources has sparked development projects in the past. These historical patterns of human behavior are occurring again today, as companies speed up the process of private spaceship development. A myriad of space laws and policies are already in place to support space commercialization. Recently, the 2010 NASA Authorization Act and various other laws and policies initiated by the US government have placed on the agenda plans to build advanced space transportation systems; to privatize spacecraft development; to create commercial space habitats, space stations, and space settlements; to initiate commercial space mining; to investigate spacecraft trajectory optimization for landing on near-Earth asteroids; to engage in commercial spaceport construction and interstellar-interplanetary-international telecommunications; and to launch space exploration missions to near-Earth asteroids, the Moon, Mars, and Mars’s moons. US initiatives have in the past been mirrored by the international community, and we can expect to see similar patterns arising on a global scale – indeed, as this book will demonstrate, they already are. The global community is experiencing economic recession, natural disasters, lack of opportunity, employment anxiety, failing K-12 programs, widening inequality gaps, uprisings, revolutions, revolts, unmet educational goals, and a general failure to uplift, inspire, and provide meaningful opportunities for significant portions of our population. People need something that will allow them to focus anew their talents, energies, abilities, and gifts, and use this bleak climate as an opportunity for positive change. Outer space development is emerging as an answer to this state of crisis. The question is: To whom will the benefits accrue? Many strategic decisions have already been taken regarding space development of which the global general public is unaware. Once legal rights to space resources are granted, only those with the capital to take advantage of new laws and policies will be in a position to profit from the new space industries. Only those who are in a position to “know” about outer space development will be in position to take advantage of the opportunities. It is important to remember that the global general public has for several decades being paying the start-up costs for space exploration research, science, and technology. It’s not too late to factor in equality before an infrastructure of inequality is forever with us as we venture to establish the final frontier.

Privatizing Peace

Author : Wendy N. Whitman Cobb
ISBN : 9781000095425
Genre : Science
File Size : 85. 29 MB
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This book explores the privatization of space and its global impact on the future of commerce, peace and conflict. As space becomes more congested, contested, and competitive in the government and the private arenas, the talk around space research moves past NASA’s monopoly on academic and cultural imaginations to discuss how Elon Musk’s SpaceX and Jeff Bezos’ Blue Origin is making space "cool" again. This volume addresses the new rhetoric of space race and weaponization, with a focus on how the costs of potential conflict in space would discourage open conflict and enable global cooperation. It highlights the increasing dependence of the global economy on space research, its democratization, plunging costs of access, and growing economic potential of space-based assets. Thoughtful, nuanced, well-documented, this book is a must read for scholars and researchers of science and technology studies, space studies, political studies, sociology, environmental studies, and political economy. It will also be of much interest to policymakers, bureaucrats, think tanks, as well as the interested general reader looking for fresh perspectives on the future of space.

Space Exploration

Author : Daniel A. Leone
ISBN : 0737727470
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 51. 75 MB
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Brief essays examine various issues surrounding America's efforts to explore space, including replacing the space shuttle program, protecting the Earth from asteroids and comets, and the search for extraterrestrial life.

The Future Of Space Exploration

Author : Avery Elizabeth Hurt
ISBN : 1534505032
Genre : Astronautics
File Size : 72. 51 MB
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"The excitement surrounding space exploration seems to have waned in the decades since the mid-twentieth century's thrilling "race to space." Is there still purpose in exploring other planets? If so, who should be tasked with this endeavor and what complications might arise from it? The viewpoints in this resource address important issues surrounding this topic, such as the merits of privatizing space exploration, seeking extraterrestrial life-forms, the economics and politics of space exploration, and the possibility of militarizing space."--

Explorer Travellers And Adventure Tourism

Author : Dr. Jennifer Laing
ISBN : 9781845414603
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 88. 70 MB
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This book examines the nexus between exploring and tourism and argues that exploration travel – based heavily on explorer narratives and the promises of personal challenges and change – is a major trend in future tourism. In particular, it analyses how romanticised myths of explorers form a foundation for how modern day tourists view travel and themselves. Its scope ranges from the 'Golden Age' of imperial explorers in the 19th and early 20th centuries, through the growth of adventure and extreme tourism, to possible future trends including space travel. The volume should appeal to researchers and students across a variety of disciplines, including tourism studies, sociology, geography and history.

Space Exploration And Humanity A Historical Encyclopedia 2 Volumes

Author : American Astronautical Society
ISBN : 9781851095193
Genre : Science
File Size : 54. 98 MB
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A complete history of human endeavors in space, this book also moves beyond the traditional topics of human spaceflight, space technology, and space science to include political, social, cultural, and economic issues, and also commercial, civilian, and military applications. • 580 articles describing various aspects of manned and unmanned space exploration, including a full range of social, technological, and political issues, such as government policy, nationalism, and the technology/military-driven economy • Six overview essays, introducing each of the encyclopedia's major sections and putting that aspect of space exploration into historical context • 136 contributors, many who are leading space historians and experts affiliated with the American Astronautical Society, make firsthand knowledge and fresh insights accessible to all audiences • Numerous photos, including stunning shots from space, star charts, technical drawings, and more • Short bibliographies conclude each entry, pointing readers to the best sources to find out more about the topic • A Glossary defining the various technical terms encountered in the encyclopedia

Fundamentals Of Space Law And Policy

Author : Fabio Tronchetti
ISBN : 9781461478706
Genre : Law
File Size : 37. 87 MB
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Presents and addresses key space law and policy issues for the benefit of wider informed audiences that wish to acquaint themselves with the fundamentals of the space law field. This brief analyzes in a concise manner the combined influence of space law and policy on international space activities. Read in conjunction with the other books in the Springer ‘Space Development’ series, it supports a broader understanding of the business, economics, engineering, legal, and procedural aspects of space activities. This book will also give the casual reader as well as experts in the field insight on present and future space law and policy trends, challenges and opportunities.

Australian Backyard Astronomy

Author : Ragbir Bhathal
ISBN : 0642276323
Genre : Astronomy
File Size : 47. 15 MB
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Recommended for ages 10-14 and packed with celestial maps and historical material, this title explains the southern night skies in a fun and interactive way.

The Business Of Space

Author : L. Brennan
ISBN : 9780230305922
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 75. 3 MB
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This book looks at the space industry from a business perspective, with a focus on international competition. The space industry traces its origins to the middle of last century as a government/military domain and the author now looks at the ongoing evolution of space exploration and travel, and projects the future of the industry.

National Space Law In China

Author : Yun Zhao
ISBN : 9789004287518
Genre : Law
File Size : 35. 88 MB
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In National Space Law in China, Yun Zhao examines space laws, regulations and policies in China. As the first English monograph on national space legislation in China, this book shall contribute to the understanding of China’s space law regime.

International Law In Post Colonial Africa

Author : Tiyanjana Maluwa
ISBN : 9041110895
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 45. 66 MB
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In Force in Malawi.

Space Of Service To Humanity

Author : G. Haskell
ISBN : 9789401156929
Genre : Science
File Size : 77. 13 MB
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G. Haskell, Symposium Convenor & Vice President for Academic Services and Outreach, International Space University By taking "Space of Service to Humanity" as the theme for the inaugural event in its series of annual symposia, the International Space University (ISU) is asserting that this application of space technology requires special attention at this time. Future symposia will examine the issues of the day from different perspectives. In keeping with the fundamental principles of ISU, the symposium took a global perspective, as distinct from national or regional perspectives, and treated both technical and non-technical topics. Oral and poster presentations were delivered in the scientific, engineering, economic, legal, political and philosophical domains. All oral papers were delivered in plenary session to encourage cross fertilization between specialities, and posters were readily available for viewing throughout the three-day event. As an international and interdisciplinary forum for the sharing of experience and for discussion and debate, the symposium proved to be a stimulating and worthwhile event for the 135 participants from 25 countries and 5 international organizations with backgrounds in industry, government and academia.

Journal Of Space Law

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105061590548
Genre : Space law
File Size : 21. 10 MB
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The Jewish Arab City

Author : Haim Yacobi
ISBN : 9781134065844
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 65. 71 MB
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Mixed city is a term widely used in Israel to describe areas occupied by both Jewish and Arab communities. In a critical examination of such cities, the author shows how a clear spatial and mental division exists between Arabs and Jews in Israel, and how the occurrence of such communities is both exceptional and involuntary. Looking at Jewish-Arab relations in Israel in the context of the built environment, it is argued that there are complex links between socio-political relations and the production of contested urban space. The case study of one particular Jewish-Arab "mixed city", the city of Lod, is used as the platform for wider theoretical discussion and political analysis. This city has great significance in the present global context, as more and more cities are becoming polarized, ghettoized, and fragmented in surprisingly similar ways. This book examines the visible planning apparatuses and the "hidden" mechanisms of social, political, and cultural control involved in these processes. Focusing on the spatialities of power, this book brings to the fore a critical discussion of the urban processes that shape Jewish-Arab "mixed cities" in Israel, and will be of interest to students and scholars of Urban Studies, Middle East Studies and Politics in general.

Public Human Resource Management

Author : R. Paul Battaglio Jr.
ISBN : 9781483322193
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 47. 31 MB
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Public Human Resource Management: Strategies and Practices in the 21st Century offers a novel take on public human resource management (PHRM) by providing practical guidance for practitioners operating in a drastically reformed HR environment. Author R. Paul Battaglio assesses how the traditional practice of public HR has changed—and not necessarily for the better--by looking at new material on human resource information systems, managing motivation in the public sector, and public HR management education (a topic rarely found in contemporary PHRM texts). Public Human Resource Management is an essential guide to managing and navigating the challenges and opportunities posed in the changing landscape of HR reform.

Handbook Of Space Law

Author : Frans von der Dunk
ISBN : 9781781000366
Genre : Law
File Size : 66. 51 MB
Format : PDF
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The Handbook of Space Law addresses the legal and regulatory aspects of activities in outer space and major space applications from a comprehensive and structured perspective. It fundamentally addresses the dichotomy between the state-oriented characte

Mystery God

Author : Scott E. Smith
ISBN : 9781456424367
Genre : Religion
File Size : 29. 54 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Islamic Terrorists- Earthquakes and Tsunamis- Middle East Unrest- Rampant Immorality- Spiritually dead churches… As the world rocks in turmoil, people wonder what’s really going on. In Mystery God, author Scott Smith unveils mysteries hidden by God in the Bible some 3,500 years ago—messages intended to be unlocked by our generation, answering our hard questions, including these: Why is this world in uncontrollable chaos? What is really at the center of homosexuality, abortion, natural disasters and terrorism? Why does it seem the end of the world is inevitable? Amazingly, the answers to these questions are in your hands. Mystery God is an electrifying read that offers hope in the midst of fear and confusion. It's unlike anything you've ever read. Are you ready for the truth? Are you ready to meet the Mystery God? Also included in the book: * The Ancient Wedding Customs and the Rapture * Answers to Christianity's Tough Questions, like: Heaven & Hell, the Trinity, and more! * Hidden Parallels of Christ in the Bible * Unlock over 50 other mysteries in God's Word

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