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Welcome To The Microbiome

Author : Rob DeSalle
ISBN : 9780300216325
Genre : Science
File Size : 52. 19 MB
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Suddenly, research findings require a paradigm shift in our view of the microbial world. The Human Microbiome Project at the National Institutes of Health is well under way, and unprecedented scientific technology now allows the censusing of trillions of microbes inside and on our bodies as well as in the places where we live, work, and play. This intriguing, up-to-the-minute book for scientists and nonscientists alike explains what researchers are discovering about the microbe world and what the implications are for modern science and medicine. Rob DeSalle and Susan Perkins illuminate the long, intertwined evolution of humans and microbes. They discuss how novel DNA sequencing has shed entirely new light on the complexity of microbe-human interactions, and they examine the potential benefits to human health: amazing possibilities for pinpoint treatment of infections and other illnesses without upsetting the vital balance of an individual microbiome. This book has been inspired by an exhibition, The Secret World Inside You: The Microbiome, at the American Museum of Natural History, which will open in New York in early November 2015 and run until August 2016. It will then travel to other museums in the United States and abroad.

The Microbiome Solution

Author : Robynne Chutkan M.D.
ISBN : 9780698193918
Genre : Medical
File Size : 78. 38 MB
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The author of Gutbliss and one of today’s preeminent gastroenterologists distills the latest research on the microbiome into a practical program for boosting overall health. Michael Pollan’s widely discussed New York Times article, “Some of My Best Friends Are Germs,” was just the tip of the iceberg. The microbiome—the collective name for the trillions of bacteria that live in our gut—is today’s hottest medical news topic. Synthesizing the latest findings, Dr. Robynne Chutkan explains how the standard Western diet and lifestyle are starving our microbiome, depleting the “good bugs” that keep us healthy and encouraging overgrowth of exactly the wrong type of bacteria. The resulting imbalance makes us more prone to disease and obesity and negatively affects our metabolism, our hormones, our cravings, our immunity, and even our genes. But beyond the science, what sets this book apart is Dr. Chutkan’s powerful three-level program for optimizing your gut bacteria for good health. Dr. Chutkan shares: Why hand-sanitizing gels and antibiotics are stripping our bodies of their natural protective systems Essential prebiotics and probiotics Recipes with ingredients that replenish the microbiome for each rehab level Cutting-edge research on the connection between the microbiome and the brain An intro to the stool transplant, the superfix for a severely troubled microbiome Dr. Chutkan is one of the most recognizable gastroenterologists working in America today, and this is the first book to distill the research into a practical, effective plan for replenishing our microbiomes. The Microbiome Solution will bring welcome relief to the millions who want to grow a good “gut garden”—and enjoy healthier, happier lives.

Welcome To The Genome

Author : Robert DeSalle
ISBN : 9781118750308
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 95 MB
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The popular introduction to the genomic revolution for non-scientists—the revised and updated new edition Welcome to the Genome is an accessible, up-to-date introduction to genomics—the interdisciplinary field of biology focused on the structure, function, evolution, mapping, and editing of an organism's complete set of DNA. Written for non-experts, this user-friendly book explains how genomes are sequenced and explores the discoveries and challenges of this revolutionary technology. Genomics is a mixture of many fields, including not only biology, engineering, computer science, and mathematics, but also social sciences and humanities. This unique guide addresses both the science of genomics and the ethical, moral, and social questions that rise from the technology. There have been many exciting developments in genomics since this book's first publication. Accordingly, the second edition of Welcome to the Genome offers substantial new and updated content to reflect recent major advances in genome-level sequencing and analysis, and demonstrates the vast increase in biological knowledge over the past decade. New sections cover next-generation technologies such as Illumina and PacBio sequencing, while expanded chapters discuss controversial ethical and philosophical issues raised by genomic technology, such as direct-to-consumer genetic testing. An essential resource for understanding the still-evolving genomic revolution, this book: Introduces non-scientists to basic molecular principles and illustrates how they are shaping the genomic revolution in medicine, biology, and conservation biology Explores a wide range of topics within the field such as genetic diversity, genome structure, genetic cloning, forensic genetics, and more Includes full-color illustrations and topical examples Presents material in an accessible, user-friendly style, requiring no expertise in genomics Discusses past discoveries, current research, and future possibilities in the field Sponsored by the American Museum of Natural History, Welcome to the Genome: A User's Guide to the Genetic Past, Present, and Future is a must-read book for anyone interested in the scientific foundation for understanding the development and evolutionary heritage of all life.

Our Senses

Author : Rob DeSalle
ISBN : 9780300230192
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 45. 3 MB
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A lively and unconventional exploration of our senses, how they work, what is revealed when they don't, and how they connect us to the world Over the past decade neuroscience has uncovered a wealth of new information about our senses and how they serve as our gateway to the world. This splendidly accessible book explores the most intriguing findings of this research. With infectious enthusiasm, Rob DeSalle illuminates not only how we see, hear, smell, touch, taste, maintain balance, feel pain, and rely on other less familiar senses, but also how these senses shape our perception of the world aesthetically, artistically, and musically. DeSalle first examines the question of how perception and consciousness are formed in the brain, setting human senses in an evolutionary context. He then investigates such varied themes as supersenses and diminished senses, synesthesia and other cross-sensory phenomena, hemispheric specialization, diseases, anomalies induced by brain injuries, and hallucinations. Focusing on what is revealed about our senses through the extraordinary, he provides unparalleled insights into the unique wonders of the human brain.

The Microbiome Solution

Author : Robynne Chutkan
ISBN : 9781925307252
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 80 MB
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The author of Gutbliss and one of today’s preeminent gastroenterologists distils the latest research on the microbiome into a practical program for boosting overall health. The microbiome — the collective name for the trillions of bacteria that live in our gut — is today’s hottest medical topic. Synthesising the latest findings, Dr Robynne Chutkan explains how the standard Western diet and lifestyle are starving our microbiome, depleting the ‘good bugs’ that keep us healthy, and encouraging overgrowth of exactly the wrong type of bacteria. The resulting imbalance makes us more prone to disease and obesity, and negatively affects our cravings, our immunity, and even our genes. But beyond the science, what sets The Microbiome Solution apart is Dr Chutkan’s powerful plan for optimising your wellbeing. Discover how our hyper-hygienic lifestyle, enforced with hand-sanitising gels and antibiotics, is stripping our bodies of their natural protective systems; learn about essential prebiotics and probiotics; read a private introduction to the stool transplant, the radical super-fix for a severe microbial imbalance; and cook for thousands of billions with recipes that replenish your microbiome. This book will bring welcome relief to the many millions worldwide who need to grow a good ‘gut garden’ — and enjoy healthier, happier lives. PRAISE FOR ROBYNNE CHUTKAN ‘A thoughtful approach to health and wellness.’ —The Sunday Express ‘Gastroenterologist Chutkan (Gutbliss) makes a strongly argued proposal that people should “live dirty” and “eat clean” … A thoughtful approach to health and wellness that’s well worth the time of readers.’—Publishers Weekly

The Human Microbiome An Issue Of Clinics In Laboratory Medicine

Author : Matthew R. Pincus
ISBN : 9780323326575
Genre : Medical
File Size : 64. 29 MB
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The Human Biome is a complex and essential biological system within the human body. The adult human harbors some 100 trillion bacteria in his gut alone. Balance of this system is essential to good health. This issue of Clinics in Laboratory Medicine focuses on treatments to realign this balance as well as advances in understanding the system in general. Topics include: Changes in microbiome in GERD; The relationship of microbiome, inflammation, and colon cancer; Gut microbiome and host genetics in Crohn's disease; Association of oral microbiome with head and neck cancer; The vaginal microbiome-disease, genetics and the environment;, The human virome in children and its relationship to febrile illness; Gut microbiome in irritable bowel syndrome; The neonatal microbiome and necrotizing enterocolitis; Fecal microbiota transplantation for clostridium difficile Infection.

Troublesome Science

Author : Rob DeSalle
ISBN : 9780231546300
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 74 MB
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It is well established that all humans today, wherever they live, belong to one single species. Yet even many people who claim to abhor racism take for granted that human “races” have a biological reality. In Troublesome Science, Rob DeSalle and Ian Tattersall provide a lucid and forceful critique of how scientific tools have been misused to uphold misguided racial categorizations. DeSalle and Tattersall argue that taxonomy, the scientific classification of organisms, provides an antidote to the myth of race’s biological basis. They explain how taxonomists do their science—how to identify a species and to understand the relationships among different species and the variants within them. DeSalle and Tattersall also detail the use of genetic data to trace human origins and look at how scientists have attempted to recognize discrete populations within Homo sapiens. Troublesome Science demonstrates conclusively that modern genetic tools, when applied correctly to the study of human variety, fail to find genuine differences. While the diversity that exists within our species is a real phenomenon, it nevertheless defeats any systematic attempt to recognize discrete units within it. The stark lines that humans insist on drawing between their own groups and others are nothing but a mixture of imagination and ideology. Troublesome Science is an important call for researchers, journalists, and citizens to cast aside the belief that race has a biological meaning, for the sake of social justice and sound science alike.

A Natural History Of Color

Author : Rob DeSalle
ISBN : 9781643134437
Genre : Science
File Size : 66. 66 MB
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A star curator at the American Museum of Natural History widens the palette and shows how the physical, natural, and cultural context of color are inextricably tied to what we see right before our eyes. Is color a phenomenon of science or a thing of art? Over the years, color has dazzled, enhanced, and clarified the world we see, embraced through the experimental palettes of painting, the advent of the color photograph, Technicolor pictures, color printing, on and on, a vivid and vibrant celebrated continuum. These turns to represent reality in “living color” echo our evolutionary reliance on and indeed privileging of color as a complex and vital form of consumption, classification, and creation. It’s everywhere we look, yet do we really know much of anything about it? Finding color in stars and light, examining the system of classification that determines survival through natural selection, studying the arrival of color in our universe and as a fulcrum for philosophy, DeSalle’s brilliant A Natural History of Color establishes that an understanding of color on many different levels is at the heart of learning about nature, neurobiology, individualism, even a philosophy of existence. Color and a fine tuned understanding of it is vital to understanding ourselves and our consciousness.

Our Evolutionary Curve The Human Condition And The Bell Curve Of Our Species

Author : Ian Tattersall
ISBN : 9781643131108
Genre : Science
File Size : 50. 67 MB
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What happens now that human population has outpaced biological natural selection? Two leading scientists reveal how we became who we are—and what we might become. When you think of evolution, the picture that most likely comes to mind is a straight-forward progression, the iconic illustration of a primate morphing into a proud, upright human being. But in reality, random events have played huge roles in determining the evolutionary histories of everything from lions to lobsters to humans. However, random genetic novelties are most likely to become fixed in small populations. It is mathematically unlikely that this will happen in large ones. With our enormous, close-packed, and seemingly inexorably expanding population, humanity has fallen under the influence of the famous (or infamous) “bell curve.” Ian Tattersall and Rob DeSalle’s revelatory new book explores what the future of our species could hold, while simultaneously revealing what we didn’t become—and what we won’t become. A cognitively unique species, and our actions fall on a bell curve as well. Individual people may be saintly or evil; generous or grasping; narrow-minded or visionary. But any attempt to characterize our species must embrace all of its members and so all of these antitheses. It is possible not just for the species, but for a single individual to be all of these things—even in the same day. We all fall somewhere within the giant hyperspace of the human condition that these curves describe. Our Evolutionary Curve shows readers that though humanity now exists on this bell curve, we are far from a stagnant species. Tattersall and DeSalle reveal how biological evolution in modern humans has given way to a cultural dynamic that is unlike anything else the Earth has ever witnessed, and that will keep life interesting—perhaps sometimes too interesting—for as long as we exist on this planet.

The Healthy Skin Diet

Author : Geraldine Georgeou
ISBN : 9781760873981
Genre : Cooking
File Size : 63. 96 MB
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Support your skin to improve acne, psoriasis, dermatitis, eczema and other common conditions If you suffer from one of these common complaints, is it possible to help, or even heal, your skin by making simple changes to what you eat? Based on the latest sound science: yes! Nutrition has been proven to help balance hormones and improve gut health and common inflammatory conditions. If you are suffering acne or rosacea, have skin problems as part of an autoimmune condition or polycystic ovary syndrome, or are searching to improve dermatitis or eczema, this friendly handbook has you covered. Geraldine Georgeou's no-nonsense introduction to the body's skin and gut systems is followed by case histories of real-life patients, plus 4 weeks of menu plans. Her recipes have already helped thousands; from Apple Pie Smoothie to Lamb Skewers and Fish Tacos, all are deliciously rich in nutrients for cell renewal.

Missing Microbes

Author : Martin Blaser
ISBN : 9781443420259
Genre : Science
File Size : 63. 67 MB
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A critical call to arms about the harmful effects of some of our most revered modern medical practices. Welcome to the wilds of the microbiome, where for hundreds of thousands of years bacterial and human cells have co-existed in a peaceful symbiosis that is responsible for the equilibrium and health of our bodies. But now this invisible Eden is under assault. Our overreliance on medical advances such as antibiotics and Cesarean sections is threatening the extinction of these irreplaceable microbes and leading to severe health problems. In Missing Microbes, Dr. Martin Blaser goes back to the discovery of antibiotics, which ushered in a golden age of medicine, and traces how our subsequent overuse of these supposed wonder drugs has left its mark on our systems and contributed to the rise of what Blaser calls our modern plagues: obesity, asthma, allergies, diabetes and certain forms of cancer. Blaser's studies suggest that antibiotic use during early childhood poses the greatest risk to long-term health; alarmingly, American children receive on average seventeen courses of antibiotics before they are twenty years old. His studies also suggest that C-sections deprive babies of important contact with their mothers' microbiomes. Taking us into the lab to explain his groundbreaking studies, Blaser not only provides elegant support for his theories but guides us toward avoiding even more catastrophic health problems in the future.

Gastrointestinal Physiology

Author : Menizibeya Osain Welcome
ISBN : 9783319910567
Genre : Medical
File Size : 77. 96 MB
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This book offers one of the most comprehensive reviews in the field of gastrointestinal (GI) physiology, guiding readers on a journey through the complete digestive tract, while also highlighting related organs and glandular systems. It is not solely limited to organ system physiology, and related disciplines like anatomy and histology, but also examines the molecular and cellular processes that keep the digestive system running. As such, the book provides extensive information on the molecular, cellular, tissue, organ, and system levels of functions in the GI system. Chapters on the roles of the gut as an endocrine, exocrine and neural organ, as well as its microbiome functions, broaden readers’ understanding of the multi-organ networks in the human body. To help illustrate the interconnections between the physiological concepts, principles and clinical presentations, it outlines clinical examples such as pathologies that link basic science with clinical practice in special “clinical correlates” sections. Covering both traditional and contemporary topics, it is a valuable resource for biomedical students, as well as healthcare and scientific professionals.

The Gut Book

Author : Daniel W. Bruce
ISBN :
Genre :
File Size : 36. 96 MB
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FAT? TIRED? HUNGRY? YOU'RE IN THE RIGHT PLACE. THE GUT GUIDE IS NOT A MIRACLE WEIGHT LOSS PLAN, OR A SUPPLEMENT ENDORSEMENT, OR THE RESULT OF NEWLY UNCOVERED SANSKRIT TEXTS DEPICTING DHANVANTARI, THE HINDU GOD OF HEALTH AND MEDICINE, EATING FLAX SEEDS WITH A PARTICULARLY RIPPED DEPICTION OF JESUS. THE GUT GUIDE IS A LIFESTYLE REVOLUTION, CENTERED AROUND GROUNDBREAKING RESEARCH REGARDING THE HUMAN-BACTERIAL DIGESTIVE PARTNERSHIP.

Herbs And Natural Supplements Volume 1

Author : Lesley Braun
ISBN : 9780729581721
Genre : Medical
File Size : 23. 58 MB
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Herbs and Natural Supplements, 4th Edition: An evidence-based guide is an authoritative, evidence-based reference. This two volume resource is essential to the safe and effective use of herbal, nutritional and food supplements. The first volume provides a foundation of knowledge in the clinical practice of complementary medicine. It emphasises safe practice with strategies to prevent adverse drug reactions, guidelines in assessing benefit, risk and harm and the evaluation of research. Comprehensive review of herbal medicine, clinical nutrition, aromatherapy, and food as medicine Patient safety and wellness Considerations in preoperative care and pregnancy Use in the treatment of cancer Herb/nutrient – drug interactions. Provides up-to-date evidence on the latest research impacting on herbal and natural medicine by top leaders within the fields of Pharmacy, Herbal Medicine and Natural Medicine.

Body Love Every Day

Author : Kelly LeVeque
ISBN : 9780062870827
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 80. 45 MB
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Forewords by Emmy Rossum and Jennifer Garner. Say goodbye to cravings and food drama and experience more balance and joy every day with this structured yet flexible 21-day plan based on Kelly LeVeque’s bestselling Body Love, including 16 pages of color photos and filled with delicious, easy recipes, invaluable advice, and inspiration for daily living. In Body Love, Kelly LeVeque shared her popular science-based “it’s-not-a-diet” approach to clean eating, weight loss, and wellness, centered on the Fab Four—protein, fat, fiber, and greens. As Kelly (and modern science) has shown, eating the Fab Four balances blood sugar, helps you eat and feel full, and naturally turns off your hunger hormones. Now, Kelly is back with exactly what her fans want: an action plan for adopting the Fab Four lifestyle. Kelly knows that women aren’t all alike. To address their different needs, she has created comprehensive 21-day plans for four different kind of archetypes: Red Carpet Ready: the woman who wants to look and feel her best for an upcoming vacation, wedding, or other big occasion. Girl on the Go: the woman who wants to find balance and consistency while juggling a hectic or demanding schedule. The Domestic Goddess: a woman—urban or suburban—whose home is her sanctuary and the kitchen her happy place. The Plant-Based Devotee: the woman who wants to live the Fab Four lifestyle without meat or other animal products. Whether you’re one or a combination of these archetypes, Body Love Every Day provides a plan to help you achieve natural wellness for the body, mind, and soul. You’ll find food and nutrition information for every meal, exercise and movement for every day, stress management and energy recharge for nights and weekends, and emotional support to get you through the inevitable tough times. If you’re looking to live healthier or drop a jean size, boost your fitness or just feel better, Body Love Every Day is your guide to success.

Digestive Wellness Strengthen The Immune System And Prevent Disease Through Healthy Digestion Fifth Edition

Author : Elizabeth Lipski
ISBN : 9781260019407
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 53. 50 MB
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Optimize your overall health through digestive wellness! Fewer antacids and less bloating aren’t the only benefits of good digestion. When your digestive system is healthy and balanced, you sleep better, have more energy, think more clearly, experience less pain, and combat disease more effectively. Digestive Health shows how everything from migraines to skin disease to arthritis are connected to your digestive system. And now, this go-to guide has been updated with critical new research and developments, including late-breaking information on: • Probiotics and Prebiotics • Celiac Disease • The Gut-Brain Connection • Carbohydrates • Leaky Gut Syndrome • Auto-Immune Conditions • Kidney and Bone Health • Cancer Prevention • Alzheimer’s Disease You’ll find practical solutions to numerous conditions and disorders, along with expert guidance on the newest advances in testing and diagnosis, nutrition, and natural therapies. A perfect balance of science and practical advice, Digestive Health explains how your digestive system works and what to do when it doesn’t function properly. It provides everything you need to take control of your overall health through close, careful attention to your digestive system.

Genetic Engineering Biotechnology News

Author :
ISBN : PSU:000059805984
Genre : Biotechnology
File Size : 30. 52 MB
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Wahrnehmung Erfahrung Experiment Wissen

Author : Susanne Stemmler
ISBN : 3037346663
Genre : Aesthetics
File Size : 82. 19 MB
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Genome Research

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015072611349
Genre : Genetics
File Size : 20. 59 MB
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Science

Author : John Michels
ISBN : UIUC:30112083908514
Genre : Science
File Size : 67. 25 MB
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