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Trauma Autism And Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Author : Jason M. Fogler
ISBN : 9783030005030
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 68. 11 MB
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This book examines the diagnostic overlap and frequent confusion between the newly named DSM-5 diagnostic categories of neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs), which include autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and trauma and stressor related disorders (TSRDs). These conditions are similar in that a) children with developmental disorders are particularly vulnerable to traumatic events and b) all have pervasive effects on the brain and development. Chapters provide a wealth of effective clinical, family, and school-based interventions, developed from established studies and important new findings. In addition, chapters use illustrative case studies to survey assessment challenges in today’s healthcare climate and consider alternative routes for improving correct diagnoses, identifying appropriate interventions, and referring proper targeted, evidence-based treatment and services. The book concludes with the editors’ recommendations for needs-based service access, including a more widespread use and acceptance of the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) framework. Topics featured in this book include: The neurobiological contributors to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) and its diagnosis in children with a history of trauma. Interventions for trauma and stressor-related disorders in preschool-aged children. Reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis and care in a cultural context. Special population consideration in ASD identification and treatment. Challenges associated with the transition to adulthood. Trauma and neurodevelopmental disorders from a public health perspective. Trauma, Autism, and Neurodevelopmental Disorders is a must-have resource for researchers, clinicians and related professionals, and graduate students in developmental psychology, child and adolescent psychiatry, public health, social work, pediatrics, and special education.

Childhood Trauma In Mental Disorders

Author : Gianfranco Spalletta
ISBN : 9783030494148
Genre : Medical
File Size : 42. 28 MB
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This volume presents a comprehensive overview of childhood trauma, considering the psychopathological definition and its neurobiological implications as well as its impact on different psychiatric disorders. The focus on childhood trauma rather than that occurring in adulthood is important due to its general “neuro-psyco-socio” and its specific biological implications, since trauma during childhood impacts directly on neurodevelopment. It has been suggested that early life stress increases vulnerability to psychiatric disorders; however, the exact mechanisms of this association are not yet completely understood. Although childhood trauma could be considered too unspecific to be an important risk factor for individual psychiatric disorders since it seems to occur across the board, it impacts differently on different psychiatric disorders, and it can modulate their clinical expression. Therefore, the assessment of early trauma needs to be included in the clinical evaluation of patients with psychiatric disorders. The volume will be an invaluable tool for psychiatrists, helping them to select suitable pharmacological, psychotherapeutic and rehabilitative treatments.

Handbook Of Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Author : Ella Keller
ISBN : 1639272968
Genre : Medical
File Size : 24. 49 MB
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The group of disorders that affect the development of the nervous system are known as neurodevelopmental disorders. It leads to abnormal brain function due to which emotion, learning, self-control and memory get affected. The different types of neurodevelopmental disorders are intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorders, motor disorders, traumatic brain injury, down syndrome, etc. The factors causing neurodevelopmental disorders can be genetic disorders, immune dysfunction, infectious diseases like meningitis or encephalitis, metabolic diseases and physical trauma. The treatment of neurodevelopmental disorders depends on the condition and can vary accordingly. It can include interventions such as medication, therapy and surgery. This book aims to shed light on some of the unexplored aspects of neurodevelopmental disorders and recent researches related to them. From diagnosis to treatment, case studies related to all contemporary topics of relevance to such disorders have been included herein. With state-of-the-art inputs by acclaimed experts of neurology, this book targets students and professionals.

Nobody S Normal How Culture Created The Stigma Of Mental Illness

Author : Roy Richard Grinker
ISBN : 9780393531657
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 62. 96 MB
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A compassionate and captivating examination of evolving attitudes toward mental illness throughout history and the fight to end the stigma. For centuries, scientists and society cast moral judgments on anyone deemed mentally ill, confining many to asylums. In Nobody’s Normal, anthropologist Roy Richard Grinker chronicles the progress and setbacks in the struggle against mental-illness stigma—from the eighteenth century, through America’s major wars, and into today’s high-tech economy. Nobody’s Normal argues that stigma is a social process that can be explained through cultural history, a process that began the moment we defined mental illness, that we learn from within our communities, and that we ultimately have the power to change. Though the legacies of shame and secrecy are still with us today, Grinker writes that we are at the cusp of ending the marginalization of the mentally ill. In the twenty-first century, mental illnesses are fast becoming a more accepted and visible part of human diversity. Grinker infuses the book with the personal history of his family’s four generations of involvement in psychiatry, including his grandfather’s analysis with Sigmund Freud, his own daughter’s experience with autism, and culminating in his research on neurodiversity. Drawing on cutting-edge science, historical archives, and cross-cultural research in Africa and Asia, Grinker takes readers on an international journey to discover the origins of, and variances in, our cultural response to neurodiversity. Urgent, eye-opening, and ultimately hopeful, Nobody’s Normal explains how we are transforming mental illness and offers a path to end the shadow of stigma.

The Handbook On Child Welfare Practice

Author : Jennifer M. Geiger
ISBN : 9783030739126
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 77. 96 MB
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This unique, multidisciplinary resource incorporates cutting-edge research and best practices in child welfare into a text that aims to teach and refine advanced child welfare skills for aspiring child welfare professionals. Featuring real-life examples and stories from the field, the handbook discusses existing methods and challenges in the field of child welfare practice. Chapters also include materials for instructors to use in classrooms or training settings. Among the topics covered: Overview of child welfare policies and how the child welfare system works Assessment tools and strategies used to identify various types of child abuse and neglect Individual, family, and community-level approaches to preventing child maltreatment and preserving families Promoting stability after foster care placement Effective collaboration while working with special populations Clinical supervision in child welfare practice Strategies for healthy professional development of child welfare practitioners The Handbook on Child Welfare Practice is a valuable resource as both a textbook in child welfare practice courses and a practical reference for child welfare professionals. This book will help develop a more knowledgeable and skilled child welfare workforce prepared to address the significant public health concern of child maltreatment.

The Next Big Thing In Learning And Behavioral Disabilities

Author : Bryan G. Cook
ISBN : 9781800717497
Genre : Education
File Size : 37. 82 MB
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Responding to the need for educational stakeholders to plan for evolving developments in policy and practice for learners with learning and behavioral disabilities, the authors in this edited collection predict what the next big things in the field will be, and offer recommendations on how to prepare for that envisioned future.

An Evidence Based Guide To Combining Interventions With Sensory Integration In Pediatric Practice

Author : Erna Imperatore Blanche
ISBN : 9781000481679
Genre : Medical
File Size : 88. 53 MB
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This book offers practical ideas on the combination of sensory integration theory principles with other evidence-based approaches in the evaluation and treatment of multifaceted issues in children with disabilities. Using the ICF Model, a Clinical Reasoning Model, and featuring numerous case studies, the opening chapters focus on the evidence for combining intervention approaches with diagnoses most often encountered in clinical practice. The latter half of the book covers the delivery of services using blended intervention approaches in different settings, such as the school, the hospital, and in nature. Featured are existing community programs illustrating the combination of approaches in practice. Appendices include reproducible resources, a guide to assessments, and approaches. The text will guide occupational therapists and other health professionals working with children and adolescents across a variety of settings in using clinical reasoning skills in a systematic manner that will lead to better interventions.

Neurodevelopmental Disorders Advanced Research And Clinical Care

Author : Ella Keller
ISBN : 1632427273
Genre :
File Size : 56. 69 MB
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Neurodevelopmental disorder is a disorder of brain function, which impairs memory, learning ability, self-control and emotion. It includes autism spectrum disorders, intellectual and developmental disabilities, tic disorders, several motor disorders and genetic disorders, etc. There can be several factors that can cause neurodevelopmental disorders, such as diseases, nutritional factors, deprivation from social and emotional care, physical trauma, etc. Chromosome microarray analysis, which detects chromosomal abnormalities, is the first line genomic test for the diagnosis of neurodevelopmental disorders. Many of these disorders do not have a viable line of treatment. Their management includes behavioral treatments, psychosocial treatments, cognitive-behavioral treatments, occupational therapy, psychomotor therapy, etc. as interventions to assist people. This book unravels the recent studies in the area of neurodevelopmental disorders. It will also provide interesting topics for research, which interested readers can take up. This book is appropriate for students seeking detailed information in this area as well as for experts.

Case Studies In Forensic Psychology

Author : Ruth Tully
ISBN : 9780429013126
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 66. 86 MB
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Case Studies in Forensic Psychology offers the reader a unique insight into the often-hidden world of psychological assessment and intervention with people who have committed serious crimes. The book contains a breadth of forensic case studies, and each chapter details the real forensic work that psychologists do in their clinical practice in prison, psychiatric, and community settings. Assessment and therapeutic approaches used in each case study are discussed, as well as the state of the literature in each area (e.g. sexual violence risk assessment, schema therapy). Each chapter will take the reader through a variety of offender profiles, their personal background, any relevant psychiatric or psychological diagnoses, and assessments and/or treatment completed. Case studies offer valuable insight into the clinical practice and day-to-day role of a forensic psychologist, demonstrating the work undertaken that empirical research does not offer. Uniquely, Case Studies in Forensic Psychology brings together treatment models and forensic research, demonstrating how theory translates into practice and considering whether it is effective at an individual level. It is ideal for students of forensic psychology and forensic mental health, as well as practitioners at any stage of their career in this rapidly expanding field.

Rorschach Assessment Of Psychotic Phenomena

Author : James H. Kleiger
ISBN : 9781351984911
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 87. 46 MB
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Rorschach Assessment of Psychotic Phenomena takes the reader beyond where James H. Kleiger’s original work, Disordered Thinking and the Rorschach, left off. This new book offers readers a number of conceptual bridges between Rorschach characteristics commonly associated with psychotic phenomena and a range of psychological, neurocognitive, and psychoanalytic constructs that help psychologists move beyond static, test-bound interpretations of scores and indices. Beginning with a broad-based understanding of disordered thinking and reality testing, Kleiger provides an updated review of the contributions of past Rorschach luminaries and contemporary figures who have helped make the Rorschach a robust tool for assessing aspects of psychotic-level experience. The contributions of major figures are highlighted and assessed in terms of their empirical, conceptual, and practical implications. In addition to providing a balanced, respectful review of each of these leading figures and the systems they developed, Kleiger offers a new way of organizing and conceptualizing what is currently understood about Rorschach scoring variables pertaining to psychotic phenomena. Kleiger’s aim is to help Rorschach practitioners not only consolidate their grasp of key scoring variables and what each means about an individual’s thought processes and internal experiences, but also expand their clinical understanding of the psychotic phenomena being assessed. He includes a wide range of psychotic phenomena, like negative symptoms, cognitive impairment, magical thinking, and impairment of insight, all of which are subjects of diagnostic interest when using the Rorschach with psychotically prone individuals. The final section on psychopathology looks at how the Rorschach is useful in differential diagnosis of primary psychoses and those conditions that may include secondary psychotic phenomena. In step with contemporary DSM-5 standards, Kleiger organizes his discussion of severe psychopathology in a manner consistent with how psychotic phenomena are currently understood in the clinical and scientific literature. In addition to reviewing key clinical characteristics of these conditions, along with Rorschach contributions to the diagnosis of these disorders, he also focuses his lens on the Rorschach assessment of malingered psychosis and psychotic phenomena in children and adolescents. Written with the same well-researched attention to detail and integrative style as Kleiger's earlier work, Rorschach Assessment of Psychotic Phenomena will prove invaluable to clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, and psychoanalysts interested in understanding and assessing psychosis. ?

Addressing Challenging Behaviors And Mental Health Issues In Early Childhood

Author : Mojdeh Bayat
ISBN : 9780429513909
Genre : Education
File Size : 27. 77 MB
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Now in a fully updated second edition, this essential volume provides research-based strategies to help educators address challenging behaviors in early childhood and elementary years. Drawing on research and approaches from the fields of neuroscience, child development, child psychiatry, counseling, and applied behavior analysis, this text offers teachers simple strategies to manage behaviors and promote mental health and resilience in young children. Thoroughly updated to reflect new developments in neuroscience, trauma, and physical and mental health, this second edition also features an entirely new chapter on classroom approaches in child mental health, including the interaction of technology with challenging behaviors and mental health issues. Comprehensive, multidisciplinary, and culturally responsive, this critical resource provides new and experienced educators and coaches with educational and intervention approaches that are appropriate for all children, with and without disabilities.

A Comprehensive Book On Autism Spectrum Disorders

Author : Mohammad-Reza Mohammadi
ISBN : 9789533074948
Genre : Medical
File Size : 90. 59 MB
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The aim of the book is to serve for clinical, practical, basic and scholarly practices. In twentyfive chapters it covers the most important topics related to Autism Spectrum Disorders in the efficient way and aims to be useful for health professionals in training or clinicians seeking an update. Different people with autism can have very different symptoms. Autism is considered to be a "spectrum" disorder, a group of disorders with similar features. Some people may experience merely mild disturbances, while the others have very serious symptoms. This book is aimed to be used as a textbook for child and adolescent psychiatry fellowship training and will serve as a reference for practicing psychologists, child and adolescent psychiatrists, general psychiatrists, pediatricians, child neurologists, nurses, social workers and family physicians. A free access to the full-text electronic version of the book via Intech reading platform at http://www.intechweb.org is a great bonus.

The Oxford Handbook Of Autism And Co Occurring Psychiatric Conditions

Author : Susan W. White
ISBN : 9780190910778
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 77. 22 MB
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Co-occurring psychiatric conditions are extremely common among people who have autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The Oxford Handbook of Autism and Co-Occurring Psychiatric Conditions presents a compilation of the latest research in this area, summarized by internationally renowned experts. Each chapter presents an overview of the problem or disorder including information on prevalence in ASD and in the general public and a synthesis of the research on etiology, diagnostic best practices, and evidence-based intervention approaches. Case studies bring these concepts to life, and each chapter concludes with suggestions for future research directions in order to further develop our scientific and clinical understanding of the particular comorbidity. Given the fact that comorbidity is often a chronic and pervasive concern, this Handbook takes a lifespan approach, with each chapter touching on developmental aspects of the targeted problem, from early childhood through adulthood. The concluding section of the Handbook is comprised of content on clinical considerations and research approaches, including chapters on medications commonly used to treat co-occurring conditions, strategies for managing crisis situations in this clinical population, and community partnerships within an implementation science framework.

Evaluating Adhd In Children And Adolescents

Author : Gene Carroccia
ISBN : 9780398093204
Genre : Education
File Size : 34. 40 MB
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ADHD affects over six million children in the U.S. and despite its prevalence, many clinicians do not accurately diagnose ADHD and do not screen for and identify the numerous conditions that can coexist and even worsen true ADHD or cause ADHD-like presentations when it does not exist. To help clinicians, this book offers three components. Part 1 presents the ADHDology Evaluation Model, which provides the ten steps to comprehensively evaluate ADHD. Part 2 presents numerous medical, sleep, psychological, trauma, neurodevelopmental, sensory processing, and fetal substance exposure conditions. These chapters describe the conditions in detail, how they coexist with or appear similar to ADHD, how to distinguish them from true ADHD, and how mental health clinicians and specialists can further evaluate and treat these disorders. Part 3 is composed of the Comprehensive Diagnostic ADHD Screening System (CDASS), a unique approach to improve the accuracy of evaluating ADHD by utilizing checklists to help identify: the risk factors associated with ADHD, the many possible conditions presented in Part 2 that may exist so these can be further considered and evaluated by specialists, and little-known and not typically considered conditions that can cause ADHD-like presentations. While written mainly for clinicians; parents, educators, and interested others will find the text helpful to better understand these complex topics, as well as assist clinicians with the ADHD diagnostic process.

Child And Adolescent Communication Disorders

Author : Marie R. Kerins
ISBN : 9781597569125
Genre : Medical
File Size : 87. 62 MB
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Developmental Psychopathology Developmental Neuroscience

Author : Donald J. Cohen
ISBN : 9780470048191
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 84. 42 MB
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This volume applies multiple levels of analysis to neurobiological developmental organization, and functioning in normality and psychopathology. It also covers topics central to a developmental perspective on neuroscience.

Handbook Of Special Education

Author : James M. Kauffman
ISBN : 9781315517681
Genre : Education
File Size : 71. 1 MB
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The purpose of the Handbook of Special Education is to help profile and bring greater clarity to the already sprawling and continuously expanding field of special education. To ensure consistency across the volume, chapter authors review and integrate existing research, identify strengths and weaknesses, note gaps in the literature, and discuss implications for practice and future research. The second edition has been fully updated throughout to take into account recent changes to federal laws as well as the most current academic research, and an entirely new section has been added on research methods in special education.

Becoming A Neuropsychologist

Author : John A. Bellone
ISBN : 9783030631741
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 32. 30 MB
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Becoming a Neuropsychologist is the first comprehensive resource for students interested in pursuing a career in neuropsychology. Whether you are a student in high school, college, or graduate school, or a professional interested in a career change, this book will serve as your North Star to help you navigate on your journey. To this end, Part I answers the questions, What is Neuropsychology?, Why Neuropsychology?, and Where Do Neuropsychologists Work?, and ends with a discussion of the Challenges of Working in Neuropsychology. In Part II, you will find a step-by-step guide on how to move from where you are to the endpoint of working as a full-fledged neuropsychologist. Specifically, the authors provide concrete advice such as how to obtain adequate research and clinical training, how to apply to graduate school or doctoral internship programs, what criteria postdoctoral fellows need to meet to remain eligible for board certification, what questions to ask on interviews or when looking for your first job, and much more. The book is packed with action steps and advice for maximizing your training and avoiding common pitfalls along the way. "As our field looks to expand diversity and representation in our ranks, my hat is off to John Bellone and Ryan Van Patten for not only extending an invitation to the party but also for providing a map for how to get here. —Kathleen Fuchs, PhD, ABPP “Drs. Bellone and Van Patten have distilled the complexities of neuropsychology career development into an eminently readable and understandable roadmap. —Glenn Smith, PhD, ABPP “An easy, accessible introduction into the field of neuropsychology...The authors’ open and personal accounts of their own journeys toward becoming clinical neuropsychologists read like a fireside chat with a beloved mentor.” —Jenn Davis, PhD, ABPP “Informative, witty, and inspiring. After reading this, I feel re-inspired and excited to be pursuing a career in this field. —Ilex Beltran-Najera, MA

The Genetics Of Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Author : Kevin J. Mitchell
ISBN : 9781118524886
Genre : Medical
File Size : 83. 72 MB
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Neurodevelopmental disorders arise from disturbances to various processes of brain development, which can manifest in diverse ways. They encompass many rare genetic syndromes as well as common, heritable conditions such as intellectual disability, autism, ADHD, schizophrenia and many types of epilepsy. The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders examines recent revolutionary advances in our understanding of the genetics of these disorders, exploring both basic discoveries and the translation of new findings into the clinical setting. The book begins by examining the genetic architecture and etiology of neurodevelopmental disorders. It describes the striking recent progress in identifying pathogenic mutations, which are grouped here based on the neurodevelopmental processes impacted. Subsequent chapters consider the use of cellular and animal models to elucidate the cascading consequences of such mutations, from molecular and cellular levels to emergent effects on neural circuits, brain systems and subsequent psychological development. The text concludes by examining the important clinical implications of the recent advances in the field, from recognition of the genetic causes in individual patients to development of new treatments and interventions. A timely synthesis, The Genetics of Neurodevelopmental Disorders is a unique and essential resource for neuroscientists, geneticists, neurologists and psychiatrists and an accessible and up-to-date overview for medical and science students.

Wondering About The World

Author : Martine Delfos
ISBN : 9789088506611
Genre : Autism spectrum disorders
File Size : 45. 9 MB
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Wondering about the World is an impressive, comprehensive, highly readable and much needed guide to autistic spectrum conditions. Autism is presented from a new biopsychological perspective which is supported by the latest research. Delfos' theory of the Socioscheme alongside the MAS1P, the broad 'Mental Age Spectrum within 1 Person', shows the effects of the rainbow of ages within each person with autism and demonstrates how they can be both older and younger than their chronological age and therefore uncovers their hidden intelligence. The theory of Delfos is widely embraced by people with autism conditions and their families and carers, and is gaining international recognition. Martine Delfos provides a strong, insightful and clear theoretical analysis of the nature of autism and the challenges it may cause. Special attention is given to differentiating trauma with autistic behaviour from autism spectrum conditions. Illustrating her ideas with many real-life examples, Delfos offers practical advice from the perspective of people with autism of all ages, as well as from parents and carers. While incorporating the most recent findings of current research her experience in practice means she is able to balance theory and practical advice to perfection. Wondering about the World is both an accessible resource for parents and an important textbook for students and professionals. Martine F. Delfos (PhD) is a biopsychologist working as a researcher and therapist for people with a broad spectrum of issues. She is committed to the development of theoretical models which are directly applicable in the daily work of professionals. Delfos is the author of several books in the fields of child psychology, autism and gender differences. With respect to autism she has been involved in developing autism care in several countries and is visiting professor at the Universidad Central del Ecuador in Quito-Ecuador and also at the International University of Sarajevo in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Information on her work is to be found on: www.mdelfos.nl Dr. Tony Attwood: The project has been remarkably ambitious but the author has an encyclopaedic knowledge of the academic literature and the various theoretical models, and extensive personal experience as a clinician. The author also has notable respect for those who have autism and Asperger's Syndrome and she is able to challenge and change attitudes as well as increase understanding.

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