the spartan army

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The Spartan Army

Author : J. F. Lazenby
ISBN : 9780811710848
Genre : History
File Size : 53. 46 MB
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* Reprint of a classic work of ancient military history * Traces the origins of Sparta's unique training, tactics, and organization that made it the master of Greek battlefields * Clear analysis of battles such as Thermopylae, Plataeia, Mantinea, and Leuktra * Spartan warriors continue to influence modern militaries, including the U.S. Marine Corps

The Spartan Army

Author : Nicholas Sekunda
ISBN : 1855326590
Genre : History
File Size : 36. 48 MB
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Although Sparta's early history is not clear, by the end of the 8th century most of the other cities of Lakedaimon had been reduced to subject status. The Lakedaimonians were the only full time army in ancient Greece and were thus truly an elite force. The institutions of the state and the system of education were organised with a view to creating superbly trained soldiers. Nick Sekunda examines this unique military machine in this book describing the organisational systems of the Spartan army through the Hellenistic period, how they were trained, the battles they fought, and the society that produced them.

The Spartan Hoplites

Author : Louise Park
ISBN : 0761444491
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 32. 87 MB
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"An introduction to the history and lifestyle of Spartan hoplites"--Provided by publisher.

Ancient Sparta

Author : Kathleen Mary Tyrer Chrimes Atkinson
ISBN : 0719057418
Genre : Sparta (Extinct city)
File Size : 54. 10 MB
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This substantial study examines Hellenistic and Roman Sparta, based on epigraphical evidence, before tracing Sparta's constitutiona and social organisation back to its remote past.

The Spartan Supremacy 412 371 Bc

Author : Bob Bennett
ISBN : 9781473838543
Genre : History
File Size : 81. 27 MB
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Sparta was a small city which consistently punched above its weight in the affairs of classical Greece, happily meddling in the affairs of the other cities. For two centuries her warriors were acknowledged as second to none. Yet at only one period in its long history, in the late fourth and early third century BC, did the home of these grim warriors seem set to entrench itself as the dominant power in the Greek world. This period includes the latter stages of the Peloponnesian War from 412 BC to the Spartan victory in 402, and then down to the Spartan defeat by the Thebans at Leuctra in 371 BC, where it all began to unravel for the Spartan Empirern Surprisingly few previous books have covered the tumultuous first decades of the fourth century BC, particularly when compared to the ample coverage of the Peloponnesian War. As the authors explain, although the earlier period has the benefit of Thucydides' magisterial history, the period covered here is actually well served by sources and well worthy of study. There are many interesting characters here, including Alcibiades, Lysander, Agesilaus, Pelopidas and Epaminondas, to name but a few. In addition there are several campaigns and battles that are reported in enough detail to make them interesting and comprehensible to the reader. Bob Bennett and Mike Roberts untangle the complexities of this important but unduly neglected period for the modern reader.

The Athenian Navy And Spartan Army

Author : Charles River Charles River Editors
ISBN : 1093946784
Genre :
File Size : 42. 12 MB
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*Includes pictures *Includes ancient accounts *Includes a bibliography for further reading "Forward, sons of the Greeks,Liberate the fatherland,Liberate your children, your women,The altars of the gods of your fathers,And the graves of your ancestors: Now is the fight for everything." - The Greek battle hymn sung before the Battle of Salamis according to Aeschylus Dominated to this day by the sprawling white marble complex of the Acropolis, Athens is a city which is immensely and rightly proud of its past. For a period of roughly three centuries, the polis of Athens stood, if not in a position of unchallenged supremacy among the cities of Hellas, then at the very least among its three most important polities. Its fledgling empire, though small by the standards later set by Alexander or the Romans, or even by those of its ancient enemy Persia, nonetheless encompassed cities as far afield as Asia Minor and Southern Italy, a remarkable fact considering such expansion was achieved by the inhabitants of a single city and its immediate surroundings, rather than by an entire nation. Yet despite a martial tradition that, if taken as a whole, was second to none save the Spartans, Athens is chiefly remembered for two reasons: its political system, which would in time form the nucleus of all Western democratic systems of government, and the remarkable number of outstanding individuals which, during the Golden Age of Athens, lived and flourished in the enlightened city-state. The Ancient Athenians formed the backbone of the West's entire culture, from the arts to philosophy and everything in between. In virtually all fields of human endeavor Athens was so much at the forefront of dynamism and innovation that the products of its most brilliant minds remain not only influential but entirely relevant to this day. The most unique city-state in Ancient Greece was Sparta, which continues to fascinate contemporaneous society. It is not entirely clear why Sparta placed such a great emphasis on having a militaristic society, but the result was that military fitness was a preoccupation from birth. If a Spartan baby did not appear physically fit at birth, it was left to die. Spartan children underwent military training around the age of 7 years old, and every male had to join the army around the age of 18. The Spartans, whose carefully constructed approach to warfare and - there is no other word for it - Spartan way of life, earned the grudging admiration of all of Greece and succeeded in establishing themselves in the years following the reforms of the semi-legendary ruler Lycurgus as the greatest military force in all of Hellas. Athens might have the mightiest fleet and the greatest cadre of philosophers and dramatists, Thessaly might have had the most vaunted cavalry, and the great city-states of Argos, Thebes and Corinth all had their own claims to fame, but on the battlefield the Spartan phalanx stood without peer. So feared were they in Greece that their very appearance on the battlefield could cause entire enemy armies to flee in terror, and in one of history's most famous battles, 300 Spartan warriors headed a combined Greek force which held off the hundreds of thousands of Persian warriors of Xerxes's invading army for three days at Thermopylae, inflicting an estimated 20,000 casualties upon them before dying to the last man rather than retreating. The Spartan Military: The History and Legacy of the Ancient World's Most Renowned Army looks at the history of the Spartan military, and how it became one of the most fearsome fighting forces in history. Along with pictures depicting important people, places, and events, you will learn about the Spartan military like never before.

Xenophon S Spartan Constitution

Author : Michael Lipka
ISBN : 9783110887242
Genre : History
File Size : 41. 40 MB
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Der vorliegende Band bietet eine kritische Neuausgabe der unter dem Namen Xenophons (ca. 430 - 355 v. Chr.) überlieferten staatsphilosophischen Schrift Der Staat der Spartaner. Der griechische Text ist auf der Basis der wichtigsten Handschriften neu rekonstruiert worden. Ergänzt wird er von einer ausführlichen Einleitung, einem kritischen Kommentar und einer Übersetzung ins Englische. Die Einleitung diskutiert Fragen der Authentizität und der Datierung und informiert umfassend über Quellen und Rezeption, Sprache und Stil sowie über die Handschriftenlage. Der Kommentar ist sowohl philologischen wie auch historischen Problemen gewidmet.

The Spartans

Author : Paul Cartledge
ISBN : 9780330475587
Genre : History
File Size : 77. 29 MB
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The Spartan legend has inspired and captivated subsequent generations with evidence of its legacy found in both the Roman and British Empires. The Spartans are our ancestors, every bit as much as the Athenians. But while Athens promoted democracy, individualism, culture and society, their great rivals Sparta embodied militarism, totalitarianism, segregation and brutal repression. As ruthless as they were self-sacrificing, their devastatingly successful war rituals made the Spartans the ultimate fighting force, epitomized by Thermopylae. While slave masters to the Helots for over three centuries, Spartan women, such as Helen of Troy, were free to indulge in education, dance and sport. Interspersed with the personal biographies of leading figures, and based on thirty years' research, Paul Cartledge's The Spartans tracks the people from 480 to 360 BC charting Sparta's progression from the Great Power of the Aegean Greek world to its ultimate demise.

Spartan Warrior Workout

Author : Dave Randolph
ISBN : 9781569758410
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 46. 45 MB
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The Spartan

Author : Mike Rogers
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 77. 45 MB
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After the third Macedonian war Greece is now under control of the mighty Roman Empire. Athens is under control of the Romans. Macedon is plundered and broken. Sparta is but a shadow of its former glory. And yet...A spartan warrior arises and brings a dream of freedom. The story I want to tell you of him on this day is not one about great heroics or how many enemies he killed. No, this story is about the man behind the warrior. This is the story of Eclectus.

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