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The Wiley Blackwell Handbook Of Operant And Classical Conditioning

Author : Frances K. McSweeney
ISBN : 9781118468180
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 47. 83 MB
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This combined survey of operant and classical conditioning provides professional and academic readers with an up-to-date, inclusive account of a core field of psychology research, with in-depth coverage of the basic theory, its applications, and current topics including behavioral economics. Provides comprehensive coverage of operant and classical conditioning, relevant fundamental theory, and applications including the latest techniques Features chapters by leading researchers, professionals, and academicians Reviews a range of core literature on conditioning Covers cutting-edge topics such as behavioral economics

The Science Of Learning

Author : Joseph J. Pear
ISBN : 9781317273875
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 55. 83 MB
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For over a century and a quarter, the science of learning has expanded at an increasing rate and has achieved the status of a mature science. It has developed powerful methodologies and applications. The rise of this science has been so swift that other learning texts often overlook the fact that, like other mature sciences, the science of learning has developed a large body of knowledge. The Science of Learning comprehensively covers this knowledge in a readable and highly systematic manner. Methodology and application are discussed when relevant; however, these aspects are better appreciated after the reader has a firm grasp of the scientific knowledge of learning processes. Accordingly, the book begins with the most fundamental and well-established principles of the science and builds on the preceding material toward greater complexity. The connections of the material with other sciences, especially its sister science, biology, are referenced throughout. Through these frequent references to biology and evolution, the book keeps in the forefront the recognition that the principles of learning apply to all animals. Thus, in the final section the book brings together all learning principles studied in research settings by demonstrating their relevance to both animals and humans in their natural settings. For animals this is the untamed environment of their niches; for humans it is any social environment, for Homo sapiens is the social and learning animal par excellence.

Robotic Systems Concepts Methodologies Tools And Applications

Author : Management Association, Information Resources
ISBN : 9781799817550
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 79. 84 MB
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Through expanded intelligence, the use of robotics has fundamentally transformed a variety of fields, including manufacturing, aerospace, medicine, social services, and agriculture. Continued research on robotic design is critical to solving various dynamic obstacles individuals, enterprises, and humanity at large face on a daily basis. Robotic Systems: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a vital reference source that delves into the current issues, methodologies, and trends relating to advanced robotic technology in the modern world. Highlighting a range of topics such as mechatronics, cybernetics, and human-computer interaction, this multi-volume book is ideally designed for robotics engineers, mechanical engineers, robotics technicians, operators, software engineers, designers, programmers, industry professionals, researchers, students, academicians, and computer practitioners seeking current research on developing innovative ideas for intelligent and autonomous robotics systems.

Theories Of Human Development

Author : Barbara M. Newman
ISBN : 9781317975144
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 24. 96 MB
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Key human development theories that continue to guide research and practice are examined in this engaging text. Ten key theories are grouped into three families - those that emphasize biological systems, environmental factors, and those that reflect an interaction between the two. This organization enhances students’ ability to evaluate, compare, and contrast theories both within and across families. Each family is introduced with an overview of their unique perspectives and the rationale for grouping them together. Discussion of each theory includes the cultural/historical context during the theory’s development, its key concepts and ideas, extensions of the theory in contemporary work, an example showing a modification of the theory, an application of how the theory is used to inform practice, and an analysis of how the theory answers 6 basic questions that a human development theory should address. Each chapter includes an overview of the strengths and weaknesses of the theories to facilitate comparisons. Theories that have a clear lifespan focus along with cases and examples that address issues across the lifespan are included The second edition features: -A new chapter on bioecological theory that highlights the increased use of this theory in the development of family, school, and community intervention programs. -A new epilogue that examines the same case via each of the ten theories illustrating their similarities and differences and how these ideas cast a unique light on a common situation. -New opening cases that bring theory to life along with narrative that links the case to the chapter’s concepts, guiding questions that help students compare theoretical perspectives, critical thinking questions that focus on using the theory to interpret the case and personal life experiences, and recommended resources that extend students’ understanding. -More examples from various disciplines that address topics students are likely to encounter as professionals. -A new glossary that defines the boldfaced key terms. -Enhanced website at www.psypress.com/9781848726673 that provides instructors with a test bank, Power points, discussion questions and activities, additional cases with questions, teaching notes for using the book with various types of majors, and a conversion guide outlining changes to the new edition and students with key terms with hot links to their definitions, chapter summaries and outlines, and additional resources for further study. -Updated research and applications highlight the latest scientific developments. Ideal for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate courses in theories of development, lifespan or child development taught in psychology, human development, family studies, education, and social work.

Psychology Themes And Variations

Author : Wayne Weiten
ISBN : 9780357374924
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 77. 44 MB
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A fusion of the full-length and briefer versions that preceded it, Weiten's PSYCHOLOGY: THEMES AND VARIATIONS, 11th Edition combines a superb thematic organization with practical applications and examples that help readers see beyond research to big-picture concepts. Often described as challenging yet easy to learn from, the book surveys psychology's broad range of content while illuminating the process of research and its relationship to application, showing both the unity and diversity of psychology's subject matter and helping learners master the basic concepts and principles of psychology with as little struggle as possible. Weiten's themes provide unifying threads across chapters that help readers to see the connections among different research areas in psychology. A dynamic illustration program further enhances these themes. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Science Education In Theory And Practice

Author : Ben Akpan
ISBN : 9783030436209
Genre : Science
File Size : 36. 33 MB
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This book provides a collection of applicable learning theories and their applications to science teaching. It presents a synthesis of historical theories while also providing practical implications for improvement of pedagogical practices aimed at advancing the field into the future. The theoretical viewpoints included in this volume span cognitive and social human development, address theories of learning, and describe approaches to teaching and curriculum development. The book presents and discusses humanistic, behaviourist, cognitivist, and constructivist theories. In addition, it looks at other theories, such as multiple intelligences theory, systems thinking, gender/sexuality theory and indigenous knowledge systems. Each chapter follows a reader-motivated approach anchored on a narrative genre. The book serves as a guide for those aiming to create optional learning experiences to prepare the next generation STEM workforce. Chapter “The Bildung Theory—From von Humboldt to Klafki and Beyond” is available open access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License via link.springer.com

Principles And Concepts Of Behavioral Medicine

Author : Edwin B. Fisher
ISBN : 9780387938264
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 45. 63 MB
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Principles and Concepts of Behavioral Medicine A Global Handbook Edwin B. Fisher, Linda D. Cameron, Alan J. Christensen, Ulrike Ehlert, Brian Oldenburg, Frank J. Snoek and Yan Guo This definitive handbook brings together an international array of experts to present the broad, cells-to-society perspectives of behavioral medicine that complement conventional models of health, health care, and prevention. In addition to applications to assessment, diagnosis, intervention, and management, contributors offer innovative prevention and health promotion strategies informed by current knowledge of the mechanisms and pathways of behavior change. Its range of conceptual and practical topics illustrates the central role of behavior in health at the individual, family, community, and population levels, and its increasing importance to person-centered care. The broad perspectives on risk (e.g., stress, lifestyle), management issues (e.g., adherence, social support), and overarching concerns (e.g., inequities, health policy) makes this reference uniquely global as it addresses the following core areas: · The range of relationships and pathways between behavior and health. · Knowing in behavioral medicine; epistemic foundations. · Key influences on behavior and the relationships among behavior, health, and illness. · Approaches to changing behavior related to health. · Key areas of application in prevention and disease management. · Interventions to improve quality of life. · The contexts of behavioral medicine science and practice. Principles and Concepts of Behavioral Medicine opens out the contemporary world of behavior and health to enhance the work of behavioral medicine specialists, health psychologists, public health professionals and policymakers, as well as physicians, nurses, social workers and those in many other fields of health practice around the world.

Psychological Approaches To Pain Management Third Edition

Author : Dennis C. Turk
ISBN : 9781462528530
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 30. 8 MB
Format : PDF
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This authoritative handbook--now significantly revised with more than 50% new material--has introduced thousands of practitioners and students to the state of the art in psychological interventions for managing pain. Leading experts review the most effective treatment approaches for enhancing patients' coping and self-efficacy and reducing pain-related disability, including cognitive-behavioral therapy, biofeedback, clinical hypnosis, group therapy, and more. Strategies for integrating psychosocial and medical treatments for specific populations are described, with chapters on back pain, headache, cancer, and other prevalent chronic pain disorders. Attention is given to customizing intervention for individual patients, maximizing treatment adherence, and preventing overuse of opioids and other medications. ÿ New to This Edition *Chapter on resilience, focusing on mindfulness-and acceptance-based approaches. *Chapters on managing pain with comorbid psychological disorders (posttraumatic stress disorder and substance use disorder). *Chapter on emerging uses of technology. *Even more practitioner friendly: every chapter concludes with bulleted "Clinical Highlights." *Many new authors; extensively revised with over 15 years of research and clinical advances.ÿ

The Handbook On Innovations In Learning

Author : Marilyn Murphy
ISBN : 9781623966096
Genre : Education
File Size : 30. 62 MB
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An innovation in learning improves upon the implementation of the standard practice or introduces a new practice, thus achieving greater learning outcomes. The Handbook on Innovations in Learning, developed by the Center on Innovations in Learning, presents commissioned chapters describing current best practices of instruction before embarking on descriptions of selected innovative practices which promise better methods of engaging and teaching students. Written by a diverse and talented field of experts, chapters in the Handbook seek to facilitate the adoption of the innovative practices they describe by suggesting implementation policies and procedures to leaders of state and local education agencies.

Behavior Change In The Human Services

Author : Martin Sundel
ISBN : 9781483384627
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 77. 36 MB
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Using a unique behavioral assessment and treatment planning framework, the updated Sixth Edition provides a systematic overview of behavioral and cognitive principles and their applications to a wide range of issues and situations encountered in human services professions. Up-to-date practice examples drawn from eight diverse case studies illustrate the range and versatility of the behavior change approach in an increasingly diverse and multicultural society, while an innovative chapter on clinical applications of behavioral and cognitive intervention techniques also addresses current influences in the field. This edition embraces the rigorous empirical foundations that have made this approach such a significant contributor to the national and international therapeutic milieu of the 21st century.

Learning Behavior

Author : James E. Mazur
ISBN : 9781315450278
Genre : Education
File Size : 70. 27 MB
Format : PDF
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This book reviews how people and animals learn and how their behaviors are changed as a result of learning. It describes the most important principles, theories, controversies, and experiments that pertain to learning and behavior that are applicable to diverse species and different learning situations. Both classic studies and recent trends and developments are explored, providing a comprehensive survey of the field. Although the behavioral approach is emphasized, many cognitive theories are covered as well, along with a chapter on comparative cognition. Real-world examples and analogies make the concepts and theories more concrete and relevant to students. In addition, most chapters provide examples of how the principles covered have been applied in behavior modification and therapy. Thoroughly updated, each chapter features many new studies and references that reflect recent developments in the field. Learning objectives, bold-faced key terms, practice quizzes, a chapter summary, review questions, and a glossary are included. The volume is intended for undergraduate or graduate courses in psychology of learning, (human) learning, introduction to learning, learning processes, animal behavior, (principles of) learning and behavior, conditioning and learning, learning and motivation, experimental analysis of behavior, behaviorism, and behavior analysis. Highlights of the new edition include: -A new text design with more illustrations, photos, and tables. -In the Media, Spotlight on Research, and Applying the Research boxes that highlight recent applications of learning principles in psychology, education, sports, and the workplace. -Discussions of recent developments in the growing field of neuroscience. - Coverage of various theoretical perspectives to the study of learning—behavioral, cognitive, and physiological. - Expanded coverage of emerging topics such as the behavioral economics of addictions, disordered gambling, and impulsivity. -New examples, references, and research studies to ensure students are introduced to the latest developments in the field. - A website at www.routledge.com/9781138689947 where instructors will find a test bank, Powerpoint slides, and Internet links. Students will find practice questions, definitions of key terms, chapter outlines, and Internet sources for additional information.

Child And Adolescent Therapy

Author : Jeremy P. Shapiro
ISBN : 9781118722077
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 55. 48 MB
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Comprehensive introduction to the theory and practice of therapy Child and Adolescent Therapy: Science and Art, Second Edition relies on both psychotherapy research and clinical expertise to create a comprehensive guide to evidence-based practice for providers of child and adolescent therapy. It includes explanations of all major theoretical orientations and the techniques associated with each, with application to the major diagnostic categories. This updated Second Edition includes a new chapter on Mindfulness-Based Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies (Dialectical Behavior Therapy and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy), incorporation of recent neuroscience research, instruction in Motivational Interviewing, and guidance in using therapeutic diagrams with young clients. The book models the thought process of expert therapists by describing how the science and art of therapy can be combined to provide a strong basis for treatment planning and clinical decision-making. Theoretical concepts, empirically supported treatments, and best practices are translated into concrete, detailed form, with numerous examples of therapist verbalizations and conversations between counselor and client. Child and Adolescent Therapy: Science and Art, Second Edition: Explains the work of therapists from the ground up, beginning with fundamentals and moving on to advanced theory and technique Covers the major theoretical approaches: behavioral, cognitive, mindfulness-based, psychodynamic, constructivist, and family systems Guides therapists in planning effective treatment strategies with balanced consideration of outcome research, cultural factors, and individual client characteristics Connects treatment planning with the diagnostic characteristics of the major child and adolescent disorders For both students and skilled clinicians looking for new ideas and techniques, Child and Adolescent Therapy: Science and Art, Second Edition offers a thorough, holistic examination of how best to serve young therapy clients.

The Cambridge Handbook Of Computing Education Research

Author : Sally A. Fincher
ISBN : 9781108755702
Genre : Education
File Size : 87. 51 MB
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This Handbook describes the extent and shape of computing education research today. Over fifty leading researchers from academia and industry (including Google and Microsoft) have contributed chapters that together define and expand the evidence base. The foundational chapters set the field in context, articulate expertise from key disciplines, and form a practical guide for new researchers. They address what can be learned empirically, methodologically and theoretically from each area. The topic chapters explore issues that are of current interest, why they matter, and what is already known. They include discussion of motivational context, implications for practice, and open questions which might suggest future research. The authors provide an authoritative introduction to the field and is essential reading for policy makers, as well as both new and established researchers.

Learning And Memory

Author : David A. Lieberman
ISBN : 9781108618052
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 87. 57 MB
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The first text to integrate behavioral and cognitive approaches to learning and memory, this engaging textbook emphasizes human research, reflecting the field's evolution. Learning and Memory also recognizes the vital contribution of animal research, covering all historically important studies. Written in a lively and conversational style, this second edition encourages students to think critically. One example is its exploration of the Rescorla-Wagner model, the most important theory of conditioning, now further streamlined to improve student comprehension. Another is the addition of critical-thinking questions, which encourage students to evaluate their reactions to the material they've read, and relate findings to their own lives. Research includes an emphasis on practical applications such as treatments for phobias, addictions, and autism; the arguments for and against corporal punishment; whether recovered memories and eyewitness testimony should be believed; and effective techniques for studying. The text concludes with an overview of neural networks and deep learning.

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook Of Disordered Gambling

Author : David C. S. Richard
ISBN : 9781118316146
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 38. 27 MB
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The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Disordered Gambling is a complete guide to the current empirical literature relating to the conceptualization, assessment, and treatment of disordered gambling. The international contributors are all experienced, practicing clinicians who discuss gambling within a global context. Best-practice guidelines for the clinical management of problem and disordered gambling Contains empirically derived findings that translate research into practical clinical applications that clinicians and counselors can use in understanding and treating problem gamblers Brings together a distinguished international group of scholars whose contributions discuss gambling as it occurs around the globe Clearly organized into sections that cover conceptualization, research, assessment, treatment, and special topics

Corticospinal Excitability In Patients With Multiple Sclerosis

Author : Samar S. Ayache
ISBN : 9782889664900
Genre : Medical
File Size : 60. 65 MB
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Crisis Trauma And Disaster

Author : Linda Lutisha Black
ISBN : 9781483369051
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 65. 19 MB
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Crisis, Trauma, and Disaster: A Clinician′s Guide teaches counselors how to respond and intervene with individuals, groups and organizations. The book begins with a description of the counselor’s role and responsibilities and then presents chapters on crisis, trauma and disasters with corresponding chapters on working with those affected. Each chapter defines the issue and contrasts it with general counseling requirements, and then presents the history and theory as well as common interventions. Each chapter contains The Counselor’s Toolkit and presents assessment, case conceptualization and treatment approaches followed by case illustrations. The text concludes with a chapter on emerging trends and a chapter on caring for those who care.

Social Psychology

Author : Daniel W. Barrett
ISBN : 9781506310626
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 84. 97 MB
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Employing a lively and accessible writing style, author Daniel W. Barrett integrates up-to-date coverage of social psychology’s core theories, concepts, and research with a discussion of emerging developments in the field—including social neuroscience and the social psychology of happiness, religion, and sustainability. Social Psychology: Core Concepts and Emerging Trends presents engaging examples, Applying Social Psychology sections, and a wealth of pedagogical features to help readers cultivate a deep understanding of the causes of social behavior.

Clinical Guide To Toilet Training Children

Author : Johnny L. Matson
ISBN : 9783319627250
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 72. 63 MB
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This book offers a comprehensive overview of the universal issue of toilet training in children and explores issues that need to be considered by clinicians and other professionals. The book begins with a historical overview of the field, including origins and reviews of current practices. It discusses various toileting problems and their side effects, risk factors, normal developmental milestones in toileting, and theories of toileting. Chapters identify behavior problems (e.g., self-injury, noncompliance) as well as medical conditions (e.g., diabetes, constipation) that can affect continence, with proven strategies for addressing these challenges in toilet training children, including those with intellectual and developmental disabilities. The book concludes with a discussion of the strengths of current toilet training practices as well as suggestions for areas where continued improvement is required. Topics featured in this book include: · Complications and side effects associated with the lack of toileting skills. · Technology used in toilet training. · Applications of operant-based behavioral principles to toilet training. · Toilet training strategies involving modeling and modifications of the physical environment. · Toilet training children with physical disabilities. The Clinical Guide to Toilet Training Children is a must-have resource for researchers, graduate students, clinicians, and related therapists and professionals in clinical child and school psychology, pediatrics, family studies, developmental psychology, nursing, social work, and behavioral therapy/rehabilitation.

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook Of The Treatment Of Childhood And Adolescent Anxiety

Author : Cecilia A. Essau
ISBN : 9781118314494
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 47. 38 MB
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Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of the Treatment of Childhood and Adolescent Anxiety presents a collection of readings from leading experts that reveal the most effective evidence-based interventions for the prevention and treatment of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. Features expertise of the foremost scientist-practitioners in the field of child and adolescent anxiety Includes state-of-the art information on psychological interventions from each author Written in a clear and easy-to-follow manner for a wide audience

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