vehicle-to-grid

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Vehicle To Grid

Author : Lance Noel
ISBN : 3030048632
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 69. 32 MB
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​This book defines and charts the barriers and future of vehicle-to-grid technology: a technology that could dramatically reduce emissions, create revenue, and accelerate the adoption of battery electric cars. This technology connects the electric power grid and the transportation system in ways that will enable electric vehicles to store renewable energy and offer valuable services to the electricity grid and its markets. To understand the complex features of this emergent technology, the authors explore the current status and prospect of vehicle-to-grid, and detail the sociotechnical barriers that may impede its fruitful deployment. The book concludes with a policy roadmap to advise decision-makers on how to optimally implement vehicle-to-grid and capture its benefits to society while attempting to avoid the impediments discussed earlier in the book.

Vehicle To Grid

Author : Junwei Lu
ISBN : 9781849198554
Genre : Science
File Size : 32. 86 MB
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This book explores the connection between the stationary grid and PEV power storage. This book will be of interest to researchers and advanced students in electric vehicles and smart grid technologies, and policy-makers and planners developing smart grid infrastructure and sustainable transport initiatives.

Grid To Vehicle G2v And Vehicle To Grid V2g Technologies

Author : Sekyung Han
ISBN : 9783039434442
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 51. 22 MB
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This Special Issue “Grid-to-Vehicle (G2V) and Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) Technologies” was in session from 1 May 2019 to 31 May 2020. For this Special issue, we invited articles on current state-of-the-art technologies and solutions in G2V and V2G, including but not limited to the operation and control of gridable vehicles, energy storage and management systems, charging infrastructure and chargers, EV demand and load forecasting, V2G interfaces and applications, V2G and energy reliability and security, environmental impacts, and economic benefits as well as demonstration projects and case studies in the aforementioned areas. Articles that deal with the latest hot topics in V2G are of particular interest, such as V2G and demand-side response control technique, smart charging infrastructure and grid planning, advanced power electronics for V2G systems, adaptation of V2G systems in the smart grid, adaptation of smart cities for a large number of EVs, integration, and the optimization of V2G systems, utilities and transportation assets for advanced V2G systems, wireless power transfer systems for advanced V2G systems, fault detection, maintenance and diagnostics in V2G processes, communications protocols for V2G systems, energy management system (EMS) in V2G systems, IoT for V2G systems, distributed energy and storage systems for V2G, transportation networks and V2G, energy management for V2G, smart charging/discharging stations for efficient V2G, environmental and socio-economic benefits and challenges of V2G systems, and building integrated V2G systems (BIV2G). Five manuscripts are published in this Special Issue, including “An Ensemble Stochastic Forecasting Framework for Variable Distributed Demand Loads” by Agyeman et al., “Where Will You Park? Predicting Vehicle Locations for Vehicle-to-Grid, An MPC Scheme with Enhanced Active Voltage Vector Region for V2G Inverter” by Shipman et al., “Electric Vehicles Energy Management with V2G/G2V Multifactor Optimization of Smart Grids” by Xia et al., and “A Review on Communication Standards and Charging Topologies of V2G and V2H Operation Strategies” by Savitti et al.

Vehicle To Grid

Author : Lance Noel
ISBN : 9783030048648
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75. 93 MB
Format : PDF
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​This book defines and charts the barriers and future of vehicle-to-grid technology: a technology that could dramatically reduce emissions, create revenue, and accelerate the adoption of battery electric cars. This technology connects the electric power grid and the transportation system in ways that will enable electric vehicles to store renewable energy and offer valuable services to the electricity grid and its markets. To understand the complex features of this emergent technology, the authors explore the current status and prospect of vehicle-to-grid, and detail the sociotechnical barriers that may impede its fruitful deployment. The book concludes with a policy roadmap to advise decision-makers on how to optimally implement vehicle-to-grid and capture its benefits to society while attempting to avoid the impediments discussed earlier in the book.

Vehicle To Grid 24 Success Secrets 24 Most Asked Questions On Vehicle To Grid What You Need To Know

Author : Alice Trujillo
ISBN : 1488527237
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 76. 95 MB
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There has never been a Vehicle-to-Grid Guide like this. It contains 24 answers, much more than you can imagine; comprehensive answers and extensive details and references, with insights that have never before been offered in print. Get the information you need--fast! This all-embracing guide offers a thorough view of key knowledge and detailed insight. This Guide introduces what you want to know about Vehicle-to-Grid. A quick look inside of some of the subjects covered: Plug-in electric vehicle - Vehicle-to-grid, PHEV, Grid energy storage - Electric vehicles, Power storage - Grid energy storage, Plug-in hybrid, Net metering - Market rate net metering, Grid-tied electrical system, Electric power transmission - Load balancing, Google.org - Overview, V2G - Skepticism, V2G - Three versions, Plug-in hybrid - History, Bicycle sharing system - Types, V2G - History, Electric vehicle - Stabilization of the grid, Plug-in hybrid - Vehicle-to-grid electricity, Energy storage - Grid energy storage, Charge point - Smart grid communication, Distributed generation - Vehicle-to-grid, Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle, V2G - Peak load leveling, Plug-in hybrid vehicle, Electricity meter - Power export metering, and much more...

Influences Of Electric Vehicles On Power System And Key Technologies Of Vehicle To Grid

Author : Canbing Li
ISBN : 9783662493649
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 20. 43 MB
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This book analyzes the influence of electric vehicles on microclimate and the indirect influence on power load from a unique perspective. It discusses different aspects of Vehicle-to-grid (V2G) technology, including large and small-scale charging infrastructures, and describes the effect on electricity price, voltage, frequency and other key V2G technologies. It introduces various aspects of the influence of electric vehicles on the power grids and the control strategies for achieving economic, safe and steady grid operation using V2G technologies. This book is suitable for senior undergraduates and postgraduates majoring in electrical, transportation, or environmental engineering, as well as other related professionals.

V2g 101

Author : Leonard J. Beck
ISBN : 1439223874
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63. 30 MB
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V2G-101 is a text that explains how electric drive cars can interact with the electric grid to improve reliability and earn an income. It answers many commonly asked questions about electric vehicles (EVs) including, Are they cleaner than gas-powered cars? How do they make money? Are they less expensive to operate? How can the government help along this new technology? What EVs are coming to market? How do EVs and renewables fit together? What is a HEV, PHEV and NEV?The text includes detailed examples and calculations, related news articles, chapter summaries and review questions, and a 135-car appendix of electric cars past, present and coming in the future.

Design Analysis And Control Of Vehicle To Grid Services

Author : Shuang Gao
ISBN : 1361337842
Genre :
File Size : 72. 83 MB
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This dissertation, "Design, Analysis and Control of Vehicle-to-grid Services" by Shuang, Gao, 高爽, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: There are unique challenges and opportunities related to the integration of electric vehicles into the future power grid, especially the modern distribution grid since electric vehicle (EV) charging facilities and fast-charging stations are usually tied to low-voltage and medium-voltage power networks. The grid-connected EVs, if properly controlled, can operate as distributed energy storage and provide various ancillary services, such as peak shaving, fast-response reserve capacity, frequency regulation, voltage control and reactive supports. The purpose of this thesis is to integrate EVs to the power grid and provides suitable ancillary services to improve the grid reliability and stability. The larger future penetration of EVs and renewable energies is also taken into account to develop the vehicle-to-grid (V2G) control scheme with the constraints of EV charging and communication infrastructures. The main contents include: V2G mathematical model and system configuration; impact evaluation of EV integration and the V2G control framework; energy scheduling of EVs integration; V2G dynamic regulation services; control method of EV aggregator for dispatching a fleet of EVs; and the evaluation of V2G control scheme and hardware-in-the-loop experimental system design. In the thesis, the impact of EV charging demand on the conventional distribution grid is firstly estimated to reveal the negative effects of the arbitrary EV charging and the necessity to control the EV charging process. The potential benefits EVs can bring into the power grid support are discussed and a V2G control framework is proposed to perform the V2G optimization and various regulation services. The current power electronics applied EV charging facilities and communication network are integrated into the V2G operation in the future distribution grid with microgrid and smaller installation of renewable generation units. Next, mathematical model of V2G power control is formulated. Two optimization methods are proposed to schedule the EV charging and discharging energy to minimize the power losses and the operating cost while satisfying the mobility needs and the power system limitations. Subsequently, the dynamic regulation of V2G power is investigated to unleash the potential of EVs to provide multiple ancillary services simultaneously. In addition to V2G optimal energy scheduling, EVs can also be employed for dynamic power regulation which requires the fast response to the instantaneous imbalance between the power supply and demand. V2G power is controlled to mitigate the power fluctuation caused by the intermittent wind energy resources, and thus stabilize the system frequency and voltage. Finally, an EV-centric hybrid energy storage system is proposed, which combines the merits of V2G operation and superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) to enhance the power quality and system frequency stability. The critical issues in V2G applications are summarized in the end. DOI: 10.5353/th_b5185942 Subjects: Electric vehicles Smart power grids

The Contribution Of Vehicle To Grid To Balance Fluctuating Generation

Author : David Dallinger
ISBN : OCLC:904160062
Genre :
File Size : 73. 60 MB
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Plug In Electric Vehicles In Smart Grids

Author : Sumedha Rajakaruna
ISBN : 9789812873026
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 45. 90 MB
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This book highlights the cutting-edge research on energy management within smart grids with significant deployment of Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEV). These vehicles not only can be a significant electrical power consumer during Grid to Vehicle (G2V) charging mode, they can also be smartly utilized as a controlled source of electrical power when they are used in Vehicle to Grid (V2G) operating mode. Electricity Price, Time of Use Tariffs, Quality of Service, Social Welfare as well as electrical parameters of the network are all different criteria considered by the researchers when developing energy management techniques for PEVs. Risk averse stochastic energy hub management, maximizing profits in ancillary service markets, power market bidding strategies for fleets of PEVs, energy management of PEVs in the presence of renewable energy in distribution lines or microgrids and loss minimization in distribution networks based on smart coordination approaches using real time energy prices are some of the attractive and novel topics explored in this book. It will be an excellent reference for graduate students, researchers and industry professionals who are interested in getting a snapshot view of today’s latest research on applying various smart energy management strategies for smart grids with high penetration of PEVs.

Mobile Virtual Synchronous Machine For Vehicle To Grid Applications

Author : Christopher Pelczar
ISBN : 9783736940642
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 69. 14 MB
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The Mobile VISMA is a power electronics device for V2G applications which behaves like an electromechanical synchronous machine and offers the same beneficial properties to the power network, increasing inertia in the system, stabilizing the grid voltage, and providing a short-circuit current in case of grid faults. The VISMA performs a real-time simulation of a synchronous machine and calculates the phase currents that an electromagnetic synchronous machine would produce under the same local grid conditions. These currents are fed into the grid using a current-controlled inverter. In this dissertation the requirements for a machine model suitable for the VISMA are set, and a mathematical model suitable for use in the VISMA algorithm is found and implemented. A new hardware architecture for the Mobile VISMA based on microcontroller and FPGA technologies is presented. The new architecture allows the reduction of the size and cost of the VISMA, making it suitable for installation in electric vehicles. A simulation model of the inverter hardware and hysteresis current controller is created and validated by experiment. The verified hardware model is then used to design a new type of PWM-based current controller. The performance of the hysteresis- and PWM-based current controllers is evaluated and compared. Finally, the behavior of the VISMA during power network faults is examined, and it is shown that the VISMA, inverter hardware, and current controllers are capable of fault ride-through and can support the power network during faults.

Vehicle To Grid

Author : Gerard Blokdyk
ISBN : 1979464618
Genre :
File Size : 78. 82 MB
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Are we Assessing Vehicle-to-grid and Risk? How do we go about Securing Vehicle-to-grid? What are your most important goals for the strategic Vehicle-to-grid objectives? What are your key Vehicle-to-grid organizational performance measures, including key short and longer-term financial measures? What vendors make products that address the Vehicle-to-grid needs? This best-selling Vehicle-to-grid self-assessment will make you the entrusted Vehicle-to-grid domain veteran by revealing just what you need to know to be fluent and ready for any Vehicle-to-grid challenge. How do I reduce the effort in the Vehicle-to-grid work to be done to get problems solved? How can I ensure that plans of action include every Vehicle-to-grid task and that every Vehicle-to-grid outcome is in place? How will I save time investigating strategic and tactical options and ensuring Vehicle-to-grid opportunity costs are low? How can I deliver tailored Vehicle-to-grid advise instantly with structured going-forward plans? There's no better guide through these mind-expanding questions than acclaimed best-selling author Gerard Blokdyk. Blokdyk ensures all Vehicle-to-grid essentials are covered, from every angle: the Vehicle-to-grid self-assessment shows succinctly and clearly that what needs to be clarified to organize the business/project activities and processes so that Vehicle-to-grid outcomes are achieved. Contains extensive criteria grounded in past and current successful projects and activities by experienced Vehicle-to-grid practitioners. Their mastery, combined with the uncommon elegance of the self-assessment, provides its superior value to you in knowing how to ensure the outcome of any efforts in Vehicle-to-grid are maximized with professional results. Your purchase includes access to the $249 value Vehicle-to-grid self-assessment dashboard download which gives you your dynamically prioritized projects-ready tool and shows your organization exactly what to do next. Your exclusive instant access details can be found in your book.

Vehicle To Grid V2g Integration With The Power Grid Using A Fuzzy Logic Controller

Author : Ali Mofleh Ali Alshogeathri
ISBN : OCLC:936211559
Genre :
File Size : 75. 16 MB
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This thesis introduces a Vehicle to Grid (V2G) system which coordinates the charging, and discharging among the Electric Vehicles (EVs) and two-test systems, to help with peak power shaving and voltage stability of the system. Allowing EVs to charge and discharge without any control may lead to voltage variations and disturbance to the grid, but if the charging and discharging of the EVs is done in a smart manner, they can help the power network. In this thesis, fuzzy logic controllers (FLC) are used to control the flow of power between the grid and the electric vehicles. The presented work in this thesis mainly focuses on the control architecture for a V2G station that allows for using EVs batteries to help the grid's voltage stability. The designed controllers sustain the node voltage, and thus also achieve peak shaving. The proposed architectures are tested on 16 -generator and 6-generator test systems to examine the effectiveness of the proposed designs. Five fuzzy logic schemes are tested to illustrate the V2G system's ability to influence system voltage stability. The major contributions of this thesis are as follows: · FLC based control tool for V2G station present at a weak bus in the system. · Investigate the effect of the station location and voltage sensitivity. · Comparison of chargers providing real power versus reactive power. · Simulation of controller and system interactions in a daily load curve cycle. Keywords: State of Charge (SOC), Electric Vehicle (EV), Fuzzy Logic Controller (FLC), Vehicle to grid (V2G), and Power System Voltage Stability.

Vehicle To Grid Demonstration Project

Author : Alec N. Brooks
ISBN : UCSD:31822028874626
Genre : Electric utilities
File Size : 46. 77 MB
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Vehicle To Grid And Or Vehicle To Home Round Trip Efficiency

Author :
ISBN : 9276306080
Genre :
File Size : 80. 62 MB
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The battery of an electrical vehicle (EV) can be used to support the power grid (V2G, Vehicle-to-Grid) or can act as a buffer for a home promoting self-consumption (V2H, Vehicle-to-Home). This technical report evaluates, in laboratory conditions and for different charging/discharging power levels, the round-trip efficiency of an EV and V2G/V2H charger setup. The round-trip efficiency of the setup was determined to be ca. 80% for the studied charging/discharging power levels. The tests were performed in the Smart Grid Interoperability Laboratory, located in the Joint Research Centre (JRC) site in Petten, Netherlands.

Vehicle To Grid Power Fundamentals The Aspects Of Measuring Costs Potential Benefits And Socio Technical Barriers For Sustainable Improvement Of The Transport Sector In Nordic Countries

Author : Jobaire Alam
ISBN : 9783668648067
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 84 MB
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Scientific Study from the year 2016 in the subject Energy Sciences, grade: A, Aalborg University, language: English, abstract: Electric power vehicles are exceptionally complementary as systems for managing energy and power. Nordic countries have been considered as one of the frontrunners for electrification in their transport sector. So, this study is to investigate the current concerns of costs, potential benefits and socio-technical challenges of vehicle-to-grid transition for sustainable improvement in Scandinavian transport sector. Literature review section presents a clear understanding of previous researches around this topic. However, very few researches have been conducted in Scandinavia around this issue. This study intends to adopt qualitative method with a multi criteria analysis. According to the expected result of this study, Electric Vehicles and V2G contribute to the national energy systems, which allow integration of much higher levels of wind electricity and also greatly reduces national CO2 emissions. Various previous studies show that transition to vehicle-to-grid technology has much to offer to society. Researchers further added that reducing petroleum use would help insulate oil importing economies from petroleum price spikes and shocks to the global market. It would also greatly improve the quality of the environment, displacing noxious emissions and the health, ecological, and climate-changed damages. Five Nordic countries are considered as pioneers in the world for renewable energy system. Various studies about Scandinavian transportation and energy system presented that V2G technology offers the motorists potential cost savings from their use of electricity as a fuel instead of gasoline. It is farther explained that, technological alternatives and energy planes play a significant role in Scandinavia. It is widely accepted that Nordic countries have been become frontrunner for electrification in their transport sectors, with the growth in travel demand including climate change and oil demand at a global scale. Therefore, it is a major concern to assess the cost & potential benefits of socio-technical perspective of V2G technology in these countries.

Vehicle To Grid Demonstration Project

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ISBN : OCLC:953405823
Genre :
File Size : 43. 78 MB
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This report summarizes the activities and accomplishments of a two-year DOE-funded project on Grid-Integrated Vehicles (GIV) with vehicle to grid power (V2G). The project included several research and development components: an analysis of US driving patterns; an analysis of the market for EVs and V2G-capable EVs; development and testing of GIV components (in-car and in-EVSE); interconnect law and policy; and development and filing of patents. In addition, development activities included GIV manufacturing and licensing of technologies developed under this grant. Also, five vehicles were built and deployed, four for the fleet of the State of Delaware, plus one for the University of Delaware fleet.

Plug In Electric Vehicle Grid Integration

Author : Islam Safak Bayram
ISBN : 9781630814731
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75. 92 MB
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This authoritative new resource provides a comprehensive introduction to plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs), including critical discussions on energy storage and converter technology. The architecture and models for sustainable charging infrastructures and capacity planning of small scale fast charging stations are presented. This book considers PEVs as mobile storage units and explains how PEVS can provide services to the grid. Enabling technologies are explored, including energy storage, converter, and charger technologies for home and park charging. The adoption of EV is discussed and examples are given from the individual battery level to the city level. This book provides guidance on how to build and design sustainable transportation systems. Optimal arrival rates, optimal service rates, facility location problems, load balancing, and demand forecasts are covered in this book. Time-saving MATLAB code and background tables are included in this resource to help engineers with their projects in the field.

A Comprehensive Assessment Of Vehicle To Grid Systems And Their Impact To The Sustainability Of Current Energy And Water Nexus

Author : Yang Zhao
ISBN : OCLC:1057285994
Genre :
File Size : 82. 39 MB
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This dissertation aims to explore the feasibility of incorporating electric vehicles into the electric power grid and develop a comprehensive assessment framework to predict and evaluate the life cycle environmental, economic and social impact of the integration of Vehicle-to-Grid systems and the transportation-water-energy nexus. Based on the fact that electric vehicles of different classes have been widely adopted by both fleet operators and individual car owners, the following questions are investigated: 1. Will the life cycle environmental impacts due to vehicle operation be reduced? 2. Will the implementation of Vehicle-to-Grid systems bring environmental and economic benefits? 3. Will there be any form of air emission impact if large amounts of electric vehicles are adopted in a short time? 4. What is the role of the Vehicle-to-Grid system in the transportation-water-energy nexus? To answer these questions: First, the life cycle environmental impacts of medium-duty trucks in commercial delivery fleets are analyzed. Second, the operation mechanism of Vehicle-to-Grid technologies in association with charging and discharging of electric vehicles is researched. Third, the feasible Vehicle-to-Grid system is further studied taking into consideration the spatial and temporal variance as well as other uncertainties within the system. Then, a comparison of greenhouse gas emission mitigation of the Vehicle-to-Grid system and the additional emissions caused by electric vehicle charging through marginal electricity is analyzed. Finally, the impact of the Vehicle-to-Grid system in the transportation-water-energy nexus, and the underlying environmental, economic and social relationships are simulated through system dynamic modeling. The results provide holistic evaluations and spatial and temporal projections of electric vehicles, Vehicle-to-Grid systems, wind power integration, and the transportation-water-energy nexus.

Vehicle To Grid Automatic Load Sharing With Driver Preference In Micro Grids

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:967922758
Genre :
File Size : 87. 73 MB
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Integration of Electrical Vehicles (EVs) with power grid not only brings new challenges for load management, but also opportunities for distributed storage and generation. This paper comprehensively models and analyzes distributed Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) for automatic load sharing with driver preference. In a micro-grid with limited communications, V2G EVs need to decide load sharing based on their own power and voltage profile. A droop based controller taking into account driver preference is proposed in this paper to address the distributed control of EVs. Simulations are designed for three fundamental V2G automatic load sharing scenarios that include all system dynamics of such applications. Simulation results demonstrate that active power sharing is achieved proportionally among V2G EVs with consideration of driver preference. In additional, the results also verify the system stability and reactive power sharing analysis in system modelling, which sheds light on large scale V2G automatic load sharing in more complicated cases.

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