to explain the world the discovery of modern science

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To Explain The World

Author : Steven Weinberg
ISBN : 9780241196656
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 76 MB
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In To Explain the World, pre-eminent theoretical physicist Steven Weinberg offers a rich and irreverent history of science from a unique perspective - that of a scientist. Moving from ancient Miletus to medieval Baghdad to Oxford, and from the Museum of Alexandria to the Royal Society of London, he shows that the scientists of the past not only did not understand what we understand about the world - they did not understand what there is to understand. Yet eventually, through the struggle to solve such mysteries as the backward movement of the planets and the rise and fall of tides, the modern discipline of science emerged.

How Modern Science Came Into The World

Author : H. F. Cohen
ISBN : 9789089642394
Genre : History
File Size : 34. 10 MB
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Once upon a time 'The Scientific Revolution of the 17th century' was an innovative concept that inspired a stimulating narrative of how modern science came into the world. Half a century later, what we now know as 'the master narrative' serves rather as a strait-jacket - so often events and contexts just fail to fit in. No attempt has been made so far to replace the master narrative. H. Floris Cohen now comes up with precisely such a replacement. Key to his path-breaking analysis-cum-narrative is a vision of the Scientific Revolution as made up of six distinct yet narrowly interconnected, revolutionary transformations, each of some twenty-five to thirty years' duration. This vision enables him to explain how modern science could come about in Europe rather than in Greece, China, or the Islamic world. It also enables him to explain how half-way into the 17th century a vast crisis of legitimacy could arise and, in the end, be overcome.

Magic Universe

Author : Nigel Calder
ISBN : 0198507925
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 9 MB
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Drawing on interviews with more than two hundred researchers, a lively examination of modern science offers accessible coverage of such fields as physics, biology, and medicine, addressing a wide range of topics while explaining the relationships between disparate fields of study. (Science & Mathematics)

Lost Discoveries

Author : Dick Teresi
ISBN : 143912860X
Genre : Science
File Size : 35. 49 MB
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Lost Discoveries, Dick Teresi's innovative history of science, explores the unheralded scientific breakthroughs from peoples of the ancient world -- Babylonians, Egyptians, Indians, Africans, New World and Oceanic tribes, among others -- and the non-European medieval world. They left an enormous heritage in the fields of mathematics, astronomy, cosmology, physics, geology, chemistry, and technology. The mathematical foundation of Western science is a gift from the Indians, Chinese, Arabs, Babylonians, and Maya. The ancient Egyptians developed the concept of the lowest common denominator, and they developed a fraction table that modern scholars estimate required 28,000 calculations to compile. The Babylonians developed the first written math and used a place-value number system. Our numerals, 0 through 9, were invented in ancient India; the Indians also boasted geometry, trigonometry, and a kind of calculus. Planetary astronomy as well may have begun with the ancient Indians, who correctly identified the relative distances of the known planets from the sun, and knew the moon was nearer to the earth than the sun was. The Chinese observed, reported, dated, recorded, and interpreted eclipses between 1400 and 1200 b.c. Most of the names of our stars and constellations are Arabic. Arabs built the first observatories. Five thousand years ago, the Sumerians said the earth was circular. In the sixth century, a Hindu astronomer taught that the daily rotation of the earth on its axis provided the rising and setting of the sun. Chinese and Arab scholars were the first to use fossils scientifically to trace earth's history. Chinese alchemists realized that most physical substances were merely combinations of other substances, which could be mixed in different proportions. Islamic scholars are legendary for translating scientific texts of many languages into Arabic, a tradition that began with alchemical books. In the eleventh century, Avicenna of Persia divined that outward qualities of metals were of little value in classification, and he stressed internal structure, a notion anticipating Mendeleyev's periodic chart of elements. Iron suspension bridges came from Kashmir, printing from India; papermaking was from China, Tibet, India, and Baghdad; movable type was invented by Pi Sheng in about 1041; the Quechuan Indians of Peru were the first to vulcanize rubber; Andean farmers were the first to freeze-dry potatoes. European explorers depended heavily on Indian and Filipino shipbuilders, and collected maps and sea charts from Javanese and Arab merchants. The first comprehensive, authoritative, popularly written, multicultural history of science, Lost Discoveries fills a crucial gap in the history of science.

Discoveries In Modern Science

Author : Gale
ISBN : 002866244X
Genre : Science
File Size : 81. 15 MB
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"A three-volume encyclopedia containing more than 300 signed entries, Discoveries in Modern Science covers the most important discoveries in the fields of biology, physics, and astronomy, intended to meet the needs of students and educators in high schools, community colleges, and four-year colleges, as well as the interested layperson. It represents a wide range of disciplines: biology, medicine, paleontology, oceanography, ecology, geology, linguistics, volcanology, meteorology, and others. Entries rigorously and thoroughly present key scientific concepts, in the context of accessible narratives and rich photojournalism. The set presents an in-depth treatment of "curiosity-led science," as well as directed research that led to important inventions and technologies. All entries provide cross references to related entries in the encyclopedia and a bibliography of resources either cited in the entry and/or to aid in further research"--

Companion To The History Of Modern Science

Author : Robert Cecil Olby
ISBN : 9780415019880
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 20 MB
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* A descriptive and analytical guide to the development of Western science from AD 1500, and to the diversity and course of that development first in Europe and later across the world * Presented in clear, non-technical language * Extensive indexes of Subjects and Names `Indeed a companion volume whose 67 essays give pleasure and instruction ... an ambitious and successful work.' - Times Literary Supplement `This work is an essential resource for libraries everywhere. For specialist science libraries willing to keep just one encyclopaedic guide to history, for undergraduate libraries seeking to provide easily accessible information, for the devisers of university curricula, for the modern social historian or even the eclectic scientist taking a break from simply making history, this is the book for you.' - Times Higher Education Supplement `A pleasure to read with a carefully chosen typeface, well organized pages and ample margins ... it is very easy to find one's way around. This is a book which will be consulted widely.' - Technovation `This is a commendably easy book to use.' - British Journal of the History of Science `Scholars from other areas entering this field, students taking the vertical approach and teachers coming from any direction cannot fail to find this an invaluable text.' - History of Science Journal

Domesticity In The Making Of Modern Science

Author : Donald L. Opitz
ISBN : 9781137492739
Genre : Science
File Size : 54. 14 MB
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The history of the modern sciences has long overlooked the significance of domesticity as a physical, social, and symbolic force in the shaping of knowledge production. This book provides a welcome reorientation to our understanding of the making of the modern sciences globally by emphasizing the centrality of domesticity in diverse scientific enterprises.

Religion And The Rise Of Modern Science

Author : Reijer Hooykaas
ISBN : 1573830186
Genre : Religion
File Size : 35. 75 MB
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At a time when religion and science are seen by many to be antagonists locked in a battle to the death, Professor Hooykaas offers a startling proposition: modern science, he suggests, is in good part a product of the Judeo-Christian influence on western thought.

The Foundations Of Modern Science In The Middle Ages

Author : Edward Grant
ISBN : 0521567629
Genre : History
File Size : 39. 56 MB
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This 1997 book views the substantive achievements of the Middle Ages as they relate to early modern science.

Science And The Modern World

Author : Alfred North Whitehead
ISBN : 9780684836393
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 20. 68 MB
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Alfred North Whitehead's SCIENCE AND THE MODERN WORLD, originally published in 1925, redefines the concept of modern science. Presaging by more than half a century most of today's cutting-edge thought on the cultural ramifications of science and technology, Whitehead demands that readers understand and celebrate the contemporary, historical, and cultural context of scientific discovery. Taking readers through the history of modern science, Whitehead shows how cultural history has affected science over the ages in relation to such major intellectual themes as romanticism, relativity, quantum theory, religion, and movements for social progress.

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