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The Welfare State As Piggy Bank

Author : Nicholas Barr
ISBN : 9780191529894
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 26. 78 MB
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Of the many functions of the welfare state, two are particularly prominent: the 'Robin Hood' function - the provision of poverty relief, the redistribution of income and wealth, and the reduction of social exclusion; and the 'piggy bank' function - ensuring mechanisms for insurance and for redistribution over the life cycle. The piggy-bank function, unlike the redistributive purpose of the welfare state, has received relatively little attention, and is not widely understood. This book redresses the balance. Nicholas Barr's central contention is that—-contrary to popular opinion—-the welfare state exists for reasons additional to poverty relief. These reasons - encapsulated by the piggy-bank function - arise out of pervasive problems of imperfect information, risk, and uncertainty. Even if all poverty and social exclusion could be eradicated, people would still need to insure themselves and to redistribute over the life cycle. As a result, Barr argues, the welfare state is here to stay, since twenty-first century developments do nothing to undermine these reasons. He also explores ways in which the welfare state can and will adapt to economic and social change, including specific, and sometimes novel, solutions. The analysis in "The Welfare State as Piggy Bank" is international, applying to advanced industrial countries, as well as addressing post-communist countries, and touching upon middle-income developing countries. Barr's approach is contemporary and forward-thinking. His discussion ranges over a number of topics of central relevance to life in the twenty-first century, including genetic screening and its impact on insurance; the convergence of private and social insurance; how to finance long-term care; pension reform in the light of fluid family structures and a mobile workforce; loans for financing investment in human capital; and new ways of involving private finance in tertiary education.

Constructing The Welfare State In The British Press

Author : Malgorzata Paprota
ISBN : 9781350125322
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 75. 31 MB
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Analysing political discourse in the British press during a time of crisis and austerity, this book examines how the concept of the welfare state has been constructed between 2008 and 2015. At a time when the financial crisis and government policies have put the welfare state under increased pressure, a corpus from four British newspapers from across the political spectrum - the Guardian, Daily Mirror, Daily Mail, and Daily Telegraph - is brought together to investigate the political debate on its evaluation and the ambiguity about its exact definition. Combining two theoretical approaches, Malgorzata Paprota outlines the figurative models and scenarios relevant to this element of the political system. The discourse-historical approach to discourse analysis is used to establish what the welfare state is, tracing the boundaries of the concept and which elements of political reality are explicitly associated with it. Conceptual metaphor theory is then used to explore the figurative conceptualisations of the welfare state. Together, this book shows the discursive construction, and shifting boundaries and metaphors, of the welfare state by the British press and its use in current political debates.

Understanding The Finance Of Welfare

Author : Howard Glennerster
ISBN : 1847421083
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 61. 44 MB
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How are hospitals, schools, GPs and social workers funded? How do the poor pay for their housing? ·[vbTab]Is the tax payer prepared to pay adequate pensions to the growing numbers of old people? Will we all have to work longer? ·[vbTab]Can western welfare states survive in an increasingly competitive world economy? These are some of the questions that the second edition of this best-selling textbook tries to answer. It begins by reviewing the range of ways in which basic human needs can be met and summarises in an accessible way the economic literature on why markets and even governments can fail in this respect. In a series of chapters "Understanding the finance of welfare" describes and assesses in detail the ways in which health care, personal social services, education, housing, pensions and social security are funded in the UK. In each case what happens in the UK is compared with the means used in other countries. Since demand always outruns supply, the book considers how these services are rationed and concludes by asking what future there is for the funding of western welfare states. Much has happened to the funding of social policy and the economy since the first edition of this book, especially in pensions and social care. New devolved assemblies have taken responsibility for setting social policy and their funding has become an issue. In response, much of the book has been revised and all the figures and tables have been updated. "Understanding the finance of welfare" has been designed to fit the needs of social policy student syllabuses where it has become an essential text. It is also important to students of public policy and economics and those training as teachers, medical students and social workers. But it will also be of interest to the general public because there is no more important political topic today than how social services are funded.

Handbook Of Income Distribution

Author : Anthony B. Atkinson
ISBN : 9780444594761
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 89. 87 MB
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What new theories, evidence, explanations, and policies have shaped our studies of income distribution in the 21st century? Editors Tony Atkinson and Francois Bourguignon assemble the expertise of leading authorities in this survey of substantive issues. In two volumes they address subjects that were not covered in Volume 1 (2000), such as education, health and experimental economics; and subjects that were covered but where there have been substantial new developments, such as the historical study of income inequality and globalization. Some chapters discuss future growth areas, such as inheritance, the links between inequality and macro-economics and finance, and the distributional implications of climate change. They also update empirical advances and major changes in the policy environment. The volumes define and organize key areas of income distribution studies Contributors focus on identifying newly developing questions and opportunities for future research The authoritative articles emphasize the ways that income mobility and inequality studies have recently gained greater political significance

Reforming Pensions Principles And Policy Choices

Author : Nicholas Barr
ISBN : 9780199885992
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 52. 94 MB
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Mandatory pensions are a worldwide phenomenon. However, with fixed contribution rates, monthly benefits, and retirement ages, pension systems are not consistent with three long-run trends: declining mortality, declining fertility, and earlier retirement. Many systems need reform. This book gives an extensive nontechnical explanation of the economics of pension design. The theoretical arguments have three elements: * Pension systems have multiple objectives--consumption smoothing, insurance, poverty relief, and redistribution. Good policy needs to bear them all in mind. * Good analysis should be framed in a second-best context-- simple economic models are a bad guide to policy design in a world with imperfect information and decision-making, incomplete markets and taxation. * Any choice of pension system has risk-sharing and distributional consequences, which the book recognizes explicitly. Barr and Diamond's analysis includes labor markets, capital markets, risk sharing, and gender and family, with comparison of PAYG and funded systems, recognizing that the suitable level of funding differs by country. Alongside the economic principles of good design, policy must also take account of a country's capacity to implement the system. Thus the theoretical analysis is complemented by discussion of implementation, and of experiences, both good and bad, in many countries, with particular attention to Chile and China.

The Pinch

Author : David Willetts
ISBN : 9780857891426
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 44. 46 MB
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The baby boom of 1945-65 produced the biggest, richest generation that Britain has ever known. Today, at the peak of their power and wealth, baby boomers now run our country; by virtue of their sheer demographic power, they have fashioned the world around them in a way that meets all of their housing, healthcare and financial needs. In this original and provocative book, David Willetts shows how the baby boomer generation has attained this position at the expense of their children.Social, cultural and economic provision has been made for the reigning section of society, whilst the needs of the next generation have taken a back seat. Willetts argues that if our political, economic and cultural leaders do not begin to discharge their obligations to the future, the young people of today will be taxed more, work longer hours for less money, have lower social mobility and live in a degraded environment in order to pay for their parents' quality of life. Baby boomers, worried about the kind of world they are passing on to their children, are beginning to take note. However, whilst the imbalance in the quality of life between the generations is becoming more obvious, what is less certain is whether the older generation will be willing to make the sacrifices necessary for a more equal distribution. The Pinch is a landmark account of intergenerational relations in Britain. It is essential reading for parents and policymakers alike.

The Handbook Of European Welfare Systems

Author : Sonja Blum
ISBN : 9781134015504
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 54. 98 MB
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This book provides the first comprehensive information and detailed data on the welfare systems of all twenty-seven EU member states and offers the reader an invaluable introduction and basis for comparative welfare research. The introductory chapter summarizes the actual debate about welfare states and welfare (state) regimes, gives an overview on current welfare (state) research and analyses the main recent developments necessitating a new focus on European Welfare Systems. The twenty-seven chapters on the welfare systems of the member states are written on the basis of a common structure by experts from the individual states. An additional chapter analyses the current social and welfare policies of the EU and focuses on the interplay and limits between European and national social policies. Two concluding chapters provide (a) a first comparative analysis on the basis of all twenty-seven European Welfare Systems and (b) a theoretical reflection both arguing for and venturing the idea of politically limited pluralism in European welfare politics.

Keeping The Promise Of Social Security In Latin America

Author : François Bourguignon
ISBN : 0821358170
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 61. 4 MB
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Latin American governments that have undertaken structural overhauls to their national pension systems have improved their budget position, made public pensions more equitable, and encouraged savings and investment. This study says that despite these improvements, coverage of social security and private pensions remains stubbornly low across the region. As a result it urges policy makers to face the challenge of increasing coverage, building on the positive changes brought by reforms to date.

Development Democracy And Welfare States

Author : Professor in the Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies Stephan Haggard
ISBN : UOM:39015077657032
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 60. 2 MB
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Comparing the welfare states of Latin America, East Asia and Eastern Europe, the authors trace the origins of social policy in these regions to political changes in the mid-20th century, and show how the legacies of these early choices are influencing welfare reform following democratization and globalization.

Research In The Decision Sciences For Global Business

Author : European Decision Sciences Institute
ISBN : 9780134050966
Genre : Computers
File Size : 63. 97 MB
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This volume brings together important new research in decision science, capturing the crucial role of local context in a globalized, standardized world. Assembling the best work presented at the 2013 Conference of the European Decision Sciences Institute, it considers classic decision science problems from a new perspective, offering insights for improving decision-making in government, business, healthcare, education, manufacturing, the military, and beyond. The papers in Common Disciplines that Separate Us embrace the duality of globally determined local contexts, offering new approaches to decision-making related to: Strengthening national economic competitiveness Reforming the public sector and higher education Deploying information technology more effectively throughout government Making healthcare policy that achieves better outcomes at lower cost Analyzing social networks Improving processes via data visualization, modeling, and simulation Gaining more value from enterprise business intelligence Offshoring, nearshoring, "right shoring," and other key manufacturing decisions Improving supply chain performance And much more The papers collected here will be valuable to wide audiences of faculty, researchers, and students in diverse programs covering business, public administration, and economics; and for others interested in the frontiers of decision science.

The Journal Of Economic Perspectives

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822025460221
Genre : Economics
File Size : 35. 9 MB
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This journal attempts to fill a gap between the general-interest press and other academic economics journals. Its articles relate to active lines of economics research, economic analysis of public policy issues, state-of-the-art economic thinking, and directions for future research. It also aims to provide material for classroom use, and to address issues relating to the economics profession.

The Oxford Handbook Of Legal Studies

Author : Fellow and Tutor in Law Peter Cane
ISBN : STANFORD:36105060356024
Genre : Law
File Size : 67. 38 MB
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This innovative volume in the prestigious series of Oxford Handbooks provides a comprehensive overview of law and legal scholarship at the dawn of the 21st century. Through 43 essays by leading legal scholars based in USA, the UK, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and Germany it will provide avaried and stimulating set of road maps to guide readers through the increasingly large and conceptually sophisticated body of legal scholarship.Focussing mainly, though not exclusively, on scholarship in the English language and taking an international and comparative approach, the contributors to this Handbook offer original and interpretative accounts of the nature, themes and preoccupations of research and writing about law. They then goon to consider likely trends and developments in scholarship in the next decade or so.The Handbook is arranged in seven Parts entitled 'Property and Obligations', 'Citizens and Government', 'Wealth Distribution and Welfare', 'Business and Commerce', 'Technology', 'Processes', and 'Research and Researchers'. It will provide everyone interested in scholarship about law with a widelyaccessible overview of the state and future direction of legal scholarship.

Pension Reform

Author : World Bank
ISBN : STANFORD:36105121916444
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 84. 40 MB
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This book is based on an international conference organized by the World Bank and the Swedish National Social Insurance board held in Sandhamn, Sweden in October 2003. It addressed the question of what non-financial, or notional, defined contribution plans (NDCs) bring to pension reform and presents 24 papers on the conceptual foundations and issues surrounding NDCs, country implementation of NDCs (Italy, Latvia, Poland, and Sweden), and case studies for countries where NDCs are figured in the reform debate.

Europe S Nascent State?

Author : Johan From
ISBN : NWU:35556036712495
Genre : European Union countries
File Size : 52. 18 MB
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Crucial Needs Weak Incentives

Author : Robert R. Kaufman
ISBN : UTEXAS:059173015498260
Genre : History
File Size : 37. 53 MB
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Lowden, and Patricia Ramirez.

Occupational Welfare

Author : Bent Greve
ISBN : STANFORD:36105124066296
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 56. 52 MB
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Occupational welfare is becoming increasingly important in Europe. This book presents valuable new data on occupational welfare and its development, and questions not only the traditional clustering of welfare states, but also the analyses of welfare states in terms of public sector spending and involvement. By investigating the impact of occupational welfare on public finances, distribution and labour market behaviour, the author provides an original and significant addition to the existing literature on welfare state analysis, and offers basis for a new understanding of European welfare states. With a comprehensive and detailed analysis of occupational welfare, comparing ten countries in Europe, this book will be of great interest to researchers, political decision makers and readers interested in new perspectives on welfare.

Social Policies

Author : European Commission. Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion
ISBN : UCSD:31822038861316
Genre : European Union countries
File Size : 45. 27 MB
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The Social Europe guide is a bi-annual publication aimed at providing an interested but not necessarily specialised audience with a concise overview of specific areas of EU policy in the field of employment, social affairs and inclusion. It illustrates the key issues and challenges, explains policy actions and instruments at EU level and provides examples of best practices from EU Member States. It also presents views on the subject from the Council Presidency and the European Parliament. This fifth volume in the series of Social Guides sets out how the new challenges facing EU countries call for a rethink of our approach to social policies. It outlines the functions of social policies and recent initiatives by the European Commission to support increased 'social investment' - benefits and services that improve people's skills and capabilities and support people's inclusion in society. This guide also sets out how the European Union's social policy guidance is designed and delivered, and how the Commission is supporting Member States in making reforms to improve the adequacy and sustainability of their social policies.

Attitudes Towards Funding Of Long Term Care Of The Elderly

Author : James Williams
ISBN : 9780707002422
Genre : Older people
File Size : 20. 64 MB
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International Social Security Review

Author :
ISBN : UCLA:L0087066254
Genre : Public welfare
File Size : 67. 34 MB
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Institutions For Social Well Being

Author : Lilia Costabile
ISBN : UOM:39015078795732
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 46. 26 MB
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In the debate on the future of Europe's social dimension, there are conflicting views on where to place the balance between economic efficiency and social equity. Comparing social models both within Europe and between Europe and the US, this book argues for the adoption of an integrated approach to economic and social objectives.

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