the problem of political authority

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The Problem Of Political Authority

Author : Michael Huemer
ISBN : 9781137281647
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 30. 17 MB
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Modern states commonly deploy coercion in a wide array of circumstances in which the resort to force would clearly be wrong for any private agent. What entitles the state to behave in this manner? And why should citizens obey its commands? This book examines theories of political authority, from the social contract theory, to theories of democratic authorization, to fairness- and consequence-based theories. Ultimately, no theory of authority succeeds, and thus no government has the kind of authority often ascribed to governments. The author goes on to discuss how voluntary and competitive institutions could provide the central goods for the sake of which the state is often deemed necessary, including law, protection from private criminals, and national security. An orderly and livable society thus does not require acquiescence in the illusion of political authority.

Political Authority And Obligation In Aristotle

Author : Andres Rosler
ISBN : 9780199251506
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 42. 24 MB
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Policy Legitimacy Science And Political Authority

Author : Michael Heazle
ISBN : 9781317420026
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 87. 41 MB
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Voters expect their elected representatives to pursue good policy and presume this will be securely founded on the best available knowledge. Yet when representatives emphasize their reliance on expert knowledge, they seem to defer to people whose authority derives, not politically from the sovereign people, but from the presumed objective status of their disciplinary bases. This book examines the tensions between political authority and expert authority in the formation of public policy in liberal democracies. It aims to illustrate and better understand the nature of these tensions rather than to argue specific ways of resolving them. The various chapters explore the complexity of interaction between the two forms of authority in different policy domains in order to identify both common elements and differences. The policy domains covered include: climate geoengineering discourses; environmental health; biotechnology; nuclear power; whaling; economic management; and the use of force. This volume will appeal to researchers and to convenors of post-graduate courses in the fields of policy studies, foreign policy decision-making, political science, environmental studies, democratic system studies, and science policy studies.

Political Authority In Burma S Ethnic Minority States

Author : Mary Patricia Callahan
ISBN : 9789812304629
Genre : Burma
File Size : 57. 80 MB
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This study examines the enormous variation and complexity that characterize relationships between the national state and locally-based, often non-state actors who negotiate and compete for political authority in Burma’s ethnic minority-dominated states along the borders. Three patterns of relationships are explored: devolution by the national state to warlord-like local authorities; occupation by the Burmese military; and coexistence (with varying degrees of cooperation and understanding) among actors from the national state and local stakeholders. Throughout these border states, leaders of the Burmese government’s armed forces and of past and currently-active armed opposition forces operate within a context that is neither war nor peace, but instead a kind of post-civil-war, not-quite-peace environment. To understand the complex political arrangements that have arisen in this environment, this monograph employs the concept of “emerging political complex” — a set of adaptive networks that link state and other political authorities to domestic and foreign business concerns (some legal, others illegal), traditional indigenous leaders, religious authorities, overseas refugee and diaspora communities, political party leaders, and nongovernmental organizations. All of these players make rules, extract resources, provide protection, and try to order a moral universe, but none of them are able, or even inclined, to trump the others for monolithic national supremacy. Conflict resolution strategies have to recognize that these emerging political complexes are not simply unfortunate bumps in the road to peace but instead constitute intricate and evolving social systems that may continue to be adapted and sustained.

The Emergence Of Private Authority In Global Governance

ISBN : 0521523370
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 55. 31 MB
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Highly topical analysis of the emergence of private authority in the governance of global affairs.

Political Authority And Party Secretaries In Poland 1975 1986

Author : Paul G. Lewis
ISBN : 0521363691
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 21. 98 MB
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This book deals with the changing position and role of the Polish United Workers' Party and its apparatus between 1975 and 1986. Their role and the way they perform it is seen as a major determinant of the nature of party leadership and, more generally, of the strength of political authority in communist states.

Philosophical Anarchism And Political Obligation

Author : Magda Egoumenides
ISBN : 9781441124456
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 22. 36 MB
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Political obligation refers to the moral obligation of citizens to obey the law of their state and to the existence, nature, and justification of a special relationship between a government and its constituents. This volume in the Contemporary Anarchist Studies series challenges this relationship, seeking to define and defend the position of critical philosophical anarchism against alternative approaches to the issue of justification of political institutions. The book sets out to demonstrate the value of taking an anarchist approach to the problem of political authority, looking at theories of natural duty, state justification, natural duty of justice, fairness, political institutions, and more. It argues that the anarchist perspective is in fact indispensable to theorists of political obligation and can improve our views of political authority and social relations. This accessible book builds on the works of philosophical anarchists such as John Simmons and Leslie Green, and discusses key theorists, including Rousseau, Rawls, and Horton. This key resource will make an important contribution to anarchist political theory and to anarchist studies more generally.

Politische Legitimit T Und Zerfallene Staatlichkeit

Author : Cord Schmelzle
ISBN : 9783593504650
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 64. 70 MB
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Was geht verloren, wenn Staaten zerfallen? Das Auseinanderbrechen von staatlichen Institutionen ist heute eines der drängendsten Probleme der internationalen Politik. Mit Cord Schmelzles Studie liegt nun die erste Monografie vor, die dieses Phänomen aus Perspektive der politischen Theorie und Philosophie untersucht. Ausgehend von einer Analyse der Begriffe Legitimität und Staatlichkeit entwickelt der Autor eine neuartige Theorie der Rechtfertigung von Herrschaftsverhältnissen und des Wertes staatlicher Ordnungssysteme und fragt, wie die internationale Gemeinschaft auf Fälle von Staatszerfall reagieren sollte.

Issues In Political Theory

Author : Catriona McKinnon
ISBN : 9780199680436
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 29. 30 MB
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Featuring contributions by leading researchers, Issues in Political Theory, Third Edition, provides a stimulating introduction to many of the key concepts, thinkers, and texts in political theory. Extended, cutting-edge case studies at the end of each chapter show students how to examine a key political issue in light of the concepts explored in that chapter. In addition, numerous pedagogical features help students check and develop their understanding and approach learning materials beyond the text. A Companion Website offers additional case studies, annotated web links, and a flashcard glossary for students and class activities, weekly assignments, and essay questions for instructors.

Political Philosophy A Very Short Introduction

Author : David Miller
ISBN : 9780191577864
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 55. 78 MB
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This book introduces readers to the concepts of political philosophy. It starts by explaining why the subject is important and how it tackles basic ethical questions such as 'how should we live together in society?' It looks at political authority, the reasons why we need politics at all, the limitations of politics, and whether there are areas of life that shouldn't be governed by politics. It explores the connections between political authority and justice, a constant theme in political philosophy, and the ways in which social justice can be used to regulate rather than destroy a market economy. David Miller discusses why nations are the natural units of government and whether the rise of multiculturalism and transnational co-operation will change this: will we ever see the formation of a world government? ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

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