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Women Filmmakers In Early Hollywood

Author : Karen Ward Mahar
ISBN : 9780801890840
Genre : History
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Women Filmmakers in Early Hollywood explores when, how, and why women were accepted as filmmakers in the 1910s and why, by the 1920s, those opportunities had disappeared. In looking at the early film industry as an industry—a place of work—Mahar not only unravels the mystery of the disappearing female filmmaker but untangles the complicated relationship among gender, work culture, and business within modern industrial organizations. In the early 1910s, the film industry followed a theatrical model, fostering an egalitarian work culture in which everyone—male and female—helped behind the scenes in a variety of jobs. In this culture women thrived in powerful, creative roles, especially as writers, directors, and producers. By the end of that decade, however, mushrooming star salaries and skyrocketing movie budgets prompted the creation of the studio system. As the movie industry remade itself in the image of a modern American business, the masculinization of filmmaking took root. Mahar's study integrates feminist methodologies of examining the gendering of work with thorough historical scholarship of American industry and business culture. Tracing the transformation of the film industry into a legitimate "big business" of the 1920s, and explaining the fate of the female filmmaker during the silent era, Mahar demonstrates how industrial growth and change can unexpectedly open—and close—opportunities for women.

Universal Women

Author : Mark Garrett Cooper
ISBN : 9780252090875
Genre : Performing Arts
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Between 1912 and 1919, the Universal Film Manufacturing Company credited eleven women with directing at least 170 films, but by the mid-1920s all of these directors had left Universal and only one still worked in the film industry at all. Two generations of cinema historians have either overlooked or been stymied by the mystery of why Universal first systematically supported and promoted women directors and then abruptly reversed that policy. In this trailblazing study, Mark Garrett Cooper approaches the phenomenon as a case study in how corporate movie studios interpret and act on institutional culture in deciding what it means to work as a man or woman. In focusing on issues of institutional change, Cooper challenges interpretations that explain women's exile from the film industry as the inevitable result of a transhistorical sexism or as an effect of a broadly cultural revision of gendered work roles. Drawing on a range of historical and sociological approaches to studying corporate institutions, Cooper examines the relationship between institutional organization and aesthetic conventions during the formative years when women filmmakers such as Ruth Ann Baldwin, Cleo Madison, Ruth Stonehouse, Elise Jane Wilson, and Ida May Park directed films for Universal.

The Classical Hollywood Reader

Author : Steve Neale
ISBN : 9781135720070
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 55. 14 MB
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The Classical Hollywood Reader brings together essential readings to provide a history of Hollywood from the 1910s to the mid 1960s. Following on from a Prologue that discusses the aesthetic characteristics of Classical Hollywood films, Part 1 covers the period between the 1910s and the mid-to-late 1920s. It deals with the advent of feature-length films in the US and the growing national and international dominance of the companies responsible for their production, distribution and exhibition. In doing so, it also deals with film making practices, aspects of style, the changing roles played by women in an increasingly business-oriented environment, and the different audiences in the US for which Hollywood sought to cater. Part 2 covers the period between the coming of sound in the mid 1920s and the beginnings of the demise of the `studio system` in late 1940s. In doing so it deals with the impact of sound on films and film production in the US and Europe, the subsequent impact of the Depression and World War II on the industry and its audiences, the growth of unions, and the roles played by production managers and film stars at the height of the studio era. Part 3 deals with aspects of style, censorship, technology, and film production. It includes articles on the Production Code, music and sound, cinematography, and the often neglected topic of animation. Part 4 covers the period between 1946 and 1966. It deals with the demise of the studio system and the advent of independent production. In an era of demographic and social change, it looks at the growth of drive-in theatres, the impact of television, the advent of new technologies, the increasing importance of international markets, the Hollywood blacklist, the rise in art house imports and in overseas production, and the eventual demise of the Production Code. Designed especially for courses on Hollywood Cinema, the Reader includes a number of newly researched and written chapters and a series of introductions to each of its parts. It concludes with an epilogue, a list of resources for further research, and an extensive bibliography.

Women Filmmakers Of The African Asian Diaspora

Author : Gwendolyn Audrey Foster
ISBN : 0809321203
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 45. 21 MB
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An examination of the works of six contemporary black and Asian women filmmakers, including Zeinabue Irene Davis, Ngozi Onwurah, Julie Dash, Pratibha Parmar, Minh-ha and Mira Nair. It also includes a detailed introduction and a chapter entitled "Other Voices", documenting the work of other black and asian filmmakers.

Lois Weber In Early Hollywood

Author : Shelley Stamp
ISBN : 9780520284463
Genre : Performing Arts
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Among early Hollywood’s most renowned filmmakers, Lois Weber was considered one of the era’s “three great minds” alongside D. W. Griffith and Cecil B. DeMille. Despite her accomplishments, Weber has been marginalized in relation to her contemporaries, who have long been recognized as fathers of American cinema. Drawing on a range of materials untapped by previous historians, Shelley Stamp offers the first comprehensive study of Weber’s remarkable career as director, screenwriter, and actress. Lois Weber in Early Hollywood provides compelling evidence of the extraordinary role that women played in shaping American movie culture. Weber made films on capital punishment, contraception, poverty, and addiction, establishing cinema’s power to engage topical issues for popular audiences. Her work grappled with the profound changes in women’s lives that unsettled Americans at the beginning of the twentieth century, and her later films include sharp critiques of heterosexual marriage and consumer capitalism. Mentor to many women in the industry, Weber demanded a place at the table in early professional guilds, decrying the limited roles available for women on-screen and in the 1920s protesting the growing climate of hostility toward female directors. Stamp demonstrates how female filmmakers who had played a part in early Hollywood’s bid for respectability were in the end written out of that industry’s history. Lois Weber in Early Hollywood is an essential addition to histories of silent cinema, early filmmaking in Los Angeles, and women’s contributions to American culture.

Journal Of Women S History

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123439080
Genre : Women
File Size : 49. 82 MB
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Women Film Directors

Author : Gwendolyn Audrey Foster
ISBN : 0313289727
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 24. 39 MB
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Features the history and work of the most important women in the world of fictional narrative filmmaking--authoritative, historical, international.

Women Filmmakers Their Films

Author : Gwendolyn Audrey Foster
ISBN : STANFORD:36105020177726
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 73. 11 MB
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This single-volume resource offers comprehensive coverage of women directors and their films as well as producers, writers and production artists. General information on the filmmaker or film is followed, where applicable, by more detailed biography, filmography, comprehensive credits, production information, awards and bibliography. The core of the entry consists of a signed, 800- to 1,000-word critical essay written by a film critic or scholar. Following introductory essays on the evolution and status of women filmmakers, 190 alphabetically arranged entries discuss women directors, producers, animators, art directors, editors, writers, and costume designers. Each entry contains a brief biography, a complete filmography, a selected bibliography of works on and by the entrant, and an expository essay by a specialist in the field. The remaining entries (approximately 60) concern films in which women filmmakers have had a major role. They include production information, lists of cast and crew, a selected bibliography of works about the film, and an essay. Contains many b & w portraits and stills.

The Register Of The Kentucky Historical Society

Author : Kentucky Historical Society
ISBN : STANFORD:36105132650768
Genre : Kentucky
File Size : 87. 78 MB
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The Book Review Digest

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ISBN : UOM:39015078320382
Genre : Bibliography
File Size : 39. 97 MB
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Ruth Harriet Louise And Hollywood Glamour Photography

Author : Robert Dance
ISBN : 0520936396
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 74. 89 MB
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When Ruth Harriet Louise joined Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, the studio with "more stars than there are in heaven," she was twenty-two years old and the only woman working as a portrait photographer for the Hollywood studios. In a career that lasted from 1925 until 1930, Louise (born Ruth Goldstein) photographed all the stars, contract players, and many of the hopefuls who passed through the studio's front gates, including Greta Garbo, Lon Chaney, John Gilbert, Joan Crawford, Marion Davies, and Norma Shearer. This book, which coincides with a major traveling retrospective of Louise's work organized by the Santa Barbara Museum of Art, is the first collection of her exquisite photographs. Containing over one hundred breathtaking images--reproduced from the original negatives--it attests to the talent and vision of a surprisingly unknown photographer who formed the images and helped create the popularity of some of our most enduring stars. Louise shot about one hundred thousand negatives that distilled the glamour, drama, and excitement of MGM's feature productions. Louise's original photographs were circulated to millions of moviegoers, magazine and newspaper readers, and fans. The movies and publicity machine that these photographs supported shaped the basic notions of stardom, glamour, and fashion in the 1920s and still affect our ideas today. Robert Dance and Bruce Robertson re-create the entire process--from the moment a performer sat in front of Louise's camera to the point at which a fan pasted a star's picture into a scrapbook. They provide insight into Louise's work habits in the studio and describe the personal dynamics between Louise and the actors she photographed. They include a condensed account of the methods of other photographers, a sharp analysis of fan culture in the period, and superb readings of Louise's photographs. With its combination of well-known and rare images, all magnificently reproduced, this book is a fitting tribute to one of the most gifted and underappreciated glamour photographers of Hollywood's golden period. Note: The hardcover edition of this book does have a dust jacket. (Some hardcovers of University of California Press books available in paperback do not.)

Feminist Film Studies

Author : Janet McCabe
ISBN : 9780231503006
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 80. 10 MB
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An introduction to feminist film theory as a discourse from the early seventies to the present. McCabe traces the broad ranging theories produced by feminist film scholarship, from formalist readings and psychoanalytical approaches to debates initiated by cultural studies, race and queer theory.

Women Filmmakers

Author : Louise Heck-Rabi
ISBN : UOM:39015009103014
Genre : Feminism and motion pictures.
File Size : 48. 48 MB
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Program Of The Annual Meeting

Author : American Historical Association
ISBN : UOM:39015081575683
Genre : Medical
File Size : 84. 51 MB
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Feminist Periodicals

Author :
ISBN : OSU:32435076880780
Genre : Feminism
File Size : 29. 51 MB
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Choice

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105131538881
Genre : Academic libraries
File Size : 81. 18 MB
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Maya Deren And The American Avant Garde

Author : Maya Deren
ISBN : 0520227328
Genre : History
File Size : 70. 81 MB
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Regarded as one of the founders of the postwar American independent cinema, Maya Deren was a poet, photographer, ethnographer and filmaker. These essays examine Deren's writings, films, and legacy from a variety of perspectives.

Go West Young Women

Author : Hilary Hallett
ISBN : 9780520274082
Genre : History
File Size : 62. 71 MB
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In the early part of the twentieth century, migrants made their way from rural homes to cities in record numbers and many traveled west. Los Angeles became a destination. Women flocked to the growing town to join the film industry as workers and spectators, creating a “New Woman.” Their efforts transformed filmmaking from a marginal business to a cosmopolitan, glamorous, and bohemian one. By 1920, Los Angeles had become the only western city where women outnumbered men. In Go West, Young Women, Hilary A. Hallett explores these relatively unknown new western women and their role in the development of Los Angeles and the nascent film industry. From Mary Pickford’s rise to become perhaps the most powerful woman of her age, to the racist moral panics of the post–World War I years that culminated in Hollywood’s first sex scandal, Hallett describes how the path through early Hollywood presaged the struggles over modern gender roles that animated the century to come.

New Books On Women And Feminism

Author :
ISBN : OSU:32435083445981
Genre : Feminism
File Size : 77. 24 MB
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International Index To Film Periodicals

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015054086189
Genre : Motion pictures
File Size : 43. 37 MB
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