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Virus Insect Plant Interactions

Author : Kerry F. Harris
ISBN : 9780080543598
Genre : Science
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In Virus-Insect-Plant Interactions, the world's leading scientists discuss the latest breakthroughs in understanding the biological and ecological factors that define these complex transmission systems and how this knowledge might be used to our advantage in producing innovative, user and environmentally friendly approaches to controlling the spread of plant pathogens by insects. This is an invaluable reference work for researchers, teachers, and students. There are many quick-reference figures and tables, the contents pages include individual chapter abstracts, and each chapter ends with its own bibliography. Presents the most significant research breakthroughs of the past two decades Contains eighteen chapters by forty-two world-renowned researchers Invaluable reference work for researchers, teachers and students Each chapter ends with its own bibliography Contents pages of forematter include individual chapter abstracts Contains many quick-reference figures and tables

Insect Plant Interactions 1990

Author : Elizabeth A. Bernays
ISBN : 9781351361378
Genre : Science
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Insect-Plant Interactions is a series devoted to reviews across the breadth of the topic from cellular mechanisms to ecology and evolution. Articles are selected from areas of particular current interest or subjects that would especially benefit from a new review. It is hoped that the interdisciplinary selection in each volume will help readers to enter new fields of insect-plant interactions. Volume III contains six contrasting articles.

Biological Mechanisms Of Plant Interactions With A Combination Of Biotic And Abiotic Stresses

Author : Jean-benoit Morel
ISBN : 9782889459520
Genre :
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Plant Virus Host Interaction

Author : R.K. Gaur
ISBN : 9780124115989
Genre : Science
File Size : 88. 93 MB
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Plant Virus-Host Interaction contains cutting-edge research in plant molecular virology, including pathogenic viroids and transport by insect vectors, interference with transmission to control viruses, and synergism, with pivotal coverage of RNA silencing and the counter-defensive strategies used by viruses to overcome the silencing response in plants. With a clear focus on plant virus evolution, including quantitative and population genetics, Plant Virus-Host Interaction provides insights on the major factors favoring disease emergence, such as genetic change in pathogen and host populations and changes in host ecology and environment. The book also examines socioeconomic implications of widespread plant viral agents. Contributions from leading experts around the globe provide varied perspectives, while comprehensive coverage ensures a complete look at this exciting field. Covers the emergence of new viral diseases Provides molecular approaches for virus-host interaction Highlights RNA silencing and counter-defensive strategies Discusses socioeconomic implications of viral spread and mitigation techniques

Insect Vectors And Plant Pathogens

Author : Nachhattar Singh Butter
ISBN : 9780429994524
Genre : Science
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The history of pathogens and vectors, unique symptoms of diseases and economic importance of important viral diseases have been dealt with in the introductory chapter of this book. While highlighting the role of arthropods, nematodes, and fungi; other agents of the spread of plant pathogens have also been included. Important aspects of insect vectors with direct bearing on transmission, i.e. vector identification, biology, feeding apparatus, and mechanism of spread including control of pathogens through vectors are covered comprehensively. As aphids and other hemipterous insects are major insect vectors, the book stresses on this order. There is a focus on the transmission of determinants under different categories of the transmission mechanism. The transmission determinant paradigm comprising coat protein and helper component has been expounded with recent cases. A brief description of new diseases at least one from each genus of plant viruses has been included in this compendium to elucidate the interaction of vector and virus. Phytoplasmal etiology of pathogens has been detailed separately on account of their importance. The transmission of plant viruses through insects with biting and chewing type of mouth parts has been discussed in detail as separate chapter. The latest research in the field of mites, nematodes, and fungi as vectors of plant viruses has been included. How the phytotoxemia is different from other crop disorders, has been critically explained with support from suitable and common examples of crop disorders. The book also highlights the effects of plant viruses on their vectors. An account of classification of plant viruses has also been given for better understanding of subject matter. Likewise, the information on the electron microscope along with its use has been included so as to define the procedure of examining sub-microscopic entities. The latest developments in the management of plant pathogens through vector management have been discussed with special reference to the use of biotechnology, crop protection, and plant resistance. The book will be of value to the teachers and to researchers. It will also be useful for extension workers in managing crop disorders. Students and researchers of entomology, plant pathology, plant protection and virology disciplines will obtain the latest in the field, through this book.

Microbe Vector Interactions In Vector Borne Diseases

Author : S. H. Gillespie
ISBN : 1139442910
Genre : Science
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Several billion people are at daily risk of life threatening vector-borne diseases such as malaria, trypanosomiasis and dengue. This volume describes the way in which the causal pathogens of such diseases interact with the vectors that transmit them. It details the elegant biological adaptations that have enabled pathogens to live with their vectors and, in some circumstances, to control them. This knowledge has led to novel preventative strategies in the form of antibiotics and new vaccines which are targeted not at the pathogen itself but at its specific vector.

Insect Plant Interactions And Induced Plant Defence

Author : Derek J. Chadwick
ISBN : 0471988154
Genre : Science
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Insect-Plant Interactions and Induced Plant Defence Chair: John A. Pickett, 1999 This book examines the sophisticated mechanisms that plants use to defend themselves against attack by insects and pathogens, focusing on the networks of plant signalling pathways that underlie these defences. In response to herbivory, plants release a complex blend of as many as 100 volatile chemicals, known as semiochemicals ('sign chemicals'). These act as an airborne SOS signal, revealing the presence of the herbivore to the predators and parasitoids that are its natural enemies. Plants also have endogenous defence mechanisms that can be induced in response to pathogens, and separate chapters deal with systemic acquired resistance, phytoalexins, and the interacting pathways in pathogen and pest resistance. The book discusses underlying biochemical mechanisms by which plant stress leads to the biosynthesis of chemical signals from pools of secondary metabolite precursors, or even from the primary metabolism source. Finally, consideration is given to the possibilities for exploiting these signalling pathways by plant molecular genetics. The use of plant signals and their analogues to switch on defence pathways in crop plants is covered in depth. Bringing together contributions from entomologists, chemical ecologists, molecular biologists and plant physiologists this book is truly interdisciplinary, and will be essential reading for anyone with an interest in agricultural pest control.

Novel Aspects Of Insect Plant Interactions

Author : Pedro Barbosa
ISBN : 0471832766
Genre : Technology & Engineering
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Presents the first efforts to explore ecological interactions between insects and plants across several trophic levels, with special focus on mediation of complex interactions by plant allelochemicals. First section looks at effects of plant allelochemicals on predator-prey and host-parasitoid interactions. Second section reveals the role of microorganisms as mediators of interactions between insects and plants. Third section unifies and extends current theory to examine the effects of allelochemicals on the second and third trophic levels. Final section traces the physiological effects of plant allelochemicals in animal behavior, population regulation, maintenance of mimicry systems, and evolution of host range.

Plant Microbe Insect Interactions In Ecosystem Management And Agricultural Praxis

Author : Gero Benckiser
ISBN : 9782889458196
Genre :
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Nature’s high biomass productivity is based on biological N2 fixation (BNF) and biodiversity (Benckiser, 1997; Benckiser and Schnell, 2007). Although N2 makes up almost 80% of the atmosphere’s volume living organisms need it in only small quantities, presumably due to the paucity of natural ways of transforming this recalcitrant dinitrogen into reactive compounds. N shortage is commonly the most important limiting factor in crop production. The synthesis of ammonium from nitrogen and hydrogen, the Haber–Bosch (H-B) process, invented more than 100 years ago, became the holy grail of synthetic inorganic chemistry and removed the most ubiquitous limit on crop yields. H-B opened the way for the development and adoption of high-yielding cultivars, for monoculturing by organic and precision farming. With N over fertilization and pesticide application monoculturing farmers could approach Nature’s high biomass productivity by causing side effects the scientific world is investigating. This eBook presents the complexity the scientific world is facing in in understanding the soil-microbe-plant-animal cooperation, the millions of taxonomically, phylogenetically, and metabolically diverse above-below-ground species, involved in shaping the ever-changing biogeochemical process patterns being of great significance for food production networks and yield stability. Because ecosystem management and agricultural praxis are still largely conducted in isolation, the aim of this Frontiers’ eBook is to gather and interconnect plant-microbe-insect interaction research of various disciplines, studied with a broad spectrum of modern physical-chemical, biochemical, and molecular biological, agronomical techniques. The goal of this Research Topic was to gain a better understanding of microbe-plant-insect compositions, functioning, interactions, health, fitness, and productivity.

Arthropod Plant Interactions

Author : Guy Smagghe
ISBN : 9789400738720
Genre : Business & Economics
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This book explores the unique relationship between arthropods and plants, showing how availability of the current genomes of insects, mites and nematodes and important plants and agricultural crops affords deep insight into interacting mechanisms and players.

Aphids As Virus Vectors

Author : Kerry F. Harris
ISBN : 9781483273884
Genre : Nature
File Size : 33. 42 MB
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Aphids as Virus Vectors focuses on aphids as vectors of plant viruses and the fundamentals of their relationship with virus and host. The mouthparts and feeding mechanism of aphids are discussed, along with aphid penetration of plant tissues and the transmission mechanisms of aphids as virus vectors. The intrinsic properties and taxonomy of aphid-borne viruses are also examined. Comprised of 22 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the importance of aphids as vectors, their biology, and the properties of the viruses they transmit. These introductory chapters prepare the reader for later ones on aphid-virus-plant interactions. The next section deals with transmission mechanisms, with emphasis on several novel alternatives to many of the traditionally held concepts of how aphids transmit viruses. Accessory factors in non-persistent virus transmission are considered. Subsequent chapters focus on technological advances in aphid-virus research, including the use of aphid cell culturing, radioisotope methodology, membrane feeding, and electrical measurement systems. The most promising frontiers in epidemiological and control-oriented research are discussed in the last two sections. This monograph will be a useful resource for researchers from such varied sciences as entomology, plant science, and virology, as well as for graduate students taking entomology and plant pathology courses on insects in relation to plant diseases.

Entomology Abstracts

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015018684756
Genre : Entomology
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Insect Transmission Of Plant Diseases

Author : Leach
ISBN : 8176220051
Genre : Agricultural pests
File Size : 49. 83 MB
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Volume Brings Into Focus The Crucial Role Played By Insects In The Spread And Development Of Various Plant Diseases. Against The Background Of Advances In Plant Pathology, It Is Described How Bacterial, Fungus, Virus And Other Plant Diseases Are Transmitted Through Insects. Based On Author S Personal Research Work, A Number Of Diseases In Specifies Crops Have Been Discussed, Supplemented With Illustrations, Tables Of Technical Data And Diagrams. Also There Are Special Chapters On The Anatomy And Physiology Of Plants In Relation To Infection; Feeding And Breeding Habits To Insects; And The Techniques Particularly Useful For The Study Of Insect Transmission Of Plant Diseases. With Prolific Reference For Further And Deeper Information Appended To Each Of The Chapters, The Book Should Interest The Students And Scholars Of Entomology And Plant Pathology, Particularly. Contents: Chapter 1: Introduction; The Science Of Plant Pathology: Its Origin And Growth, The Passing Ofthe Exploratory And Descriptive Stage, Modern Emphasis On More Basic Problems, Insect Transmission A Neglected Borderline Field, Some Causes Of Neglect, Viewpoints Of Pathlogists And Entomologists, Some Results Of Neglect, Relation Of Dipterous Insects To Bacterial Soft Rot Misinterpreted, Failure To Recognize Role Of Flea Beetles In Transmitting Bacterial Wilt Of Corn, Confusion Of Tipburn And Hoppeburn Of Potatoes, Bark Beetles And Blue-Stain Fungi As Factors In Death Of Pines, Need For More And Better Cooperation, Possible Aids In Overcoming Difficulties In Cooperation, The Complexity Of The Phenomenon Of Insect Transmission, Biological And Evolutionary Aspects, Interaction Of Plant, Pathogen And Vector And Influence Of Environment, Need For Special Techniques, Lessons To Be Learned From Insect Transmission Of Animal Diseases, Chapter 2: The Interrelationships Of Plants And Insects; Close Association Of Insects And Plants In Evolutionary Past, Interdependence Of Plants And Insects, Phytophagous Insects: Methods Of Feeding, Injuries And Benefits, Entomophagous Plants, The Flycatcher, The Pitcher Plants, The Butterworts, The Sundews, The Bladderworts, The Venus S Flytrap, Nematode Entraping Fungi, Entomophthorous Plants: Bacterial Diseases Of Insects, Fungus Diseases, Virus Diseases, Protozoal Diseases, Entomophilous Plants, Agents Of Pollination, Origin Of Entomophily, Plant Adaptations, Insect Adaptations, Symbiosis Between Insects And Plants, Chpater 3: Symbiosis Between Insects And Microorganisms And Its Significance In Plant Pathology; Symbiosis, Origin Of The Term And Concept Expressed, Kind Of Symbiosis, Symbiosis Between Insects And Microorganisms, Ecotosymbiosis: Ambrosia, Beetles, And Fungi, Termites And Fungi, The Fungus Cultivating Ants, Endosymbiosis: Progressive Series Of Complexity, The Nature Of The Symbiotic Association, Septobasidium And Scale Insects, Bacteria And Dipterous Insects, The Drug Store Bettle And Yeast, Intracellular Symbiosis In The Homoptera, Mycetocytes And Mycetomes, Rikettsia, Chapter 4: The Relation Of Insects To The Spread And Development Of Plant Diseases; Historical Review: Poineer Work Of Waite On Insect Transmission Of Fire Blight, Takami And Rice Dwarf, Early Work On Sugar Beet Leaf Roll, Allard And Tobacco Mosaic, Parallel Developments In Insect Transmission Of Animal Diseases, The Olive Fly And Olive Knot, Bacterial Wilt Of Cucurbits And The Cucumber Beeltes, Norton S Review, Hopperburn Of Potatoes And Other Plants, Survey Of Field By Rand And Pierce, Symposium Of 1921, Buchner S Tier And Pflanze In Symbiose:, Boning S Review, Leach S Review, Symposium Of 1987, The Roles Played By Insects: Direct Disease Production, Dissemination Of The Pathogen, Inoculation, Ingression, Invasion, Preservation, Possible Role Of Insects In Origin Of New Diseases; Classification Of Methods Of Insects Transmission, Biologic And Evolutionary Significance Of Insect Transmission, Insect And Diploidization Of Heterothallic Fungi, Chapter 5: Plant Diseases Caused By Toxicogenic Insects; Nature Of Diseases Caused By Insects: Toxocogenic And Toxoniferous Insects, Phytotoxaemias , Or Toxicoses Compared With Virus Diseases, Stigmonose, Hopperburn, Toxicogenic Casid Bugs, Froghopper Blight Of Sugar Cane, Mealy Bug Wilt Of Pineapple, Green Spotting Of Pineapples, Psyllid Yellows Of Potatoes, Anasa Wilt Of Cucurbits, Insect Galls, Insect Causing Galls, Morphology Of Insect Galls, The Ambrosia Galls, The Gall Producing Stimulus, The Histology Of Galls, Chapter 6: Insects And Bacterial Diseases; Fire Blight Of Orchard Fruits, Soft Rot Of Plants And Dipterous Insects, Potato Blackleg, Softrot Of Crucifers And The Cabbage Maggot, The Heart Rot Of Celery, Bacterial Wilt Of Cucurbits, Bacterial Wilt Of Corn (Stewart S Disease), Olive Knot, Bacterial Rot Of Apples And The Apple Maggot, Gummosis Of Sugar Cane, A Bacterial Disease Of Willows And The Willow Borer, Bacterial Wilt Of Solanacea, Bacteriosis Of Prickly Pear Plants, Bacterial Gall Of Douglas Fir And Chermes Colleyi, Black Rot Of Crucifers, Angular Leaf Spot Of Tobacco And The Southern Tobacco Warm, Bean Bacteriosis And Thrips, Blade Blight Of Oats, Gardenia Bud Drop, The Spot Disease Of Cauliflower And Red Bordered Stink Bug, Bacteria Associated With Aphids Adn A Gall Of Witch Hazel, Chapter 7: Insects And Fungus Diseases; Ergot Of Cereals And Grasses, Bark Beetles And Blue Stain Of Conifers, The Dutch Elm Disease, Fig Diseases, Endosepsis, Souring, Smut, Perennial Canker Of Apple And The Wolly Aphis, European Canker And The Wolly Aphis, Bees And Downy Mildew Of Lima Beans, Plant Bugs And Stigmatomycosis, The Anther Smut Of Pinks, Blossom Blight Of Red Cover, Tree Cricket Canker Of Apple, Chest Nut Blight, Insects And Tomato Leaf Spot Diseases, Insects And Sooty Mold, Insects And Brown Rot Of Stone Fruits, The Potato Flea Beetle And Potato Scrab, Blackleg Of Cabbage And The Cabbage Maggot, Insects And Red Rot Of Sugar Cane, Insects And Diseases Of Mushrooms, Plum Wilt And The Peach Tree Borer, Insect Dissemination Of The Cotton Wilt Pathogen, Monochamus Spp. And The Heart Rot Of Conifers, Insects And A Sapwood Decay Of Conifers, Chapter 8: Insects And Virus Diseases; Virus Diseases: Apparent Increase In Prevalence And Probable Explanation, Number And Economic Importance, Nautre Of Viruses, Agents Of Viruse Dissemination: Wind, Water, Soil, Seed, Pollen, Other Plant Parts, Parasitic Fungi, Man, Insects, Orders Of Insects Containing Vectors Of Viruses, Orthoptera, Thysanoptera, Homoptera, Hemiptera, Coleoptera, Methods Of Virus Transmission By Insects, Mechanical, Biological, Multiplication Of The Virus In The Insect Body, The Incubation Period In The Insect Body, Specificity Of Virus Transmission By Insect Vectors, The Obligatory Nature Of Insect Transmission Of Certain Viruses, The Relation Of The Age Or Life Stage Of The Insect Vectors And Its Ability To Transmit The Virus, Congenital Transmission Of Virus In The In The Insect Vector, The Effect Of The Virus On The Insect Vector, Chapter 9: Insects And Virus Diseases (Continued); Selected Examples Of Virus Diseases Transmitted By Insects, Transmission By Mechanical Sap Inoculation, Insect Transmission Purely Mechnical: Potato Spindle Tuber, Tobacco Mosaic, Yellow Dwarf Of Onions, Cucumber Mosaic, Western Celery Mosaic, Transmission By Aphids, Showing Group Specificity, Insect Transmission Not Entirely Mechanical: Sugar Cane Mosaic, Potato Leaf Roll, Transmission By Leaf Hoppers, Biological And Highly Specific: Curly Top Of Sugar Beet And Other Plants, Aster Yellows, False Blossom Of Cranberry, Potato Yellow Dwarf, The Fiji Diseases Of Sugar Cane, Transmission By Thrips, Biological And Specific: Spotted Wilt, Yellow Spot Of Pineapple, Trnasmission By Lace Bugs, Biological And Specific: Leaf Curl Of Sugar Beet, Savoy Of Beets, Transmission By White Flies, Biological And Specific: Leaf Curl Of Cotton, Cassava Mosaic, Transmission By Mites: Reversion Of Black Currants, Nature Of Transmission Obscure: Wheat Mosaic, Latent (X) Virus Of Potato, Chapter 10: Insects And Phytopathogenic Protozoa; Protoxoa As Plant Pathogens, Protozoa In Laticiferous Plants, Insect Tranmissions Of Endophytic Protozoa, Phloem Necrosis Of Coffee, Chapter 11: Mites, Nematodes, And Other Small Animals As Vectors Of Plant Diseases; Mites: Their Nature And Economic Importance, Mitesand The Silver Top Of June Grass And Bud Rot Of Carnations, Mites As Vectors Of Blue Stain Fungi, Of The Dutch Elm Disease, Of Microorgnaisms Causing Decay Of Plants, Of Reversion In Black Currants, Nematodes: Their Nature And Economic Importance, Nematodes And The Dilophospora Diseases Of Cereals, Root Nematodes As Agents Of Transmission Of Plant Pathogens, Earthworms And Club Root Of Crucifers, Slugs As Vectors Of Plant Pathogens, Birds As Vectors Of Chestnut Canker, Of Mistletoe, Chapter 12: The Anatomy And Physiology Of Plants In Relation To Infection And Insect Vectors; Natural Protection Of Plants Against Infection, The Relation Of Tissues To Insect Transmission Of Diseases: The Epidermis, The Stomata, Plasmodesmata, Hydathodes, Nectaries And Other Floral Organs, The Periderm, Would Cork, Callus, Latex Ducts, Physiology And Chemical Composition: Klendusity, Resistance Of Plants To Insects, Chapter 13: The Anatomy And Physiology Of Insects In Relation To The Transmission Of Plant Diseases; The Exoskeleton And Its Components, The Mouth Parts: The Labroum, The Epipharynx, The Mandibles, Themaxillae, The Hypopharynx, The Labium, The Mouth Parts Of Chewing Insects, Rasping Sucking Mouth Parts, Piercing Sucking Mouth Parts, The Mechanics Of Penetration By Sucking Mouth Parts, Sponging Mouth Parts, Siphoning Mout Hparts, Chewing Lapping Mouth Parts, The Salivary Glands, The Alimentary Canal, The Stomodaeum, The Mesenteron, The Proctodaeum, The Organs Of Reporudction, The Internal Genitalia, The External Genitalia, Chapter 16: The Inocual Of Plant Pathogens In Relation To Insect Transmission; The Nature Of Inocula Of Plant Pathogens, Bacteria: Size, Spores, Exudate, Resistance Of Natural Environment, Resistance Of Digestive Fluids Of Insects, Pleomorphism, Fungi, Vegetative Mycelium: Selerotia, Spores, Spores Horne In Sticky Matrix, Adherence Of Dry Spores, Resistance Of Spores To Natural Environment, Resistance To Digestive Fluids Of Insects, Odors And Colors Attractive To Insects, Food Value Of Spore Matrix, Place Of Spore Formation, Forcible Discharge Of Spores, Protozoa, Dependence Upon Insects For Disemination, Inoculation, And Ingresion, Viruses, Nature Of Inoculum, Wide Variability In Properties, Infection Requirements And Insect Inoculation, Seed Plants, Sticky Matrix Of Mistetoe Seed, Chapter 15: The Feeding And Breeding Habits Of Insects In Relation To The Transmission Of Plant Diseases; Feeding Habits, Necessity Of Regular Visitation Of Both Diseases And Healthy Plants, The Mechanics Of Feedings, Choice Of Food Plants, Host Relationships Of Aphids Classified, Insect Mortility, Tissue Selection, Breeding Habits, Ovipositions Wounds, Place Of Oviposition, Preference Of Breeding Hosts, Breeding Habits In Relation To Cultivation Practices, Insect Abundance, Chapter 16: Insect Transmission Of Animal Diseases Compared With Insect Transmission Of Plant Diseases; The Relationships Between Plant And Animal Pathology, Brief Historical Survey Of Medical Entomology, Mosquitoes And Filariasis, Cattle Ticks And Texas Fever, The Tsetse Fly And Nagana Diseases Of Cattle, The Tsetse Fly And Sleeping Sickness, Mosquitoes And Malaria, Mosquitoes And Yellow Fever, Mosquitoes And Dengue, Fleas And Bubonic Plague, Lice And Typhus Fever, Lice And Trench Fver, Flies And Typhoid Fever, A Comparison Of Insect Transmission Of Plant And Animal Diseases, Chapter 17: Methods Useful In The Study Of Insect Trnansmission Of Plant Diseases; Problems Of Techniques Presented By Borderline Field Of Study, Koch S Postulates, Their Application To Insect Transmitted Virus Diseases, Virus Purification, Rules Of Proof For Insect Transmission, Supplementary Data, Taxonomic Problems: Importance Of Correct Identification Of Insect Vectors, The Value Of Field Observations, Greenhouse Andcages, Insect Traps: Light Traps, Wind Traps, Microbiological Methods, Selective Media, Isolation Of Plants Pathogens From Insect Vectors, Histological Methods: Fixing Solution For Plant And Insect Materials, Staining, Miscellaneous Techniques For Special Purposes.

Ecology Abstracts

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ISBN : UCLA:L0064480338
Genre : Ecology
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Molecular Plant Pathology

Author : Matthew Dickinson
ISBN : 9781135325527
Genre : Science
File Size : 35. 59 MB
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Studies of the interactions between plants and their viral, bacterial and fungal pathogens are of major importance in plant and crop production. More than 10% of potential agricultural yield is lost to these organisms annually worldwide, and major epidemics can cause significant local economic and environmental damage. Molecular Plant Pathology addresses the underlying molecular principles of plant/pathogen interactions, in a readily-accessible textbook format.

Insect Plant Interactions

Author : Elizabeth A. Bernays
ISBN : 0849341248
Genre : Nature
File Size : 81. 8 MB
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Seed predators as mutualists: ecology and evolution of the fig/pllinator interaction. Plant sterols and host-plant affiliations of herbivores. Sensory coding of feeding deterrents in phytophagous insects. Extrafloral nectary-mediated interactions between insects and plants. The role of quinolizidine alkaloids in plant-insect interactions. The impact of plant stress of herbivore populations dynamics.

Plant Breeding

Author : Jack Brown
ISBN : 9781118873526
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 20. 18 MB
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This book, Plant Breeding, has it bases in an earliertext entitled An Introduction to Plant Breeding by JackBrown and Peter Caligari, first published in 2008. The challengesfacing today’s plant breeders have never been moreoverwhelming, yet the prospects to contribute significantly toglobal food security and farmers’ quality of life have neverbeen more exciting and fulfilling. Despite this there hasbeen a worrying decline in public funding for plantbreeding-related research and support for internationalcenters of germplasm development and crop improvement. In part, this has resulted in a serious reduction in the number ofyoung people interested in devoting their professional careers toplant breeding as well as the number of universities offering plantbreeding courses or conducting relevant research in plantbreeding. The authors’ aim in writing this book is to provide anintegrated and updated view of the current scientific progressrelated to diverse plant breeding disciplines, within the contextof applied breeding programs. This excellent new book willencourage a new generation of students to pursue careers related toplant breeding and will assist a wider audience of agriculturalstudents, agronomists, policy makers and those with an interest inagriculture in gaining insight about the issues affecting plantbreeding and its key role in improving the quality of life ofpeople and in securing sufficient food, at the quality required andat an affordable price. With comprehensive coverage including questions designed forstudents, and an accompanying website containing additionalmaterial to help in the study of the subject, Plant Breedingis an ideal text for all those studying plant and crop sciences,and a convenient reference source for professionals working in thearea. All libraries within universities and research establishmentswhere biological and agricultural sciences are studied and taughtshould have multiple copies of this book.

Plant Virology Protocols

Author : Gary D. Foster
ISBN : UOM:39015075617624
Genre : Botany
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This new edition covers the many new techniques that are now applied to the examination and understanding of plant viruses. Each section of Plant Virology Protocols presents the most novel methods and protocols to allow researchers more effective approaches to study plant viruses. The many subjects covered in this new edition range from techniques for investigating viral nucleic acid sequence, protein analysis and investigation of protein function, techniques for microscopy/GFP visualization and analysis/protein tagging/generation of infectious clones and other such tools, as well as areas of genomics and interactions with host factors and plant-based studies.

Journal Of Plant Diseases And Plant Protection

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ISBN : UOM:39015060910430
Genre : Plant diseases
File Size : 74. 32 MB
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Plant Microbe Interactions

Author : B.B. Biswas
ISBN : 0306456788
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 14 MB
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Recent years have seen tremendous progress in unraveling the molecular basis of different plant-microbe interactions. Knowledge has accumulated on the mecha nisms of the microbial infection of plants, which can lead to either disease or resistance. The mechanisms developed by plants to interact with microbes, whether viruses, bacteria, or fungi, involve events that can lead to symbiotic association or to disease or tumor formation. Cell death caused by pathogen infection has been of great interest for many years because of its association with plant resistance. There appear to be two types of plant cell death associated with pathogen infection, a rapid hypersensitive cell death localized at the site of infection during an incompatible interaction between a resistant plant and an avirulent pathogen, and a slow, normosensitive plant cell death that spreads beyond the site of infection during some compatible interactions involving a susceptible plant and a virulent, necrogenic pathogen. Plants possess a number of defense mechanisms against infection, such as (i) production of phytoalexin, (ii) formation of hydrolases, (iii) accumulation of hydroxyproline-rich glycoprotein and lignin deposition, (iv) production of pathogen-related proteins, (v) produc tion of oligosaccharides, jasmonic acid, and various other phenolic substances, and (vi) production of toxin-metabolizing enzymes. Based on these observations, insertion of a single suitable gene in a particular plant has yielded promising results in imparting resistance against specific infection or disease. It appears that a signal received after microbe infection triggers different signal transduction pathways.

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