the-secret-behind-the-rape-of-nanking

Download Book The Secret Behind The Rape Of Nanking in PDF format. You can Read Online The Secret Behind The Rape Of Nanking here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

The Rape Of Nanking

Author : Iris Chang
ISBN : 9780465028252
Genre : History
File Size : 26. 78 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 139
Read : 906

Get This Book


The New York Times bestselling account of one of history's most brutal -- and forgotten -- massacres, when the Japanese army destroyed China's capital city on the eve of World War II In December 1937, one of the most horrific atrocities in the long annals of wartime barbarity occurred. The Japanese army swept into the ancient city of Nanking (what was then the capital of China), and within weeks, more than 300,000 Chinese civilians and soldiers were systematically raped, tortured, and murdered. In this seminal work, Iris Chang, whose own grandparents barely escaped the massacre, tells this history from three perspectives: that of the Japanese soldiers, that of the Chinese, and that of a group of Westerners who refused to abandon the city and created a safety zone, which saved almost 300,000 Chinese. Drawing on extensive interviews with survivors and documents brought to light for the first time, Iris Chang's classic book is the definitive history of this horrifying episode. "Chang vividly, methodically, records what happened, piecing together the abundant eyewitness reports into an undeniable tapestry of horror." - Adam Hochschild, Salon

Documents On The Rape Of Nanking

Author : Timothy Brook
ISBN : 0472086626
Genre : History
File Size : 46. 41 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 336
Read : 658

Get This Book


Newly revised resources for understanding the Rape of Nanking

Nanking

Author : Masahiro Yamamoto
ISBN : 0275969045
Genre : History
File Size : 73. 93 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 904
Read : 971

Get This Book


Drawing on English, Chinese, and Japanese sources, this study challenges the prevailing view that the Rape of Nanking was a deliberate, planned effort on the part of the Japanese military and concludes that it was instead an unfortunate tragedy of conventional warfare.

American Goddess At The Rape Of Nanking

Author : Hua-ling Hu
ISBN : 0809323869
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 84. 56 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 679
Read : 1183

Get This Book


The Japanese army’s brutal four-month occupation of the city of Nanking during the 1937 Sino-Japanese War is known, for good reason, as “the rape of Nanking.” As they slaughtered an estimated three hundred thousand people, the invading soldiers raped more than twenty thousand women—some estimates run as high as eighty thousand. Hua-ling Hu presents here the amazing untold story of the American missionary Minnie Vautrin, whose unswerving defiance of the Japanese protected ten thousand Chinese women and children and made her a legend among the Chinese people she served. Vautrin, who came to be known in China as the “Living Goddess” or the “Goddess of Mercy,” joined the Foreign Christian Missionary Society and went to China during the Chinese Nationalist Revolution in 1912. As dean of studies at Ginling College in Nanking, she devoted her life to promoting Chinese women’s education and to helping the poor. At the outbreak of the war in July 1937, Vautrin defied the American embassy’s order to evacuate the city. After the fall of Nanking in December, Japanese soldiers went on a rampage of killing, burning, looting, rape, and torture, rapidly reducing the city to a hell on earth. On the fourth day of the occupation, Minnie Vautrin wrote in her diary: “There probably is no crime that has not been committed in this city today. . . . Oh, God, control the cruel beastliness of the soldiers in Nanking.” When the Japanese soldiers ordered Vautrin to leave the campus, she replied: “This is my home. I cannot leave.” Facing down the blood-stained bayonets constantly waved in her face, Vautrin shielded the desperate Chinese who sought asylum behind the gates of the college. Vautrin exhausted herself defying the Japanese army and caring for the refugees after the siege ended in March 1938. She even helped the women locate husbands and sons who had been taken away by the Japanese soldiers. She taught destitute widows the skills required to make a meager living and provided the best education her limited sources would allow to the children in desecrated Nanking. Finally suffering a nervous breakdown in 1940, Vautrin returned to the United States for medical treatment. One year later, she ended her own life. She considered herself a failure. Hu bases her biography on Vautrin’s correspondence between 1919 and 1941 and on her diary, maintained during the entire siege, as well as on Chinese, Japanese, and American eyewitness accounts, government documents, and interviews with Vautrin’s family.

The Making Of The Rape Of Nanking

Author : Takashi Yoshida
ISBN : 9780190292706
Genre : History
File Size : 61. 87 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 349
Read : 520

Get This Book


On December 13, 1937, the Japanese army attacked and captured the Chinese capital city of Nanjing, planting the rising-sun flag atop the city's outer walls. What occurred in the ensuing weeks and months has been the source of a tempestuous debate ever since. It is well known that the Japanese military committed wholesale atrocities after the fall of the city, massacring large numbers of Chinese during the both the Battle of Nanjing and in its aftermath. Yet the exact details of the war crimes--how many people were killed during the battle? How many after? How many women were raped? Were prisoners executed? How unspeakable were the acts committed?--are the source of controversy among Japanese, Chinese, and American historians to this day. In The Making of the "Rape of Nanking Takashi Yoshida examines how views of the Nanjing Massacre have evolved in history writing and public memory in Japan, China, and the United States. For these nations, the question of how to treat the legacy of Nanjing--whether to deplore it, sanitize it, rationalize it, or even ignore it--has aroused passions revolving around ethics, nationality, and historical identity. Drawing on a rich analysis of Chinese, Japanese, and American history textbooks and newspapers, Yoshida traces the evolving--and often conflicting--understandings of the Nanjing Massacre, revealing how changing social and political environments have influenced the debate. Yoshida suggests that, from the 1970s on, the dispute over Nanjing has become more lively, more globalized, and immeasurably more intense, due in part to Japanese revisionist history and a renewed emphasis on patriotic education in China. While today it is easy to assume that the Nanjing Massacre has always been viewed as an emblem of Japan's wartime aggression in China, the image of the "Rape of Nanking" is a much more recent icon in public consciousness. Takashi Yoshida analyzes the process by which the Nanjing Massacre has become an international symbol, and provides a fair and respectful treatment of the politically charged and controversial debate over its history.

The Nanking Atrocity 1937 38

Author : Bob Tadashi Wakabayashi
ISBN : 1845451805
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 28. 89 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 766
Read : 1180

Get This Book


Events in Nanking during 1937-38 are the subject of a ferocious historiographical debate between Chinese & Japanese points of view. This volume seeks to debunk the myths promoted by scholars on both sides of the argument & present a revisionist view of the atrocity that complicates the picture.

Language Ideology And Japanese History Textbooks

Author : Christopher Barnard
ISBN : 9781134429271
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 20. 93 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 872
Read : 313

Get This Book


The Japanese history textbook debate is one that keeps making the news, particularly with reference to claims that Japan has never 'apologised properly' for its actions between 1931 and 1945, and that it is one of the few liberal, democratic countries in which textbooks are controlled and authorised by the central government. There are frequent protests, both from within Japan and from overseas, that a biased, nationalistic history is taught in Japanese schools. This is the first time that all the authorised textbooks currently in use have been analysed using a critical discourse that is anchored firmly in the theory of 'language within society', elucidating the meanings and associated ideologies created by the language of the textbooks.

The Undaunted Women Of Nanking

Author : Hua-ling Hu
ISBN : 9780809385614
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 64. 45 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 287
Read : 1237

Get This Book


During the infamous “Rape of Nanking,” a brutal military occupation of Nanking, China, that began in December 1937, it is estimated that Japanese soldiers killed between 200,000 and 300,000 Chinese and raped between 20,000 and 80,000 women. In response to the atrocities, a group of westerners organized the International Committee for the Nanking Safety Zone and attempted to shelter refugees. Among these humanitarian heroes was Minnie Vautrin, an American missionary and acting president of Ginling College. She and Tsen Shui-fang, her Chinese assistant and a trained nurse, turned the college into a refugee camp, which protected more than 10,000 women and children during the height of the ordeal. Even though both women were exhausted mentally and physically from caring for so many, they kept detailed diaries during the massacre. The Undaunted Women of Nanking juxtaposes the two women’s wartime diaries day-by-day from December 8, 1937, through March 1, 1938. Both diaries provide vital eyewitness accounts of the Rape of Nanking and are unique in their focus on the Ginling refugee camp and the sufferings of women and children. Tsen Shui-fang’s diary is the only known daily account by a Chinese national written during the crisis and not retrospectively. As such, it records a unique perspective: that of a woman grappling with feelings of anger, sorrow, and compassion as she witnesses the atrocities being committed in her war-torn country. Tsen Shui-fang’s diary has never before been published in English, and this is its first translation. Editors Hua-ling Hu and Zhang Lian-hong have added many informative annotations to the diary entries from sources including the proceedings of the Tokyo War Crimes Trial of 1946, Vautrin’s correspondence, John Rabe’s diary, and other historical documents. Also included are biographical sketches of the two women, a note on the diaries, and information about the aftermath of the tragedy, as well as maps and photos—some of which appear in print here for the first time.

Memoirs From Old Shanghai To The New World

Author : Anatole Maher
ISBN : 9781469119144
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 27. 72 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 506
Read : 681

Get This Book


In the U.S.A, the land of immigrants, Where do you come from? is often asked. When Tani Maher couldnt answer questions about her father, she posed her own. With its South American twist, told with puns and witty tales, Anatole Mahers Memoirs takes the reader on his personal voyage through life where he witnesses many of the major historical events of the 20th century. During the high-flying, war-torn epoch of Old Shanghai, into a cocktail of languages, culture and people, Anatole Maher is born. While the British toast the Queen at the exclusive Shanghai Club, the French hold soires at the Crcle Sportif Franais, and other foreigners sashay through Shanghais numerous ballrooms, the Chinese are often treated like third-class citizens. The Japanese want to conquer all of Asia, but the Americans intervene until Maos revolution overruns China, putting a stop to everything. In Memoirs: From Old Shanghai to the New World, Anatole Maher relates his early years in the Pearl of the Orient, a city where strong racial and social lines separate people, the pure bloods from the locals and mixed races, the rich and powerful from the lower, poorer classes. The youngest of seven children whose parents are of Macanese-Japanese descent, Anatole grows up in the culturally diverse International Settlement under the over-protective watch of his eldest sister. Despite the humble, lower-middle class origins of the Mahers, the family have two Amahs and a cook who live with them. Anatole attends the St. Francis Xavier College, becomes an active member of the Foreign YMCA, and graduates with First-Class honors from the Henry Lester Technical Institute. From early on, various battles and wars disrupt his life. His neighborhood in Hongkew is bombarded several times, but Anatole survives the Japanese Occupation and World War II unscathed. After WWII, he works on a Danish freighter ship to see the world. When he returns to China, the Communists are not yet in Shanghai but are winning one battle after another. Anatole finds a job and waits out the situation until the Communists finally kick him out. Japan is the closest country to take in him and his family. After a short stay in Tokyo, Anatole finds a job, but under the American Occupation all the privileges he once enjoyed in his native Shanghai vanish. In search of a better existence, he decides to join many of his Shanghai buddies who have immigrated to the country of the future, Brazil. In Rio de Janeiro, he marries a Brazilian girl in 1955 and starts a family. His record of quitting jobs is no asset. When the Brazilian military dictatorship becomes increasingly oppressive, he runs into bad luck and gets fired. Under a politically repressive regime, with unstable personal finances, Anatole decides to abandon Brazil in 1967 for the Vietnam-War-fatigued United States. He settles in Jacksonville, Florida, a city with many geographical and climatic similarities to his birthplace Shanghai. As if to compensate for changing jobs and residences so often in the past, he remains at his first job in the U.S., Maxwell House Coffee, for 20 years until his retirement and never again moves from Jacksonville. With 16 grandchildren and six great grandchildren, Anatole and his wife Nair are still enjoying their retirement in the Sunshine State.

The Rape Of Nanking The Forgotten Holocaust Of World War Ii

Author : Iris Chang
ISBN : 4871872181
Genre : Nanjing (Jiangsu Sheng, China)
File Size : 20. 80 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 697
Read : 1287

Get This Book


During November 1937, in the space of seven weeks Japanese troops murdered more than 300,000 Chinese civilians and soldiers. Iris Chang's examination of the incident throws into relief the fact that Japan has never apologised for it.

War S Dirty Secret

Author : Anne Llewellyn Barstow
ISBN : STANFORD:36105110232779
Genre : Religion
File Size : 47. 67 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 436
Read : 842

Get This Book



The Last Mission

Author : Jim Smith
ISBN : 9780307419477
Genre : History
File Size : 88. 62 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 716
Read : 1055

Get This Book


A gripping account of the final American bombing mission of World War II and how it prevented a military coup that would have kept Japan in the war. How close did the Japanese come to not surrendering to Allied forces on August 15, 1945? The Last Mission explores this question through two previously neglected strands of late—World War II history, whose very interconnections could have caused a harrowing shift in the course of the postwar world. On the final night of the war, as Emperor Hirohito recorded a message of surrender for the Japanese people, a band of Japanese rebels, commanded by War Minister Anami's elite staff, burst into the palace. They had plotted a massive coup that aimed to destroy the recordings of the Imperial Rescript of surrender and issue false orders forged with the Emperor’s seal commanding the widely dispersed Japanese military to continue the war. If this rebellion had succeeded, the military would have proceeded with large-scale kamikaze attacks on Allied forces, costing huge casualties and just possibly provoking the Americans to drop a third atomic bomb on Japan over Tokyo–and continue to drop more bombs as Japanese resistance stiffened. Meanwhile, in the midst of an “end-of-war” celebration on Guam, Air Force radio operator Jim Smith and his fellow crewmen received urgent orders for a bombing mission over Japan’s sole remaining oil refinery north of Tokyo. As a stream of American B-29B bombers approached Tokyo, Japanese air defenses, fearing the approaching planes signaled the threat of a third atomic bomb, ordered a total blackout in Tokyo and the Imperial Palace, completely disrupting the rebels’ plans. Smith and his fellow crewmembers completed the mission, and a few hours later, the Emperor announced the surrender over Japan’s airwaves, dictating the end of the war. The Last Mission is an insightful piece of speculative investigation that combines narrative storytelling with historical contingency and explores how two seemingly unrelated events could have profoundly changed the course of modern history.

Monolid

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105113325653
Genre : Asian Americans
File Size : 87. 32 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 507
Read : 226

Get This Book



China Monthly Review

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015027553760
Genre : China
File Size : 23. 74 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 694
Read : 492

Get This Book


Vol. 34 includes "Special tariff conference issue" Nov. 6, 1925.

The River At The Center Of The World

Author : Simon Winchester
ISBN : 9781466867499
Genre : Travel
File Size : 35. 19 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 126
Read : 765

Get This Book


Rising in the mountains of the Tibetan border, the Yangtze River, the symbolic heart of China, pierces 3,900 miles of rugged country before debouching into the oily swells of the East China Sea. Connecting China's heartland cities with the volatile coastal giant, Shanghai, it has also historically connected China to the outside world through its nearly one thousand miles of navigable waters. To travel those waters is to travel back in history, to sense the soul of China, and Simon Winchester takes us along with him as he encounters the essence of China--its history and politics, its geography and climate as well as engage in its culture, and its people in remote and almost inaccessible places. The River at the Center of the World is travel writing at its best: lively, informative, and thoroughly enchanting. A stunning tour of China, its people, and its history. Chosen as one of the best travel books of 1996 by the New York Times Book Review.

Substantive And Procedural Aspects Of International Criminal Law 1 Commentary

Author : Gabrielle Kirk MacDonald
ISBN : 9041111336
Genre : Law
File Size : 26. 36 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 936
Read : 1014

Get This Book


Vol. II, Part 1.

When Sorry Isn T Enough

Author : Roy L. Brooks
ISBN : 0814713319
Genre : Law
File Size : 43. 38 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 470
Read : 569

Get This Book


"This anthology is a collection of essays, written by both internationally renowned and emerging scholars, and of public documents that concern claims from around the world which seek redress for human injustice"--Preface.

Behind Japan S Surrender

Author : Lester Brooks
ISBN : UOM:39015002294802
Genre : World War, 1939-1945
File Size : 65. 7 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 435
Read : 1015

Get This Book


Account of the tragic days between the explosion of the first A-bomb and the surrender of Japan. The author has drawn on captured documents, Allied interrogations, the Tokyo Trials, and interviews. He has gone back into Japanese history to learn the ways of thought and the inner rhythm of the culture that led Japan into World War II and defeat.

American Wars Good Bad And Ugly

Author : Bert Rainwater
ISBN : 1453526013
Genre : History
File Size : 22. 51 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 672
Read : 983

Get This Book


Synopsis American Wars: Good, Bad, and Ugly This work contains an unusual view of American wars that may stimulate new thoughts of the price we have paid and the gains we have made in the folly of our wars. Disagreements are bound to arise, but no one will walk away from this book having been bored by another of those dull books on history. Promises should be made to be kept. I promise you that you will gain a different insight into our wars: the good, bad, and ugly.

Hitler And His Secret Partners

Author : James Pool
ISBN : UOM:39015040568589
Genre : History
File Size : 79. 29 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 423
Read : 368

Get This Book


Tells the story of the financial calculation, exploitation, and greed at the core of the Third Reich, and includes revelations about those who provided Hitler with money

Top Download:

Best Books