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Understanding Language Classroom Contexts

Author : Martin Wedell
ISBN : 9781441160591
Genre : Education
File Size : 85. 58 MB
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Arguably the whole point of education is to effect change in what people know and are able to do. Globalization has contributed to a common perception worldwide of the need to introduce changes to the teaching and learning of languages. The success of many attempts to do so has been limited by insufficient consideration of implementation contexts. Understanding Language Classroom Contexts explores and illustrates how what happens in any (language) classroom is influenced by (and can be an influence on) the contexts in which it is situated. A clear understanding of these influences is thus the starting point for planning effective change. The book considers many visible and invisible features of the multiple layers of any context, and provides a framework for understanding the types of factors that may influence whether changes (planned by a teacher or externally initiated) are likely to be successful. The book will help teachers (and educational managers or change planners outside the classroom) to understand why their classrooms are as they are and so to make informed decisions about what can or cannot (or not easily) be changed, and suggests how any changes might be appropriately managed.

Context In Language Learning And Language Understanding

Author : Kirsten Malmkj'r
ISBN : 0521633559
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 66. 4 MB
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The papers in this volume represent varied views on the role of context in language learning.

Context And Culture In Language Teaching And Learning

Author : Michael Byram
ISBN : 1853596574
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 84. 91 MB
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The chapters in this book all address the significance of the relationship between the aims and methods of language teaching and the contexts in which it takes place. Some consider the implications for the ways in which we research language teaching; others present the results of research and development work.

Context And Culture In Language Teaching

Author : Claire Kramsch
ISBN : 0194371875
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 54. 36 MB
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This is an attempt to redraw the boundaries of foreign language study. It focuses attention not just on cultural knowledge as a necessary aspect of communicative competence, but as an educational objective in its own right, as an end as well as a means of language learning. Winner MLA Kenneth W Mildenberger Prize

English Language Teaching In Its Social Context

Author : Christopher Candlin
ISBN : 0415241219
Genre : Education
File Size : 72. 89 MB
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English Language Teaching in its Social Context offers sociolinguistic, ethnographic, and social-psychological perspectives on TESOL teaching and learning and introduces the relevant literature on second language acquisition. Together with its companion volumes, it presents English language teaching in a variety of specific institutional, geographic and cultural contexts. The articles - a range of seminal and specially commissioned pieces - have been carefully chosen to present four major principles of English language teaching: * they focus on the roles played by teachers and learners * recognise the individuality of language learners * support teachers in the provision of active guidance for students' learning * examine both positive and negative patterns of interaction between learners and teachers. This Reader offers people unfamiliar with research in this field an overall impression of English language teaching issues while allowing the more experienced reader the opportunity to relate his or her own experiences to the theories presented.

Sociocultural Contexts Of Language And Literacy

Author : Teresa L. McCarty
ISBN : 9781135630164
Genre : Education
File Size : 58. 29 MB
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Sociocultural Contexts of Language and Literacy, Second Edition engages prospective and in-service teachers in learning about linguistically and culturally diverse students, and in using this knowledge to enrich literacy learning in classrooms and communities. The text is grounded in current research and theory that integrate sociocultural and constructivist concepts and perspectives and provide a framework teachers can use to develop strategies for teaching reading, writing, and thinking to diverse students. The focus on English literacy development does not imply advocacy for "English only" or ESL as the primary mode of literacy instruction. Rather, the authors take the position that learners need to develop literacy in their native language and that the concepts and skills learned in developing the native language create a foundation of strength from which students can develop English literacy. Part I introduces relevant research and language learning theories. Part II provides research reviews and information about literacy learning within specific culturally and linguistically diverse communities. The chapters in Part III challenge the reader to view the multiple social, intellectual, cultural, and language differences children bring to the classroom as an opportunity for learning and building on the diversity among students. Activities and suggested readings at the end of each chapter involve readers in reflection, observation, meaning making, and the construction of application processes for their new understandings. New in the Second Edition: *updated research and theory on multilingual and second language literacy; *a focus on the interpretation of these research findings to make them useful for teachers and teacher educators in understanding and articulating the research bases for literacy practices; *attention to current intensely debated issues, such as standards, the phonics movement, and high-stakes testing; and *new activities and suggested readings.

Teaching Young Second Language Learners

Author : Rhonda Oliver
ISBN : 9781351369381
Genre : Education
File Size : 80. 91 MB
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Adopting a learner-centred approach that places an emphasis on hands-on child SL methodology, this book illustrates the practices used to teach young second language learners in different classroom contexts: (1) English-as-an-Additional-Language-or-Dialect (EAL/D) – both intensive EAL/D and EAL/D in the mainstream (2) Language-Other-Than-English (LOTE) (3) Content-and-Language-Integrated-Learning (CLIL), (4) Indigenous (5) Foreign-Language (FL). It will be particularly useful to undergraduate teachers to build upon the literacy unit they undertake in the first years of their course to explore factors that constitute an effective child SL classroom and, in practical terms, how to develop such a classroom. The pedagogical strategies for teaching young language learners in the six chapters are firmly guided by research-based findings, enabling not only pre-service teachers but also experienced teachers to make informed choices of how to effectively facilitate the development of the target language, empowering them to assume an active and effective role of classroom practitioners.

Using Tasks In Second Language Teaching

Author : Craig Lambert
ISBN : 1788929446
Genre : Education
File Size : 62. 97 MB
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This book examines the use of tasks in second language instruction in a variety of international contexts, and addresses the need for a better understanding of how tasks are used in teaching and program-level decision-making. The chapters consider the key issues, examples, benefits and challenges that teachers, program designers and researchers face in using tasks in a diverse range of contexts around the world, and aim to understand practitioners' concerns with the relationship between tasks and performance. They provide examples of how tasks are used with learners of different ages and different proficiency levels, in both face-to-face and online contexts. In documenting these uses of tasks, the authors of the various chapters illuminate cultural, educational and institutional factors that can make the effective use of tasks more or less difficult in their particular context.

Academic Language In Diverse Classrooms Definitions And Contexts

Author : Margo Gottlieb
ISBN : 9781452234786
Genre : Education
File Size : 65. 86 MB
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This companion (foundational) book to the six-book series, Academic Language Demands for Language Learners: From Text to Context, encapsulates the broad ideas of the series by presenting the evolving theory behind the construct of academic language, a definition and examples of each of its components, and a template for direct classroom applicability. Each of the six books in the series is a more detailed, comprehensive treatment of text-based academic language at each grade level and describes the process by which teachers can incorporate academic language into their instructional assessment practices. This foundations book is suitable for use with any (or all) of the six volumes or can be used separately.

Second Language Classrooms

Author : Craig Chaudron
ISBN : 0521339804
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 87. 24 MB
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This book provides a critical overview of recent classroom-centred research and its implications for the teaching and learning of languages giving new insights into how languages are learned and what the effects of classroom instruction are.

Assessment In The Language Classroom

Author : Liying Cheng
ISBN : 9781137464842
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 70. 52 MB
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This book makes a unique contribution to classroom assessment literature, linking teacher-friendly examples to scholarly work and current research in the field, and providing comprehensive, hands-on information on core concepts in accessible terms. Examples of real activities and questions for reflection and discussion aim to enrich understanding

Language In Education

Author : Rita Elaine Silver
ISBN : 9781441150776
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 56. 58 MB
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Teachers in any subject area must have a basic understanding of how language is learned and used in educational contexts because language impacts teaching and learning across all subjects. This book is written specifically for those teachers and teacher traineeslearning to teach who want to know more about language learning and use in educational contexts and, especially, those who care about the social implications of language in education. Chapters address crucial questions that teachers must address: How is language structured? How is language learned at home and in school, by first, second and bilingual language learners? How is language used in classrooms to shape learning? How does language vary in different regions and due to social characteristics of users? How can language be used to make meaning in different modes (oral/written) and contexts? How do language policies intersect with education policies, and how do these impact teachers? The chapters are full of examples of language use in educational contexts to help readers understand language in action. The examples not only highlight key points, they also provide opportunities for readers to deepen their understanding by experiencing analysis of language. Each chapter closes with a discussion of relevance to educational settings and questions which can be used for in-class discussion or personal reflection. Suggestions for further readings and online viewing are included, and a comprehensive companion website is available

Teaching And Learning In Multilingual Contexts

Author : Agnieszka Otwinowska
ISBN : 9781783091256
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 82. 91 MB
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It is clearly illogical to search for one good, universal solution for multilingual education when educational contexts differ so widely due to demographic and social factors. The situation is further complicated by the motivations of learners and teachers, and by attitudes towards multilingualism and ‘otherness’. The studies in this volume seek to investigate not only whether certain solutions and practices are ‘good’, but also when and for whom they make sense. The book covers a wide range of Western multilingual contexts, and uncovers common themes and practices, shared aims and preoccupations, and often similar solutions, within seemingly diverse contexts. In addition to chapters based on empirical data, this book offers theoretical contributions in the shape of a discussion of the appropriateness of L1-Ln terminology when discussing complex multilingual realities, and looks at how the age factor works in classroom settings.

Understanding Language Disorders

Author : Vivienne L. Ratner
ISBN : UVA:X002715943
Genre : Education
File Size : 48. 24 MB
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The Routledge Handbook Of English Language Teaching

Author : Graham Hall
ISBN : 9781317384465
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 50. 80 MB
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The Routledge Handbook of English Language Teaching is the definitive reference volume for postgraduate and advanced undergraduate students of Applied Linguistics, ELT/TESOL, and Language Teacher Education, and for ELT professionals engaged in in-service teacher development and/or undertaking academic study. Progressing from ‘broader’ contextual issues to a ‘narrower’ focus on classrooms and classroom discourse, the volume’s inter-related themes focus on: ELT in the world: contexts and goals planning and organising ELT: curriculum, resources and settings methods and methodology: perspectives and practices second language learning and learners teaching language: knowledge, skills and pedagogy understanding the language classroom. The Handbook’s 39 chapters are written by leading figures in ELT from around the world. Mindful of the diverse pedagogical, institutional and social contexts for ELT, they convincingly present the key issues, areas of debate and dispute, and likely future developments in ELT from an applied linguistics perspective. Throughout the volume, readers are encouraged to develop their own thinking and practice in contextually appropriate ways, assisted by discussion questions and suggestions for further reading that accompany every chapter. Advisory board: Guy Cook, Diane Larsen-Freeman, Amy Tsui, and Steve Walsh

Corpora In The Foreign Language Classroom

Author : Juan Santana
ISBN : 9789042021426
Genre : Computers
File Size : 35. 47 MB
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The papers published in this volume reflect the latest developments that have taken place in the field of the teaching applications of text corpora, with a special emphasis on their use in the foreign language classroom. The book is divided into three main sections. The first section sets the scene for what this collection of essays aims to be. It deals with the issue of what corpus linguistics can do not only for the understanding of the nature of language itself but also for so fundamental and miraculous a matter such as language learning and language acquisition. The second section tackles the issues of corpus design and corpus exploitation and provides the reader with a great variety of evidence in favour of corpora exploitation for the building of a successful teaching environment. The final section deals with practical applications of corpora in the foreign language classroom.

Task Based Language Teaching In Foreign Language Contexts

Author : Ali Shehadeh
ISBN : 9789027207234
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 24. 35 MB
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This volume extends the Task-Based Language Teaching: Issues, Research and Practice books series by deliberately exploring the potential of task-based language teaching (TBLT) in a range of EFL contexts. It is specifically devoted to providing empirical accounts about how TBLT practice is being developed and researched in diverse educational contexts, particularly where English is not the dominant language. By including contributions from settings as varied as Japan, China, Korea, Venezuela, Turkey, Spain, and France, this collection of 13 studies provides strong indications that the research and implementation of TBLT in EFL settings is both on the rise and interestingly diverse, not least because it must respond to the distinct contexts, constraints, and possibilities of foreign language learning. The book will be of interest to SLA researchers and students in applied linguistics and TESOL. It will also be of value to course designers and language teachers who come from a broad range of formal and informal educational settings encompassing a wide range of ages and types of language learners.

Multicultural And Multilingual Literacy And Language

Author : Fenice B. Boyd
ISBN : 157230961X
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 50. 82 MB
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Within a clear conceptual framework, this book explores ways that teachers, reading specialists, administrators, and teacher educators can provide more effective literacy instruction to K-9 students from diverse ethnic, cultural, and linguistic backgrounds. Cutting-edge theory and research is interwoven with detailed case studies that bring to life the complexities of teaching in today's multicultural and multilingual classroom. Topics covered include: *How and why culture matters in literacy instruction *Drawing on students' multiple literacies in the classroom *Motivating and engaging English-language learners *Steps that teachers can take to heighten their cultural awareness and skills *Tapping into family and community resources for literacy learning

Teaching And Assessing Eil In Local Contexts Around The World

Author : Sandra Lee Mckay
ISBN : 9781317668411
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 75. 8 MB
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English today is a global language embedded in a great variety of social contexts, resulting in linguistic and pedagogical variation. Taking a new look at the teaching and assessing of English as an international language (EIL), this text highlights overarching principles and provides specific strategies for responding to questions and challenges posed by the changing demographics of English language learners and users around the world. Teaching and Assessment in EIL Classrooms introduces an original, coherent framework in which needs analysis, pedagogical principles, and assessment are integrated describes variables that influence effective teaching and assessment and the characteristics of various EIL teachers and learners emphasizes that pedagogical and assessment decisions need to be based on the learning and teaching needs of each specific EIL context includes specific principles and strategies for teaching and assessing grammar, oral language, and literacy skills in EIL classrooms provides strategies for integrating computer-mediated language into EIL classrooms in ways that promote cross-cultural awareness, language development, and individualized learning Timely, accessible, and practical, this text for graduate and pre- and in-service courses on language teaching and assessment is at the forefront in providing valuable information and guidance for enabling principled and context-sensitive praxis in EIL classrooms worldwide.

Language Learning In Formal And Informal Contexts

Author : Irish Association for Applied Linguistics
ISBN : UOM:39015010561242
Genre : Language acquisition
File Size : 35. 37 MB
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A number of issues of central importance to understanding the nature of language, its acquisition and use were considered at a seminar on language learning. Papers delivered at the seminar are as follows: "Why Don't Learners Learn What Teachers Teach? The Interaction Hypothesis" (Dick Allwright); "The Role of Instruction in Second Language Acquisition" (Rod Ellis); "The Development of the Verb Phrase in a Bilingual Child" (Annick de Houwer); "What Has the Learner Learned? Proficiency Testing in a Communicative Perspective" (Allan Emmett); "Learning Languages Through Various Media" (Sabine Jones); "Bilingualism and Lexical Innovation" (Appie Kennedy-Jonker); "Learning German Without a Teacher: A Self-Instructional Programme for Undergraduate Students of Engineering Science" (David Little, Aedamar Grant); "Motivation and Perseverance in Foreign Language Learning" (Lubasa N'ti Nseendi); "Foreigner Register" (Rose Maclaran, David Singleton); "Bridging the Formal and Informal Fields of Irish Language Learning at Primary Level" (Sinead Norton); "Interaction Between Learner and Learning Environment: Issues in the Development of Learning Materials for Adult Learners of Irish" (Helen O Murchu); "The Acquisition of Relative Clauses in a Formal and in an Informal Setting: Further Evidence in Support of the Markedness Hypothesis" (Maria Pavesi); "Patterns of Reading in L1 and L2" (Nancy Sanguineti de Serrano); "Stimulating Interaction in the Foreign Language Classroom Through Conversation in Small Groups of Learners" (Anna Trosborg); and "Stop the Monitor I Want To Get Off: or Looking for a Way Forward in Language Teaching" (Carol Wallace, Jane Macaskie). (MSE)

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