visual attention in children

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Visual Attention In Children

Author : Kenneth A. Lane
ISBN : 9781556429569
Genre : Medical
File Size : 20. 47 MB
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In typical child development, attention controls many aspects of learning, including memory, motor control, and problem solving. Attention organizes the constant influx of information that needs to be absorbed by children. Inside Visual Attention in Children: Theories and Activities, Dr. Kenneth A. Lane describes the positive aspects of attention that are needed for children to be successful in the classroom, such as concentration and vigilance, as opposed to negative aspects that can lead to failure, such as distractibility and confusion. This book is divided into two parts. The first eight chapters of the book explain attention and its relationship to vision and visual stimuli. The core topics discussed here include Autism, ADHD, Dyslexia, Executive Function, and Memory. The second half outlines a Vision Therapy program and consists of activities for improving visual attention in children. Over 100 activities are explained and illustrated. Visual Attention in Children: Theories and Activities is anchored on current theories in five areas of attention that shape child development. Theories Described Include: • Focused Attention – The ability to respond discreetly to visual, auditory, and tactile stimuli • Selective Attention – The ability to maintain behavioral or cognitive abilities in the face of distracting or competing stimuli • Shifting Attention – The ability to rapidly shift attention from one object to another • Sustained Attention – The ability to maintain a consistent behavioral response during a continuous or repetitive activity • Divided Attention –The ability to engage in more than one attention-focused task at one time. Visual Attention in Children: Theories and Activities is the perfect tool for occupational therapy students and clinicians as well as other professionals specializing in child development and learning who are looking to enhance their understanding of this topic and who need unique ideas and activities to add to their visual therapy training programs.

Is The Impairment In Temporal Allocation Of Visual Attention In Children With Adhd Related To A Developmental Delay Or A Structural Cognitive Deficit

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ISBN : OCLC:1051377347
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Highlights: We investigated the temporal allocation of visual attention in 11-year-old children with ADHD. We compared their attentional blink (AB) parameters with those observed in three groups of healthy control participants (8-year-olds, 11-year-olds and adults). Children with ADHD presented much the same similar AB pattern as the healthy 8-year-old controls. Impaired allocation of temporal selective attention in children with ADHD is due to a developmental delay and not a specific cognitive deficit. Abstract: We investigated the temporal allocation of visual attention in 11-year-old children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by comparing their attentional blink (AB) parameters (duration, amplitude and minimum performance) with those observed in three groups of healthy control participants (8-year-olds, 11-year-olds and adults). The AB is a marker of impaired ability to detect a second target following the identification of a first target when both appear randomly within a rapid sequence of distractor items. Our results showed developmental effects; with age, the AB duration decreased and the AB minimum moved to shorter lag times. Importantly, 11-year old children with ADHD presented much the same similar AB patterns (in terms of duration and minimum position) as the healthy 8-year-old controls. Our results support the hypothesis whereby impaired allocation of temporal selective attention in children with ADHD is due to a developmental delay and not a specific cognitive deficit.

Visual Perception Problems In Children With Ad Hd Autism And Other Learning Disabilities

Author : Lisa A. Kurtz
ISBN : 1846425050
Genre : Education
File Size : 60. 42 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of vision problems in children with developmental disabilities such as AD/HD, autism spectrum disorders, and specific learning disabilities. Written in a very accessible style, it is appropriate for parents and professionals alike and offers non-technical explanations of how vision difficulties are screened for and advice on where to seek appropriate professional care. Lisa Kurtz outlines a range of activities for strengthening children's functional vision and perceptual skills using simple, homemade materials that are readily available in the home or classroom. This is an excellent practical companion for parents of children with visual perception problems and the professionals who work with them.

Children S Language

Author : Carolyn E. Johnson
ISBN : 9781134797370
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 54. 27 MB
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This volume brings together the work of 32 scholars from 13 countries -- investigations of children learning 15 different languages, in some instances more than one at a time. The scope of this work -- as broad as it is -- only partially represents the research interests and approaches of the more than 350 scholars from 34 countries who contributed papers or posters to the Sixth International Congress for the Study of Child Language. This investigative power and diversity are, for the most part, focused on topics and issues of modern day child language research that have been under discussion for the last 30 years or so. Some even go beyond that in early diary studies and philosophers' speculations. While the issues are mainly familiar ones, the 17 chapters contribute to the advancement of child language study in several specific ways. They: * represent current theoretical frameworks, both bringing the insights of the theories to the interpretation of language development and testing tenets or implications of the theories with child language data; * contribute substantively to the crosslinguistic study of child language, reflecting both the linguistic diversity of the authors themselves and a recent major shift in the approach to child language study; * build on the now considerable body of knowledge about children's language, both adding to information about the basic systems of phonology, syntax, and semantics, and extending beyond to explore aspects of narrative and literacy development, language acquisition by bilingual and atypical children, and language processing; and * contain hints of new directions in child language study, such as increased attention to the impact of phonology on other language systems. Taken as a whole, this volume reflects the current strength of crosslinguistic research, the application and testing of new theoretical developments, a new legitimacy of language disorder data, and a new appeal to the descriptive possibilities of language processing models. In addition, there is a theme that runs through many of the chapters and points the way for important research in the future: the role of prosody in the acquisition of various language structures and systems.

Theories Of Visual Attention Linking Cognition Neuropsychology And Neurophysiology

Author : Søren Kyllingsbæk
ISBN : 9782889196371
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The Neural Theory of Visual Attention of Bundesen, Habekost, and Kyllingsbæk (2005) was proposed as a neural interpretation of Bundesen’s (1990) theory of visual attention (TVA). In NTVA, visual attention functions via two mechanisms: by dynamic remapping of receptive fields of cortical cells such that more cells are devoted to behaviorally important objects than to less important ones (filtering) and by multiplicative scaling of the level of activation in cells coding for particular features (pigeonholing). NTVA accounts for a wide range of known attentional effects in human performance and a wide range of effects observed in firing rates of single cells in the primate visual system and thus provides a mathematical framework to unify the 2 fields of research. In this Research Topic of Frontiers in Psychology, some of the leading theories of visual attention at both the cognitive, neuropsychological, and neurophysiological levels are presented and evaluated. In addition, the Research Topic encompasses application of the framework of NTVA to various patient populations and to neuroimaging as well as genetic and psychopharmacological studies.

Design Attributes Of Sesame Street And The Visual Attention Of Preschool Children

Author : Lewis Jay Bernstein
ISBN : PSU:000008643544
Genre : Attention
File Size : 54. 36 MB
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Children And The Formal Features Of Television

Author : Manfred Meyer
ISBN : 9783111641089
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 27. 46 MB
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Detection And Measurement Of Visual Impairment In Pre Verbal Children

Author : Barrie Jay
ISBN : 9789400942639
Genre : Medical
File Size : 44. 2 MB
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Over the past few years there have been considerable advances in our understanding of the normal development of vision and in our ability to detect and meaSl1re visual impairment in early childhood. It was appropriate, therefore, that a workshop, sponsored by the European Communities, should be held on the 'Detection and Measurement of Visual Impairment in Pre-verbal Children.' This workshop, which was held at the Institute of Ophthalmology, London, between 1 and 3 April 1985, brought together visual physiologists and ophthalmologists who exchanged and discussed ideas of mutual interest. After an introductory session when the normal development of vision and the causes of visual impairment were reviewed, there were sessions devoted to the theoretical aspects of electrophysiological and psychophysical tests, the measurement of visual acuity in pre-verbal children, the measurement of other visual functions, and visual screening of pre-verbal children. This volume contains the papers presented at the workshop, and transcripts of the various discl1ssions that took place. It was a measure of the success of the workshop that participants from several different disciplines were able to have fruitful discussions and to suggest areas of common interest where collaborative ventures could usefully be pursued. It is hoped that this venture will be followed by others where a mul ti disciplinary approach will improve both our knowledge of visual handicap in childhood and our management of this important group of sensorily impaired children.

Effect Of Adenotonsillectomy On Visual Attention Tests Among Children With Sleep Disordered Breathing A Controlled Prospective Cohort Study

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ISBN : OCLC:1051918042
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Abstract Objective This study aimed to evaluate the effect of adenotonsillectomy on visual attention and daytime sleepiness in children with sleep‐disordered breathing. Design This was a controlled prospective cohort study. Setting Outpatients from the Otorhinolaryngology Division of Edmundo Vasconcelos Hospital Complex, São Paulo, Brazil. Participants Patients aged 6–17years with upper airway obstruction scheduled to undergo adenotonsillectomy (treatment group) in the Otorhinolaryngology Division of Edmundo Vasconcelos Hospital Complex, in São Paulo, Brazil. Participants of control group were consecutively selected from another outpatient clinic of paediatric surgery, but those with symptoms of sleep‐disordered breathing were excluded. Main outcome measures Children were submitted to visual attention tests (TAVIS‐3) that discriminates normal subjects from those with attentional disorders in advance of the surgery and 2months later, and in the same period for the control group. Parents were interviewed about lifestyle, sleep characteristics and daytime sleepiness. Results The analysis included 27 patients in the adenotonsillectomy group and 30 controls, who had similar age (10.0±3.3 versus 10.3±3.7years; P=0.8), gender (41% boys versus 57%, respectively) and body mass index. There was marked decrease in daytime sleepiness after surgery (delta between groups: −4.7±3.8; P

Raising A Sensory Smart Child

Author : Lindsey Biel
ISBN : 1101429364
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 39. 73 MB
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BRAND NEW FOR 2018: A fully revised edition of the most comprehensive guide to sensory processing challenges "At least, here are the insights and answers parents have been searching for." -Dr. Temple Grandin For children with sensory difficulties - those who struggle process everyday sensations and exhibit unusual behaviors such as avoiding or seeking out touch, movement, sounds, and sights - this groundbreaking book is an invaluable resource. Sensory processing challenges affect all kinds of kind - from those with developmental delays, learning and attenion issues, or autism spectrum disorder to those without any other issues. Now in its third edition, Raising a Sensory Smart Child is even more comprehensive and helpful than ever. In this book, you'll learn: *How the 8 senses (yes, 8!) are supposed to work together and what happens when they don't *Practical solutions for daily challenges-from brushing teeth to getting dressed to handling holiday gatherings * Strategies for managing sensitivities to noise, smell textures, and more *"Sensory diet" activities" that help meet sensory needs, with new ideas for kids, teens, adults, and families * Parenting tips for handling discpline, transitions, and behavioral issues *How to practically and emotionally support children and teens with autism and sensory issues * Ways to advocate for your child at school and make schools more "sensory smart" *How to help your child with sensory issues use technology effectively and responsibly * Ways to empower your child and teen in the world * Where to get the best professional help and complementary therapies ***WINNER of the NAPPA GOLD AWARD and iPARENTING MEDIA AWARD***

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