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The Trail Of Tears

Author : John P. Bowes
ISBN : 9781438103921
Genre : History
File Size : 85. 45 MB
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In 1830, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, which authorized President Andrew Jackson to move eastern Indian tribes west of the Mississippi River to Indian Territory. Often solely associated with the Cherokee, the Trail of Tears more accurately describes the forced removal of the Five Civilized Tribes, which in addition to the Cherokee includes the Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole. This book is an insightful and honest exploration of this dark chapter in Native American history.

The Cherokee Nation And The Trail Of Tears

Author : Theda Perdue
ISBN : 9781101202340
Genre : History
File Size : 70. 30 MB
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Today, a fraction of the Cherokee people remains in their traditional homeland in the southern Appalachians. Most Cherokees were forcibly relocated to eastern Oklahoma in the early nineteenth century. In 1830 the U.S. government shifted its policy from one of trying to assimilate American Indians to one of relocating them and proceeded to drive seventeen thousand Cherokee people west of the Mississippi. The Cherokee Nation and the Trail of Tears recounts this moment in American history and considers its impact on the Cherokee, on U.S.-Indian relations, and on contemporary society. Guggenheim Fellowship-winning historian Theda Perdue and coauthor Michael D. Green explain the various and sometimes competing interests that resulted in the Cherokee?s expulsion, follow the exiles along the Trail of Tears, and chronicle their difficult years in the West after removal.

The Trail Of Tears

Author : Kristen Rajczak Nelson
ISBN : 9781534561366
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 51. 83 MB
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The Trail of Tears is the name used to describe the forced migration of the Cherokee people in the 1830s from their homelands in the southeastern United States to land in what’s now Oklahoma. This devastating journey took the lives of thousands of Native Americans, and it’s one of the most shameful chapters in American history. Detailed main text—supported by enlightening sidebars and primary sources—gives readers a clear picture of the reasons the Cherokee people were forced from their homes and what happened to them on the difficult journey west.

The Trail Of Tears 1838

Author : Laura Purdie Salas
ISBN : 0736815597
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 31. 62 MB
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Discusses events leading up to the removal of the Cherokee Native Americans from their homelands, hardships faced on the Trail of Tears, challenges of the new territory in Oklahoma, and the Cherokee nation today.

The Trail Of Tears Across Missouri

Author : Joan Gilbert
ISBN : 0826210635
Genre : History
File Size : 89. 57 MB
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Tells the tragic story of the removal of the Cherokees from their established homes in the southeastern United States to the Indian Territory that is now Oklahoma.

The Trail Of Tears

Author : Michael Burgan
ISBN : 0756501016
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 77. 8 MB
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Provides a brief history of the removal by white Americans of the Cherokee peoples from their eastern homeland to the Indian Territory now known as Oklahoma.

The Trail Of Tears

Author : Charles River Charles River Editors
ISBN : 1542408172
Genre :
File Size : 27. 80 MB
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*Includes pictures *Includes eyewitness accounts of the Trail of Tears *Includes a Bibliography for further reading. "I fought through the War Between the States and have seen many men shot, but the Cherokee Removal was the cruelest work I ever knew." - Georgia soldier on the Trail of Tears The "Five Civilized Tribes" are among the best known Native American groups in American history, and they were even celebrated by contemporary Americans for their abilities to adapt to white culture. But tragically, they are also well known tribes due to the trials and tribulations they suffered by being forcibly moved west along the "Trail of Tears." Though the Trail of Tears applied to several different tribes, it is most commonly associated today with the Cherokee. The Cherokee began the process of assimilation into European America very early, even before the establishment of the Unites States, but it is unclear what benefits that brought the tribe. Throughout the colonial period and after the American Revolution, the Cherokee struggled to satisfy the whims and desires of American government officials and settlers, often suffering injustices after complying with their desires. Nevertheless, the Cherokee continued to endure, and after being pushed west, they rose from humble origins as refugees new to the southeastern United States to build themselves back up into a powerhouse both economically and militarily. The Cherokee ultimately became the first people of non-European descent to become U.S. citizens en masse, and today the Cherokee Nation is the largest federally recognized tribe in the United States, boasting over 300,000 members. The Creek became known as one of the Five Civilized Tribes for quickly assimilating aspects of European culture, but in response to early European contact, the Muscogee established one of the strongest confederacies in the region. Despite becoming a dominant regional force, however, infighting brought about civil war in the early 19th century, and they were quickly wrapped up in the War of 1812 as well. By the end of that fighting, the Creek were compelled to cede millions of acres of land to the expanding United States, ushering in a new era that found the Creek occupying only a small strip of Alabama by the 1830s. With the Spanish Empire foundering during the mid-19th century, the young United States sought to take possession of Florida. President Andrew Jackson's notorious policy of Indian Removal led to the Seminole Wars in the 1830s, and that was already after General Andrew Jackson had led American soldiers against the Seminole in the First Seminole War a generation earlier. The Seminole Wars ultimately pushed much of the tribe into Oklahoma, and the nature of some of the fighting remains one of the best known aspects of Seminole history among Americans. The Trail of Tears comprehensively covers the history and legacy of the events that brought about the removal of the Southeastern tribes. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about the Trail of Tears like you never have before, in no time at all.

After The Trail Of Tears

Author : William G. McLoughlin
ISBN : 9781469617343
Genre : History
File Size : 66. 80 MB
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This powerful narrative traces the social, cultural, and political history of the Cherokee Nation during the forty-year period after its members were forcibly removed from the southern Appalachians and resettled in what is now Oklahoma. In this master work, completed just before his death, William McLoughlin not only explains how the Cherokees rebuilt their lives and society, but also recounts their fight to govern themselves as a separate nation within the borders of the United States. Long regarded by whites as one of the 'civilized' tribes, the Cherokees had their own constitution (modeled after that of the United States), elected officials, and legal system. Once re-settled, they attempted to reestablish these institutions and continued their long struggle for self-government under their own laws--an idea that met with bitter opposition from frontier politicians, settlers, ranchers, and business leaders. After an extremely divisive fight within their own nation during the Civil War, Cherokees faced internal political conflicts as well as the destructive impact of an influx of new settlers and the expansion of the railroad. McLoughlin brings the story up to 1880, when the nation's fight for the right to govern itself ended in defeat at the hands of Congress.

The Trail Of Tears

Author : History Titans
ISBN : 0648866629
Genre : History
File Size : 55. 30 MB
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A Fascinating Look Into Native American History

Trail Of Tears

Author : Sue Vander Hook
ISBN : 1604539461
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 67. 44 MB
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Presents a brief history of the Cherokee Indians and describes their forced migration, which came to be known as the Trail of Tears, following the Indian Removal Act of 1830.

Mary And The Trail Of Tears

Author : Andrea L. Rogers
ISBN : 9781496587145
Genre : Juvenile Fiction
File Size : 21. 98 MB
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It is June first and twelve-year-old Mary does not really understand what is happening: she does not understand the hatred and greed of the white men who are forcing her Cherokee family out of their home in New Echota, Georgia, capital of the Cherokee Nation, and trying to steal what few things they are allowed to take with them, she does not understand why a soldier killed her grandfather--and she certainly does not understand how she, her sister, and her mother, are going to survive the thousand mile trip to the lands west of the Mississippi.

Trail Of Tears

Author : Julia Coates
ISBN : 9780313384493
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 42. 28 MB
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This book covers a critical event in U.S. history: the period of Indian removal and resistance from 1817 to 1839, documenting the Cherokee experience as well as Jacksonian policy and Native-U.S. relations. • Written by a citizen of the Cherokee Nation, the volume provides current, informed perspectives on the Cherokee experience • Provides biographical sketches that introduce the reader to the key players on all sides of the event • Explains how intensified contact with Europeans through trading relationships and developing technological dependency changed Cherokee society and created a new "global economy" • Supplies primary document excerpts that offer additional insight and perspective on historical events, incorporating legislation, petitions, newspaper articles, court decisions, letters, and treaties • Examines a key curricular topic for high school and undergraduate student researchers—Indian removal and resistance in the 1800s • Includes portraits of important figures, such as Major Ridge, John Ridge, and John Ross as well as maps of Cherokee territory in the southeast and routes of the Trail of Tears

The Trail Of Tears And Indian Removal

Author : Amy H. Sturgis
ISBN : 031333658X
Genre : History
File Size : 85. 24 MB
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Engaging thematic chapters explore the events surrounding the Trail of Tears, which ushered in an era of Indian removal and forever changed the face of Native America.

A Timeline History Of The Trail Of Tears

Author : Alison Behnke
ISBN : 9781467786416
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 73. 65 MB
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In the early nineteenth century, the United States was growing quickly, and many people wanted to set up homes and farms in new areas. For centuries, American Indian nations—including the Cherokee—had been living on the land that white settlers wanted. The US government often stepped in to resolve conflicts between the groups with treaties. Many of these treaties called upon American Indians to give up some of their territory. The conflicts continued as more and more white settlers moved onto American Indian land. Finally, the US government passed the Indian Removal Act of 1830. This law ordered many American Indians to leave their homes. In 1838 military officials forced the Cherokee on a dangerous and heartbreaking journey from their homeland in the southeast region of the United States to territory 800 miles away in what is now the state of Oklahoma. Their journey became known as the Trail of Tears. Learn about the Cherokee Nation's forced removal from their ancestral homeland. Track the events and turning points that led to this dark and tragic time period in US history.

The Trail Of Tears

Author : David K. Fremon
ISBN : 0027357457
Genre : Cherokee Indians
File Size : 46. 3 MB
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Recounts how the Cherokee and Choctaw Indians were forced to leave their tribal homes to make way for white settlers

The Trail Of Tears

Author : Jennifer Lombardo
ISBN : 1502657759
Genre : Cherokee Indians
File Size : 65. 29 MB
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Native peoples of the United States have rich histories and traditions that help them maintain varied cultural identities in modern society. In the past, white Americans attempted to hide or eradicate these cultures, seeing Native Americans as an obstacle to prosperity. This distorted view eventually led to the deadly forced relocation known as the Trail of Tears. Primary sources and annotated quotes show readers the Trail of Tears from the perspective of those it affected. A detailed timeline and discussion questions add to this essential reading experience that illustrates many of the struggles Native Americans have experienced, up through to today.

The Trail Of Tears

Author : Deborah Kent
ISBN : 0531186938
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 88. 65 MB
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Provides a history of the Cherokee people, including their fate following the Indian Removal Act of 1830.

The Cherokee Trail Of Tears

Author : David Fitzgerald
ISBN : WISC:89095965430
Genre : History
File Size : 55. 2 MB
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A photo-essay account of the 1838 imprisonment of thirteen thousand Cherokees that led to the Trail of Tears includes photographs of historic and pertinent sites and artifacts along the six routes of the Trail, accompanied by an insightful and informative text.

The Trail Of Tears

Author : D. L. Birchfield
ISBN : 0836854098
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 28. 42 MB
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Describes the history of the five tribes of Southeastern America, the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole, especially their forcible removal in the 19th century to the Great Plains.

Trail Of Tears

Author : Marlene Brill
ISBN : 1450204082
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 45. 23 MB
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A thorough account of the history of the Cherokee Nation's conflicts with white colonizers over its tribal land and the U.S. government's removal of the people from their ancestral home in 1838 and their forced migration west to Oklahoma. This book presents the tragic story of Andrew Jackson's betrayal of the Cherokee Nation that had adopted white ways. The story opens with the Cherokee beginning their trek west and details events leading to the loss of their homeland.

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