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Theorems On Regularity And Singularity Of Energy Minimizing Maps

Author : Leon Simon
ISBN : 376435397X
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 85. 3 MB
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The aim of these lecture notes is to give an essentially self-contained introduction to the basic regularity theory for energy minimizing maps, including recent developments concerning the structure of the singular set and asymptotics on approach to the singular set. Specialized knowledge in partial differential equations or the geometric calculus of variations is not required; a good general background in mathematical analysis would be adequate preparation.

Theorems On Regularity And Singularity Of Energy Minimizing Maps

Author : Leon Simon
ISBN : 081765397X
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 62. 39 MB
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Theorems On Regularity And Singularity Of Energy Minimizing Maps

Author : Leon Simon
ISBN : 9783034891936
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 83. 41 MB
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The aim of these lecture notes is to give an essentially self-contained introduction to the basic regularity theory for energy minimizing maps, including recent developments concerning the structure of the singular set and asymptotics on approach to the singular set. Specialized knowledge in partial differential equations or the geometric calculus of variations is not required; a good general background in mathematical analysis would be adequate preparation.

Cartesian Currents In The Calculus Of Variations Ii

Author : Mariano Giaquinta
ISBN : 9783662062180
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 65. 57 MB
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Non-scalar variational problems appear in different fields. In geometry, for in stance, we encounter the basic problems of harmonic maps between Riemannian manifolds and of minimal immersions; related questions appear in physics, for example in the classical theory of a-models. Non linear elasticity is another example in continuum mechanics, while Oseen-Frank theory of liquid crystals and Ginzburg-Landau theory of superconductivity require to treat variational problems in order to model quite complicated phenomena. Typically one is interested in finding energy minimizing representatives in homology or homotopy classes of maps, minimizers with prescribed topological singularities, topological charges, stable deformations i. e. minimizers in classes of diffeomorphisms or extremal fields. In the last two or three decades there has been growing interest, knowledge, and understanding of the general theory for this kind of problems, often referred to as geometric variational problems. Due to the lack of a regularity theory in the non scalar case, in contrast to the scalar one - or in other words to the occurrence of singularities in vector valued minimizers, often related with concentration phenomena for the energy density - and because of the particular relevance of those singularities for the problem being considered the question of singling out a weak formulation, or completely understanding the significance of various weak formulations becames non trivial.

Cartesian Currents In The Calculus Of Variations Ii

Author : Both in the Department of Mathematics Mariano Giaquinta
ISBN : 354064010X
Genre : Mathematics
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This monograph (in two volumes) deals with non scalar variational problems arising in geometry, as harmonic mappings between Riemannian manifolds and minimal graphs, and in physics, as stable equilibrium configuations in nonlinear elasticity or for liquid crystals. The presentation is selfcontained and accessible to non specialists. Topics are treated as far as possible in an elementary way, illustrating results with simple examples; in principle, chapters and even sections are readable independently of the general context, so that parts can be easily used for graduate courses. Open questions are often mentioned and the final section of each chapter discusses references to the literature and sometimes supplementary results. Finally, a detailed Table of Contents and an extensive Index are of help to consult this monograph

Cartesian Currents In The Calculus Of Variations I

Author : Mariano Giaquinta
ISBN : 3540640096
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 26. 84 MB
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This monograph (in two volumes) deals with non scalar variational problems arising in geometry, as harmonic mappings between Riemannian manifolds and minimal graphs, and in physics, as stable equilibrium configuations in nonlinear elasticity or for liquid crystals. The presentation is selfcontained and accessible to non specialists. Topics are treated as far as possible in an elementary way, illustrating results with simple examples; in principle, chapters and even sections are readable independently of the general context, so that parts can be easily used for graduate courses. Open questions are often mentioned and the final section of each chapter discusses references to the literature and sometimes supplementary results. Finally, a detailed Table of Contents and an extensive Index are of help to consult this monograph

An Introduction To The Regularity Theory For Elliptic Systems Harmonic Maps And Minimal Graphs

Author : Mariano Giaquinta
ISBN : 9788876424434
Genre : Mathematics
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This volume deals with the regularity theory for elliptic systems. We may find the origin of such a theory in two of the problems posed by David Hilbert in his celebrated lecture delivered during the International Congress of Mathematicians in 1900 in Paris: 19th problem: Are the solutions to regular problems in the Calculus of Variations always necessarily analytic? 20th problem: does any variational problem have a solution, provided that certain assumptions regarding the given boundary conditions are satisfied, and provided that the notion of a solution is suitably extended? During the last century these two problems have generated a great deal of work, usually referred to as regularity theory, which makes this topic quite relevant in many fields and still very active for research. However, the purpose of this volume, addressed mainly to students, is much more limited. We aim to illustrate only some of the basic ideas and techniques introduced in this context, confining ourselves to important but simple situations and refraining from completeness. In fact some relevant topics are omitted. Topics include: harmonic functions, direct methods, Hilbert space methods and Sobolev spaces, energy estimates, Schauder and L^p-theory both with and without potential theory, including the Calderon-Zygmund theorem, Harnack's and De Giorgi-Moser-Nash theorems in the scalar case and partial regularity theorems in the vector valued case; energy minimizing harmonic maps and minimal graphs in codimension 1 and greater than 1. In this second deeply revised edition we also included the regularity of 2-dimensional weakly harmonic maps, the partial regularity of stationary harmonic maps, and their connections with the case p=1 of the L^p theory, including the celebrated results of Wente and of Coifman-Lions-Meyer-Semmes.

Handbook Of Global Analysis

Author : Demeter Krupka
ISBN : 0080556736
Genre : Mathematics
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This is a comprehensive exposition of topics covered by the American Mathematical Society’s classification “Global Analysis , dealing with modern developments in calculus expressed using abstract terminology. It will be invaluable for graduate students and researchers embarking on advanced studies in mathematics and mathematical physics. This book provides a comprehensive coverage of modern global analysis and geometrical mathematical physics, dealing with topics such as; structures on manifolds, pseudogroups, Lie groupoids, and global Finsler geometry; the topology of manifolds and differentiable mappings; differential equations (including ODEs, differential systems and distributions, and spectral theory); variational theory on manifolds, with applications to physics; function spaces on manifolds; jets, natural bundles and generalizations; and non-commutative geometry. - Comprehensive coverage of modern global analysis and geometrical mathematical physics - Written by world-experts in the field - Up-to-date contents

Partial Regularity For Harmonic Maps And Related Problems

Author : Roger Moser
ISBN : 9789814481502
Genre : Science
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' The book presents a collection of results pertaining to the partial regularity of solutions to various variational problems, all of which are connected to the Dirichlet energy of maps between Riemannian manifolds, and thus related to the harmonic map problem. The topics covered include harmonic maps and generalized harmonic maps; certain perturbed versions of the harmonic map equation; the harmonic map heat flow; and the Landau-Lifshitz (or Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert) equation. Since the methods in regularity theory of harmonic maps are quite subtle, it is not immediately clear how they can be applied to certain problems that arise in applications. The book discusses in particular this question. Contents:Analytic PreliminariesHarmonic MapsAlmost Harmonic MapsEvolution Problems Readership: Researchers and graduate students in analysis and differential equations. Keywords:Harmonic Maps;Regularity;Heat Flow;Landau-Lifshitz Equation;Dirichlet Energy;Variational ProblemsKey Features:A variety of problems are studied, among which some are of special interest in mathematical physicsThe presentation is kept as simple as possible and the proofs are almost self-containedSome previously unpublished results are includedReviews:“This book is well worth reading, it gives new insights, even given the fact that there has been quite a large number of previous books on harmonic maps.”Mathematical Reviews “It is clear that this book is well worth reading, and that it gives new insights, even given the fact that there has been quite a large number of previous books on harmonic maps.”Zentralblatt MATH '

Lectures On Geometric Variational Problems

Author : Seiki Nishikawa
ISBN : 9784431684022
Genre : Mathematics
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In this volume are collected notes of lectures delivered at the First In ternational Research Institute of the Mathematical Society of Japan. This conference, held at Tohoku University in July 1993, was devoted to geometry and global analysis. Subsequent to the conference, in answer to popular de mand from the participants, it was decided to publish the notes of the survey lectures. Written by the lecturers themselves, all experts in their respective fields, these notes are here presented in a single volume. It is hoped that they will provide a vivid account of the current research, from the introduc tory level up to and including the most recent results, and will indicate the direction to be taken by future researeh. This compilation begins with Jean-Pierre Bourguignon's notes entitled "An Introduction to Geometric Variational Problems," illustrating the gen eral framework of the field with many examples and providing the reader with a broad view of the current research. Following this, Kenji Fukaya's notes on "Geometry of Gauge Fields" are concerned with gauge theory and its applications to low-dimensional topology, without delving too deeply into technical detail. Special emphasis is placed on explaining the ideas of infi nite dimensional geometry that, in the literature, are often hidden behind rigorous formulations or technical arguments.

Selected Works Of Frederick J Almgren Jr

Author : Frederick J. Almgren
ISBN : 0821810677
Genre : Mathematics
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This volume offers a unique collection of some of the work of Frederick J. Almgren, Jr., the man most noted for defining the shape of geometric variational problems and for his role in founding The Geometry Center. Included in the volume are the following: a summary by Sheldon Chang of the famous 1700 page paper on singular sets of area-minimizing $m$-dimensional surfaces in $Rn$, a detailed summary by Brian White of Almgren's contributions to mathematics, his own announcements of several longer papers, important shorter papers, and memorable expository papers. Almgren's enthusiasm for the subject and his ability to locate mathematically beautiful problems that were "ready to be solved" attracted many students who further expanded the subject into new areas. Many of these former students are now known for the clarity of their expositions and for the beauty of the problems that they work on. As Almgren's former graduate student, wife, and colleague, Professor Taylor has compiled an important volume on an extraordinary mathematician. This collection presents a fine comprehensive view of the man's mathematical legacy

The Ubiquitous Heat Kernel

Author : Jay Jorgenson
ISBN : 9780821836989
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 50. 79 MB
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The aim of this volume is to bring together research ideas from various fields of mathematics which utilize the heat kernel or heat kernel techniques in their research. The intention of this collection of papers is to broaden productive communication across mathematical sub-disciplines and to provide a vehicle which would allow experts in one field to initiate research with individuals in another field, as well as to give non-experts a resource which can facilitate expanding their research and connecting with others.

Elliptic Regularity Theory

Author : Lisa Beck
ISBN : 9783319274850
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 38. 40 MB
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These lecture notes provide a self-contained introduction to regularity theory for elliptic equations and systems in divergence form. After a short review of some classical results on everywhere regularity for scalar-valued weak solutions, the presentation focuses on vector-valued weak solutions to a system of several coupled equations. In the vectorial case, weak solutions may have discontinuities and so are expected, in general, to be regular only outside of a set of measure zero. Several methods are presented concerning the proof of such partial regularity results, and optimal regularity is discussed. Finally, a short overview is given on the current state of the art concerning the size of the singular set on which discontinuities may occur. The notes are intended for graduate and postgraduate students with a solid background in functional analysis and some familiarity with partial differential equations; they will also be of interest to researchers working on related topics.

The Regularity Of General Parabolic Systems With Degenerate Diffusion

Author : Verena Bögelein
ISBN : 9780821889756
Genre : Mathematics
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The aim of the paper is twofold. On one hand the authors want to present a new technique called $p$-caloric approximation, which is a proper generalization of the classical compactness methods first developed by DeGiorgi with his Harmonic Approximation Lemma. This last result, initially introduced in the setting of Geometric Measure Theory to prove the regularity of minimal surfaces, is nowadays a classical tool to prove linearization and regularity results for vectorial problems. Here the authors develop a very far reaching version of this general principle devised to linearize general degenerate parabolic systems. The use of this result in turn allows the authors to achieve the subsequent and main aim of the paper, that is, the implementation of a partial regularity theory for parabolic systems with degenerate diffusion of the type $\partial_t u - \mathrm{div} a(Du)=0$, without necessarily assuming a quasi-diagonal structure, i.e. a structure prescribing that the gradient non-linearities depend only on the the explicit scalar quantity.

Geometric Evolution Equations

Author : Shu-Cheng Chang
ISBN : 9780821833612
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 55. 73 MB
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The Workshop on Geometric Evolution Equations was a gathering of experts that produced this comprehensive collection of articles. Many of the papers relate to the Ricci flow and Hamilton's program for understanding the geometry and topology of 3-manifolds. The use of evolution equations in geometry can lead to remarkable results. Of particular interest is the potential solution of Thurston's Geometrization Conjecture and the Poincare Conjecture. Yet applying the method poses serious technical problems.Contributors to this volume explain some of these issues and demonstrate a noteworthy deftness in the handling of technical areas. Various topics in geometric evolution equations and related fields are presented. Among other topics covered are minimal surface equations, mean curvature flow, harmonic map flow, Calabi flow, Ricci flow (including a numerical study), Kahler-Ricci flow, function theory on Kahler manifolds, flows of plane curves, convexity estimates, and the Christoffel-Minkowski problem. The material is suitable for graduate students and researchers interested in geometric analysis and connections to topology. Related titles of interest include ""The Ricci Flow: An Introduction"".

The Science Of Hysteresis Physical Modeling Micromagnetics And Magnetization Dynamics

Author : I. D. Mayergoyz
ISBN : 0123694329
Genre : Hysteresis
File Size : 20. 79 MB
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Volume 1 covers: * Mathematical models * Differential equations * Stochastic aspects of hysteresis * Binary detection using hysteresis * Models of unemployment in economics Volume 2 covers: * Physical models of magnetic hysteresis * All aspects of magnetisation dynamics Volume 3 covers: * Hysteresis phenomena in materials * Over 2100 pages, rich with supporting illustrations, figures and equations * Contains contributions from an international list of authors, from a wide-range of disciplines * Covers all aspects of hysteresis - from differential equations, and binary detection, to models of unemployment and magnetisation dynamics.

Geometric Analysis And Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations

Author : Stefan Hildebrandt
ISBN : 9783642556272
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 51. 61 MB
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This book is not a textbook, but rather a coherent collection of papers from the field of partial differential equations. Nevertheless we believe that it may very well serve as a good introduction into some topics of this classical field of analysis which, despite of its long history, is highly modem and well prospering. Richard Courant wrote in 1950: "It has always been a temptationfor mathematicians to present the crystallized product of their thought as a deductive general theory and to relegate the individual mathematical phenomenon into the role of an example. The reader who submits to the dogmatic form will be easily indoctrinated. Enlightenment, however, must come from an understanding of motives; live mathematical development springs from specific natural problems which can be easily understood, but whose solutions are difficult and demand new methods or more general significance. " We think that many, if not all, papers of this book are written in this spirit and will give the reader access to an important branch of analysis by exhibiting interest ing problems worth to be studied. Most of the collected articles have an extensive introductory part describing the history of the presented problems as well as the state of the art and offer a well chosen guide to the literature. This way the papers became lengthier than customary these days, but the level of presentation is such that an advanced graduate student should find the various articles both readable and stimulating.

Existence And Regularity Of Branched Minimal Submanifolds

Author : Brian James Krummel
ISBN : STANFORD:rc085mz1473
Genre :
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We consider two-valued solutions to elliptic problems, which arise from the study branched minimal submanifolds. Simon and Wickramasekera constructed examples of two-valued solutions to the Dirichlet problem for the minimal surface equation on the cylinder $\mathcal{C} = \breve{B}_1^2(0) \times \mathbb{R}^{n-2}$ with Holder continuity estimates on the gradient assuming the boundary data satisfies a symmetry condition. However, their method was specific to the minimal surface equation. We generalize Simon and Wickramasekera's result to an existence theorems for a more general class elliptic equations and for a class of elliptic systems with small data. In particular, we extend Simon and Wickramasekera's result to the minimal surface system. Our approach uses techniques for elliptic differential equations such as the Leray-Schauder theory and contraction mapping principle, which have the advantage of applying in more general contexts than codimension 1 minimal surfaces. We also show that for two-valued solutions to elliptic equations with real analytic data, the branch set of their graphs are real analytic $(n-2)$-dimensional submanifolds. This is a consequence of using the Schauder estimate for two-valued functions and a technique involving majorants due to Friedman to inductively get estimates on the derivatives of the two-valued solutions.

The Science Of Hysteresis

Author : Giorgio Bertotti
ISBN : 0080540783
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 48. 2 MB
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Volume 1 covers: * Mathematical models * Differential equations * Stochastic aspects of hysteresis * Binary detection using hysteresis * Models of unemployment in economics Volume 2 covers: * Physical models of magnetic hysteresis * All aspects of magnetisation dynamics Volume 3 covers: * Hysteresis phenomena in materials * Over 2100 pages, rich with supporting illustrations, figures and equations * Contains contributions from an international list of authors, from a wide-range of disciplines * Covers all aspects of hysteresis - from differential equations, and binary detection, to models of unemployment and magnetisation dynamics

Geometric Partial Differential Equations

Author : Antonin Chambolle
ISBN : 9788876424731
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 58. 73 MB
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This book is the outcome of a conference held at the Centro De Giorgi of the Scuola Normale of Pisa in September 2012. The aim of the conference was to discuss recent results on nonlinear partial differential equations, and more specifically geometric evolutions and reaction-diffusion equations. Particular attention was paid to self-similar solutions, such as solitons and travelling waves, asymptotic behaviour, formation of singularities and qualitative properties of solutions. These problems arise in many models from Physics, Biology, Image Processing and Applied Mathematics in general, and have attracted a lot of attention in recent years.

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